International Journal of Child Health and Human Development

Articles from Vol. 6, No. 4, 2013

A–M M–X
Access to Healthcare of Persons with Disabilities across the Lifespan in Resource Poor Settings in Africa
Healthcare can be neither universal nor equitable if it is less accessible to some sections of society than it is to others.This presentation will highlight project EquitAble's findings on disability across the lifespan in Sudan, South Africa, Namibia,...
A Conceptual Framework on Money Literacy in a Positive Youth Development Program: The Project P.a.T.H.S. in Hong Kong
In view of the high impact of materialistic orientation among children and adolescents, financial educational programs are provided as preventive measures. Without a clear conceptual framework, it is impossible to develop, evaluate, and refine these...
Activity Preferences, Engagement and Quality of Life in Children and Adolescents with Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia
Obesity is assuming epidemic proportions in the general population of industrialized nations. In the growing population of childhood cancer patients and survivors, a primary yet understudied concern is the association between obesity, relapse, and adverse...
A Description of a Community Outreach Program for Children with Autism and Their Families
Services for children with autism can be difficult to find and costly for parents. Programs which allow for entire families to attend and participate in a mutually accepting, therapeutic environment are even rarer and are in fact, almost unheard of....
Adolescent Depression
Child and adolescent major depressive disorder (MDD) and dysthymia disorder (DD) are common, chronic, familial, and recurrent conditions that usually persist into adulthood. Depressed adolescents frequently have poor psychosocial, academic, and family...
Alcohol and Drug Abuse among Israeli Adolescents
Harmful patterns of drinking and drug use and associated risky behaviors, particularly among young adults, pose a potential serious social threat and a real challenge for public health practitioners, health service providers and public policy makers....
Alleviating Pain with Virtual Reality
Many medical procedures, primarily following physical trauma injuries, are considered extremely painful. Traditionally, strong analgesics are employed to alleviate acute pain. These medications have many negative side effects and may be addictive. Therefore,...
A Medical School Program of Medical Humanities (Adam U'refuah)
The Medical Humanities track of the Faculty of Medicine of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem deals with the humanistic aspect of the medical profession. It is a multi-year program which takes place in years 1 to 4 of medical studies.The content of this...
Anatomical and Topological Connectivity Reveal Different Attributes of Disrupted Small-World Networks in Autistic Children
Anatomical MRI and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) studies have shown that complex architecture of the brain networks follow a small-world behavior. Recent findings in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) point out that disrupted functional connectivity is...
An Innovative Program to Coordinate Interdisciplinary and Interagency Services for Children with Special Healthcare Needs
Children and youth with special health care needs (CYSHCN) and their families often require multiple services from multiple providers to meet their needs. The long-standing acknowledgement of the importance of interdisciplinary, interagency coordination...
An Interdisciplinary Program in Healthcare Management
The Ariel University Center has a unique interdisciplinary program in healthcare management. Only the academic study has been held so far on the integration of graduates of an academic university-level school in healthcare management in the field. Objective:...
A Review of Functional Disconnection Syndrome Subtypes in a Population of Children with Neurobehavioral Disorders
Current epidemiological studies characterized the prevalence of Neurobehavioral disorders such as Dyslexia/Learning Disabilities 10-15%, ADHD 10% and Autism Spectrum Disorders 1-2% of school age children. Through the use of brain imaging over the past...
A Screening for Genetic Diseases or Syndromes in People with Intellectual Disability in Israel
In the past few decades advances in human genetics, especially with the Human Geneome Project, have brought new discoveries and knowledge about the genetic causes for intellectual and developmental disability. New technology have and will make it easier...
Assessing the Need for a Specialist Service for People with Intellectual Disabilities and Mental Health Problems Living in Israel: A Qualitative Study
People with intellectual disabilities have higher rates of mental illness. Despite this, it may be more difficult for them to access mainstream services and for mainstream services to tailor their management appropriately.Aim: This study aimed to assess...
