The Journal of Mind and Behavior

Articles

Vol. 38, No. 2, Spring

Wrestling with the Absurd: Enaction Meets Non-Sense
Wrestling with the Absurd: Enaction Meets Non-Sense Enactive Cognition at the Edge of Sense-Making. Massimiliano Cappuccio and Tom Froese (Editors). Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2014, 317 + xxii pages, $100.00 hardback, $95.00 paper.The volume edited...
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Strawson's Case for Mental Passivity
In contrast to Peacocke (2007), who claims that "Much conscious thought consists of mental actions" (p. 358), Strawson (2003) argues that mental agency is very limited in scope, which is to say that relatively few mental events are actions. I will refer...
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The Twin Vantage Point Paradox: A Thought Experiment
"We are such stuff as dreams are made on, and our little life is rounded with a sleep."William Shakespeare, 1611, The TempestIn physics, there is an elimination of the subjective vantage point - or the "self" who experiences the world. The conscious...
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General Intelligence: Adaptation to Evolutionarily Familiar Abstract Relational Invariants, Not to Environmental or Evolutionary Novelty
"If the contents of the human brain are domain specific, how can evolutionary psychology explain general intelligence?"Satoshi Kanazawa (2010)"What is sometimes required is not more data or more refined data but a different conception of the problem"Roger...
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Vol. 38, No. 1, Winter

Self-Belief and Agency
Do we believe we exist? By this I mean to ask about the belief that we would each express by saying "I exist." In this sense, you believe you exist, and the Queen believes that she exists. Why think that ordinary human beings (rather than philosophers,...
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John B. Watson's Classical S–R Behaviorism
John Broadus Watson was born on January 9, 1878, near Greenville, South Carolina. He died on September 25, 1958, in New York City. For at least the first 41 years of his life, when he was active in academia, he was one of the central figures in American...
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A Philosophical and Rhetorical Theory of BDSM
Modern sexuality is a diverse and often controversial field of which BDSM is a perfect example: "Bondage and discipline (B/D), dominance and submission (D/S), and sadism and masochism (S/M), also known as BDSM/kink, is becoming an increasingly popular...
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Vol. 37, No. 3/4, Summer/Autumn

Non-Human Origins of Human Perception in the Pre-Pleistocene
Evolutionary psychology has been used to promote hypotheses for several critical mechanisms in the development of perception-action links (e.g., Cosmides and Tooby, 2013; McBurney, Gaulin, Devineni, and Adams 1997; New, Cosmides, and Tooby, 2007; Tooby...
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Scientific Realism, Psychological Realism, and Aristotelian-Thomistic Realism
When pressed to explain their "philosophy of science" for psychology, most psychologists would present some psychological version of scientific realism, holding that the psychological states and their interactions investigated by psychology actually...
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Reciprocity and Reputation: A Review of Direct and Indirect Social Information Gathering
Reputation as an Animal ConceptIn our daily lives, we often cogitate on matters of gossip and reputation. People get upset over a bad reputation. This was humorously illustrated in Anton Chekhovs 1883 short story "A Slander" ("KaeBeTa"), whereupon a...
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Behavior Analytic Pragmatism
Pragmatism is a decidedly American viewpoint in philosophy whose development in the late nineteenth century is often attributed to Charles Sanders Peirce, William James, and John Dewey (Menand, 2002), and whose influence in the late twentieth and early...
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A Non-Representational Understanding of Visual Experience
In this paper, I will show that certain phenomenological considerations support a non-representational causal account of visual experience.1 This is a position in the philosophy of mind that claims that visual experience serves as a non-representational...
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What Does Neuroscience Research Tell Us about Human Consciousness? an Overview of Benjamin Libet's Legacy
"Consciousness" is a term that is hard to define. In the simplest sense, it pertains to the subjective state of sentience or awareness that accompanies us throughout the day whenever we are awake and performing our daily tasks (Searle, 1992, 1993). At...
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Vol. 37, No. 2, 2016

