International Journal of Psychology Research

Articles

Vol. 11, No. 3/4, 2016

Adam: Case Study of a Ten-Year-Old Undiagnosed Boy *
IntroductionWhen attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) or oppositional defiant disorder is diagnosed, the model of therapeutic intervention is predefined by our knowledge of the condition. However, when faced with unpredictable or difficult...
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The Effect of Romance and Sexual Experience on Social Networks during Late Adolescence: Gender Matters *
IntroductionLate adolescence marks a unique period in the lifespan when romantic and sexual experiences are normative while, at the same time, parents remain principal targets for emotional support and same-sex friends are primary targets for companionship...
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Of Blind Men and Elephants in Social Support Research: The Moderated Mediation Effect of Social Support on Role Stress and Role Performance
AbstractIntroductionThe fable of the wise blind men of Indostan1 taught us that depending on how you approach a study object (in the fable, the elephant) you are likely to get different yet simultaneously valid results. The results are valid for the...
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Prosocial Behavior: Theoretical Perspectives *
IntroductionFrom the beginning, social psychology has been interested in a wide range of factors that include from individual aspects of social life until the most essential questions about society and the culture (Durán and Lara, 2001; Schroeder and...
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Extended Cortigo-Limbic Dysregulation Model of Major Depressive Disorder: A Demonstration of the Application of an Analysis-Synthesis Framework to Explore Psychopathology
IntroductionMajor depressive disorder (MDD) is one of the most prevalent psychiatric disorders and disables a significant proportion of the human population. The clinical profile of MDD and its etiology, course, outcome, and treatment response are heterogeneous....
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Vol. 11, No. 2, 2016

Psychotherapeutic Treatment as a Manifestation of the Thermodynamic Principles
IntroductionPsychology studies the connection between human thoughts, physiological and mental parameters, and their effects on the behavior of an individual under different circumstances [1]. It is well known that positive emotions and intentions often...
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Marital Status and Its Effect on Subjective Daytime Sleepiness in the General Population †
1. IntroductionAlthough definitions of excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) differ across studies (see Table 1, Ohayon, 2006), it may be broadly defined as "sleepiness occurring in a situation when an individual would be expected to be awake and alert."...
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Elucidation of Individual Differences in the Psychological Effects of a Forest Environment †
1. IntroductionHumans evolved into what they are today after six or seven million years of evolutionary changes [1]. Therefore, more than 99.99% of human evolutionary history was spent in the natural environment [2, 3]. From an evolutionary perspective,...
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Vol. 10, No. 4, 2015

Transition Planning and Capacity Assessment: Potential Areas for Exploration with Persons with a Developmental Disability and Forensic Mental Health Disorders
CASE STUDYA case study is presented to illustrate how involved a transition process can be even with intense efforts by professionals. This case study is presented to highlight the importance of some of the transition factors already presented; the presentation...
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Influence of Gender and School Climate on Creativity among Indian Adolescents
INTRODUCTIONCreativity has been theorized as one of the central components of giftedness, the other two being average, general or specific abilities and task commitment (Renzulli, 1986). Human creativity is a whole cluster of abilities. The major ones...
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Impact of Home and School Environment on Life Skills among Adolescents
INTRODUCTIONAdolescents are considered as the most productive members of the society, due to their physical and intellectual capacity. Global and societal changes have influenced the lives of adolescents and these changes are likely to affect them in...
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Dominican Psychology Students' Opinions on Prescription Authority for Psychologists: A Preliminary Study
IntroductionThe debate on prescription privileges for psychologists, which is called RxP, has been a highly controversial issue for many years (McGrath, 2010). According to historical reports, the origin of the RxP movement is associated with "Sen. Daniel...
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Problem Solving in the Forthcoming Era of the Third Industrial Revolution
IntroductionThe importance of Problem Solving (PS), in its wide, not necessarily mathematical meaning, has been realized by authors and scientists for such a long time that in a direct or indirect way affects our daily lives for ages. Volumes of research...
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Vol. 10, No. 3, 2015

