Educational Research for Social Change

Articles

Vol. 7, No. 2, September

A Critical Look at a Technologically Sophisticated Initiative to Address the Problem of Unequal Educational Opportunities in South Africa 1
IntroductionThere seems to be agreement that most (around 80%, according to Van der Berg, 2008) of South Africa's schools could be regarded as dysfunctional and underachieving. Opinions differ about the causes of this situation. Observers such as Timaeus,...
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Perceptions of Immigrant Nigerian Women in South African Higher Education about Social Change 1
Introduction and BackgroundA society is synonymous with an organisation with differentiated elements fulfilling the needs for subsistence, reproduction, regulation, and decision making (Peil, 1977). Also, a society is a political, independent entity...
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Green Sprouts: Transformative Learning in Learning through Participation (LTP)
IntroductionThrough academically supported placements, students can apply knowledge acquired in university courses to actual situations, projects, or cases that are accessed through university partner organisations. In these situations, students are...
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Immigrant Children's Geographies of Schooling Experiences in South Africa 1
IntroductionSouth Africa has become today's economic centre of sub-Saharan Africa and the country has attracted a wide range of regional and international migrants seeking economic opportunities or freedom from oppression in anticipation of a better...
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Responsible Research Practice: Revisiting Transformative Paradigm in Social Research by Norma R. A. Romm
Responsible research practice: Revisiting transformative paradigm in social research by Norma R. A. Romm Cham, Switzerland: Springer, 2018. 518 pp. ISBN: 978-3-319-74384-4 (hardcover)How would research methodologies change if we started our work with...
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Engaging Critical Emancipatory Research as an Alternative to Mitigate School Violence in South Africa 2
IntroductionSchool violence is a social pathology that can no longer be ignored. It has rendered some schools unsafe zones for both educators and learners. School violence in South Africa has various causes, however, one of the underlying causes that...
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Vulnerable Femininities: Implications for Rural Girls' Schooling Experiences in Swaziland 1
IntroductionAccording to Mollel and Chong (2017), education inculcates self-efficacy. Indeed, education can be seen as "the light that shines the way" (Akpede et al., 2018, p. 1). Vidya and Kadam (2017) argued that investment in the education of girls,...
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Trends and Patterns in the Use of Grounded Theory in Educational Research in South Africa 1
IntroductionEducational research in South Africa is faced with a number of challenges such as those that touch on transformation issues with respect to decolonisation of knowledge, the widening of opportunities for the marginalised, and the implementation...
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Editorial
South Africa is facing a crisis of critical proportions with the ever increasing incidences of school violence: learners' violence has been targeted at other learners and teachers, and several cases of teacher murders by learners have been reported....
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Life History, Identity Construction and Life Ambitions of Basotho Herders
Why this study?Poverty has been identified as a key factor disabling people's access to education (UNESCO, 2012a), a situation which Lesotho is not immune to. This is evidenced by the continuing decline in Lesotho's international ranking for development...
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Using Students' Experiences of Lectures as a Lens for Learning about Teaching Pre-Service Teachers: A Methodological Approach to Transformative Practice through Self-Study 1
IntroductionThe study that is reported in this article is a coauthored self-study. The first person singular is, however, used because the experiences of the first author (Eunice) form the basis of the article. The second author (Caleb) played an important...
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Men's Perceived Powers to Destroy or Rebuild Women's Lives: Analysis of Gender Stereotypes Portrayed in Uthando Lungumanqoba
IntroductionThis article is written with the aim of interrogating gender stereotypes and gender violence in the post1994 South African context when women's rights became enshrined in the Constitution of 1996. I believe that the argument raised in this...
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Vol. 7, June

Ideology Critique as Decolonising Pedagogy: Urban Forced Removals as a Case Study
IntroductionAfter 23 years of democracy, optimism to establish a nonracial, cosmopolitan society seems to be on the wane. South Africans have emerged from apartheid as new political subjects of diverse cultural backgrounds. There is a moral expectation...
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Transformative Praxis through Critical Consciousness: A Conceptual Exploration of a Decolonial Access with Success Agenda
IntroductionThe subject of access with success forms part of the body of knowledge about equity in relation to entry into, and participation in, higher education. This discussion conceptualises the agenda of access and success as part of the decolonial...
