The English Teacher


Vol. 48, No. 3, December

Strengthening Project-Based Learning with Genre Checkpoints
IntroductionIn this paper, I discuss an action research project aimed at addressing two concerns that have been raised regarding PBL. The intervention in this action research project involved incorporating genre awareness checkpoints into the preparation...
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Using Local Culture to Develop University Students English Oral Proficiency Skills
IntroductionEnglish is considered a lingua franca in many countries as it is a language people around the world use to communicate when meeting interlocutors from different non-Anglophone backgrounds (Seidlhofer, 2015). Even within the context of Thailand,...
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Vol. 48, No. 2, August

Insights on ESL Student Teachers Reflecting Collaboratively Online
IntroductionThe past decade has witnessed the ever evolving trend of the Web 2.0 technology in which emphasis is now placed on participation and involvement over presentation and dissemination. Traditional practices and methods are becoming increasingly...
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The Role of Noticing in the Acquisition of the Past Tense Form in English through Oral Corrective Feedback
IntroductionNoticing is a crucial factor in second language acquisition (Kassim & Ng, 2014; Gass, 1997, 2003; Schmidt, 1995, 2001; Swain, 2005) and an important theoretical construct that supports the effectiveness of corrective feedback (CF) (Loewen,...
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Vol. 48, No. 1, April

The Use of Web 2.0 Technology Tools and beyond in Enhancing Task Based Language Learning: A Case Study
IntroductionThe benefits of embedding Web 2.0 tools in teaching of English language have been advocated by researchers and practitioners (Gonzalez & St Louis, 2008; Hartshorne & Ajjan, 2009; Soomro, Zai & Jafri, 2015). In Malaysia, a number...
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Investigating Functional Reading Literacy and Dropout Rate
IntroductionThe high percentage of dropouts is one of the major problems that public elementary and even secondary schools in the Philippines have confronted for many years. It is a perennial problem ever since that the country has insurmountable rate...
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Effectiveness of Project-Based Learning in Improving Listening Competency among ESL Learners at a Malaysian TVET College
IntroductionListening competency can be interpreted as a person's ability to understand what he or she is listening to in order to respond appropriately and it contributes to the development of communicative competence (Yildiz & Albay, 2015). Listening...
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Vol. 47, No. 3, December

Implementing a Pronunciation Component into a Course Syllabus
IntroductionTeaching pronunciation is not typically a major part of most current ELT materials, textbooks, etc. While phonology and phonetics remain required background knowledge for teachers-intraining, pronunciation teaching and learning typically...
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Utilizing Dual Coding Theory and Animated Images to Enhance ESL Students' Vocabulary Learning
IntroductionVocabulary is considered to be the most important component in language. Lewis (1993, p.89) states that vocabulary is ".. .the core or heart of language". Wilkins (1972, pp. 111-112) claims that ".while without grammar very little can be...
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Learners' Perspective: 21st Century Essential Fluencies
IntroductionOrganisations and educational institutions have placed a lot of emphasis on 21st century skills. With globalization, internalization and technological advancement, we see a great need to equip the future generation with the right knowledge...
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Vol. 47, No. 2, August

Learner Perception of L2 Pronunciation Instruction
IntroductionLevis (2005) claims that L2 teachers' ideology and intuition still largely influcence their decision as to which approach to adopt towards pronunciation teaching. Some of them might choose to minimize or even leave pronunciation instruction...
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The Effectiveness of Using Flipped Classroom Approach to Teach Adjectives to Malaysian Year 4 Chinese ESL Learners
IntroductionGrammar is the means to understand how language works (Saaristo, 2015). It gives the learner the tool to talk about language by providing a terminology, a system of classification, and by making him or her aware of the basic pattern of English...
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Executing Reflective Writing in an EAP Context Using Edmodo
IntroductionIn a non-dominant English-speaking country such as Malaysia, English is seen as an important language in the education sector as an effect of globalisation. This is viewed as essential as English language helps to develop the human capital...
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Vol. 47, No. 1, April

Why a Career-Oriented and Learner-Centered Undergraduate English Curriculum Is Necessary in Bangladesh?
IntroductionTertiary education plays a vital role in developing the future generation of a country and inculcating moral, humanitarian, cultural, social values and promoting students' knowledge and skills. English language skills can prepare them for...
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Exploring the Use of Facebook and Other Social Media Sites in Pre-Service Teacher Education
IntroductionTechnology contributes to language learning in two ways: provides teaching resources (podcasts, vodcast, online discussions) and enhances language learning experiences (Larsen et al., 2011). Among the technological trends, social networking...
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Exploring the VAW Method of Writing: Application of Scaffolding Theory in Improving Writing Skills
INTRODUCTIONWriting in a second language poses many problems for most of ESL learners. Learners in the Malaysian context perceive writing in the traditional style whereby it stands by rules and a certain structures. Learners may have to put up with models...
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Vol. 46, No. 3, December