Treatments for the Deliberate Ingestion of Objects for a Person with an Intellectual Disability
IntroductionDespite deliberate self-ingestion of objects being exhibited in various populations, there is a paucity of studies within the population of persons with a developmental disability who deliberately ingest objects. Deliberate ingestion can...
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Implications for Patients regarding Ptsd Diagnostic Criteria Differences When Using the Dsm and Icd Classification Systems
IntroductionBeginning October 15, 2015 mental health providers who bill for Medicare, Medicaid and many other health insurance providers moved to a new era regarding the DSM-5 and the ICD-10. In the past, the codes in the ICD-9 and the DSM-IV-TR were...
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The Chronology of Displaced Trauma
IntroductionThe treatment of trauma has perplexed psychologists all over the world in almost every age. This is an area where there are far too many variables to deal with. Trauma is very difficult to categorise and resilience too is highly relative....
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In One's True Colours: Nuances of Colour Cognition
IntroductionUmberto Eco in the book Mouse or Rat? Translation as Negotiation (2013) has referred to the colour aesthetics propounded by the Optical Society of the United States, which reports the existence of 7.5 to 10 million colours. Still everybody...
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Comparison of Language Disorders in Psychotic Disorder (Schizophrenia, Bipolar Disorder, Drug-Induced Psychosis)
IntroductionThe term "psychotic" refers to many diverse behavioral forms which are not in connection with reality. In other words, the person exhibiting psychotic behavior has weird and extraordinary thoughts and perceptions about whatever happens. Such...
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Vol. 10, No. 2, 2015

Elementary Sensation Primacy Creating a First to Third Person Gap of Consciousness
1.IntroductionConsciousness leads to the unsolved "hard problem" of determining the origin of conscious experience (Chalmers 1995). On one hand, it is considered as an absolute, for everybody self-evident entity, which "can by no means be reduced to...
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Hotline Volunteers: Understanding What Motivates and What Keeps Them Volunteering
Introduction"In a changing world where people's needs tend to become greater and more complex, interpersonal communication is growing more difficult and taking different forms. Personal face-to-face contact is being replaced ever more frequently by other...
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Differentiating the Impact of State versus Trait Anxiety on Cognitive Functioning of the Aging Brain
IntroductionDespite the prevalence of anxiety in older adults, little is known about the psychopathological features as it occurs in the geriatric population. Researchers have come to acknowledge that anxiety consists of two separable components: state...
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Untangling the Alliance-Outcome Correlation: Exploring the Relative Effect of Age and Gender in Treatment of Adolescence Substance Abuser
IntroductionTherapeutic alliance has been recognized as one of the main principle of effective adolescent substance abuse treatment (Drug Strategies 2003). The construct is also established as a consistent predictor of treatment outcomes in psychotherapy...
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Mental Workload and Cognitive Performance in Operating Rooms
1. IntroductionHuman error in medical care causes many lethal incidents (Calland et al., 2002), about half of which are estimated to be preventable (Mishra et al., 2008). Patient safety studies conducted in the United States show that more than 60.000...
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Vol. 10, No. 1, 2015

Empowerment as a Tool for Individuals with Serious Mental Illness
IntroductionSerious mental illness (SMI) is characterized by a marked decline in mental, behavioral, or emotional functioning sufficient for daily living. The National Institute of Mental Health defines SMI as a diagnosable mental health disorder that...
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A Forensic Profile of a Person with a Developmental Disability and Serial Poisoning
IntroductionPoisoning can be defined as the ingestion of a harmful substance. Criminal poisoning involves the use of harmful substances or toxic levels of a substance to intentionally cause the death of another.Although there are statistics regarding...
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Love and Power: Empowerment and Self-Help Groups among the Wives of Alcoholics in Brazil
IntroductionThe social and cultural meaning of marriage in Brazilian society is closely aligned with gender divisions and roles in the dominant culture. Brazil is a huge and complex country. Although a common language is spoken, several cultures coexist...
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The Role of Social and Emotional Learning in the Preschool Classroom
IntroductionDuring early childhood, children experience gains in socioemotional (SE), biological and cognitive areas of development, creating the foundation for later development. This review focuses on the developmental advances made by children in...
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Investigating the Effects of Cultural Intelligence on Organizational Socializations in a National, Multi-Culture, Public Organization
1. IntroductionProgramming new employees to get familiar with the organization is a fundamental and necessary part of a selection and recruitment process in every organization which has been neglected in most of organizations (abas-mastura et al., 2013).Such...
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Vol. 9, No. 4, 2014