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South African Science Teachers' Strategies for Integrating Indigenous and Western Knowledges in Their Classes: Practical Lessons in Decolonisation
INTRODUCTIONWhile the struggle against the colonial legacy in African (higher) education gained new momentum during the student protests in South African universities in 2015, the calls for decolonising the education system are not new. For over two...
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Decolonising Education in South Africa: Perspectives and Debates
The politics of knowledge in South African universities has recently witnessed a radical discursive rupture. The call for decolonising education was a cornerstone of students' recognition struggles at universities. Mobilising on the basis of their demand...
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Recognition as Reparation: A Participatory Approach to (Mis)recognition and Decolonisation in South African Higher Education
Introduction: #Feesmustfall and the Decolonial MomentThe decolonial turn in South African higher education is reenergising debates about untransformed structures, cultures, and relationships in higher education. New vocabularies are emerging around questions...
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Education in an Era of Decolonisation and Transformation SAERA Conference: 23–26 October, 2017
IntroductionThe South African Education Research Association (SAERA) 2017 Conference was held at Boardwalk Conference Centre, Port Elizabeth, from Monday, 23 October to Thursday, 26 October 2017.Conference Theme: Education in an Era of Decolonisation...
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Decolonising Preservice Teachers' Colonialist Thoughts in Higher Education through Defamiliarisation as a Pedagogy
IntroductionThe social, political, and economic inequalities embedded and reflected in social life in South Africa continue to shape the higher education landscape of the country. Racial classification, labour displacement, slavery, and industrialised...
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Decolonising (through) Inclusive Education?
IntroductionConversations among South African university lecturers in response to the call for decolonising education have become increasingly urgent, not least among teacher educators. One of the fields of teacher education is inclusive education, a...
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Teaching Ancient Egyptian Philosophy (Ethics) and History: Fulfilling a Quest for a Decolonised and Afrocentric Education
Background and IntroductionIn 1974, Cheikh Anta Diop, published his book, The African Origin of Civilization: Myth or Reality, in which he argued that "ancient Egypt was a Negro civilization" and that the "ancient Egyptians were Negroes" (1974, p. xiv)....
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Vol. 7, No. 1, April

"You Can't Write in Kaapse Afrikaans in Your Question Paper. . . . the Terms Must Be Right": Race- and Class-Infused Language Ideologies in Educational Places on the Cape Flats
IntroductionLanguage Ideologies on the Cape FlatsIn this article, I explore language ideologies in three educational places that involved youth from one poor Cape Flats neighbourhood created during apartheid. Sites included classrooms at the local school,...
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Editorial
In academic institutions, globally, language remains an undisputed channel for expressing authority, power, privilege, racial superiority, and social class (hooks, 1994; Nieto, 2010).The plurality of linguistic resources that people use in their everyday...
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Imagining a Thriving Multilingual World 4th International Conference on Language and Literacy Education 18–20 August 2017 Wits School of Education, Johannesburg, South Africa
Whereas it has exponentially become impossible to ignore the prevalence of many languages and their coexistence as a key phenomenon in the world of increased mobility within and between nation states, very few scholars have imagined a true official status...
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A Social Justice Approach to Providing Academic Writing Support
IntroductionSouth Africa's somewhat chequered history and its inability, even some 20 years after democracy, to provide quality education to the majority of its school-going population required a number of alternative interventions to be implemented...
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Student Voice: Perspectives on Language and Critical Pedagogy in South African Higher Education
IntroductionWho is a student at universities today? What is the nature of his or her linguistic repertoires? In thinking about these questions, one needs to acknowledge that students who enter universities come from a schooling system that hegemonises...
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African Languages and Language Practice Research in the 21st Century: Interdisciplinary Themes and Perspectives
African Languages and Language Practice Research in the 21st Century: Interdisciplinary Themes and Perspectives by Monwabisi K. Ralarala, Ken Barris, Eunice Ivala, and Sibawu Siyepu (Editors). Cape Town, South Africa: CASAS, 2017. 378 pp. ISBN: 978-1-920294-15-1...
