Current Politics and Economics of Russia, Eastern and Central Europe

Articles

Vol. 31, No. 5/6, 2016

Transitioning to Organic Farming in the Republic of Moldova: Perceptions and Prospects
IntroductionOrganic farming began to expand in the mid-1980s, primarily in Western Europe and the United States. In the United States, organic production has been practiced for around one hundred years. For example, the U.S. Department of Agriculture...
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Vol. 31, No. 3/4, 2016

Patient Safety in the Hospital Environment: The Impact of the Economic Crisis on the Quality of the Provided Health Care Services
1.IntroductionAccording to the European Committee data, approximately 8-12% of patients hospitalized in the European Union (EU) face adverse events during their hospitalization, such as infections, medication, surgical and diagnosis errors including...
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Monetary Policy under Eurosation: The Case of Serbia
1.IntroductionThe National Bank of Serbia is a public institution in charge of safeguarding the value and purchasing power of money. The core purpose of the National Bank of Serbia is to provide monetary and financial stability. Monetary stability means...
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Vol. 31, No. 1/2, 2016

Tourism and Recreation in Polish National Parks: Formal and Legal Conditions
IntroductionTourism is seen on the European continent as one of the economic activities with most significant potential to generate future employment and increase in gross domestic product of EU (Commission data 2007). The tourism industry currently...
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Theory and Reality of Rural and Urban Perspectives in the Context of Territorial Cohesion and Regional Development in the Czech Republic
1.IntroductionThe relationship of urban and rural areas has been, for a long time, evaluated rather separately in regional development theories. The main reason was the earlier creation of urban studies, which has been focused on problems of urban growth...
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Vol. 30, No. 5/6, 2015

Russia: 2015 Human Rights Report
United States Department of State Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and LaborEXECUTIVE SUMMARYThe Russian Federation has a highly centralized, authoritarian political system dominated by President Vladimir Putin. The bicameral Federal Assembly consists...
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Russia: International Religious Freedom Report for 2014
United States Department of State Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and LaborExecutive SummaryThe constitution provides for freedom of religion, guaranteeing the right to worship and profess one's religion, but by law, officials may prohibit the activity...
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Country Reports on Terrorism 2015
U.S. Department of State Bureau of Counterterrorism and Countering Violent ExtremismALBANIAOverview: Albania was a strong supporter of counterterrorism efforts in 2015 and continued its participation in the Global Coalition to Counter the Islamic State...
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Russia: Investment Climate Statement 2015
U.S. Department of State Bureau of Economic and Business AffairsEXECUTIVE SUMMARYRussia's attempted annexation of Crimea in March 2014 is not recognized by the U.S. government. That annexation and Russia's incitement of and involvement in conflict in...
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Russia: Trafficking in Persons Report 2015
U.S. Department of StateRussia is a source, transit, and destination country for men, women, and children subjected to forced labor and sex trafficking. Labor trafficking remains the predominant human trafficking problem within Russia, escalating in...
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Vol. 30, No. 3/4, 2015

A Link between Business Improvement and Organizational Culture: A Case Study in the Croatian State Forestry Sector
1.Briefly about Organizational CultureToday organizational or corporate culture, as it is called by some authors when they talk about commercial organizations, is seen as crucial agent for the growth and development of modern enterprises. It is believed...
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Prison Informers: The Prospects of Their Use in Poland
IntroductionAn issue which is rarely paid attention to, in the context of a discussion about operational and reconnaissance actions (Bulsiewicz 1997), is a cooperation with personal sources of information (Bulsiewicz 1992; Netczuk 2001; Netczuk 2006;...
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Best Practice in Practice: The Case of the Corporate Governance Code at the Warsaw Stock Exchange
IntroductionCorporate governance codes of best practice provide sets of internationally recognized recommendations guiding the practice of shareholders, the board, firm internal organization (audit, risk management, motivation and incentive schemes)...
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Corporate Governance in Central and Eastern Europe
IntroductionCountries and firms differ noticeable in the settings of their corporate governance systems that usually stand the central problem of corporate governance, the agency problems that interfere with the dissociation of ownership and control...
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Social and Demographic Determinants of the Health State and Life Satisfaction of Population in Poland
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)INTRODUCTIONThe health of the population is an important resource in the socioeconomic development of modern society. Nowadays, the understanding of the term "health" in a broad sense includes not only the absence...
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Cross-Border Circulation of Judicial Acts from Georgian Law Perspective (a Comparative Legal Research)
(ProQuest: ... denotes non-US-ASCII text omitted.)1.The Subject of the Research and Main Elements of Cross-Border Circulation of Judicial Acts - (i) Recognition; (ii) Declaration as Enforceable; And (iii) EnforcementThe cross-border circulation of judicial...
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Vol. 30, No. 1/2, 2015

