International Journal of Child and Adolescent Health

Articles from Vol. 7, No. 1, 2014

Assessing Adolescent Contexts: Measures of Families, Peers, Schools and Neighborhoods
IntroductionAdvancements in developmental research require reliable and valid assessment of contexts. During adolescence, the assessment of contexts expands due to developmental and socialization changes that broaden the social milieu. Family contexts...
Assessment of Alcohol Drinking Habits among Secondary School Students in Grenada with Interest on the Impact of Alcohol Advertising Viewership
IntroductionOver the past two decades, adolescents in the Caribbean have experienced a shift in disease burden from infectious to social disorders partially due to changes in individual risk behaviors and environmental factors (1,2). With concurrent...
Barriers to Adolescents Accessing Sexual Reproductive Health Care in Grenada
IntroductionIt is estimated that 34% of adolescents in the Caribbean countries reported that they have had sexual intercourse, of which 38% reported that their initial encounter was forced (1). Adolescents initiating sex early between the age ranges...
Community-Based Interventions Can Expand Access to Comprehensive Reproductive Health and HIV Information and Services for Married Adolescent Girls
IntroductionNyanza Province has been a focus of heightened attention in Kenya since the advent of the country's HIV epidemic. A 2001 study (1) highlighted married adolescent girls as a particularly vulnerable population in Nyanza due to their elevated...
Cost Effectiveness of School Screening for Scoliosis: A Systematic Review
IntroductionAdolescent idiopathic scoliosis, a deformity that consists of a lateral deviation and axial rotation of the spine, has a prevalence of 1-3% among children aged 10-16 years (1,2). Progression of the scoliosis curve particularly during the...
Does the Quality in Preschool Affect Children's Health and Wellbeing?
IntroductionA majority of all Swedish children attend preschool during the first five years of life, and this period is regarded as one of the most essential periods in child development (1). Wilson (2) argued that influences of preschool 'shape children's...
Looking within the School Day: Does Activity Compensation Occur with Light Physical Activity?
IntroductionWith the increased risk for morbidity and mortality among overweight/obese persons compared with those of normal weight (1), it is not surprising that a focus has been on reducing, and ultimately, preventing obesity among children. A means...
Poverty Is Not a Learning Disability?
Internationally there is a of a bit confusion about what is learning disability, because in the United Kingdom the term "learning disability" is also used for people with intellectual and developmental disabilities.But in the rest of the world learning...
Predictors of Regular Health Checkups for Young Adults
IntroductionYoung adults often forgo routine health care (1). This can be problematic, because they often engage in risky behaviors, like substance abuse (2). Young adults who see their doctor regularly are more likely to receive help when they need...
The Between-Person and Within-Person Variability of Light Physical Activity among a Group of Rural Adolescents
IntroductionEvidence suggests that a decrease in caloric expenditure, through decreases in physical activity is, at least in part, to blame for the increase in weight status among youth and adults (1). Excess weight among both adults and children has...
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