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Multilayered Reflections of a Social Justice Bricoleur: Becoming More Purposeful in My Postgraduate Pedagogy
IntroductionI am a white, middle-aged South African woman who started teaching 33 years ago as a secondary school teacher of English and, in the ensuing years, I have held various positions in the field of English education. I am currently an English...
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Multilingualism and (Bi)Literacy Development for Epistemological Access: Exploring Students Experience in the Use of Multilingual Glossaries at a South African University
Introduction and BackgroundAlthough the African continent has rich cultural and linguistic diversity with more than 2,000 languages (UNESCO, 2010), the question of the language of learning and teaching (LOLT), both in primary and tertiary education,...
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Vol. 6, No. 2, September

Teachers as Curriculum Leaders: Towards Promoting Gender Equity as a Democratic Ideal
IntroductionA school culture that prizes inclusive learning and so promotes diversity and social justice is the cornerstone of democratic societies. However, social justice-orientated understandings still continue to give inadequate attention to curriculum...
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Editorial
This open issue of Educational Research for Social Change offers a collection of eight articles from authors across several education institutions and from diverse disciplines, all grappling with the bigger ideal of transformation and social change....
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Phantasmagoria: Communicating an Illusion of Entrepreneurship in South African School Textbooks
IntroductionPhantasmagoria is the outcome of a process that employs deceptive techniques, both through textual manipulation and semiotic selections, to create an illusion about a phenomenon. In this instance, the focus of this paper is the illusion of...
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A Multidisciplinary Approach to University Engagement: Key Considerations for Dynamic Mental Health Teaching and Service Provision to a Disadvantaged Community
Introduction and BackgroundMeeting community needs within an underserviced socioeconomic context requires a dynamic approach because the landscape is continuously changing-people are perpetually moving between urban areas, townships, and rural areas...
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Framing/Reframing: Visual Sociology, Goffman & the Everyday 35th International Visual Sociology Conference 19-22 June 2017
Concordia University, Montreal, CanadaThe 35th conference of the International Visual Sociology Association (IVSA) on Framinq/Reframinq: Visual Sociology, Goffman & the Everyday was held at Concordia University, in Montreal, Canada in June 2017....
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An Autoethnographic Exploration of Disability Discourses: Transforming Science Education and Research for Students with Learning Disabilities
IntroductionI cannot drop the feeling that this matters. It seems so important, what we are doing here for these people: to give them what they need most, to provide them what is most indispensable for their bare survival. This is what makes a difference...
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A Nonviolent Pedagogical Approach for Life Orientation Teacher Development: The Alternatives to Violence Project
Introduction and BackgroundIn the last decade, numerous studies (Altbeker, 2008, 2011; Cooper & Foster, 2008; Foster, 2012; Graham, Bruce, & Perold, 2010; Jewkes, Sikweyiya, Morrell, & Dunkle, 2010; Ward, 2007; Ward, Dawes, & van der...
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Privilege, Poverty, and Pedagogy: Reflections on the Introduction of a Service-Learning Component into a Postgraduate Political Studies Course
"Service-learning is not safe. It is anything but safe."- Dan Butin (2010, p. 18)IntroductionA few years back I launched a postgraduate course called Poverty and Privilege, as part of a postgraduate honours programme in political and international studies....
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Espoused and Enacted Values of Student Teachers Interrogating Race, Class, and Gender in Literary Texts
IntroductionIn this article, we examine the discrepancy between what student teachers in a South African university lecture room say, and what they do when working with issues relating to race, class, and gender in literary texts. The student teachers,...
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Academic Autoethnographies: Inside Teaching in Higher Education by Daisy Pillay, Inbanathan Naicker, and Kathleen Pithouse-Morgan (Editors)
Academic Autoethnographies: Inside Teaching in Higher Education by Daisy Pillay, Inbanathan Naicker, and Kathleen Pithouse-Morgan (Editors) Rotterdam, Netherlands: Sense, 2016. 200 pp. ISBN: 978-94-6300-397-1 (paperback)In a world consumed by pseudo...
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Cultivating Social Entrepreneurial Capacities in Students through Film: Implications for Social Entrepreneurship Education
IntroductionHistorically disadvantaged communities in Cape Town, and especially most young people from such communities, have been plagued by many socioeconomic issues that include unequal access to education, cultural discrimination, and increasing...