The Impact of Fiscal Consolidation in the European Development Countries
1. PRE-CRISISGenerally, the group of the CEE countries and of the Baltic States had a number of common economic features when the crisis began, these premises favoring the occurrence of negative externalities due to the overlap of the contagion effect...
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Modern Approaches to Natural Monopoly Identification and Regulation under Russian Economic Reform
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)INTRODUCTIONFor over two decades, reforms oriented toward the transformation of the centrally-planned economy to a market one have been taking place in Russia. These reforms have given rise to many significant...
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Eu Accession and the Collapse of Casino Capitalism in Small Countries in Central and Eastern Europe: Focus on Latvia and Slovenia
1. INTRODUCTIONUnless adopting a national isolation policy, small countries have by necessity higher dependency on foreign trade. After the collapse of socialism in the early 1990s small countries in Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) made the transition...
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The New Russian Engagement with Latin America: Strategic Position, Commerce, and Dreams of the Past *
FOREWORDIn recent years, attention by the U.S. national security establishment to challenges in the Western Hemisphere has concentrated on issues of transnational organized crime, socialist populism, potential terrorist threats, and similar challenges...
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Strategic Insights: From Ideology to Geopolitics: Russian Interests in Latin America *
The implosion of the Soviet Union on the eve of December 25, 1991, has been heralded by pundits and Sovietologists as an unprecedented event in world history. No one expected the powerful Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) to come to an end as...
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Russian Compliance with the Intermediate Range Nuclear Forces (Inf) Treaty: Background and Issues for Congress *
INTRODUCTIONIn July 2014, the State Department released the 2014 edition of its report Adherence to and Compliance with Arms Control, Nonproliferation, and Disarmament Agreements and Commitments. This report states that the United States has determined...
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U.S. Sanctions on Russia: Economic Implications *
INTRODUCTIONEconomic sanctions on Russian individuals, entities, and sectors have been a key part of the U.S. response to Russia's annexation of the Crimean region of Ukraine and Russia's efforts to destabilize eastern Ukraine.1 For example, the United...
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Vol. 29, No. 6, 2014

D Emocratization and Instability in Ukraine, Georgia, and Belarus *
(ProQuest: ... denotes non-US-ASCII text omitted.)FOREWORDNations democratize at a different pace: Some achieve high governance standards, lasting political stability, and robust economies; others are lingering in their desires to look and act like their...
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Georgia's October 2013 Presidential Election: Outcome and Implications *
BACKGROUNDSuccessive U.S. Congresses have endorsed close U.S.-Georgia ties and have supported Georgia's continued sovereignty and independence. Congressional engagement has included humanitarian and other assistance to address economic problems in the...
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Belarus: Background and U.S. Policy Concerns *
INTRODUCTIONBelarusian President Aleksandr Lukashenko snuffed out Belarus's modest progress toward democracy and a free market economy and created an authoritarian regime shortly after being elected as president in 1994. His regime is in rhetoric and...
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Vol. 29, No. 5, 2014

Reforming the Police in Post-Soviet States: Georgia and Kyrgyzstan*
FOREWORDIn most Soviet successor states, the police (militia) are among the least trusted government agencies. The police are frequently seen as representatives of the state who are allowed to persecute ordinary citizens, extort bribes, and protect the...
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Georgia [Republic]: Recent Developments and U.S. Interests*
POLITICAL BACKGROUNDGeorgia gained its independence at the end of 1991 with the dissolution of the former Soviet Union. Its elected president, Zviad Gamsakhurdia, faced insurrection and fled the country in January 1992. Coup leaders invited former Soviet...
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Kyrgyzstan: Recent Developments and U.S. Interests*
POLITICAL BACKGROUNDThe Kyrgyz Republic gained its independence at the end of 1991 with the dissolution of the former Soviet Union. Scientist and mid-level communist party official Askar Akayev had been elected president just before Kyrgyzstan gained...
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Vol. 29, No. 4, 2014

