The Journal of Caribbean History

Articles

Vol. 53, No. 2, 2019

Ciudad Romero: The Salvadoran Refugee Family and Panamanian Statecraft under the Torrijos Regime
On 1 November 1980, the Panamanian National Guard greeted hundreds of Salvadoran nationals - over half of whom were children under the age of fifteen. The 360 Salvadorans who flew into Fort Cimarron in Belen, Panama on Honduran planes that day were refugees...
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Decolonizing the Caribbean Record: An Archives Reader
Jeannette A. Bastian, John A. Aarons and Stanley Griffin, eds. Decolonizing the Caribbean Record: An Archives Reader. Sacramento, CA: Library Juice Press, 2018, xii + 828 pp. US$65.00. ISBN: 978-1-63400-059-8.In his 1999 study, Writing West Indian Histories,...
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Histories of Childhood in the Caribbean: New Perspectives and Methodologies
"Children are to be seen but not heard" is a popular refrain that reflects socio-cultural attitudes and beliefs that silence the voices of children in the present, in the traditional archive and in the past. In the Caribbean, existing socio-cultural...
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Youthfulness as a Disability: Poor Relief, Children's Labour and the Maxfield Park Children's Home, 1918–1938
In 1936, Inspector of Poor for Kingston, Mr R. Ferguson declared before the Poor House Committee of the Kingston and St Andrew Corporation (KSAC) [that] "a child, like an aged person, is physically unable to earn the means of subsistence."1 In petitioning...
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"Una Niña Humilde Y De Color": Sources for the History of an Afro-Puerto Rican Childhood
Historian Wilma King, author of the seminal text on enslaved African American childhoods in nineteenth-century United States of America, noted that sources for the study of black childhoods are "vast, but the data must be culled". Some of the primary...
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Accounting for Slavery: Masters and Management
Caitlin Rosenthal. Accounting for Slavery: Masters and Management. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2018, xiv + 295 pp. US$35.00. ISBN 978-0-674-97209-4. Hardcover.Caitlin Rosenthal's Accounting for Slavery is an analysis of accounting procedures...
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Vol. 53, No. 1, 2019

Surviving Slavery in the British Caribbean
Browne, Randy M. Surviving Slavery in the British Caribbean. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2017, 279 pp. ISBN 978-08122-490-8.Randy Browne states, "The basic premise of this book is that the struggle to survive was at the center of...
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First Day Covers: A Visual Archive of Caribbean History and Heritage
A first day cover (FDC) refers to a postage stamp on a stamped envelope or a postal card franked on the first day the issue is authorized for use within a particular country. The name first day cover was acquired because the single stamps and souvenir...
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Antonia Sáez Torres and Colonial Education in Early Twentieth-Century Puerto Rico
Antonia Sáez Torres left Puerto Rico in 1964 for a trip around the world to celebrate her retirement. Before leaving however, she left the manuscript of her memoirs with her friend and prominent intellectual, Concha Meléndez, who she asked to write a...
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"A Very Curious Game": The Racialized Public Diplomacy of Toussaint Louverture in the United States
Introduction: "Powers That Will Work for Thee"In 1801 in Jamaica, Maria Nugent, the wife of the British colonial governor, suffered horrible nightmares. Scenes of her and her family being murdered in an insurrection by the island's enslaved population...
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Stranded Batsman
Edwin L. Martin, Stranded Batsman. Meadville, Pennsylvania: Create Space Independent Publishing Platform, 2017, 284 pp. ISBN: 9781530956777, 60 photosThe game of cricket was brought to the English-speaking Caribbean by the British in the early twentieth...
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The Association of Caribbean Historians Elsa Goveia Memorial Book Prize in Caribbean History Winner for 2018/19
The Association of Caribbean Historians has announced Randy Browne's Surviving Slavery in the British Caribbean the 2019 winner of the Elsa Goveia Memorial Book Prize.Browne's book is a human-centred history, covering the period in the immediate aftermath...
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"Being at a Feast and Drinking to Excess": Hospitality and Patriarchal Manhood in Early Barbados
By the end of the 1650s, most Barbadian planters lived on large estates, often exceeding 100 acres.1 Their houses were "handsome and [had] many rooms". However, there were few outside diversions. One visitor noted the lack of "game" and sport (i.e.,...
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Maroon Emancipationists: Dominica's Africans and Igbos in the Age of Revolution, 1763–1814
Recent works such as Gelien Matthews' Caribbean Slave Revolts and the British Abolitionist Movement, Manisha Sinha's The Slave's Cause, and others, have illustrated the agency of Africans participating in their own fight for freedom. In addition to the...
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"Slavery Wears the Mildest Aspect" Imagining Mastery and Emancipation in Bermuda's House of Assembly
While the literature surrounding Caribbean Emancipation has engaged provocative and critical questions through the past decade, there has been almost no scholarly examination of Bermuda, and it has been universally ignored in the general work on emancipation...
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Brimstone, Sea and Sand: The Historical Archaeology of the Port of Sandy Point and Its Anchorage
IntroductionIt was undoubtedly the sugar plantations that gave tiny Anglophone Eastern Caribbean island colonies such as Barbados and St Kitts their early claim to fame of disproportionately influencing the history of the Americas and the Atlantic World....
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Vol. 52, No. 2, 2018