Associations between Sensory Modulation Disorder and Tourette Syndrome
Tourette Syndrome (TS) is a developmental neuropsychiatric disorder involving tics and sensory phenomena. Most children with TS (60%-80%) suffer from co-existing attention deficit hyperactive disorder (ADHD), obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), anxiety...
A Swedish Experience Empowering Palestinian Schools to Include Children with Intellectual Disabilities
Palestinian governmental schools started to work with inclusive education in 1997 but did not include children with intellectual disabilities. Hardly any teachers had knowledge or experience of intellectual disabilities. An estimated 8 000 - 12 000 persons...
Autism Spectrum Disorders: Birth, Familial and Child's Risk Factors
The prevalence of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) has risen dramatically during the past decade and is estimated to be around 1%. There is a consensus among investigators that the increase in diagnosis rates is related to changing diagnostic criteria...
Autism through the Life Span
Autism is a diagnostic entity that has captivated our society, if not our world and can no longer be regarded as rare. Appreciation of this condition and its associated medical, genetic, educational, social, recreational and vocational factors has changed...
Behavioral Health and Substance Abuse Services Conducted under the Aegis of Courts
Few studies of problems within families, such as child maltreatment, substance abuse or mental health, evaluate the role of law as an intervention variable. When there are disagreements about the necessity of a specific medical, behavioral health, or...
Bibliotherapy and Its Effect on Anxiety in Children with Cancer
Anxiety is one of the most common mental health problems for children with sub-clinical levels even more prevalent. Children who have cancer and undergo various treatment procedures tend to have higher levels of emotional distress than their peers. Although...
Booster Seat Usage among Israeli Children
Despite child car restraint use recommendations, the use of booster seats in most countries is low. Research has mostly focused on demographic determinants and parental knowledge and behavior regarding car safety. Child traits and parent-child relationships...
Break the Cycle of Environmental Health Disparities
Children who grow up in circumstances of social and economic disadvantage are exposed to a variety of environmental factors that can result in serious childhood health problems. In the developing world these are food shortage, susceptibility to infectious...
Breastfeeding Duration and Maternal Sleep Expectations: Comparison of Full and Partial Rooming-In Post-Partum Units
Our medical center offers two post-partum types of units: partial and full rooming-in. This study examined sleep expectations and patterns of postpartum women in full rooming-in vs. partial roomingin and the relationship between women's sleep patterns...
Bridging Joy and Sorrow: A Basic Guide for Developing Partnership with Parents of Children with Disabilities
Becoming a parent is an overwhelming experience that involves a transition of identity as well as major lifestyle changes. It can be argued that parents who have children with disabilities are often stripped of their hopes and dreams, but then develop...
Bullying Related Morbidity: Rediscovering the Syndrome of Maltreatment
There is evolving evidence that bullying is a multifaceted form of maltreatment prevalent along the lifespan, across social settings and around the world. Participation in bullying as a bystander, victim and/or as a perpetrator is significantly linked...
Caring Dispositions and Positive Youth Development: Relevance to Service Leadership in University Students
People are willing to follow a leader until they know how much a leader cares about them, provides opportunities to nurture them and empowers them to lead themselves. Service is composed of listening, caring and understanding that are valued in today's...
Challenges in the Field of Ethics regarding Treatment of Children with Special Needs and Complex Conditions
Aleh Jerusalem is home to children and young adults who suffer from multiple disabilities. Their conditions are characterized by severe cognitive disabilities and serious physical handicaps - all are wheelchair-bound and many have complex medical conditions....
Changing the Behavior of Parents with Bottle Feeding Baby, as a Preventative Measure against Ear and Respiratory Tract Infections
Eating patterns in babies affects their health and behavior, At the 1970's Le Magne and Bower claimed that bottle feeding babies influences weight gain, health and the baby's ability to control his eating and his needs. They claimed that bottle feeding...
Children of New Immigrants with Special Needs: Barriers to Diagnosis and Treatment with Suggestions for Better Services
A study that was recently conducted at the Myers- JDC-Brookdale Institute examined the key barriers to providing services for pre-school children with special needs whose parents are new immigrants. The qualitative research was based on 80 in-depth interviews...
