The Journal of Hip Hop Studies

Articles

Vol. 4, No. 1, Fall

The Vulgar Voice on the New Black Realist Soundtrack: Sounds of Resistance, Policing and Crime in Spike Lee's Clockers
The medium of film has communicated, shaped, reproduced, and challenged various notions of black subjectivity in twentieth and twenty-first century America since D.W. Griffith's Birth of a Nation appeared in 1915.- Guthrie Ramsey, "Muzing New Hoods,...
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After Blackness, Then Blackness: Afro-Pessimism, Black Life, and Classical Hip Hop as Counter-Performance
Black life is not lived in the world that the world lives in [...]. That's the whole point of the enterprise at some level. It is all about the implications of this agreed-upon point where arguments (should) begin, but they cannot (yet) proceed.- Jared...
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Making Movie Money: A 25-Year Analysis of Rappers' Acting Roles in Hollywood Movies
As 2016 ended, Will "Fresh Prince" Smith's1 Collateral Beauty was released in theaters. With more than twenty-five movies to his credit, it might be hard for some to watch his dramatic cinematic portrayal of a father struggling to accept the death of...
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White Chicks with a Gangsta' Pitch: Gendered Whiteness in United States Rap Culture (1990-2017)
The majority of the discourse in Hip Hop has primarily been about the thoughts, feelings, and ethos of Black men.1 While Hip Hop has experienced some diversity over the years with the acceptances of Eminem, Macklemore, and Ryan Lewis, and more recently,...
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Eminem's Character, Stan: A Bio-Psycho-Social Autopsy
Editor's note: The Journal of Hip Hop Studies is pleased to publish Hip Hop Psych's "Eminem's Character, Stan." For more information, visit www.hiphoppsych.co.uk/index.html. Hip Hop studies brings together scholars from around the world and from different...
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Hip Hop DJs and the Evolution of Technology: Cultural Exchange, Innovation, and Democratization
Hip Hop DJs and the Evolution of Technology: Cultural Exchange, Innovation, and Democratization By Sirois, André. New York, NY: Peter Lang, 2016. Pp. xxi, 221. Paperback $33.99Long before Hip Hop went digital, mixtapes, those floppy discs of the boom...
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Addict Rap?: The Shift from Drug Distributor to Drug Consumer in Hip Hop
While Hip Hop scholarship has grown and continues to develop, there has been minimal academic discourse that challenges the issue of hard-drug consumption from the perspective of the narrator (e.g. MC/rapper). Hence, the objective of this article is...
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Vol. 3, No. 1, Summer

Boardwalk Empire
Atlantic City is a good tripif you want to teach your childrenabout pimps and screamingand gunshots screamingat three o'clock in the morning,and seagulls that eat betterthan people do, and wheelchairsparking people with oxygentanks for guards - peoplewith...
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Sojourner
A Memorial for Leon DamasI.What do I say now to my childrenThat you wrote poems and made promisesDo I hand them a book and sayhere read and understandthat his life was here with us in this WorldAnd now Shango has received your soulAt the end of the dawn...
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Foot Notes on Equality
I.In the days when the sky crushed to the trees to the groundAnd hope hung suspended from the branchesStrangled by the passion of the timesWe moved beneath the heavensOur backs doubled overBy unfinished fields yet to be tendedThe land nourished us with...
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Representations and Discourses of Black Motherhood in Hip Hop and R&B over Time
How has patriarchy influenced the production and release of Hip Hop and R&B songs related to Black motherhood? In what ways has Hip Hop and R&B supported and challenged dominant representations and discourses surrounding Black1 motherhood? How...
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About Gods, I Don't Believe in None of That Shit, the Facts Are Backwards: Slaughterhouse's Lyrical Atheism
"About gods, I don't believe in none of that shit, the facts are backwards.Nas is the rebel of the street corner..." - Nas, "Represent""Hip-hop was more like the blues that signified religious beliefs than the spirituals that informed the content of...
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Hip Hop Videos and Black Identity in Virtual Space
Blackness as an identity has never been fixed to place but rather finds itself articulated through space and, more importantly, time. Movement has defined black identity and served as an origin in and of itself. Simultaneously, technology has provided...
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Bigger by the Dozens: The Prevalence of Afro-Based Tradition in Battle Rap
The creative use of language has always been a defining feature of Afro-based communities the world over. From the venerated Griots of West Africa to the crowd-rocking chanters of Jamaica, the battle-ready Toyi-Toyi warriors of South Africa and animated...
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Chocolate Star
Chuck Naylor was an officer. Specifically Highway Patrol. There is no magic to that fact or the color of his uniform but it is a detail that allows the story to begin. Chuck Naylor was also from a small town in Texas, small compared to the Houstons,...
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Philosophy and Hip-Hop: Ruminations on Postmodern Cultural Form
Philosophy and Hip-Hop: Ruminations on Postmodern Cultural Form By Bailey, Julius. New York, NY: Palgrave MacMillan, 2014. Pp. xx, 198. Hardcover $90; Paperback $39.99. eBook 29.99.In Philosophy and Hip-Hop, Julius Bailey takes the reader through a journey...
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Religion and Hip Hop
Religion and Hip Hop By Miller, Monica. New York, NY: Peter Lang, 2013. Pp. vii, 223. Paperback $39.95In Religion and Hip Hop, Monica Miller examines the ways in which scholars of religion theorize socially, contextually and historically the category...
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Vol. 2, No. 1, Summer