St Joseph Roman Catholic Church, Trinidad A West Indian Church Building in Its Local and Imperial Contexts, 1815–1967
The Roman Catholic church building in St Joseph, Trinidad, is the oldest existing Christian place of worship in the island. Our study examines this historic building, relating its long architectural history to developments within Trinidad, the West Indies,...
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Insanity and Society in 1870s Barbados 1
IntroductionIn April 1876, Barbados was convulsed by the violent social and political disturbances that became widely known as the Confederation Riots. These serious disorders were characterized by some observers at the time, and subsequently by historians,...
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Testing Boundaries: The NAACP and the Caribbean, 1910–1930
Like most new organizations, the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) at the time of its founding in New York City in 1909 struggled to identify its primary mission and goals. Given the fraught racial environment of the...
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Toussaint Louverture. A Revolutionary Life
Girard, Philippe. Toussaint Louverture. A Revolutionary Life. New York: Basic Books, 2016, 340 pp. US$19.99. ISBN: 9780465094134. Hardcover.In this book, Philippe Girard puts the icing on the cake of this remarkable twenty-first-century series of re-appraisals...
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Staging Creolization: Women's Theater and Performance from the French Caribbean
Sahakian, Emily. Staging Creolization: Women's Theater and Performance from the French Caribbean. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2017, 6 x 9, 296 pp., US$35.00, paperback. ISBN 9780813940083.This review begins by recalling the eloquent...
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Medicalizing Blackness: Making Racial Difference in the Atlantic World 1780–1840
Hogarth, Rana A. Medicalizing Blackness: Making Racial Difference in the Atlantic World 1780-1840. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2017, 290 pp. 6.125 x 9.25, 12 halftones, notes, bibl., index. US$90.00, hardcover. ISBN: 9781469632865....
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Between Sovereignty and Belonging Women's Legal Testimonies in Nineteenth-Century Haiti
Peyi a ki vire se pa nou ki vire,Di papa loko sa!Peyi a ki vire se pa nou ki vire,Papa loko te di sa kretyen vivan yo move.The country is changing, not us.Tell Papa Loko that!The country is changing, not us.Papa Loko said that living men are cruel.1On...
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Presbyterian Homes for Indian Girls in Trinidad, 1890–1912 Continuity and Change
Several scholars such as Idris Hamid, Brinsley Samaroo, Bridget Brereton and Jerome Teelucksingh have historicized the work of the Presbyterians in Trinidad in particular, while Kumar Mahabir and Ron Ramdin's scholarship in this field included Grenada,...
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Victorian Jamaica
Barringer, Tim, and Wayne Modest, eds. Victorian Jamaica. Durham and London: Duke University Press, 2018, xx + 722 pp. US$34.95 paperback. ISBN 9780822360681. Also cloth and e-book.How "Victorian" was Victorian Jamaica? And how viable is this form of...
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Vol. 52, No. 1, 2018