A Converse Analysis of Susto and Depression: Challenging the Assumed Supremacy of Western Psychiatric Nosology
INTRODUCTIONThe accepted diagnostic coding systems for mental disorders in Western psychiatry and clinical psychology are found primarily in the American Psychiatric Association's (2013) Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition...
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Explanation and Understanding in the Psychology of Religion: Paradigms, Methodologies, and the Future of a Burgeoning Field
INTRODUCTIONThe psychology of religion could be said to have, in a sense, two spirits. On the one hand, the field generally signifies "the systematic application of psychological theories and methods to the contents of religious traditions and to the...
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Addressing Loneliness in Old Age
INTRODUCTION"Loneliness and the feeling of being unwanted is the most terrible poverty."Mother TeresaAlmost 40 years ago, Susan Schultz (1976) poignantly wrote that "To be alone is to be different. To be different is to be alone, and to be in the interior...
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Differences in Beginning Teacher Percentages for Texas Elementary Schools as a Function of Achievement Distinctions
INTRODUCTIONAccording to the U.S. Department of Education's Teacher Attrition and Mobility Survey (2014), almost 8% of the teacher workforce left the teaching profession in the 2012-2013 school year. Many of these vacancies are filled with new educators...
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Differences in Postsecondary Readiness for Texas Students as a Function of Bilingual Education Services
INTRODUCTIONConcerns from colleges and universities about the lack of student preparation for the rigors of academia at institutes of higher learning has drawn researchers (e.g., Barnes and Slate, 2010, 2013; Barnes, Slate and Rojas-LeBouef, 2010) to...
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Early Caregiver Experiences, Optimism, and Mental Health: Former Young Caregivers and Emerging Adult Caregivers
INTRODUCTIONThe caregiver role can occur at any part of the lifespan, and the effects, both short and long-term, on one's mental health are important to understand (Shifren, 2009; Schulz & Sherwood, 2008). From the more than 65 million adult caregivers...
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Vol. 9, No. 3, 2014

Professionals' Perception of the Role of Male and Female Leaders
INTRODUCTIONSociety today is moving toward greater gender equality in career opportunities. The movement can be found across levels and types of (including social, labor, and manufacturing-related) organizations. Nevertheless, in most cases, men are...
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Effects of Motivation and Gender on Prospective Memory Strategy Use
INTRODUCTIONBackgroundIn the movie The Story of Us, Michelle Pfeiffer's character contemplates divorcing her husband of 15 years (Bruce Willis). Why? One reason is his irresponsible behavior, exemplified by the time he forgets to refill the windshield...
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Loneliness and Sense of Coherence in Pre-Operative Patients
Most of us will be hospitalized, once when we are born and at some other point in time for a variety of reasons. Surgery, while commonly feared, is a fact of life for many. While it may not be the first strategy utilized to deal with ill health, there...
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A Reason Why Body Image Importance Judgments May Appear Un-Important to Self-Esteem and Eating Disorders
INTRODUCTIONEating disorder researchers may be surprised to learn that there is little empirical evidence for a basic, taken-for-granted assumption: That body image and the importance one places on body image interact to influence eating disorders and...
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Vol. 9, No. 2, 2014

