The English Teacher


Vol. 46, No. 3, December

Let Us Listen to Our Students: An Analysis of Demotivation to Study English in Bangladesh
IntroductionDespite the perceived importance of English language proficiency at tertiary level in Bangladesh, a large number of students are not motivated enough to study English at the previous academic level, that is at higher secondary (HS) level....
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A Local, Grammatically-Annotated Learner Corpus as A Pedagogical Tool
IntroductionThe usefulness of corpora to language teaching and learning has been amply demonstrated through a wide variety of research spanning a number of areas, including language curriculum planning (e.g. Tsui, 2004; Romer, 2011; Zante & Persiani,...
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Hand-Shape Coding to Improve Subject-Verb Agreement in Writing for Year Four Pupils
IntroductionAccording to Nik, Hamzah and Hasbollah (2010), writing is one of the most difficult skills to be mastered among other language skills. Effective writing not only involves effective expression of ideas, but also being free of grammatical errors...
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Owning the Classroom: Student Teachers' Experiences and Concerns during Practicum
IntroductionThe need to produce quality teachers has been a main concern for over a decade and this is seen as essential in shaping the country's future generation. In Malaysian context, producing committed and quality teachers is considered necessary...
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Vol. 46, No. 2, August

Collaborative Writing in Classroom Instruction: A Synthesis of Recent Research
IntroductionCollaborative writing refers to the process which provides participants the opportunity to explore, discuss, cooperate and develop learning capabilities (Dobao, 2012; Heidar, 2016; Noel & Robert, 2004). Vygotsky argued that "social interaction...
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Why Do We Teach the Way We Teach? Two Tertiary ESL Teachers' Reflections on Their Differing Practice
IntroductionPeople differ from one another in a large number of ways, including appearance, interests, skills, personality and beliefs. In education, studies have investigated how students learn differently (e.g., Jonassen, & Grabowski, 2012) and...
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Understanding Multiliteracies and Assessing Multimodal Texts in the English Curriculum
IntroductionThe traditional mode of defining text as merely print is no longer tenable in the 21st century with the introduction of new literacies (Luke, Freebody & Land, 2000; van Leeuwen & Jewitt, 2001). New literacies require engagement with...
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An Investigation of Learning Styles as Sources of Bias in Second Language Grammar Tests
IntroductionThe study of individual learner differences has a long history and these differences have been among the extensively investigated areas in language teaching (Ellis, 2008). The learner differences include the "enduring personal characteristics...
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Vol. 45, No. 2, August

Project-Based Instruction: Integrating Technology in Speaking Instruction
IntroductionNowadays, the need to master English is increasing. Most people would agree that being able to speak in English is one way of mastering English. They believe that speaking is an indicator of success in learning the language. Many language...
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Language Environment and Educational Background of Chinese Parents in Sarawak, Malaysia: ESL or EAL?
IntroductionIn Malaysia, English has the status of the second most important language, after Malay which is the national and official language. By virtue of its status as an official language, Malay is also the medium of instruction in public schools....
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Classroom Management: Difficulties Facing Fast-Track Teacher-Trainees in the Tutoring Program
IntroductionIn education, classroom management skills have been an important area for a long time. These skills, according to Oliver (2007), have been displayed by effective teachers while the hallmark of the inexperienced or less effective ones is a...
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Introduction to M-Reader: An Online Extensive Reading Aid for Schools
(ProQuest: ... denotes non-US-ASCII text omitted.)Introduction"Good things happen to students who read a great deal in the new language." (Bamford & Day, 2004, p. 1). Reflecting these words, the last decade has seen a rapid increase in ER in foreign...
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Vol. 45, No. 1, April

Exploring Differences in Motivation between Students Who Excelled and Underperformed in Learning the English Language
IntroductionMotivation, in its Latin root verb movere, means to move (Eccles & Wigfield, 2002). It concerns the force behind a decision, the reason for an action in attainment of a goal (Dörnyei, 1998; Harmer, 2001; Ushioda, 2008). By common sense...
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Effects of Collaborative Evaluation Techniques on Students' Writing Performance
IntroductionStudies show that there is a decline in students' writing quality (Pondiscio, 2010; Lingwall, 2010; Dieterich, 2010). Too little writing practice and too little feedback are among the reasons for this sad reality (Blasingame & Bushman,...
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Travel Brochures for Teaching Product/Service Description
IntroductionA lot of genre-analysis studies have been conducted on different types of writing, such as academic genres (Gardner, 2012; Loudermilk, 2007), media texts (Bonyadi, 2012) and product reviews (Skalicky, 2013) to look into the rhetorical structure...
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A Balanced Approach to Teaching L2 Speaking in China
IntroductionThe ability to speak accurately and fluently is often the ultimate goal of L2 learning. However, there seems to be little consensus in terms of which approach would work optimally for different groups of learners learning English in different...
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Vol. 44, No. 3, December