Children's Pain and Parents on the Front Line: Attitudinal Barriers and Cultural Aspects of Parental Pain Management
Children's pain is managed by many parents in the community using over-the-counter medications and prescribed mild analgesics often with little information provided about how they should be used. Previous research demonstrated parental lack of knowledge...
Chronic Liver Disease: Complications and Implications
Most liver diseases are life limiting and mandates a multidisciplinary approach. The common result of most chronic liver disease is liver fibrosis, cirrhosis and end-stage liver disease. There are several aims in the management of chronic liver disease....
Clinical Effects of the Development of Physiological Rhythms in Premature Infants
Survival of the organism in nature is dependent on its adaptational ability to its external environment. Circadian rhythms are classified by periodicity that includes endogenous or exogenous elements the differences between which are a function of the...
Combination of Digital X-Ray Radiogrammetry and Frax® in Evaluation of Structural-Functional State of the Bone in Postmenopausal Women
The aim of the study was to estimate the informative value of digital X-ray radiogrammetry and its combination with FRAX® in evaluation of structuralfunctional state of bone in Ukrainian postmenopausal women.Material and methods: 247 postmenopausal women...
Combination of Quantitative Ultrasound and Frax® in Evaluation of Structural-Functional State of Bone in Postmenopausal Women
The aim of the study was to estimate the informative value of quantitative ultrasound and its combination with FRAX® in evaluation of structural-functional state of bone in Ukrainian postmenopausal women.Material and Methods: 363 postmenopausal women...
Compensated Dating in Hong Kong: Prevalence, Psychosocial Correlates, and Its Relationships with Other Risk Behavior
Compensated dating, which refers to a girl's or a boy's dating with one purposively for compensation, typically remuneration among adolescents through individualized contacts of modem information and communication technology, is particularly a social...
Comprehensive Rehabilitative Services: Interphase between Community and Specialized Rehabilitative Centers
Current WHO standards state that the goal of rehabilitation is participation in normal daily activities. Medical innovations and technological advances result in an increase in technologically- dependent children who are capable of living in the community...
Confucian Virtues and Positive Youth Development: Insights for Service Leadership
In the last two decades, positive youth development approach has received increasing attention by researchers in the fields of adolescent development and prevention sciences. While a growing body of research has demonstrated the usefulness of the positive...
Continuous, Comprehensive and Coordinated Care for Children: An Academic Illusion?
The spectrum of chronic problems affecting children includes today specific illnesses such as asthma or diabetes, developmental disorders and many issues affecting mental health, such as autistic spectrum or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.Pediatricians...
Contraception in Adolescent Females with Chronic Illness: Current Concepts
Sexual behavior is a universal theme of adolescents around the world, including those who have chronic illness. Contraception is a consequential concept to appreciate for all sexually active adolescent females who wish to avoid unwanted pregnancy. Adolescent...
Cost Effectiveness of School Screening for Scoliosis
Background: Progression of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis can lead to severe deformity affecting both physical and psychosocial aspects of health. School screening for scoliosis may be useful to detect those who may benefit from early treatment, however...
Cultural Competency in the Treatment of Children
The presenter is a general pediatric hospitalist who previously worked full time as an Indian Health Service pediatrician to the Navajo and Hopi nations and is currently engaged in research for a book on the intersection of health, culture, and history...
Culturally Sensitive Therapeutic Work with Children at Risk from the Foreign Community in Tel-Aviv
In the city of Tel-Aviv-Jaffa there's a community of refugees and immigrants that contains about 70,000 people, which is in a serious public health crisis and distress.Mesila (aid and information center for the foreign community), was founded by the...
Dealing with Learning Disabilities among Children with Chronic Disease
There is a correlation between children's health condition, the existence of chronic disease and the cognitive and academic potential. It was observed for many years that different chronic health conditions predispose children to different kinds of neuro-cognitive...