A Clinical Profile of an Adult with an Intellectual Disability Impersonating a Police Officer
IntroductionAccording to Long (2008), it is estimated that the NYC police arrest about 100 suspects annually for impersonating an officer. It is believed that some impersonate police to commit crimes or take drugs and money from drug dealers. On the...
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Ageism in Us and Canadian Samples
IntroductionSince Butler's (1975) definition of ageism and Palmore's (2001) seminal 20-item Ageism Survey results, the scientific study of ageism has flourished (Allan, Johnson, & Emerson, 2014; Allen, Cherry, & Palmore, 2009; Cherry, Allen,...
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Unannounced In-Class Assignments, Attendance and Final Grades
IntroductionIncreasing classroom attendance in college classes is always an issue and ways are needed to address this issue and increase classroom attendance (Crede, Roch, & Kieszczyka, 2010; Hove & Corcoran, 2008; Lanius, 1997; Shimhoff &...
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Aging and Rumination Revisited
IntroductionBy definition, rumination is a dysfunctional response style characterized by depressed mood, problem solving difficulties, and more overall pessimistic thinking and an inflexible response style (Davis & Nolen-Hoeksma, 2000). For many...
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Field Theory and the Psychological Concepts of Health and Illness
IntroductionHealth may be seen as a cultural and sociological construct. As a result, its meaning varies from one culture to the next and it is shaped by people's worldviews and historical circumstances. This concept has evolved to the point of becoming...
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The Relationship between Locus of Control and the Self-Determination Theory of Exercise in College-Aged Participants
IntroductionBetween 2007 and 2009, a 1.1% national increase in obesity occurred in adults (Yanovski & Yanovski, 2011). Sampsel and May (2007) revealed that around 64% of the American adult population are considered to be overweight or obese. Increases...
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Differences in School Connectedness and School Engagement for Students with Limited English Proficiency
IntroductionIn 2012, the Texas Education Agency changed accountability standards for school districts to include language acquisition measures of students with limited English proficiency, leaving school administrators with the daunting task of advancing...
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The Intersection of Intimate Partner Violence and Child Protection: Toward a Better Understanding of Engagement and Resistance for Mothers Experiencing Intimate Partner Violence
INTRODUCTIONWithin the field of child protection, there is a growing awareness of the negative impact on children of exposure to intimate partner violence (IPV) (Alaggia, Jenney, Mazuca & Redmond, 2007; English, Edleson & Herrick, 2005; Holt,...
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Vol. 9, No. 1, 2014

The Experience of Loneliness: Caregivers of Cancer Patients
Cancer, during the treatment phase and beyond, produces physical changes that may be averse to others (Wortman & Dunkel-Schetter, 1979). For example, during treatment, patients may experience bleeding tendencies, hair loss, mouth sores, and unattractive...
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A Review of the Impact of Body Image on Quality of Life in Women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
IntroductionPolycystic Ovary syndrome (PCOS) is one of the most common reproductive disorders affecting young women today. [1,2] Defined by hormonal imbalance, clinical features of the syndrome can include acne, infertility, infrequent or absent menstrual...
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Differences between First-Generation American-Born and Immigrated Asian Indian Hindus on Acculturation, Self-Concept and Attitudes toward Counseling
Ethnic, racial, and cultural diversity have defined the idea of the American melting pot (Farver, Bhadha, & Narang, 2002; Ghuman-Singh, 1997; Mathur, Guiry, & Tikoo, 2008; Smith, 2002; Sundar, 2008; Tewary, 2005). Increasing immigrant populations...
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The Impact of Supervision Fees on Counselor Interns
The Impact of Supervision Fees on Counselor InternsThe field of counseling has developed tremendously since Freud (1913/1958) suggested that poor people were inappropriate for psychotherapy and Davids (1964) offered that clients were not motivated to...
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A Low-Level Chronic Profile of Serial Attempted Rapes: A Most Regular Three Year Cycle
IntroductionThe Life Course Perspective of criminal behavior examines offender behavior over time and contexts and posits that different trajectories (or pathways) can be identified. "The advent of the trajectory methodology, which recognizes that there...
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Vol. 8, No. 4, 2013