Russian Federation: Food and Agricultural Import Regulations and Standards*
SECTION I. FOOD LAWSMany of Russia's food and trade regulations have or are undergoing reform as the Russia-Belarus- Kazakhstan Customs Union (CU) continues policy integration. Russia also continues to adjust policies pursuant to its recent WTO accession.In...
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Russian Federation: Exporter Guide*
SECTION I. MARKET OVERVIEWOpportunities for Future GrowthRussia is one of the fastest growing economies in Europe with approximately 143 million consumers who have developed a strong appetite for quality, Western food products in recent years. Rising...
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Ukraine: Food and Agricultural Import Regulations and Standards*
REPORT HIGHLIGHTSThere have been some changes affecting agricultural product quality, safety, and sanitation regulations in Ukraine since the submission of the last report. Ukraine undertook an Administrative Reform and actively changed names and authorities...
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Ukraine: Exporter Guide*
SECTION I. MARKET OVERVIEWMacroeconomic Performance and Other IndicatorsDespite a lack of economic reforms and plummeting demand for major Ukrainian export products in 2012, Ukraine's macroeconomic indicators remained stable. Some growth slowdown became...
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Vol. 29, No. 3, 2014

Stability in Russia's Chechnya and Other Regions of the North Caucasus: Recent Developments*
SUMMARYTerrorist attacks in Russia's North Caucasus-a border area between the Black and Caspian Seas that includes the formerly breakaway Chechnya and other ethnic-based regions-appeared to increase substantially in 2007-2009. Moreover, civilian and...
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Russia's Counterinsurgency in North Caucasus: Performance and Consequences*
FOREWORDThe North Caucasus has been a source of instability for Russia ever since the Russian Empire brought the region under its control in the course of the late-18th and the first half of the 19th centuries. General Alexei Yermolov, a top Russian...
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Vol. 29, No. 2, 2014

Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia: Political Developments and Implications for U.S. Interests*
Most Recent DevelopmentsOn February 19, 2014, Georgian Prime Minister Irakli Garibashvili decried the violence in Kyiv and placed particular blame on the Ukrainian government, stating that it was the responsibility of the government to engage with the...
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Ukraine: Current Issues and U.S. Policy*
BackgroundUkraine, comparable in size and population to France, is a large, important, European state. The fact that it occupies the sensitive position between Russia and NATO member states Poland, Slovakia, Hungary, and Romania adds to its geostrategic...
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Nato: Response to the Crisis in Ukraine and Security Concerns in Central and Eastern Europe*
OverviewThe U.S. Congress has expressed deep concern over Russia's annexation of Crimea and the ongoing crisis in Ukraine. Among other things, the crisis in Ukraine has heightened concerns in the United States and in Europe about the future direction...
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Vol. 29, No. 1, 2014

Next Steps in Nuclear Arms Control with Russia: Issues for Congress *
INTRODUCTIONOn January 31, 2013, during the Senate Armed Services Committee's hearing on the nomination of former Senator Chuck Hagel to be Secretary of Defense, Senator JeffSessions questioned Senator Hagel about the Obama Administration's plans for...
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Russian Political, Economic, and Security Issues and U.S. Interests *
Russia's EconomyRussia's economy began to recover from the Soviet collapse in 1999, led mainly by oil and gas exports, but the decline in oil and gas prices and other aspects of the global economic downturn beginning in 2008 contributed to an 8% drop...
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Vol. 28, No. 5/6, 2013

Russia's Accession to the WTO and Its Implications for the United States*
INTRODUCTIONIn 1993, Russia formally applied for accession to the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT). Its application was taken up by the World Trade Organization (WTO) in 1995, when it was established to succeed the GATT. The WTO is a 153-member...
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Recent Sales of Military Equipment and Technology by European NATO Allies to Russia*
This memorandum responds to your request for an analysis of recent sales of military equipment and technology by European NATO allies to the Russian Federation. As requested, we focus on the factors behind the sales, allied responses to the sales, implications...
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2013 Investment Climate Statement: Russia*
Bureau of Economic and Business AffairsOPENNESS TO, AND RESTRICTIONS UPON, FOREIGN INVESTMENTRussian President Vladimir Putin has stated that improving the investment climate in Russia and increasing foreign direct investment (FDI) is a priority for...
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Russia and the Current State of Arms Control*
FOREWORDArms control remains the central issue in U.S.-Russian relations. This is so for many reasons, not least of which are the respective capabilities of these two states and their consequent responsibility for preventing both nuclear proliferation...
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Vol. 28, No. 3/4, 2013

Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia: Political Developments and Implications for U.S. Interests*
MOST RECENT DEVELOPMENTSGeorgia's presidential election is scheduled for October 27, 2013. Campaigning has been relatively low-key, and the election may represent the first peaceful electoral transfer of presidential power in Georgia. Under constitutional...
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Kyrgyzstan: Recent Developments and U.S. Interests*
POLITICAL BACKGROUNDThe Kyrgyz Republic gained its independence at the end of 1991 with the dissolution of the former Soviet Union. Scientist and mid-level communist party official Askar Akayev had been elected president just before Kyrgyzstan gained...
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Uzbekistan: Recent Developments and U.S. Interests*
POLITICAL BACKGROUNDUzbekistan gained independence at the end of 1991 with the breakup of the Soviet Union. The landlocked country is the largest in Central Asia in terms of population and the third-largest in territory (behind Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan;...
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Russian Political, Economic, and Security Issues and U.S. Interests*
Most Recent DevelopmentsOn August 7, 2013, the White House announced that it had "postponed" the planned early September 2013, U.S.-Russia presidential summit because of "inadequate progress in our bilateral agenda [in] the last twelve months," appearing...
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Vol. 28, No. 2, 2013

Caspian Sea: A Case Study of Economic Conflict
INTRODUCTIONCaspian Sea is world's largest inland body of water and preserves importance to a larger extent.1 It is lying to the east of the Caucasus Mountains and to the west of the vast steppe of Central Asia. Its name derives from the ancient ?Kaspi...
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Next Steps in Nuclear Arms Control with Russia: Issues for Congress*
INTRODUCTIONOn January 31, 2013, during the Senate Armed Services Committee's hearing on the nomination of former Senator Chuck Hagel to be Secretary of Defense, Senator Jeff Sessions questioned Senator Hagel about the Obama Administration's plans for...
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Ukraine: Current Issues and U.S. Policy*
BACKGROUNDUkraine, comparable in size and population to France, is a large, important, European state. The fact that it occupies the sensitive position between Russia and NATO member states Poland, Slovakia, Hungary, and Romania adds to its geostrategic...
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Azerbaijan: Recent Developments and U.S. Interests*
POLITICAL BACKGROUNDAzerbaijan enjoyed a brief period of independence in 1918-1920, after the collapse of the Tsarist Russian Empire. However, it was re-conquered by Red Army forces and thereafter incorporated into the Soviet Union. It regained independence...
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Kazakhstan: Recent Developments and U.S. Interests*
POLITICAL BACKGROUNDKazakhstan's moves toward democracy have been halting. The 1995 constitution establishes strong presidential power. As further fleshed out by a presidential edict, the legislature cannot control the budget, initiate constitutional...
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Vol. 28, No. 1, 2013

Military Modernization and the Russian Ground Forces*
The Strategic Studies Institute (SSI) is part of the U.S. Army War College and is the strategic-level study agent for issues related to national security and military strategy with emphasis on geostrategic analysis.The mission of SSI is to use independent...
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The Russian Military and the Georgian War: Lessons and Implications*
The Strategic Studies Institute (SSI) is part of the U.S. Army War College and is the strategic-level study agent for issues related to national security and military strategy with emphasis on geostrategic analysis.The mission of SSI is to use independent...
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Vol. 27, No. 5/6, 2012

Russia's Prospects in Asia *
The views expressed in this report are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the official policy or position of the Department of the Army, the Department of Defense, or the U.S. Government. Authors of Strategic Studies Institute (SSI)...
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Central Asian Security Trends: Views from Europe and Russia *
The views expressed in this report are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the official policy or position of the Department of the Army, the Department of Defense, or the U.S. Government. Authors of Strategic Studies Institute (SSI)...
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Russia in the Arctic *
The views expressed in this report are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the official policy or position of the Department of the Army, the Department of Defense, or the U.S. Government. Authors of Strategic Studies Institute (SSI)...
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Vol. 27, No. 3/4, 2012