Decision Making in Case of Child Maltreatment and Interplay between Hospital and Community Based Protective Services
Hospital-based Child Protection Teams (CPT) are charged with the important task of assessing cases of suspected child maltreatment and deciding whether to report the case to community Child Protective Services (CPS) or not. The decision whether to refer...
Detection and Prevention of Bullying Related Morbidity
There is increasing evidence that children and adolescents who participate in bullying as bystanders, victims and/or perpetrators are at a significant high risk of suffering from an array of medical and psychiatric morbidity including suicidal attempts.The...
Diabetes Treatment: Novel and Future Modalities
The aim of advanced diabetes technologies is to develop effective devices and systems for the treatment and prevention of diabetes and related complications. These technologies include insulin pumps and other insulin delivery devices as well as continuous...
D.I.R./Floor Time: A Developmental/relational Approach towards the Treatment of Autism and Sensory Processing Disorder in Children and Adolescents
Interventions for children/adolescents with developmental delays such as autism have often been limited to behavioral approaches that focus on the successful completion of a task rather than in the joyous reciprocal interaction of individuals relating...
Disability and Research Agenda across the Life Span
The World Report on Disability estimates that some 15% of the world's population has a disability; that is, they have a physical or mental impairment, and experience activity limitations or participation restrictions. While disability is not a "health...
Does Chronic Illness Increase Risks for Suicide in Adolescents?
Nearly one-third of adolescents have one or more chronic illnesses and potential links to suicide are explored in this presentation. Precipitating factors for suicide include depression, loss of friends, social isolation, academic failure, substance...
Dreams Doctors Instead of Sedation in Radionuclide Scanning among Young Children Aged 1 Month till 5 Years. a Study of 142 Patients
The Dream Doctors (DD) have expanded their activities to include pediatric wards. We introduced DD instead of sedation in children performing kidney imaging after urinary infection (UTI). The procedure require that the patient does not move under the...
Early Diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorders: An Update
Recent advances in clinical research suggests that the diagnosis of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) can be reliably made in the second year of life and even earlier. When these diagnoses are made by well- trained clinicians, they appear to be relatively...
Early Evaluation of All Children in Families with Neuro-Behavioral Disorders
The incidence of Attention Deficit Disorders (ADHD), Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD), Learning Disability (LD) and Psychiatric disturbances such as Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is constantly rising. When...
Eegconn: A Software Tool for Offline Qeeg Analysis, Including Spectral Univariate and Bivariate Processes and Linear and Non-Linear Indices of Brain Connectivity in Autistic Spectrum Disorder
In the last twenty years the use of qEEG has been progressively incorporated for the study of brain functions in patients with autistic spectrum disorder (ASD), but the software for EEG processing is usually dependent of commercial hardware, and the...
Effectiveness of a Cognitive-Functional Intervention for Preschool Children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: A Controlled Pilot Study
The purpose of this study is to examine the effectiveness of a cognitive-functional intervention (Cog-Fun) in OT for preschoolers with ADHD.Participants: Twenty seven parents of preschool children applied to the study. Inclusion criteria were confirmed...
Empowerment of the Child with Chronic Disability: My Personal Experience
When young parents are suddenly faced with an unexpected overwhelming challenge in the form of a child who is either born with or develops a severe disability, the family unit is shaken to its core. The parental recovery and response to such a challenge...
Endocrine Aspects of Children with Disabilities: A Systematic Review
Context: Children with disabilities are prone to specific endocrine diseases and dilemmas.Objective: To review systematically the literature about endocrine aspects of childhood disability for the purpose of future research.Design: Studies published...
Environmental and Social Impact of Industrial Pollution in a Community
Anniston, Alabama had its economic roots (mid 1800s) in the mining and production of iron. Similar foundry, military and chemical-based industries continued to locate in the city as it thrived for the first half of the 20th Century. With the emerging...