The Effects of a Diagnostic Label and Symptom Types on Controllability Attributions and Perceptions of Dangerousness towards People with Schizophrenia: An Analog Study
INTRODUCTIONThe general public often holds misconceptions about the mentally ill. For example, laypeople often overestimate how much control patients with schizophrenia have over their symptoms and their causes (Weisman & López, 1997). Moreover,...
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Description and Prediction of Rejection toward Gay Men and Lesbians among Students of Health Sciences from Mexico
INTRODUCTIONAttitudes are relatively stable dispositions which produce a particular manner of reaction toward persons, groups, or situations (Nelson, 2006). The attitude reported in a conscious manner is called manifest or explicit attitude. It could...
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Recognizing the Diversity in the Asian Population
INTRODUCTIONAn extensive search of the interdisciplinary academic literature on counseling the Hindu population in the United States revealed a dearth of empirical studies. Overall, limited research has been conducted with Asian Indians in the United...
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A Case of Matricide and the Emotional Incest Syndrome
INTRODUCTIONMatricide is a crime that has been studied for many years. Many different means have been employed in examining matricide including cohort to case studies. Theories and findings have examined offender, victim as well relationship dynamics...
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Vol. 8, No. 3, 2013

Extraversion and Subjective Well-Being
IntroductionThe study of personality in general, and extraversion in particular, has contributed to understanding human behaviour in both traditional fields of psychology and in positive psychology. Research in psychology has traditionally focused on...
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The Employment Hope Scale: Measuring an Empowerment Pathway to Employment Success
IntroductionWith the recent emergence of positive psychology and strengths-based approaches, researchers have taken an interest identifying and examining individuals' personal strengths, competencies and adaptive behaviors, as opposed to focusing primarily...
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Gender Differences in Texas College-Readiness Rates over Time
Frequently discussed in education today is the issue of college readiness (e.g., Bames & Slate, 2010, 2013; Bames, Slate, & Rojas-LeBouef, 2010), or lack thereof of students being college ready. Every year in the United States, almost 60% of...
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The Effects of Hope, Body Shame and Body Mass Index on Eating Disorder Symptomatology in Women
IntroductionWestern society teaches women to equate self-worth with appearance. North American cultural standards emphasize the desirability of beauty and thinness - ideals accepted by most women (Wolf, 1991). However, these ideas are difficult to achieve,...
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Vol. 8, No. 2, 2013

Editor's Note
July 2013To: mental health professionalsFrom: Eric A. Kreuter, Ph.D.Re: Call for contributions of therapeutic vignettes for book projectIntroduction - I am the editor of Nova's International Journal of Psychology Research and have authored several books...
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Expressed Emotion and Quality of Parental Relationships as Predictors of Emotional Well-Being in College Students
In psychotherapy research, the parent child relationship is often considered to have a significant formative influence on an individual's psychological and psychosocial functioning (Mattanah, Lopez, and Govern, 2011). Greater parental support has been...
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Psychological Theory and Research in Mexico: Critical Reflections
INTRODUCTIONTheorizing requires thinking, wondering about the nature of reality and trying to figure out how it operates. We theorize about human phenomena that we have been part of the human experience for thousands of years (Garcia, 2009; Kantor, 1975)....
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Student Ethnicity and High School Music Course Enrollment: Reading and Math Differences
Scholarly literature contains many references to the potential benefits of music participation on academic achievement, cognition, and other school-related factors including student engagement, attendance, and positive mood. However, few studies exist...
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Cues of Male Dominance and Attractiveness: An Evaluation in a Field Setting
Some researchers suggest that women prefer men of high status when looking for a dating partner and romance. In a recent evaluation of long-term mate preferences, which involved several thousand participants from thirty-seven cultures, it was found that...
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The Experiences of Loneliness among Cancer Patients and Their Caregivers
Although loneliness is considered to be a ubiquitous experience (Peplau & Perlman, 1982), its multitude of descriptions have failed to converge on a single definition. Most generally, loneliness has been described as an aversive affective state in...
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Vol. 8, No. 1, 2013