Roads, Railways and the Language of Politics
TRINIDAD FRANCHISE COMMISSION, 29 MARCH 1888: Well do you know the country and the people who are qualified there, the owners of little cocoa proprieties, do they talk politics much?MR. JAMES WHARTON, SHOPKEEPER AND PROPRIETOR IN SAN FERNANDO: Well,...
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Understanding and Teaching the Age of Revolutions
Ben Marsh and Mike Rapport, eds. Understanding and Teaching the Age of Revolutions. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 2017, 352 pp.Ben Marsh and Mike Rapport's collection of essays is part of the University of Wisconsin Press' Harvey Goldberg series...
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Marcus Garvey's the Black Star Line Hopes, Dreams, and the S.S. Yarmouth
By the end of the 1910s, Marcus Garvey's Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA) had grown into an international movement, which took on epic proportions thanks to one man, George Tyler. Already viewed as a saviour to the masses, Marcus Garvey...
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Embracing Protestantism: Black Identities in the Atlantic World
John W. Catron. Embracing Protestantism: Black Identities in the Atlantic World. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 2016, xi + 302 pp.On the very last page of the book, John Catron's research interests are described as "early America, the Atlantic...
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A Cultural History of Underdevelopment: Latin America in the U.S. Imagination
John Patrick Leary, A Cultural History of Underdevelopment: Latin America in the U.S. Imagination. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2016, 283 pp.Despite what its title promises, Leary's book is not, strictly speaking, a cultural history...
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"The High and Conspicuous Ground" the Logic of Immediate Emancipation and the Politics of the Decision of 1834
In 1834, Antigua's Assembly granted immediate freedom to the territory's enslaved population. The decision received much acclaim from some quarters while it provoked open hostility from others. The decision proved a useful propaganda tool for extra-regional...
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Vol. 51, No. 1, 2017

Three Residents' Perspectives: St Joseph, Trinidad and Tobago, in the First Half of the Twentieth Century
This essay in local history examines St Joseph, in the British West Indian colony of Trinidad and Tobago (hereafter Trinidad), in the first half of the twentieth century. St Joseph holds a unique place in the history of Trinidad. Located in the north...
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The Caribbean Reparation Movement and British Slavery Apologies: An Appraisal
In 2013, the fifteen countries that constitute the Caribbean Community (CARICOM) established the CARICOM Reparations Commission (CRC). The Chair of the CRC is History Professor and Vice-Chancellor of the University of the West Indies, Sir Hilary Beckles....
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"What Virtue Unites, Death Cannot Separate": The Trials of Early Freemasonry in Jamaica, 1739–1800
In July 1796, a Jamaican Freemason named Abraham Alvarenga submitted a complaint to the Provincial Grand Lodge, the governing body of Freemasonry in Jamaica, which was meeting that month in Kingston. Alvarenga was a member of Union Lodge, a largely Jewish...
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Pirate Nests and the Rise of the British Empire, 1570–1740
Mark G. Hanna, Pirate Nests and the Rise of the British Empire, 1570-1740, Chapel Hill, NC: North Carolina Press, 2015, Maps, 464 pp.Mark Hanna's ambitious monograph sets his doctoral dissertation, "The Pirates' Nest: the Impact of Piracy on Newport,...
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African Diaspora Sailors from Latin America and the Caribbean in the Union Civil War Navy: Another Migration
The United States sectional conflict between the Union Northern federal forces and the Southern Confederate States of America (CSA) was a labour-intensive undertaking from 1861 to 1865. Among thousands of foreign-born combatants in the US Civil War were...
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Building a Nation: Caribbean Federation in the Black Diaspora
Eric Duke, Building a Nation: Caribbean Federation in the Black Diaspora, Gainsville: University Press of Florida, 2016, 259 pp.This is an original, insightful and well researched book. It reflects the enlarged interest in black diasporic studies and...
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