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Vol. 5, No. 2, September

Educational Research for Social Change Aad the Need for New Methodologies
As an academic journal, ERSC promotes participatory and emancipatory paradigms and methodologies in research towards social change. Social change refers to "shifts in the attitudes and behavior that characterize a society" (Greenwood & Gunner, 2008,...
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Knowledge as Enablement: Additional Perspectives Influenced by Complexity
IntroductionKnowledge as Enablement: Engagement Between Higher Education and the Third Sector in South Africa (Erasmus & Albertyn, 2014) reflects on engaged scholarship, knowledge, and the co-generation of mutually beneficial outcomes through community-university...
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Collaborated Understandings of Context-Specific Psychosocial Challenges Facing South African School Learners: A Participatory Approach
IntroductionLearners at under-resourced schools in South Africa face significant psychosocial challenges (Spaull, 2013) that negatively affect both their own wellness and that of the teachers, ultimately resulting in a lower quality of teaching and learning...
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Vulnerability and Children's Real-Life Schooling Experiences in Swaziland
IntroductionIn the year 2016, alone, Swaziland had about 150,000 vulnerable children in the country's schools-a drastic increase from 78,000 in 2015 (Simelane, 2016). The Kingdom of Swaziland (2010) defines a vulnerable child as one, with or without...
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Science and Poetry as Allies in School Learning
The CallNo words, no words ...Poetry!They should have sent a poet.So beautiful... so beautiful.I had no idea ... no idea. (Zemeckis & Starkey, 1997)In the 1997 film adaption of Carl Sagan's (1985) novel, Contact, an astronomer on a scientific mission...
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Pedagogical Habitus Engagement: Teacher Learning and Adaptation in a Professional Learning Community
Introduction1This article is based on the premise that good teachers and their pedagogies make the greatest difference to students' learning in schools, particularly those from disadvantaged backgrounds (Coleman et al., 1966; Hayes, Mills, Christie,...
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Two Years Later: Preservice Teachers' Experiences of Learning to Use Participatory Visual Methods to Address the South African AIDS Epidemic
IntroductionSouth Africa continues to struggle with high rates of HIV and AIDS. The general population has an HIV prevalence rate of 19% and the annual death rate due to AIDS-related causes is 200,000 (UNAIDS, 2013). Amongst the highest rates globally,...
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Examining Aspects of Self in the Creative Design Process: Towards Pedagogic Implications
-BackgroundI am a practising jewellery designer and artist who lectures at a university of technology in Durban, South Africa. One of my lecturing duties is to teach my students how to design and manufacture jewellery-not only conventional jewellery...
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"Hear Our Voices": A Collective Arts-Based Self-Study of Early-Career Academics on Our Learning and Growth in a Research-Intensive University
IntroductionSince 1994, the South African higher education sector has faced significant changes and challenges in its attempt to build an education system appropriate for a democratic society (Department of Higher Education and Training [DHET], 2013)....
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Embedding Community-Based Service Learning into Psychology Degrees at UKZN, South Africa
IntroductionMcGovern and Brewer (2013) referred to "a three-legged stool of faculty activity: teaching, scholarship, and service" (p. 507). As a result of démocratisation, South African universities have been tasked with providing "service" through participating...
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Sustainability of International Collaborative Partnerships in Education: A Personal Research Journey
IntroductionThe growth of international collaborative development and research programmes owes much to a greater focus on transcultural research, funding in this regard, and the concern of universities to extend their international visibility (Rigby...
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Polyvocal Professional Learning through Self-Study Research
Book Review Polyvocal Professional Learning Through Self-Study Research by Kathleen Pithouse-Morgan and Anastasia P. Samaras (Editors) Rotterdam, Netherlands: Sense, 2015. 266 pp. ISBN: 978-94-6300-218-9 (paperback)The editors of Polyvocal Professional...
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15th Qualitative Methods Conference, 3-5 May 2016, Glasgow, United Kingdom
The Qualitative Methods Conference, hosted annually by the International Institute for Qualitative Methodology (IIQM), was a 3-day event focusing on qualitative research across disciplines. The theme of the conference, Collaboration Considered: Complexities...