Variables Related to Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Following Spinal Cord Injuries: Physical or Psychological Predictors?
INTRODUCTIONA spinal cord injury (SCI) involves severe deficits both physical and psychological, and requires adaptation over a long period of time. The lesion's impact is usually not stable for the first 3 months post-injury and may involve changes...
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Perceived Spousal Support and Attainment of Health Goals in Later-Life
INTRODUCTIONMarriage is an interpersonal domain where the mutual provision and receipt of emotional support are key elements of a successful and happy relationship (e.g., Neugarten, Moore, and Lowe, 1965; Schulz and Rau, 1985). Further, the marital dyad...
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Contemporary Review of Empirical and Clinical Studies of Trauma Bonding in Violent or Exploitative Relationships
INTRODUCTIONParadoxical and powerful attachments between captives and their captors have been observed as perplexing complications subsequent to traumatic and terrifying experiences. Initially documented in captive situations, such as hostage crises...
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Vol. 7, No. 5/6, 2012

Humanistic Psychology and the Mental Health Worker
INTRODUCTIONIn this day and age, humanistic psychology and the mental health worker are in a precarious relationship. The mental health worker, especially in contemporary Western society, is expected to deliver treatment based upon "empirically supported"...
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Mental Health Issues among Adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorders
INTRODUCTIONAdolescence is often viewed as a period of time of increasing independence for youth and a period of a change in the relationship between adolescents and adults (Benson and Elder, 2011). Adolescents with developmental or psychological difficulties...
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Understanding Childhood Aggression: A Social Identity Perspective
UNDERSTANDING CHILDHOOD AGGRESSION: A SOCIAL IDENTITY PERSPECTIVEThe problem of childhood aggression is one that has been of considerable interest to researchers in recent years (e.g., Arsenio and Lemerise, 2004; Crick and Dodge, 1994; Dodge, 1991)....
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Candidate Genes for Criminal and Delinquent Behavior **
INTRODUCTIONBehavioral genetic research seeks to estimate the relative contribution of genetic and non-genetic factors on variance in human traits and behaviors. The findings of this line of research have consistently revealed that genetic factors are...
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Cognitive Algebra to Deception Detection: Information Integration Theory Contributions to Study Human Deception Detection's Cognitive Nature
INTRODUCTIONAll of us have lied to someone else in our lives. Deception is a fundamental behavior to adapt oneself to everyday situations and even with its negative connotations, it is also necessary to achieve harmonious relations with our family, at...
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School Size and Students Designated as Economically Disadvantaged in Texas: Differences in English Language Arts and Math Passing Rates
The discussion about school size has been an ongoing debate for many years, though arguably the modern issue began in 1959 with Conant's The American High School Today and fostered by Barker and Gump in 1964. For the next half century, through the changes...
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Psychological Distress in the Military and Mindfulness Based Training
"Dum loquimur, fugerit invida Aetas: carpe diem, quam minimum credula postero."In English: "While we're talking, envious time is fleeing: seize the day, put no trust in the future." HoraceINTRODUCTIONStress can be defined as "a physical, chemical, or...
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Vol. 7, No. 3/4, 2012

