Psychology in Russia

Articles from Vol. 4, 2011

A Changing Child in Changing World: Psychological and Educational Problems of the New School
In his Address to the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation (November 2009) Dmitry Medvedev, when speaking of "Our New School" national educational programme, set a crucial goal which consists in disclosing abilities of each student and nurturing...
A Neuropsychological Study of Interhemispheric Integration of Involuntary Memory Processes
Split Brain Syndrome as it is described in neuropsychology includes impairments of perceptual and motor activity, more specifically the impairments in coordination of motor responses in bimanual tasks as well as in perception, speech and space impairments...
Behavior Genetics in Context of Russian Psychology, 4,108-128
IntroductionA study of the nature of individual differences in psychological characteristics has almost a century of history and an immense empirical material has been presently collected up, pointing the influence of hereditary factors in the emergence...
B.W. Zeigarnik and Pathopsychology
The very name of a prominent psychologist, Bluma Zeigarnik (1900- 1988), is world-known. Her scientific works are translated into many languages and have long since become the international fare in psychology. The first success came to B.W. Zeigarnik...
Climate Change and the Ecological Psychology
The words "ecology" and "psychology" are of Greek origin, and the father of medicine Hippocrates in ancient Greece was the first who formulated the idea of communication of the human condition, including its spiritual qualities, and the environment.Ecological...
Consciousness and Reality in Western and Oriental Tradition. Relationship between Human and Universe
Our reader may be surprised by the mere title of this article. Compared with cosmic cataclysms, a human being is a tiny and fragile creature depending from the Sun, which is itself nothing but a star among the uncountable stars, the uncountable galaxies....
Consciousness as a Central Problem of Modern Psychology
The special status of the theme of consciousness in modern science is caused by a number of circumstances. The first of them is a considerable growth of scientific papers in the last quarter of XX and the beginning of XXI centuries. The new surge of...
Corporate Identity as a Factor of Corporate Security
Regarding the totality of different systems constituting corporate governance, it is recognized that corporate identity is one of the essential attributes that is being given increasing attention by a vast number of entities not only due to their own...
Dialectical Logic of Cultural and Activity Psychology as a Tool to Identify the Nature of Mental Reality
The most fundamental issues of psychology related to professional self-identification of psychologists have been discussed at various psychological congresses and conferences as well as on the pages of scientific periodicals recently. Thus, the psychological...
Introduction
The year which passed since the last issue of this yearbook was published was marked by a considerable amount of activity by the professional community of Russian psychologists. This clearly reflects the growing role psychology as a discipline and a...
L.Vygotsky, A.Luria and Developmental Neuropsychology
Lev Vygotsky is a founder of cultural-historical psychology. His name is commonly associated with general and developmental psychology, educational psychology, defectology, and psychology of art. Alexander Luria is known as a founding father of neuropsychology....
Managing the Organizational Culture: A Technological Issue
Organizational culture which presents an interest for research and practice of social psychology, despite the complexity of scientific perception of "culture" phenomenon in general, is the most promising branch among interdisciplinary blends of organizational,...
Methodological Foundations of Military Psychology and Psychological Security
Military psychology can be defined as an area of the study and application of psychological principles and methods to the military environment (Mangelsdorff & Gal, 1991). C. Cronin compares military psychology with a microcosm which embraces psychological...
Methodology of Neuropsychological Assessment:Qualitative (Metasyndromal Analysis of Cognitive Deficit Structure) and Quantitative (Psychometric Estimate) Aspects
IntroductionNeuropsychological assessment provides guidance to further settings of neurorehabilitation based on individual observed cognitive profile. However there is a question whether the specificity of individual cognitive deficit might rely only...
Multivariable Objects for Stimulation of Young Children's Combinatorial Experimentation and Causal-Experimental Thought
1. IntroductionIt has become acknowledged recently that a most important direction of human cognitive development is the development of abilities at activities in complex multivariable dynamical environments. Educators try to design such systems of education,...
Need for Safety in Different Social and Economic Groups
Over the past decades the psychological science has substantially increased interest to the issues of secure human existence. A necessity to look anew at the world and the place of a man in it forces researchers to seek new ways of thinking and solving...
On New Opportunities and Prospects of Development of Projective Study
According to L. Abt, projective technique was initially a "mutiny", a "rebel" against what was regarded as traditional, sober psychology. It acquired the impetus for cognition and understanding of an object as a whole, rejecting the very "compartmentalization"...
On Prognostics of Psychodiagnostic Method Creative Field
The philosopher Hegel viewed cognition as movement of thought from the singular through the particular to the universal. The science theorist Popper described development of scientific knowledge from the solution of a local problem to the discovery of...
Phenomenon of Psychological Defense
The study of any psychological phenomenon in the cultural-historical tradition cannot be separated from the scientific reflection on the situation of development of the scientific knowledge about it, i.e., of the conceptual apparatus and the general...
Psychoanalysis without Interpretations
By "free associations" in classical psychoanalysis we mean unrestricted verbal expression of patient's thoughts, feelings and desires, which can also be called "spontaneous speech". If therapist has enough theoretical knowledge and practical skills,...
Psychology of Safety and Resistance to Terrorism
Psychographics of survivors of emergency situationsBesides injuries, emergency situations cause psychological stress.Below are listed the main parameters of any emergency situation that influence the psychological stress intensity: 1) hostility of the...
Remediation of Learning Disable Children Following L.S. Vygotsky's Approach
The works of L.S. Vygotsky started 1917 in his native town Gomel with assessing and helping children with vision and hearing disabilities as well as with mental retardation. In 1925 he continued this work in Moscow in newly created "Medico-pedagogical...
Risk Behavior as a Reaction on Uncontrollable Stress
A problem of risk and prevention of human risk behavior is one of the major problems in health psychology. In this essay risk is understood as the possibility of negative health outcomes occurring as a result of specific behavior practices. Risk behavior...
Security Problems of Communicative Strategies
J.Baudrillard pointed out that in contemporary world the I - The Other interaction strategy undergoes depersonalization. One of the most important and alarming phenomena of Russian communicative culture - which not only prevents economic multicultural...
Security Psychology as Social Systemic Phenomenon
Analysis of domestic and foreign literature has demonstrated that the problem of security psychology, a fully-formed field of scientific analysis, as well as a prior scientific and practical task has never been considered in its entirety.Security is...
Spiritual Well-Being
1. Values that regulate social behaviour"The United Nations Millennium Declaration" adopted by the General Assembly Summit which was held on September 6-8, 2000 (Session 55, paragraph 60b of the agenda) includes the list of basic objectives that the...
Technologies of Virtual Reality in Psychology of Sports of Great Advance: Theory, Practice and Perspectives
1.Technologies of "virtual reality" in sports of great advances: theoretical basics and methodological problems1.1Construction of "virtual environments" as a new technology in experimental psychology and sports psychologyNow a rise has seen in using...
The Research of Proactive Coping Behavior of Patients with Chronic Non-Specific Lung Disease
IntroductionThe problem of one's adaptation in stressful and inconvenient situations generates more interest in foreign and domestic psychology. "Coping behavior is one of the central concepts in psychology of stress and adaptation" (Yaltonskyi, 2010)....
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