International Journal of Child and Adolescent Health

Articles from Vol. 8, No. 4, 2015

A Pilot Study to Analyze a Multisport/triathlon Program as a Mechanism to Promote Self-Determined Exercise among an Overweight Inner-City Middle School Latino Population
IntroductionIn its 2010 Global status report on non-communicable disease, the World Health Organization has identified insufficient physical activity (PA) as a leading risk factor for disease global mortality from noncommunicable diseases (1).Between...
Breaking the Cycle with Medical-Legal Partnerships: A Comparison of Referral and Intake Processes
IntroductionMedical Legal Partnerships (MLPs) owe their existence to Barry S Zuckerman, MD, the chief of pediatrics at Boston Medical Center. In 1993, Dr. Zuckerman brought an attorney into the hospital to address patients' legal issues that exacerbated...
Early Childhood Obesity, Socioeconomic Status, and Executive Functioning in Atlanta Children
IntroductionIn 2011-12, the prevalence of overweight among United States children was 14.4%, with an additional 8.4% obese, according to National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) data (1). Among low-income preschool children, obesity...
Editorial 1 - Birthday Tribute to the Pediatrician, I. Leslie Rubin
Isadore Leslie Rubin was born in Johannesburg, South Africa on May 17, 1945. He spent his early years in a small country town, until he was ready to start school, when his family moved to Johannesburg. He attended local public schools and went to medical...
Editorial 2 - Break the Cycle of Disadvantage and Disability: The Law, Health, the Environment, and International Perspectives
IntroductionChildren who are born into and who grow up in circumstances of social and economic disadvantage experience adverse health effects in a number of ways: they are less likely to have adequate nutrition, they are less likely to have appropriate...
Elements of Culture and Tradition That Shape the Perceptions and Expectations of Somali Refugee Mothers about Autism Spectrum Disorder
IntroductionIn recent years, research has found that children from non-English speaking families are more likely to receive a late diagnosis than children from English speaking families (1). With the increased number of diagnoses of autism spectrum disorder...
Evaluating In-Home Intervention Strategies to Mitigate Disparate Respiratory Illness Rates in Disadvantaged Urban Pediatric Populations
IntroductionAlthough the overall number of asthma sufferers remains startling, even more disturbing is the extent to which the prevalence and severity vary inversely with race and socioeconomic status. Low income, non-white families exhibit much higher...
Impact of Environmental Health on Teen Outcomes in Rural Kentucky
IntroductionFamily dynamics and the impact on adolescent health recently has become a particular area of interest in the field of pediatrics. In the 1950's, the typical American family consisted of a father, mother, and several children living under...
Improving Environmental and Health Outreach to Children in Puerto Rico: A Geographic Information Systems-Aided Approach
IntroductionChildren are one of the most vulnerable populations to pollutants, toxins, and hazards in the environment, yet children are our most valuable resource in building a promising future. In the United States, children are no longer being confronted...
Media Literacy and Perceptions of Identity among Pre-Adolescent African-American Girls
IntroductionAfrican-American adolescents have the daunting task of developing a cohesive and affirmative identity within a society that often diminishes their existence (1). African-American identity is undoubtedly shaped by a long and tenuous history...
Next Step Up: A Mentoring and Tutoring Intervention to Break the Cycle of Disadvantage
IntroductionThe relationship between the neighborhood environment and a variety of outcomes, such as youth development, began to be studied in the mid 1980's (1). Characteristics of the environment that impact youth development include the quality of...
Predictors of Completed Childhood Vaccination in Bolivia
IntroductionChildhood vaccination is a widely accepted public health intervention that is cost effective at reducing child mortality and morbidity. In 2005, the World Health Organization (WHO) and United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) developed the...
Screening for Autism in Santiago Chile: Community Perspectives
IntroductionAutism spectrum disorders (ASD) have become a major healthcare concern, particularly because the prevalence has dramatically increased over the past two decades. Current prevalence is estimated at 1 every 68 children, and because ASD is 5...
The Health Law Partnership: An Innovative Vehicle to Address the Impact of the Social Determinants of Health on the Care of Children
IntroductionThe Health Law Partnership (HeLP), a medical-legal partnership (MLP), exists to improve the health and well-being of low-income children and their families living in Georgia. HeLP's primary premise is to provide a holistic set of services...
Violence as a Public Health Crisis for Children and Youth: A Study of Mexico
IntroductionViolence results in more than 1.6 million people being killed each year globally, with interpersonal violence as a major factor (1). Many more people suffer from sequelae of non-fatal intentional injuries, including disability, mental disease...
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