100 Women / 100 Words: A Mixed Analysis of What Women Wish to Convey about Their Sexual Abuse
INTRODUCTIONSexual abuse is commonplace, but the actual prevalence of sexual abuse is difficult to determine because there is no central agency responsible for the gathering and assimilation of this data.Sexual Abuse can be reported to a number of agencies...
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Grief, Grieving and Beyond: Lived Experience among Spouses/cohabitants of Persons with Bipolar Affective Disorder
INTRODUCTIONGrief, one of oldest forms of suffering in recorded history [1-3], is a normal manifestation of human anguish, experienced as the deepest form of human sorrow. Grief differs from other types of suffering by origin, namely the experience of...
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Motivational Influences Are Important for Understanding Prospective Memory Performance in Children
INTRODUCTIONThis article concerns the development of prospective memory (i.e., memory for performing planned intentions) in children. As children get older, they are no longer just directed by adults to immediately perform tasks, but in addition, they...
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"I'm Falling": A Statement during Mandala Watercoloring That May Be an Indicator for Developing Depression
INTRODUCTIONAccording to Jung, mandalas symbolize "a safe refuge of inner reconciliation and wholeness'. They have the potential to call forth something universal within, perhaps even the proverbial archetypal Self. At the same time, they give us an...
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Antidepressant Use among Working Age Adults: Exploring Interactions between Gender,work and Family Roles, and Socioeconomic Position
INTRODUCTIONTaking prescription drugs for psychological problems has become part of our North American culture. Beck et al. (2005) point out that psychotropic medicine is used by over 7% of Canadians, aged 15 and over. Of particular interest is the use...
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Lost in Interpretation: Providing Mental Health Services to Patients with Limited English Proficiency and Culturally Distinct Syndromes
INTRODUCTIONAt present, approximately one-fifth of the U.S. population speaks a language other than English at home. In addition, many recent immigrants to the United States have mental health issues. As a result, many mental health professionals are...
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The Implicit Nature of Health Attitudes in Kenya
INTRODUCTIONHealth and wellness are important issues in many places in the world. In Kenya, there are extra challenges based on availability or affordability of resources and access to health care. Also in Kenya, traditional or readily accessible ways...
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Unusually Persistent Petitioning, Accompanying Psychosocial Deficits, and a Recommended Therapy Approach
INTRODUCTIONA case report involving a person with an Intellectual Disability (ID), and Psychopathy who contacted authority and prominent individuals for help with his grievances (Unusually Persistent Petitioning) within a Forensic Mental Health site...
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Vol. 7, No. 2, 2012

The Psychology of Heroes: Antecedents and Consequences of Combat-Decorated War Heroism
Do personality traits and values reflect the heroic potential of a solider? While training and encouragement can influence a person's performance level, it is unclear whether certain soldiers are more prone to act heroically because of innate characteristics....
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Enhancing Spirituality and Positive Well-Being through Nature
The major focus of research in psychology, medicine, psychiatry and neuroscience has been on the diagnoses and treatment of illness and dysfunction. This focus has been fruitful, as science has contributed to major advances in identifying and treating...
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Research into the Voices of the Psychopathic Predator: An Analytical Case Study
INTRODUCTIONRobert was a commercial airline pilot when he was initially victimized. He was the victim of what began as an Internet extortion scheme at the hands of Connie. She created hostile cyber-identities to methodically terrorize Robert over a period...
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Validity and Reliability of the Affectionate Parental Attitude Scale
INTRODUCTIONNumerous studies have focused on fostering children's healthy cognitive and psychosocial development. The National Longitudinal Study on Adolescent Health (Resnick et al., 1997) indicated that high levels of connectedness to parents and family...
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Vol. 7, No. 1, 2012

Male Victims in Heterosexual Intimate Partner Violence: A Framework Explaining Help-Seeking Reluctance
Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a serious and pervasive problem that affects people ofall ages and both genders. According to the National Violence Against Women Survey in the United States (Tjaden and Thoennes, 1998), 1.5 million women and 834,700...
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Omission Neglect in Consumer Psychology
By far the greatest impediment and aberration of the human understanding arises from [the fact that] . . . those things which strike the sense outweigh things which, although they may be more important, do not strike it directly. Hence, contemplation...
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Children and Violence - Targeting Interventions
DEFINITIONS AND CLASSIFICATIONSIn its 1996 resolution the World Health Organization (WHO) concluded that violence is central public health problem. In order to tackle the issue WHO developed a typology that divides violence into three broad categories:...
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Effective School-Based Mental Health Interventions for Urban Youth
Longitudinal studies of inner city mental health centers indicate that the -no-show" rate for appointments is at least 50% (Sanchez-Hucles, 1999; Zahner, Pawelkiewicz, DeFrancesco, et al., 1992). The stigma attached to receiving mental health services...
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Cultural Variation in Nightmare: A Content Analysis
As expected, previous studies reveal to us interesting and important points about nightmare, such as follows. Nightmares often play a key role in character formation of individuals and psychologies of local cultures. Nightmares are an important part...
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