International Journal of Child and Adolescent Health

Articles from Vol. 6, No. 3, 2013

Adverse Childhood Experience as a Risk Factor for Adolescent Pregnancy in China
IntroductionAdolescent pregnancy is becoming an alarmingly public health problem in China. As the report in 2006 from WHO West Pacific Region Office, the agespecific fertility rate (15-19 years) in China mainland was 12 births per 1,000 women (1). The...
Aggression among Chandigarh High School Students: To Know the Prevalence and Level of Aggression in Terms of Gender
IntroductionAdolescence is viewed as a period during which biological, cognitive, emotional and social changes and development takes place. Because of reorganization in all of the developmental areas, young children face various behavioral of adjustment...
Child Abuse and Alcohol Misuse in a Victim: The Role of Ethnic and Societal Factors
IntroductionAssociations of child abuse (CA) with alcohol misuse (1-3), mental disorders (4,5), poor social skills (6), antisocial behavior (7) and drug abuse (8) have been reported. CA sometimes persists in families from one generation to another (9,10);...
Children and Battery Ingestion
Children are naturally curious and it is part of their development to explore the environment, but sometimes we as adults leave things around that can be found and swallowed by small kids. The smaller the better and that is what has happened with our...
Correlates of Bullying Victimization among In-School Adolescents in the 2005 Botswana Global School-Based Health Survey
IntroductionWhere data are available, bullying victimization is prevalent globally with significant regional variations in the rates of victimization (1-2). In a study on bully victimization among in-school adolescents from five continents, Due et al...
Health Care Seeking Avenues of Parents of School-Age Children with Severe Health Problems in a Community in Ghana
IntroductionResearch on healthcare in Africa indicates that access to healthcare and diagnoses of diseases is difficult on the continent and that many diseases are either misdiagnosed or go untreated (1,2). In spite of the fact that there has been an...
Menstrual Practices among Adolescent Girls in Rural Area
IntroductionAdolescence is a period of transition from childhood to adulthood. There are an estimated 1.2 billion adolescents, one in every five people in the world today (1). Adolescence is a period of major physical and psychological change with sexual...
Plummer's Nail (Onycholysis) in an Adolescent Nigerian Girl with Hyperthyroidism Due to Graves' Disease
IntroductionIn patients with hyperthyroidism, onycholysis (separation of the nail plate from the nail bed) is referred to as "Plummer's nails" (1,2). Plummer's nail is unique for Graves' disease (1,3). In Plummer's nail, the nails often exhibit a concave...
Prevalence and Incidence of Asymptomatic Bacteriuria among Nigerian Children and Adolescents with Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus
IntroductionAsymptomatic bacteriuria refers to the presence of a positive urine culture in an asymptomatic person (1). It is commonly believed that individuals with diabetes mellitus are at increased risk of infection, particularly urinary tract infection...
Prevalence of Maltreatment of Adolescents among High School Children in Kerala
IntroductionChild maltreatment is a state of emotional, physical, economic and sexual about meted out to a person below the age of eighteen and is a globally prevalent phenomenon. However, in India, as in many other countries, there has been no understanding...
Residential Care Centers for People with Intellectual Disability in Israel. Trends in the Number of Children 1999-2007
IntroductionDuring human history we have in different cultures seen children with severe disability neglected, maltreated or even "mercy" killed, which eventually resulted in the establishment of centers of refuge to protect these children, usually organized...
Results of an HIV Stigma Reduction Intervention on a University Campus
IntroductionStigma against HIV/AIDS has been identified as a barrier to effective diagnosis and treatment of the disease (1). The nature and modes of transmission of HIV/AIDS are taboo in most societies. The unfortunate association of homosexuality with...
Siblings Exposed to Intimate Partner Violence: Family Predictors of Child Trauma Symptoms
IntroductionIt is well documented that exposure to intimate partner violence (IPV) has numerous detrimental effects on children's developmental outcomes (1). In North America, the prevalence and incidence rates of childhood experiences of IPV vary greatly...
Snack Consumption Pattern among Adolescent Nigerian Urban Secondary School Girls
IntroductionA snack is a light food eaten in between the main meals; breakfast, lunch and dinner. Snacking is a key characteristic of the diet of majority of adolescents and it has been estimated to provide one-fourth to one-third of their daily energy...
The Influence of Friendship Groups and Media on Eating Behavior and Physical Activity in Adolescents
IntroductionThe obesity epidemic is a major and complex problem, resulting from the interaction of environmental, metabolic, genetic and psychological factors (1). To date, 17% of children and adolescents in the US are diagnosed to be obese (2). This...
Undernourishment as Underlying Cause of a Teenager with Extreme Shifts in Serum Sodium
IntroductionUndernourishment is still a major health problem, mainly in developing countries, but also in the Western society. One of its possible consequences is impaired kidney function (1,2). An example of undernourishment in developed countries is...
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