Epidemiological Trends in the Use of Methylphenidate among Children in Israel
Objective: To characterize the use of methylphenidate (MPH) in the treatment of ADHD in the pediatric age group in terms of prescription trends and the demographic features of the users.Methods: The details of all prescriptions for MPH filled during...
Establishment of a Rehabilitation Knowledge Center at Ort Braude College, Department of Mechanical Engineering as a Template for Developmental Rehabilitation Sciences
Presented are projects with a broad agenda: creating a mutual cooperation between academia and community, producing inexpensive solutions for everyday problems encountered by the disabled, and establishing academic rehabilitation research on the other.Currently...
Evaluation of Aerobic Exercise Capacity and Daily Functioning of Patients with Cystic Fibrosis
Exercise capacity of patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) is a useful parameter of disease status and progress. In Israel, there is no data on exercise capacity and daily function levels of CF patients.Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate...
Evidence Based Practice and Research Utilization in Prenatal and Pediatric Care Workshop for Nurses
Research utilization is aimed at using the highest levels of research to implement evidence-based care to improve patient outcomes. Scientifically rigorous research and evidence-based practice changes are worthy to share and serve to inform others of...
Examining Assumptions Underlying Policy-Related Initiatives on Transition to Adulthood for Youth with Disabilities
Young people with childhood onset disabilities are living longer than previous cohorts due to advances in medical management. Yet, they are ineligible for the same care they received through pediatric-mandated health, education and social services and...
Examining Transition from Adolescent to Adult Care for Youth with Chronic Kidney Disease
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) imposes challenges for youth with CKD and their parents during the process of transition to adult-oriented care. We examined the transition experiences of persons with CKD (age 15- 25 years) and their parents in three Canadian...
Explaining the Unexplainable: How to Discuss Chronic Pain with Your Patients and Their Families
Chronic pain is unfortunately common in adolescents. It poses diagnostic challenges and can be difficult to treat. Patients and families often become very frustrated when test results are negative yet they feel that something is very wrong in their bodies....
Exploration of Resting Brain Connectivity Using Linear Coherence Measures in the Autistic Spectrum Disorder
Brain connectivity is considered one of the most promising fields in Neuroscience nowadays. In the Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD) it has been emphasized that distorted brain connectivity is the main path-physiologic background in the ASD syndrome....
Expression of Global Oxidative Stress and Matrix Metalloproteinases Is Associated with Rett Syndrome
Rett syndrome (RTT) is characterized by microcephaly, cognitive impairment, abnormal muscle tone, epilepsy, and ataxia, yet misdiagnoses are not uncommon. Oxidative stress (OS) and matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) has been implicated in a variety of...
Factors Affecting Medical and Nursing Staff Reporting of Child Abuse
Medical and nursing staff are obliged to report all suspicions of child abuse. Reports should be made to the police or to a social service child protection officer. In 2010, Social Services received 450,000 reports of child abuse in Israel, an increase...
Familial Factors and Child's Symptomatology Affecting the Age of Diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorder
Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) represent a heterogeneous group of disorders with great variability in the clinical presentation. Early identification of ASD leads to earlier treatment, which is associated with improved developmental outcome.Objectives:...
Fauna Precipitate the Development of Intelligence and Empathy in Early Childhood
The present study will explore the suitability of small animals for developing a positive attitude about the nature, empathy and to implementing Multiple Intelligences in the kindergarten. A group of 25 kindergarten teachers at the center for professional...
First Childbirth and Motherhood at Post Fertile Age: A Persistent and Intergenerational Experience of Personal and Social Anomaly?
Israeli health policy ensures state financed fertility treatment for women till age fifty-four, despite the lack of empirical data regarding psychosocial outcomes of first childbirth at post fertile age. The aim of this study was to understand the long...
Functional Connectivities in the Post-Natal Development of Consciousness
Consciousness requires a sophisticated network of highly interconnected components. Its physical substrate, the thalamo-cortical complex, allows for its basis to be in place between the 24-28th gestational week. Roughly two months later, bi-hemispheric...