Let Us Listen to Our Students: An Analysis of Demotivation to Study English in Bangladesh
IntroductionDespite the perceived importance of English language proficiency at tertiary level in Bangladesh, a large number of students are not motivated enough to study English at the previous academic level, that is at higher secondary (HS) level....
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A Local, Grammatically-Annotated Learner Corpus as A Pedagogical Tool
IntroductionThe usefulness of corpora to language teaching and learning has been amply demonstrated through a wide variety of research spanning a number of areas, including language curriculum planning (e.g. Tsui, 2004; Romer, 2011; Zante & Persiani,...
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Hand-Shape Coding to Improve Subject-Verb Agreement in Writing for Year Four Pupils
IntroductionAccording to Nik, Hamzah and Hasbollah (2010), writing is one of the most difficult skills to be mastered among other language skills. Effective writing not only involves effective expression of ideas, but also being free of grammatical errors...
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Owning the Classroom: Student Teachers' Experiences and Concerns during Practicum
IntroductionThe need to produce quality teachers has been a main concern for over a decade and this is seen as essential in shaping the country's future generation. In Malaysian context, producing committed and quality teachers is considered necessary...
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Vol. 46, No. 2, August

Collaborative Writing in Classroom Instruction: A Synthesis of Recent Research
IntroductionCollaborative writing refers to the process which provides participants the opportunity to explore, discuss, cooperate and develop learning capabilities (Dobao, 2012; Heidar, 2016; Noel & Robert, 2004). Vygotsky argued that "social interaction...
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Why Do We Teach the Way We Teach? Two Tertiary ESL Teachers' Reflections on Their Differing Practice
IntroductionPeople differ from one another in a large number of ways, including appearance, interests, skills, personality and beliefs. In education, studies have investigated how students learn differently (e.g., Jonassen, & Grabowski, 2012) and...
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Understanding Multiliteracies and Assessing Multimodal Texts in the English Curriculum
IntroductionThe traditional mode of defining text as merely print is no longer tenable in the 21st century with the introduction of new literacies (Luke, Freebody & Land, 2000; van Leeuwen & Jewitt, 2001). New literacies require engagement with...
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An Investigation of Learning Styles as Sources of Bias in Second Language Grammar Tests
IntroductionThe study of individual learner differences has a long history and these differences have been among the extensively investigated areas in language teaching (Ellis, 2008). The learner differences include the "enduring personal characteristics...
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Vol. 45, No. 2, August

Introduction to M-Reader: An Online Extensive Reading Aid for Schools
(ProQuest: ... denotes non-US-ASCII text omitted.)Introduction"Good things happen to students who read a great deal in the new language." (Bamford & Day, 2004, p. 1). Reflecting these words, the last decade has seen a rapid increase in ER in foreign...
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Vol. 45, No. 1, April

Exploring Differences in Motivation between Students Who Excelled and Underperformed in Learning the English Language
IntroductionMotivation, in its Latin root verb movere, means to move (Eccles & Wigfield, 2002). It concerns the force behind a decision, the reason for an action in attainment of a goal (Dörnyei, 1998; Harmer, 2001; Ushioda, 2008). By common sense...
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Effects of Collaborative Evaluation Techniques on Students' Writing Performance
IntroductionStudies show that there is a decline in students' writing quality (Pondiscio, 2010; Lingwall, 2010; Dieterich, 2010). Too little writing practice and too little feedback are among the reasons for this sad reality (Blasingame & Bushman,...
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A Balanced Approach to Teaching L2 Speaking in China
IntroductionThe ability to speak accurately and fluently is often the ultimate goal of L2 learning. However, there seems to be little consensus in terms of which approach would work optimally for different groups of learners learning English in different...
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Vol. 44, No. 3, December

Code-Switching as a Teaching Strategy: A Case Study of COMSATS Institute of Information Technology Pakistan
IntroductionThe world has gained the status of a global village where multilingualism is a very common phenomenon. Languages are flexible enough to digest and absorb the vocabulary of diverse languages to be acceptable across the world. Linguistically,...
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Causes of Academic Oral Presentation Difficulties Faced by Students at a Polytechnic in Sarawak
IntroductionMastering good communication skills is essential because it serves as the key to success in one's life, career and relationships. Communication involves the delivery of ideas and feelings to others (Abdul Aziz Yusof, 2003). An effective communication...
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Vol. 44, No. 2, August

The Application of Reader-Response Theory in Enhancing Student Teachers' Affective and Linguistic Growth: A Classroom Action Research in EFL Teacher Education in Indonesia
IntroductionLiterary subjects play very important roles in the context of English as a Foreign Language (EFL) teacher education. As the literature suggests, Rosenblatt's Reader Response Theory, as one of prominent critical theories, has been considered...
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Towards Effective Reading Instruction for Chinese EFL Students: Perceptions and Practices of Lexical Inferencing
IntroductionStudents learning English as a Foreign Language (EFL) are likely to encounter unknown words in their interaction with texts. Research on the way how learners infer the meaning of unknown words during reading has become the focus of many empirical...
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Teaching English Vocabulary: What International Language Educators Tell Us
IntroductionOne of the teachers' concerns in teaching English vocabulary is how to teach it in a way that learners can understand and use the vocabulary appropriately. Techniques and strategies teachers use will determine how learners learn vocabulary....
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Vol. 44, No. 1, April