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Vol. 5, No. 1, April

Humanising Pedagogies for Social Change
Societal legacies of disempowerment and dehumanisation continue to persist despite attempts, worldwide, to transition to a more inclusive, socially just, and democratic political order. This also applies to education-a space in desperate need of humanisation....
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Towards a Humanising Pedagogy through an Engagement with the Social-Subjective in Educational Theorising in South Africa
IntroductionThis article is an attempt to establish a conversation about what I regard as an implicit hegemonic theoretical orientation in our country' educational discourses, theorising, and research. This orientation is governed by a focus on the internals...
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Reflecting on Translanguaging in Multilingual Classrooms: Harnessing the Power of Poetry and Photography
IntroductionStudents' humanity-its existence and expansion-is at the heart of a humanising pedagogy. All students and all teachers are human beings and equal in their humanity. We are all in the process of becoming. The purposes of education are to extend...
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On Bernstein's Sociology of Pedagogy and How It Can Inform the Pedagogic Realisation of Poor and Working-Class Children in South African Primary Maths Education
IntroductionThis article illustrates the social-class assumptions in the South African primary maths education as encapsuled in the ' restructured Curriculum and Assessment Policy Statements (DBE, 2011a, 2011b). Reflecting on an earlier curriculum analysis...
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Social Cohesion and Initial Teacher Education in South Africa
IntroductionInitial teacher education (ITE) is a key focus in current education policy in South Africa, including how student teachers' dispositions and capabilities are shaped to effect change within the systems they will work, as well as for the learners...
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Returning to the Source: Reflexivity and Transformation in Understanding a Humanising Pedagogy
IntroductionIn 2010, the Faculty of Education at the Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University (NMMU) embarked on an 18-month-long re-visioning journey, which culminated in the f ' vision and mission. Through this process, it took the first steps towards...
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Threshold Concept Theory and Nonformal Education: Community-Based Arts Learning in Palestine
IntroductionWe pass through the present with our eyes blindfolded. We are permitted merely to sense and guess at what we are actually experiencing. Only later when the cloth is untied can we glance at the past and find out what we have experienced and...
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Emergence of Environment and Sustainability Education (ESE) in Teacher Education Contexts in Southern Africa: A Common Good Concern
IntroductionEnvironmental and sustainability issues prevail in modern society. It is widely documented that southern Africa is one of the regions most at risk from climate change and ongoing environmental degradation (Southern African Regional Universities...
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Humanising Higher Education in South Africa through Dialogue as Praxis
IntroductionHigher education (hereafter, HE) in South Africa cannot be understood outside the constitutive role race has played since its beginning (Soudien, 2016). HE has emerged in relation to historic and distinct phases and sets of circumstances...
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A Participatory Paradigm for an Engaged Scholarship in Higher Education: Action Leadership from a South African Perspective
A Participatory Paradigm for an Engaged Scholarship in Higher Education: Action Leadership from a South African Perspective by Ortrun Zuber-Skerritt, Lesley Wood and Ina Louw Rotterdam, Netherlands: Sense, 2015. 238 pp. ISBN: 978-94-6300-182-3 (paperback)Engaged...
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Research Report: The Academic Wellness and Educational Success of Juvenile Offender Learners in a Gauteng Correctional School
Why this Study?The Department of Correctional Services (DCS) embarked on a social justice campaign by focusing on education as one element that might transform the lives and the behaviour of juveniles who are incarcerated. There are formal registered...
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Vol. 4, No. 2, October

20 + 1: How Can Educational Research in South Africa Be Transformative?
The focus of Educational Research for Social Change (ERSC) online journal is informed by the early work of Michael Schratz and Rob Walker (1995), Research as Social Change: New Opportunities for Qualitative Research. Although their work was published...
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Looking Backwards: How to Be a South African University
IntroductionRecent protests at South African universities around the question of "race" and identity, particularly as they relate to the question of transformation at the Universities of Cape Town, Stellenbosch, and Rhodes, have brought into sharp focus...