Robotic Alloparenting: A New Solution to an Old Problem?
In the second Terminator film, Terminator 2: Judgment Day (Cameron, 1991), there is a poignant scene in the desert. Sarah Connor (played by Linda Hamilton) and her son John (Edward Furlong) have escaped the depredations of the T-1000 terminator (Robert...
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Neuroelectrical Approaches to Binding Problems
Minds are characterized by their intelligence, which is their problem-solving ability, and by their consciousness, which is their privately experienced inner life of perceptions, emotions, and thoughts (this is lost in dreamless sleep). Consciousness...
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Using Operational Definitions in Research: A Best-Practices Approach
One of the most widely conducted method practices in psychology is one of the least examined - operationalizing. Virtually every psychological method text considers operationalization, or the use of operational definitions, to be a necessity for the...
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Science and Sympathy: "Intuition" and the Ethics of Human Judgment
Decision makers whose judgments have the potential to cause harm have an obligation to exercise wise judgment. It is thus crucial that experts in judgment and decision making have something valuable to offer as guidance to those who strive to make wise...
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Evidence Matters: Science, Proof, and Truth in the Law
Evidence Matters: Science, Proof, and Truth in the Law, Susan Haack. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2014, 446 pages, $34.99 paperback.Expert testimony has troubled judges for centuries. Since judges rarely have backgrounds in science, having...
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Knowledge through Imagination
Knowledge through Imagination. Amy Kind and Peter Kung (Editors). Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016,272 pages, $74.00 hardcover.Until recently, imagination has suffered an unfortunate fate in contemporary philosophy. Although it was often discussed,...
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Vol. 37, No. 1, Winter

Does Functionalism Offer an Adequate Account of Cognitive Psychology?
Confidence in logical positivism and operationism waned in both philosophy and psychology during the 1960s. At about the same time, psychology experienced the cognitive revolution, which reinstated mental states and processes as central to theory building...
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Consciousness Is Not a Physically Provable Property
In 1995 Gilbert Caplain published a paper entitled "Is Consciousness a Computational Property?," in which he outlined an argument to the effect that no computing machine could ever be conscious. In his paper, Caplain pointed out that his argument was...
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On the Appearance and Reality of Mind
When I am pained, I cannot say that the pain I feel is one thing, and that my feeling it is another thing. They are one and the same thing, and cannot be disjoined even in imagination. Pain, when it is not felt, has no existence.Thomas Reid, 1855Essays...
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Which Identification Is Disturbed in Misidentification Syndromes? A Structural Analysis of Fregoli and Capgras Syndromes
In current psychiatric literature, Fregoli and Capgras syndromes are seen as rare psychotic syndromes. Together with intermetamorphosis and the syndrome of subjective doubles, they are part of the group of Delusional Misidentification Syndromes (DMS)...
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Vol. 36, No. 3/4, Summer/Autumn

Detecting Animal Deception
The use of deception seems to have played a significant role in the evolution of the mind. The animal that is better able to deceive those in his social group may also be better able to reproduce and gain resources. Thus, the smart individuals that detect...
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Race and the Copernican Turn
The Age of Enlightenment is also known as an Age of Equality. It is the era in which we find the first assertions of the equality of men. It is also the era in which some of the very same philosophers who argue for the universality of moral rights exwplicitly...
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HOT, Conscious Unity, and the Structure of Events: Extending Friesen's Critique
Rosenthal's (2002) theory of higher order thought is well known for its insistence that a higher order thought (HOT) is required for turning a mental state into a conscious state. In Rosenthal's view, there are two categories of mental states: (1) a...
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The Neuroscience of Freedom and Creativity: Our Predictive Brain
The Neuroscience of Freedom and Creativity: Our Predictive Brain. Joaquín M. Fuster. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2013, 282 pages, $29.99 paperback.Since the turn of the last centur y, an ever-increasing number of psychologists and biologists...
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Psychology Gone Astray: A Selection of Racist and Sexist Literature from Early Psychological Research
Psychology Gone Astray: A Selection of Racist and Sexist Literature from Early Psychological Research. Charles I. Abramson and Caleb W. Lack (Editors). Fareham, Hampshire, United Kingdom: Onus Books, 2014, 362 pages, $29.99 paperback. $9.99 Kindle.In...
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Propriety and Prosperity: New Studies on the Philosophy of Adam Smith
Propriety and Prosperity: New Studies on the Philosophy of Adam Smith. David F. Hardwick and Leslie Marsh (Editors). New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2014, 302 pages, $115.00 hardcover.I recently reviewed the literature on Adam Smith and the Scottish Enlightenment...
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The Feeling Body: Affective Science Meets the Enactive Mind
The Feeling Body: Affective Science Meets the Enactive Mind. Giovanna Colombetti. Cambridge and London: MIT Press, 2014, 270 pages, $42.00 hardcover.Giovanna Colombetti's book, The Feeling Body: Affective Science Meets the Enactive Mind, is a novel contribution...
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Vol. 36, No. 1/2, Winter/Spring