Is Black Motherhood A Marker of Oppression or Empowerment? Hip-Hop and R&B Lessons about "Mama"
For most Black women, the ability to create, nurture, and provide for their progeny holds boundless personal, cultural, and social significance. Although racism, sexism, and classism frequently make motherhood difficult,1 becoming a mother is one of...
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Curricular Goals, Music and Pacing: The Case Study for Hip Hop Music in Children's Educational Television
There is little debate that television is a vehicle for a variety of messages and that children, in some form, can and are learning from television viewing1. However, what children learn, and whether it evokes positive or negative reactions or effects,...
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Hip Hop Culture in a Small Moroccan City
I was a Peace Corps Volunteer in Morocco from 2005-2007. During that time, I worked in a small town, Amizmiz, near Marrakesh that I came to see as "normal" in terms of infrastructure, schools, and people. Of course, I am using the term "normal" here...
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From A-Town to ATL: The Politics of Translation in Global Hip Hop Culture
At the 2009 Black Entertainment Television (BET) Hip Hop Awards in Atlanta, Gsann, an emcee from Arusha, Tanzania, joined a cipha with such African American veterans as DJ Premier and KRS-1. Gsann's one-minute rap in Swahili made his African American...
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Hip Hop on Film: Performance Culture, Urban Space, and Genre Transformation in the 1980s
Hip Hop on Film: Performance Culture, Urban Space, and Genre Transformation in the 1980s. By Kimberly Monteyne. Jackson, MS: University Press of Mississippi, 2013. Pp. x, 256. $54; Kindle $37.19.I have loved watching movies for as long as I can remember....
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Policing the Campus: Academic Repression, Surveillance, and the Occupy Movement
Policing the Campus: Academic Repression, Surveillance, and the Occupy Movement. Edited by Anthony J. Nocella II and David Gabbard. New York, N.Y.: Peter Lang, 2013. Pp. vii, 223. Paperback $39.95In fourteen chapters there is solid evidence of there...
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The End of Prisons: Reflections from the Decarceration Movement
The End of Prisons: Reflections from the Decarceration Movement. Edited by Mechtild E. Nagel, and Anthony J. Nocella. New York, N. Y.: Rodopi, 2013. Pp. xv, 248. paperback $63.86.This collection of essays distinguishes itself from similar publications...
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Vol. 1, No. 2, Summer