"You Speak English, No?": The Expectations and Experiences of Asian In-Service Teachers of English in Australia
IntroductionAs a result of globalisation, there is an increasing market for English-language education. As a response to this demand, many bilingual teachers of English from non-English-speaking contexts are pursuing their postgraduate degrees in English-speaking...
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Vol. 43, No. 3, December

Internalizing Linguistic Features through Expert Scaffolding: A Case of Iranian Efl Learners
IntroductionIn traditional language classrooms, students usually do not receive sufficient feedback from their teachers. One way to unravel this problem is to engage them in activities which involve collaboration and to provide feedback through a more...
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Relationships between Learners' Motivation Factors and Speaking Strategy Factors to Learn Oral Communication in English
BackgroundIn the area of foreign and second language learning (L2) the two individual differences (ID) motivation and language learning strategy have been usually investigated independently. Language teachers and practitioners are, however, interested...
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Assessment of Applicability and Feasibility of Consciousness-Raising Tasks in Grammar Lessons of ESL Learners
IntroductionIn the conventional language lessons, the PPP model (Presentation-Practice-Production) focuses more on meaningful practice of language for communication over grammar (Richard, 2006). However, learners often perform activities without gaining...
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Vol. 43, No. 1, April

An Evaluation of 'English for Today: For Classes 11-12' as a Textbook for Bangladesh Higher Secondary Education (Hse)
IntroductionAlthough the debate is on-going as to whether or not textbooks are to be used in English language classrooms, most English language teaching (ELT) professionals believe today that without materials successful implementation of a language...
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Vol. 42, No. 2, August

Making Vocabulary Memorization Strategies More Effective and Enjoyable for First Year Chinese University Students
(ProQuest: ... denotes non-US-ASCII text omitted.)IntroductionWhile vocabulary learning had long been a neglected area in applied linguistics, testified to by a number of linguists (e.g. Richards, 1976; Levenston, 1979; Meara, 1980), the focus has gradually...
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Shifting Teachers' Role in the English Language Classroom in Bangladesh
IntroductionEnglish has been taught in educational institutions in Bangladesh as a major subject for more than a hundred years. This paper focuses on the shifting roles of the teacher in our English language classroom through the years. A lot of changes...
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Vol. 41, No. 2, December

Language Anxiety among ESL College Students in India
IntroductionAnxiety is a complex and multi-faceted construct often associated with language learning. Studies have been done on the effects of anxiety on second language learning as early as the 1970s. Language anxiety has been conceptualized as "a distinct...
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An Alternative Method of Teaching Subject-Verb Agreement
IntroductionSubject-verb agreement is a problem area for many students and teachers in schools and tertiary institutions. Many language teachers including the experienced ones find it difficult to teach this aspect of grammar effectively. Subject-verb...
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ESL Learners' Perception and Attitudes towards the Use of Podcast in Developing Listening Skills
IntroductionCommunication competence involves mainly four skills: reading, writing speaking, and listening. Among the skills, listening in learning a foreign and second language has not been given much attention in spite of being the most needed ability...
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Vol. 41, No. 1, August

Comparing Form Four Malay and Chinese Students' Spoken English
(ProQuest: ... denotes formula omitted.)IntroductionMalaysian students are made up of many ethnic groups, and the three biggest are the Malays, Chinese and Indians. There have been studies comparing the three ethnic groups' performance in Mathematics...
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Giving 'Voice' a Voice in the Academic Writing Class
IntroductionWhat should a writing course teach? This is a question relating to the content and sequencing of a course that should be considered during any curriculum design exercise, and is closely tied to a corollary question: how should the content...
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Project-Based Learning: English Carnival in Universiti Kuala Lumpur-Malaysia France Institute
IntroductionThere is a need to use multi-faceted approaches to deliver content and develop softskills among students. To fulfill this need, UniKL-MFI English Unit prepared a project to be implemented to achieve the desired language skills and proficiency....
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From Firm Ground to Shifting Sands: Issues in Adopting Learner-Centred Esl/efl Pedagogy
IntroductionAll new approaches and methods of language teaching are grounded in sound theories, but the application of these in the classroom is problematic in some way or other. Unless these problem issues are identified and discussed rather than swept...
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Developing the Critically Literate Reader
IntroductionSkill-based approaches to the teaching of reading have long been a dominant practice in reading classrooms in Malaysia (Pandian, 2006, 2007; Koo, 2008, 2007, 2004, 2003, 2002; Mukudan, 2003). The practice of skill based approaches stems mainly...
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