Russian Political, Economic, and Security Issues and United States Interests *
MOST RECENT DEVELOPMENTSIn testimony to Congress at the end of January 2012 on worldwide threats, Director of National Intelligence James Clapper assessed that Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin's likely (re)- election to the presidency would result...
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Russia's March 2012 Presidential Election: Outcome and Implications *
INTRODUCTION AND BACKGROUNDChallenges to Russia's democratic development have long been of concern to Congress as it has considered the course of U.S.-Russia cooperation. The Obama Administration has been critical of the apparently flawed Russian presidential...
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Russia's December 2011 Legislative Election: Outcome and Implications *
BACKGROUNDThe trajectory of Russia's democratic development has long been of concern to Congress and successive Administrations as they have considered the course of U.S.-Russia cooperation on matters of mutual strategic interest and as they have monitored...
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Russia's Accession to the WTO and Its Implications for the United States *
INTRODUCTIONIn 1993, Russia formally applied for accession to the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT). Its application was taken up by the World Trade Organization (WTO) in 1995, when it was established to succeed the GATT. The WTO is a 153-member...
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Permanent Normal Trade Relations (Pntr) Status for Russia and U.S.-Russian Economic Ties *
WHAT ARE NTR STATUS AND THE JACKSON-VANIK AMENDMENT?"Normal trade relations" (NTR), or "most-favored-nation" (MFN), trade status is used to denote nondiscriminatory treatment of a trading partner compared to that of other countries.1 Only two countries-Cuba...
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Vol. 27, No. 1/2, 2012

Monitoring and Verification in Arms Control *
INTRODUCTIONThe United States and Russia signed a new START Treaty, officially known as the Treaty between the United States of America and the Russian Federation on Measures to Further Reduction and Limitation of Strategic Offensive Arms, on April 8,...
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The New Start Treaty: Central Limits and Key Provisions *
INTRODUCTIONThe United States and Russia signed a new strategic arms reduction treaty-known as New START-on April 8, 2010.1 This treaty is designed to replace the 1991 Strategic Arms Reductions Treaty (START), which expired, after 15 years of implementation,...
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Key Facts about the New Start Treaty *
The White House OfficeTreaty Structure: The New START Treaty is organized in three tiers of increasing level of detail. The first tier is the Treaty text itself. The second tier consists of a Protocol to the Treaty, which contains additional rights and...
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The Case for New Start Ratification
Remarks at Atlantic Council Panel DiscussionWashington, DCAs preparedGeneral Scowcroft, thanks so much for your kind introduction and for your patriotism, as well as your knowledge and experience that you bring to these issues. It's an honor for me to...
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Treaty with Russia on Measures for Further Reduction and Limitation of Strategic Offensive Arms (the New Start Treaty) *
I. PURPOSEThe Treaty between the United States of America and the Russian Federation on Measures for the Further Reduction and Limitation of Strategic Offensive Arms (hereinafter, the New START Treaty) will commit the United States and Russia to reductions...
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Vol. 26, No. 6, 2011

China-Russia Security Relations: Strategic Parallelism without Partnership or Passion?
FOREWORDChinese-Russian security relations directly concern many subjects of interest to the Strategic Studies Institute. These areas include regional conflicts, nonproliferation issues, and military force balances. Given the importance of these two...
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Russia, China, and the United States in Central Asia: Prospects for Great Power Competition and Cooperation in the Shadow of the Georgian Crisis
FOREWORDAn overview of changing U.S. Central Asia policy over the past 5 years reveals an effort to respond to changing developments on the ground, most recently the Georgian crisis, but also the "color" revolutions, the Andijan events in Uzbekistan...
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Vol. 26, No. 5, 2011

Nonproliferation and Threat Reduction Assistance: United States Programs in the Former Soviet Union *
INTRODUCTIONIn its FY2011 budget request, the Obama Administration sought around $1.12 billion for threat reduction and nonproliferation programs in Russia and the other states of the former Soviet Union. This includes $522.5 million for DOD's Cooperative...
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Russian Military Reform and Defense Policy *
INTRODUCTIONAt the height of Soviet military power in 1985-1986, there were 4.9 million servicemen and women in the active duty forces,1 and about another 1 million belonged to the Warsaw Treaty Organization (a mutual defense alliance including several...
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Vol. 26, No. 3/4, 2011