Functional Disconnectivities in Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorders
The neuropathology underlying autism spectrum and neurobehavioral disorders in general most consistently points to dysfunction in cortical-striatal pathways leading to inactivation, or insufficient engagement, of frontal and prefrontal lobes. By implication,...
Group Therapy of Palestinian Mothers of Children with Traumatic Brain Injury: Multi Cultural Aspects
Parents of children who suffer from brain injury have to cope with raising a child who all of a sudden have special needs. These parents need continuous support and follow-up from various service providers.Literature has shown that group therapy is one...
Growing Up with Cystic Fibrosis and Its Challenges in Adulthood
Background: Advances in cystic fibrosis (CF) treatment over the last decades have brought about to increased life expectancy of people with CF from 20- 30 years to 40 or more. The illness that was once considered a childhood illness is now considered...
Hair Cortisol Levels Suggest Hpa Axis Downregulation at Age 7 Years in Boys Born Very Preterm
Repeated neonatal procedural pain is associated with higher salivary cortisol levels at ages 8 and 18 months in children bom preterm compared to full-term. At age 7 years in the same cohort, we examined whether hair cortisol, reflecting cumulative ongoing...
Health Related Characteristics of Adults with Learning Disabilities
Adults with LDs are treated mainly for academic or emotional deficits and may deal with additional diagnoses (such as ADHD, DCD, depression and anxiety). Qualitative literature reveals huge difficulties in activity and participation in additional life...
Health Status and Adl Functioning of Older Persons with Intellectual Disability: Community Residence versus Residential Care Centers
The objective was to study differences in aging phenomena among adults with intellectual disability (ID), who live in community residence versus their peers in residential care centers and to determine the contribution of health status, age, gender,...
Helping Hands: Personal Assistance for Children with Special Health Needs in Regular Schools
Israel's Mandatory Education Law obligates all parents to send their children from age 5 years to school. The state, for its part, is required to provide educational institutions that accommodate all children, regardless of their needs. Since the law...
Improving Cardio-Vascular Fitness with Treadmill Training
Cognitively impaired individuals have consistently been found to show extremely low degrees of physical fitness. Researchers have mostly attributed those poor physical conditions with sedentary life style. Although numerous exercise programs for individuals...
Improving Functional Skills and Physical Fitness in Children with Rett Syndrome
Rett syndrome (RTT) is the second most common multi-handicapped syndrome in females after Down syndrome. Since mice with Rett syndrome have shown improved performance in an enriched environment we aim to test if similar results will be regained by children...
Improving Staff and Residents' Wellbeing Using the Multi-Sensory Treatment Room: 10 Cases with Washout Periods
The multi-sensory treatment, also known as "Snoezelen" was established in the early 70's. The approach emphasizes both the importance of the physical environment (an adapted sensory environment) and the attitude of the caretaker (an "enabler"). The philosophy...
Inclusive Health for Children with Disabilities
Disability is not a 'health problem', but people with disability, and particularly children with disability, have an equal right to the same standard of accessible healthcare as those without disability. Some children with disabilities may have enhanced...
Individuals with Intellectual and Developmental Disability Living without Pain
Difficulties in pain assessment and scarcity of information regarding the pain experience of individuals with intellectual and developmental disability (IDD) have led to undertreatment for this population.In order to improve pain management for this...
Infections in Children with Chronic Illness: Viral and Bacterial Pathogens in Pediatric Long Term Care Facilities
Pediatric Long Term Care Facilities (LTCFs) typically care for children with advanced neurodevelopmental disorders. While such facilities differ in size and quality of care, the residents typically require frequent hands-on care that potentiates the...
Influence of Sensory Adapted Environment on Dental Anxiety of Children with Developmental Disability as Compared to Typical Children
This presentation will examine the influence of a sensory adapted environment (SAE) on the behavior and arousal levels of typical children in comparison to children with developmental disability (DD), during a stress-provoking medical situation.Methods:...