A Radical Embodied Approach to Lower Palaeolithic Spear-Making
During the middle 1990s a set of incredibly well preserved wooden spears were found at Schöningen, Lower Saxony, Germany (Thieme, 1996, 1997, 1999). Dated at ca 320 kya, in the Lower Palaeolithic (Jöris and Baales, 2003; Urban, Sierralta, and Frechen,...
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Is That Me? Sense of Agency as a Function of Intra-Psychic Conflict
Traditional psychophysics has focused on the correspondence between subjective experience and the stimuli of an external, objective world. Less attention has been given to the correspondence among modes of cognitive processing in the brain and their...
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Forms of Momentum across Time: Behavioral and Psychological
The cognitive representation of the current action of a stimulus or the current behavior of an organism is often continued (extrapolated) forward in ways that reflect the anticipated subsequent action or behavior of that stimulus or organism. This continuation...
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Singular Thought: The Division of Explanatory Labor
There is an intuitive - that is, pre-theoretical - distinction between two kinds of beliefs, intentions, desires and other propositional attitudes, or, in general, thoughts. My thought that the person I am looking at right now is very smart is very different...
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Waking, Dreaming, Being: Self and Consciousness in Neuroscience, Meditation, and Philosophy
Waking, Dreaming, Being: Self and Consciousness in Neuroscience, Meditation, and Philosophy. Evan Thompson. New York: Columbia University Press, 2014, 496 pages, $32.95 hardcover.Consciousness is like no other object of study. In fact, it is no object...
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Wittgenstein and Natural Religion
Wittgenstein and Natural Religion. Gordon Graham. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014, 219 pages, $55.00 hardcover.Once upon a time, a number of philosophers both influenced by Wittgenstein and interested in religion argued that ontological commitments...
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Vol. 35, No. 4, Autumn

Conscious States of Dreaming
People are not simply conscious (awake) or not conscious (unconscious or asleep) [although they may be] but rather there are differing qualities and degrees of consciousness - such as dreaming - implicit in the cogni- tive frameworks with which people...
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Higher-Order Thoughts and the Unity of Consciousness
Most of the time our attentions are directed outwardly at the world around us and not on our inner, experiential lives. Our conscious experiences are ever present and, for many, a mundane feature of existence. But conscious experience is a rich and multi-faceted...
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Expansion of the Concept of Mental Disorder in the DSM-5
The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) defines mental illness for mental health professionals who use it as a tool for communication, research, treatment, and remuneration. The DSM is currently in its fifth edition (DSM-5; American...
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Intentionality and the Aristotelian-Thomistic View of Concepts
Concept formation is a foundational process for cognition. Concepts allow us to perceive individual objects as members of a kind, to attribute properties common to the kind to the specific individual object, to communicate with others about such objects,...
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Conservatism and Pragmatism in Law, Politics, and Ethics
Conservatism and Pragmatism in Law, Politics, and Ethics. Seth Vannatta. London and Neve York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2014, 296 pages, $95.00 hardcover.Seth Vannatta's aim in Conservatism and Pragmatism1 is to "unsetd[e] current discourse and ideological...
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Vol. 35, No. 3, Summer

Knowing How It Feels: On the Relevance of Epistemic Access for the Explanation of Phenomenal Consciousness
"Herein lies the great mistake of the Cartesians, that they took no account of perceptions which are not apperceived."LeibnizMonadologyConsciousness is a multifaceted phenomenon, and the concept of consciousness is a mongrel connoting a variety of different...
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Development of the Self in Society: French Postwar Thought on Body, Meaning, and Social Behavior
Line JorangerTelemark University CollegeThe revelation of the underlying ideas that led to discrimination against some groups with regard to both humanity and human rights was one of several reasons that the French postwar intellectual environment included...
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Expressivism, Self-Knowledge, and Describing One's Experiences
Each of us is normally the best person to ask when it comes to our own feelings and experiences. Speaking about one's own mental states is generally held to carry a special epistemic authority. Moreover, this authority belongs exclusively to the first...
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"Feeling What Happens": Full Correspondence and the Placebo Effect
All instances of the placebo effect seem to share the following feature: our ability to influence our bodies in ways that go beyond what is usually deemed possible. That we are capable of controlling our bodies, such as when we pour a glass of water,...
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The Peripheral Mind: Philosophy of Mind and the Peripheral Nervous System
The Peripheral Mind: Philosophy of Mind and the Peripheral Nervous System István Aranyosi- Oxford, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press, 2013, 256 pages, $60.00 hardcover.Much of the action and excitement in the philosophy of mind over the last couple...
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