Pakistan Journal of Criminology

Articles from Vol. 5, No. 2, July-December

Amendments to Anti-Terrorism Law of Pakistan: An Overview
IntroductionThe basic legislation on terrorism in Pakistan is Anti-Terrorism Act, 1997 (ATA). It is a special legislation with both substantive as well as procedural provisions of law. In 2013, two amendment packages were introduced to ATA namely the...
An Analysis of the Probable Association between Narcissistic Personality Disorder and a Rage-Type Murder Event (Part 1)
Narcissism is a phenomenon dating back to the Greek myth of Narcissus. The myth portrays the fate of a man who was so in love with himself, he completely withdrew from the world (Ehrlich, 2000; Fine, 1986). In simple terms, narcissism can be described...
Application of Demographic Variables in Measuring the Perception of Child Trafficking in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan
IntroductionChildren, from futuristic perspective, are the endowment of anation. However, being weak, they are dependent on society for their growth and grooming. The fragile and careless society put them in such a situation that distorts their psychological...
Correlates of Resilience in Police Officers from England and Pakistan: A Cross National Study
IntroductionTrauma is an unpredictable emotional response to an unpleasant event (Vincent, 2004). It is likely to experience shock or denial immediately after the incident/experience. Other emotional experiences include flashback memories, vulnerability...
Current and Emerging Threat of Terrorism in South Asia
I would like to give this message to all oppressed Muslims living in all of South Asia, including Burma, Sri Lanka and India, that news of your condition makes our hearts bleed. But at the same time, our Jihad against America and its proxies for freeing...
Editors' Introduction
This is a general issue of the Pakistan Journal of Criminology. It consists of 17 original research papers that examine such diverse topics as policing, terrorism, research orientations, concepts of crime, juvenile justice, and child protection.The first...
Female Police Officers and Use of Firearms in the New York City Police Department
Introduction and Literature ReviewIt is apparent that when police officers use their weapons, whether on or off duty, the effects can be far reaching. Policing is one of the few professions where one can legally take a life. As Fyfe has stated, "...no...
Gender Role Perception and Exposure to Violence at Schools: A Study of Selected Schools in District Mardan & Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
IntroductionSocial role perceptions occupy strategic position in the development effects on children. A child is generally presumed to be guided by his/her socialization and indoctrination in peer group, including his/her response to violence. Even school...
Improving Interdisciplinary Research on Policing and Security
IntroductionI want to draw together two recent publications to reflect on their implications for research on policing and security. The publications are a report written for the Australian Council of Learned Academies entitled Strengthening Interdisciplinary...
International Crime and Its Subsequent Development
What is an International Crime?A "Crime" is an act that violates a political or moral law while an "International Crime" means an act which is recognised by the International community as a crime. It is essential for the International Crime that a criminal...
Jirga System in Pakhtun Society: An Informal Mechanism for Dispute Resolution
IntroductionJirga means 'an assembly, meeting of a party for consultation, and a sort of democratic council.' According to the Pashto Descriptive Dictionary jirga is an original Pashto word, which in its common usage refers to the gathering of a few,...
Leveraging Change: Developing a Gender Niche in Policing in Pakistan
Setting the ContextMaking a visible and sustainable impact in the domain of equality between women and men seeks commitment and capacity from all the cooperation partners to conceive and execute result oriented development interventions. Gender reforms...
Local Peace Committees: Potentials Contributing Factors in the Peace-Building Process in Conflict-Affected Areas of Pakistan {A Case Study of Maidan, (Lower Dir) in the Province Khyber Pakhtunkhwa}
1. IntroductionToday, conflict destroys societies and peace is the dire need of the Globe. Peoge (2007) notes that today's many conflicts are of a hybrid nature so peace-building and conflict transformation also need to be of a hybrid nature, both the...
Motivations for Pakistani Religious Extremists to Become Terrorists
1. Motives of Individuals and Groups to Employ TerrorismTerrorism may be a rational choice from the standpoint of the terrorists but the strategy is not rational as such. Here rational means that terrorism is employed by individuals and groups after...
Pakhtun Cultural Values, Terrorism and the Contextual Meaning of Violence
IntroductionThe issue of exploring the causal relationship between terrorism and the Pakhtun cultural values is a complex phenomenon. Two things are important to understand the question in hand: First, to locate the violence, if any, in the cultural...
Pakistan's Child Protection Legislative and Policy Frameworks: A Critical Review
IntroductionIn Pakistan, children experience a variety of potential and actual risks to their safety and well-being in a wide range of situations. These situations may include, but are not limited to, physical abuse of a child at the hand of an adult...
Perceptions of Middle Aged Men and Women about Women Killers
IntroductionCrimes, especially violent crimes seemed to be termed as men's business throughout the human history, for women are perceived in a stereotypical way of being kind, polite , humble , dependent and passive. Violence in women involves multiple...
The History and Development of Probation Service in Pakistan and in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
The Background of Probation in PakistanThe probation system in Pakistan started in the 1960s, at a time when probation was known and practised in most developed countries of the world. F or example, the statutory probation was already introduced in most...
The Role of Narcissistic Personality Disorder in Rage-Type Murder (Part 2)
IntroductionIn Part one of the study rage-type murders as a phenomenon was delineated and NPD was defined. The literature pertaining to the association between rage-type murder and NPD was highlighted. A current case that signaled the probable processes...
Urban V. Rural: Measuring Collective Efficacy in Two Different Populations
The Southern Ute Indian Community Safety Survey was funded by a grant from the United States Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics (No. 2001-3277-CA-B J). The views and opinions expressed herein are those of the author and do not necessarily...
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