Intellectual Disability and Dental Issues
Oral hygiene and dental care is often neglected in persons with intellectual disability and good dental care can be difficult to acquire. Periodontal and dental diseases are common and can be a source of discomfort, fever and challenging behaviors, especially...
Intent to Breastfeed: A Population-Based Perspective
Prenatal maternal intent to breastfeed can indicate postnatal breastfeeding practices and may identify potential barriers to breastfeeding. Breastfeeding rates in West Virginia, a primarily rural state, are among the lowest in the United States of America...
Is Anyone Listening? Children' Participation in Public Decision-Making, Turning 'Voice' into 'Influence'
This paper examines the impact of children's participation on public services in four case studies that examine formal governance structures and the impact of these in promoting the voice of children in the ways services and policies are planned and...
Knowledge, Attitudes and Behaviors of Jewish Ultra-Orthodox Mothers as Related to Toddlers' Safety in the Home Environment
This study examines the risk factors for unintentional injury of Israeli toddlers in the home. It focuses on the Jewish Ultra-Orthodox ("Haredim"), a culturally distinct social entity, hypothesized to have higher levels of risk than other sectors of...
Landmarks for the Healthy Inclusion of the Sick Child: The Inclusion of Children with Severe Chronic Diseases in the Education System
The purpose of this study was to examine the process that teachers undergo in coping with the placement of a chronically ill child in their classes and the factors that affect this process from the teachers' point of view. The research population consisted...
Long Term Management of Children with Juvenile Inflammatory Arthritis
Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is the most common chronic rheumatic disease of childhood. It affects approximately 1 in 1,000 children under the age of 16 years. JIA is not a single disease but rather a clinically heterogeneous group of disorders...
Maltreatment among Children with Disabilities
Approximately 15% of the pediatric population in the United States has some form of disability. It may be a physical and/or developmental disability but in either circumstance such medical and mental health challenges are considerable for the child,...
Managing Complex Chronic Pain in Children: What to Do When Everything Fails?
Complex and chronic pain experiences in children are no less common than in other populations, but the expression of pain can be ambiguous, making clinical management highly subjective and challenging. While assessment tools and specific management techniques...
Mapping the Impact of Children's Advocacy Services in Wales
The presentation will set out key results from research and publishing conducted by the proposers over the last five years into the implementation of Welsh Government policy concerning advocacy services for vulnerable children and young people across...
Maternal Stress, Epigenetics, Laterality and Their Relationship to Functional Disconnection in Autism
Both the prevalence and incidence of autism have been confirmed to have increased dramatically over the past two decades. This fact implies that environmental factors are at play. In considering what environmental factors are driving this increase we...
Mediation between Staff and Elderly Persons with Intellectual Disability with Alzheimer Disease as a Means of Enhancing Their Daily Functioning: A Case Study
This study presents a new way of mediation between staff and elderly persons with intellectual disability (ID) and Alzheimer type dementia (AD), i.e. the MISC (Mediational Intervention for Sensitizing Caregivers (Klein, 1988; 2003) model. The MISC was...
Medical Management of People with Intellectual Disability in Israel: Current State and Suggestions for Improvement
Many people with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) present a variety of health issues necessitating a more intensive medical care compared to the general population. On top of the health problems associated with this group of clients...
Mental Health Care for People with Intellectual Disability in Israel: What There Is and There Ain't (Yet!)
People with ID have a high incidence of often severe and difficult-to-treat mental health / behavioral problems. In principle, they have, in Israel, the same right to receive treatment in child or general psychiatric outpatient departments as other people...
Mental Health Screening among Adolescents and Young Adults Seeking Medical Care in a Pediatric Emergency Department
Background: Previous research suggests that adolescents and young adults who seek care for medical complaints may also be suffering from psychosocial problems. To determine the extent to which mental health issues may accompany physical complaints, a...
Morbidity and Hospitalizations of Adults with Down Syndrome
Over the last decade a significant increase in the life expectancy of people with Down syndrome (DS) has been observed, which has caused a higher incidence of morbidity as they age, however there is a lack of literature regarding morbidity and hospitalization...
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