International Journal of Child and Adolescent Health

Articles from Vol. 7, No. 4, 2014

Alcohol Use Disorders: Primary Care Management
IntroductionAlcohol use by high school and college age students is prevalent and is associated with substantial harm and an increased risk for the development of alcohol abuse and dependence. According to national surveys in 2011, 15% of 8th graders...
Date Rape Drugs
IntroductionHallucinogens are a broad category of drugs generally thought to alter the user's view of reality by affecting sensory perception, mood, and cognition. These drugs can be both natural and synthetic in origin. When individuals are under the...
Illegal Stimulant Abuse
IntroductionIllegal stimulant abuse is increasingly prevalent amongst the United States adolescent and young adult population. As such, up to date perspectives on the epidemiology, neurobiology, and clinical aspects of illicit stimulant abuse in the...
Misuse of Opioids and Other Prescription Drugs, Over-the-Counter Drugs, and Heroin
IntroductionAbuse of drugs by adolescents is an increasing public health concern. As law enforcement efforts to eradicate drug use have focused on illicit substances, one aspect of the drug problem that has been underappreciated until fairly recently...
Pharmacotherapy Principles in the Treatment of Substance Abuse and Substance-Induced Disorders
IntroductionSubstances that can be abused such as alcohol and opioids have been available for thousands of years (1,2) and ancient documents already warned about the dangers of intoxication (3). While the link between the ingestion of certain substances...
Smoking Cessation Treated with Pharmacologic Agents
IntroductionTobacco plant is native to South America, Mexico, and the West Indies (1). The American Indians used various forms of tobacco for its medicinal properties, for hundreds of years before the discovery by Christopher Columbus of the New World...
Substance Abuse and Marijuana
IntroductionA number of chemicals are inhaled for the development of euphoria, including marijuana (cannabis, pot), methamphetamine, heroin, crack cocaine, phencyclidine, and nitrites (amyl and butyl) (1). Marijuana (cannabis, pot) has been known to...
Substance Abuse and the Primary Care Clinician
IntroductionAdolescence and young adulthood are two developmental periods during which patients are more likely to engage in drug and alcohol experimentation and use (1,2). Nearly half of high school seniors in the United States (US) report having tried...
Substance Use Disorders and Psychosocial Treatment
IntroductionPsychosocial treatment of substance use disorders is a broad term that includes numerous nonpharmacological modalities with the goal to achieve and sustain abstinence, or change patterns of use to avoid harm, and improve function. The long...
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