Russia's December 2011 Legislative Election: Outcome and Implications *
BACKGROUNDThe trajectory of Russia's democratic development has long been of concern to Congress and successive Administrations as they have considered the course of U.S.-Russia cooperation on matters of mutual strategic interest and as they have monitored...
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Permanent Normal Trade Relations (Pntr) Status for Russia and U.S.-Russian Economic Ties *
WHAT ARE NTR STATUS AND THE JACKSON-VANIK AMENDMENT?"Normal trade relations" (NTR), or "most-favored-nation" (MFN), trade status is used to denote nondiscriminatory treatment of a trading partner compared to that of other countries.1 Only two countries-Cuba...
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Russia's Accession to the WTO and Its Implications for the United States *
INTRODUCTIONIn 1993, Russia formally applied for accession to the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT). Its application was taken up by the World Trade Organization (WTO) in 1995, when it was established to succeed the GATT. The WTO is a 153-member...
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Russian Political, Economic, and Security Issues and U.S. Interests *
RECENT DEVELOPMENTSOn January 31, 2011, Boris Nemtsov, former deputy prime minister, and others were permitted to hold a pro-democracy rally in Moscow. However, police far outnumbered participants, prevented many people from attending, and detained some...
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Armenia,azerbaijan and Georgia: Political Developments and Implications for U.S. Interests *
MOST RECENT DEVELOPMENTSOn April 15, 2011, some Azerbaijani legislators called for opening an investigation into a meeting held on April 8 between some opposition party activists and foreign diplomats, reportedly including U.S. Embassy officials. Legislator...
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Vol. 26, No. 2, 2011

The New Start Treaty: Central Limits and Key Provisions *
INTRODUCTIONThe United States and Russia signed a new strategic arms reduction treaty-known as New START-on April 8, 2010 [1]. This treaty is designed to replace the 1991 Strategic Arms Reductions Treaty (START), which expired, after 15 years of implementation,...
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U.S.-Russian Civilian Nuclear Cooperation Agreement: Issues for Congress *
BACKGROUNDSection 123 of the U.S. Atomic Energy Act (AEA) of 1954 (42 U.S.C. 2011 et seq.) governs significant nuclear cooperation between the United States and other states. [7] The United States has agreements for civil nuclear cooperation in place...
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Moldova: Background and U.S. Policy *
POLITICAL SITUATIONAlthough a small country with a population of just over 3.6 million people, Moldova has been of interest to U.S. policymakers due to its position between NATO and EU member Romania and strategic Ukraine. In addition, some experts have...
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Ukraine: Current Issues and U.S. Policy *
BACKGROUNDUkraine, comparable in size and population to France, is a large, important, European state. The fact that it occupies the sensitive position between Russia and NATO member states Poland, Slovakia, Hungary, and Romania adds to its geostrategic...
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Belarus: Background and U.S. Policy Concerns *
INTRODUCTIONBelarusian President Aleksandr Lukashenko snuffed out Belarus's modest progress toward democracy and a free market economy and created an authoritarian regime shortly after being elected as president in 1994. His regime is in rhetoric and...
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Vol. 26, No. 1, 2011

Recently Released Market Study: Turkmenistan Oil and Gas Report Q4 2010 *
FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASEPRLog (Press Release) - Oct 23, 2010 - The new Turkmenistan Oil and Gas Report from BMI forecasts that the country will account for 2.25% of Central and Eastern European (CEE) regional oil demand by 2014, while providing 2.42% of...
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Russian Political, Economic, and Security Issues and U.S. Interests *
RECENT DEVELOPMENTSThe United States announced the arrest of 11 Russian spies on June 28, 2010, just days after the visit of Russian President Dmitriy Medvedev to the United States (one spy was outside the United States and apparently escaped). Some...
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Prospects for Engagement with Russia *: Hearing before the Committee on Foreign Relations United States Senate One Hundred Eleventh Congress
U.S. SENATE,COMMITTEE ON FOREIGN RELATIONS,Washington, DC.The committee met, pursuant to notice, at 10 a.m., in room SD- 419, Dirksen Senate Office Building, Hon. John F. Kerry (chairman of the committee) presiding.Present: Senators Kerry, Cardin, Casey,...
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