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Public Scholarship, Democracy and Scholarly Engagement
IntroductionThe main purpose of this writing is to engage with ideas about, and interpretations of, socially engaged or public scholarship, namely, scholarship that is derived from the co-construction of knowledge out of meaningful engagements between...
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Whose Knowledge Is It? towards Reordering Knowledge Production and Dissemination in the Global South
IntroductionAn evolution is necessary, one that dismantles our legacy of knowledge and brings our society into alignment with the values of our Constitution. This reordering in the domains of knowledge development would reconnect South Africa with changes...
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Looking at Showing: On the Politics and Pedagogy of Exhibiting in Community-Based Research and Work with Policy Makers
IntroductionI begin this article on the politics and pedagogy of exhibiting visual images to various audiences in community-based research by reflecting on an experience involving the Research Ethics Board (REB) of my university. As a researcher working...
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Hacking through Academentia: Autoethnography, Data and Social Change
IntroductionThis intervention addresses who may produce and own knowledge, and who may disseminate knowledge for social change. My argument reflects my own experience in which I try to balance between data-led, quantitative research on the one hand and...
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Reflections of a Novice Academic Writer
IntroductionHow does a novice academic writer learn to write a scholarly article? This is a question confronting many emerging scholars who want to establish themselves as academics. I am a teacher, a novice writer, and an emerging researcher who wants...
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Integrating Reflexivity: Negotiating Researcher Identity through Autoethnography
(ProQuest: ... denotes non-USASCII text omitted.)IntroductionI am a Taiwanese woman who grew up in Taiwan and came to Canada in 2012 to pursue graduate studies in education. My journey to study commenced in 2014 after a prolonged struggle with subjectivity...
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Knowledge as Enablement: Engagement between Higher Education and the Third Sector in South Africa
Knowledge as Enablement: Engagement between Higher Education and the Third Sector in South Africa Edited by Mabel Erasmus and Ruth Albertyn Bloemfontein, South Africa: Sun Press, 2014. 327 pp. ISBN: 9781920382629According to its preface, Knowledge as...
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Sexual Violence Research Initiative Forum, 14-17 September 2015, Spier Estate, Stellenbosch, South Africa
The Sexual Violence Research Initiative Forum (SVRI), initiated in 2003 by the World Health Organisation with support from the Global Forum for Health Research, encourages research on sexual violence, particularly in settings that are resource poor....
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Vol. 4, No. 1, April

Editorial: Descending from the Ivory Tower: The Challenges and Successes of Community Engagement for Mutual Learning
The aim of this journal is to offer a platform for disseminating research that promotes social change. As an editor of the journal, I believe the ultimate purpose of education is to improve quality of life for all, and this aim must entail moving towards...
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Participatory Action Learning and Action Research (PALAR) for Community Engagement: A Theoretical Framework
Copyright: © 2015 Zuber-SkerrittThis is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Noncommercial License, which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided...
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Challenges for Community Engagement: An Australian Perspective
Copyright: © 2015 KearneyThis is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Noncommercial License, which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original...
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A Hopeful Participatory Engagement with Rural South African Children
Copyright: © 2015 CherringtonThis is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial License, which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided...
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Exploring Experiences of Preservice Teachers in Community Engagement: Let Us Work in Communities!
Copyright: © 2015 DippenaarThis is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Noncommercial License, which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the...
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Developing Academic and Community Research Participation in a South African Township and Rural Community
Copyright: © 2015 EsauThis is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial License, which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original...
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Reflecting on Reflecting: Fostering Student Capacity for Critical Reflection in an Action Research Project
Copyright: © 2015 WoodThis is an open-access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Noncommercial License, which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original...
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The Community Development Profession: Issues, Concepts and Approaches
The Community Development Profession: Issues, Concepts and Approaches By Frik de Beer and Hennie Swanepoel Pretoria, South Africa: Van Schaik, 2013.176 pp. ISBN-10(13): 9780627030673De Beer and Swanepoel's book, The Community Development Profession:...
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Connecting Researchers, Connecting Communities-CARN Conference, 2014
"Connecting researchers, connecting communities" through engagement with action research approaches in different settings, was the theme of the annual Collaborative Action Research Network (CARN) conference held in the lively city of Gateshead on the...
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