Foreword
The Afrikan Hiphop Caravan is an annual project run by various Hip Hop activist networks spread across the African continent and the diaspora. Its vision is to build a strong and united Hip Hop movement - a cohesive network of African Hip Hop collectives,...
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Message to Our Brothers and Sisters in Hip Hop: Africa!
Jambo!Sawubonanl, omfuwethu naodadewethu,Mon freres et mon soeurs d'Afrlque!Children of Africa!I, from the land of our diaspora, greet you all, and wish you all success on your struggle to join hands and hearts with your brothers and sisters in Black...
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An Introspection: Get the Caravan Moving
Activism brought me to Africa for the first time in 2004. I went to a conference in Rwanda. I forged an alliance with African activists on the ground in Zimbabwe and Burundi specifically. We helped set up a computer center in Burundi through a network...
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Breaking Grahamstown; Breakin' the Dance: Exploring the Role of Break Dancing in the Construction of a Break Dancer's Identity
B-boys are in da House: The First RoundWhen someone becomes a B-boy, it is like being initiated into a prestigious brotherhood.1 It is this space and fraternity that I began to explore - the way break dancing influences identity construction. While there...
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Interview: Hip Hop and Activism in Kenya
When and how were you introduced to Hip Hop?I was introduced to Hip Hop in my teenage years. I lived in Europe and when I was young living in a different culture, the only thing that could really connect me to the general society at the time was Hip...
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Chant Down Tha System 'Till Babylon Falls: The Political Dimensions of Urban Grooves and Underground Hip Hop in Zimbabwe
Used with permission. First published in Journal of Pan African Studies vol.6, no.3, September 2013Since its arrival in the 1980s1, Hip Hop culture, especially the element of rap, has shaped youth culture in Harare, Zimbabwe's capital and major hub of...
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The Influence of Hip Hop on Zimbabwe's Urban Culture
We live in a world that is dominated and heavily influenced by one thing that none of us can escape: mass media.If you live in a city or town in Zimbabwe it means that on a daily basis you will be exposed to what is going on globally through newspapers,...
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Stunning the Nation: Representation of Zimbabwean Urban Youth Identity in Some Songs by Stunner
Hip Hop as a music genre has become one of the hottest sensations among youth, not only in America but the world over. Consequently it is necessary to attempt to define Hip Hop and to understand the historical influences surrounding its emergence. Hip...
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The Afrikan Hiphop Caravan: Building a Revolutionary Counterculture
A Brief History: Building CountercultureOver the last decade the Afrikan Hiphop Caravan has been building connections across borders on the continent and beyond. Yet few people, even some in Afrikan Hiphop circles, have a good grasp of the beliefs, motivations...
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Vol. 1, No. 1, Spring

The Hip in Hip Hop: Toward a Discipline of Hip Hop Studies
For nearly four decades now, Hip Hop culture, something that was expected to only last a few years as a "fad," has developed into a trans-global phenomenon in almost every industrialized nation in the Western world. By securing its position through the...
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Refocusing and Redefining Hip Hop: An Analysis of Lecrae's Contribution to Hip Hop
Eh, they don't know about us, they don't, they don't know about usThey think we dum, dum diddy dum, dumBut they gon' know, they gon' know about us - Lecrae and Tedashii, "DumDum"IntroductionOut of the dust and ashes from apartment buildings burning in...
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Speech Is My Hammer, It's Time to Build: Hip Hop, Cultural Semiosis and the Africana Intellectual Heritage
Tracing a Du Boisean cultural-racial line, Tricia Rose posits in Black Noise: Rap music and Black Culture in Contemporary America that it is the "dynamic and often contentious relationship between... larger social and political forces and (B)lack cultural...
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Baadassss Gangstas: The Parallel Influences, Characteristics and Criticisms of the Blaxploitation Cinema and Gangsta Rap Movements
In October 2012, New Orleans rapper Curren$y released a mixtape online for his fans entitled Priest Andretti. Taking its name from the main character of the 1972 blaxploitation film Super Fly, this fourteen-track mixtape frequently pays homage to the...
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Listen to the Story: Banksy, Tyler the Creator, and the Growing Nihilistic Mindset
IntroductionArt acts as a collective mirror through which we can more closely examine and learn about our society, our surroundings, and ourselves. As John Lennon once said, "My role in society, or any artist's or poet's role, is to try and express what...
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Typologies of Black Male Sensitivity in R&B and Hip Hop
R&B and Hip Hop are two music genres that have gained global appeal in recent years. This appeal may be a reflection of a wider audience's ability to identify and relate to the lyrics used by R&B and Hip Hop artists.1 Early R&B was used as...
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