Code-Switching as a Teaching Strategy: A Case Study of COMSATS Institute of Information Technology Pakistan
IntroductionThe world has gained the status of a global village where multilingualism is a very common phenomenon. Languages are flexible enough to digest and absorb the vocabulary of diverse languages to be acceptable across the world. Linguistically,...
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Personal and Professional Qualities of Effective English Teachers in the Philippines
IntroductionTeaching has been considered to be a noble profession because it has the possibility of significantly affecting not only the intellectual but also the personal development of individuals. Not only that an act of teaching is to be conducted...
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Causes of Academic Oral Presentation Difficulties Faced by Students at a Polytechnic in Sarawak
IntroductionMastering good communication skills is essential because it serves as the key to success in one's life, career and relationships. Communication involves the delivery of ideas and feelings to others (Abdul Aziz Yusof, 2003). An effective communication...
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Enhancing Independent Study Program through Development of Listening Learning Pathways
IntroductionThe Intensive Course offered by the English Department, Faculty of Letters, State University of Malang, to its first semester first year students has been conducted for over 20 years. According to the department's 2012 catalogue (Fakultas...
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Vol. 44, No. 2, August

The Application of Reader-Response Theory in Enhancing Student Teachers' Affective and Linguistic Growth: A Classroom Action Research in EFL Teacher Education in Indonesia
IntroductionLiterary subjects play very important roles in the context of English as a Foreign Language (EFL) teacher education. As the literature suggests, Rosenblatt's Reader Response Theory, as one of prominent critical theories, has been considered...
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Towards Effective Reading Instruction for Chinese EFL Students: Perceptions and Practices of Lexical Inferencing
IntroductionStudents learning English as a Foreign Language (EFL) are likely to encounter unknown words in their interaction with texts. Research on the way how learners infer the meaning of unknown words during reading has become the focus of many empirical...
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Using Folktales for Language Teaching
IntroductionFolktales in general are part of folk literature, which is more widely referred to as folklore. Simply put, a folktale is a traditional story that has been passed on by words of mouth before writing systems were developed. They include fables...
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Teaching English Vocabulary: What International Language Educators Tell Us
IntroductionOne of the teachers' concerns in teaching English vocabulary is how to teach it in a way that learners can understand and use the vocabulary appropriately. Techniques and strategies teachers use will determine how learners learn vocabulary....
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Vol. 44, No. 1, April

Employers' Emphasis on Technical Skills and Soft Skills in Job Advertisements
IntroductionEmployability skills include "qualities of resourcefulness, adaptability and flexibility... [that are] needed for success in work and life as a whole" (Curtis & McKenzie, 2002, p. vii-viii). Employability skills are categorised into technical...
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What Do Teacher Education Students Tell Us about the Teaching Performance of English Language Lecturers?
IntroductionIn an increasingly diverse and complex teaching and learning environment in institutions of higher learning, the area of primary concern is good quality teaching. In fact, years of research have proven that there is nothing more important...
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Exploring Teachers' Beliefs in Teaching Grammar
IntroductionThe teaching of the English language subject in the Malaysian education system has always been the subject of scrutiny over the years as observed in Musa, Koo and Azman (2012), Koo (2008), Ting (2007), Hassan and Selamat (2002), Ratnavadivel...
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"You Speak English, No?": The Expectations and Experiences of Asian In-Service Teachers of English in Australia
IntroductionAs a result of globalisation, there is an increasing market for English-language education. As a response to this demand, many bilingual teachers of English from non-English-speaking contexts are pursuing their postgraduate degrees in English-speaking...
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Vol. 43, No. 3, December

Internalizing Linguistic Features through Expert Scaffolding: A Case of Iranian Efl Learners
IntroductionIn traditional language classrooms, students usually do not receive sufficient feedback from their teachers. One way to unravel this problem is to engage them in activities which involve collaboration and to provide feedback through a more...
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Relationships between Learners' Motivation Factors and Speaking Strategy Factors to Learn Oral Communication in English
BackgroundIn the area of foreign and second language learning (L2) the two individual differences (ID) motivation and language learning strategy have been usually investigated independently. Language teachers and practitioners are, however, interested...
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Assessment of Applicability and Feasibility of Consciousness-Raising Tasks in Grammar Lessons of ESL Learners
IntroductionIn the conventional language lessons, the PPP model (Presentation-Practice-Production) focuses more on meaningful practice of language for communication over grammar (Richard, 2006). However, learners often perform activities without gaining...
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Vol. 43, No. 2, August

Factors Affecting Knowledge Sharing among ESL Undergraduates in Completing Collaborative Writing Tasks Using Wiki and Skype
IntroductionComputer-mediated communication (CMC) has become a necessity in tertiary education as it supports collaborative learning. This technology also benefits English language teaching and learning as it provides opportunities for ESL students to...
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Language-Based Approaches to Understanding Literature: A Creative Activity Module
IntroductionLiterature has always been a subject of study in many countries, however the teaching of literature in Malaysia has not been given much importance since English is taught as a second language in Malaysian schools. Recently this area seems...
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The Use of Contextualized Storytelling to Enhance Malaysian Primary School Pupils' Reading Comprehension
IntroductionReading short stories is a meaningful and fun activity among primary school pupils. However reading a short story in a second language context may prove challenging. Approaches that apply in a first language may not work with ESL learners...
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Vol. 43, No. 1, April

An Evaluation of 'English for Today: For Classes 11-12' as a Textbook for Bangladesh Higher Secondary Education (Hse)
IntroductionAlthough the debate is on-going as to whether or not textbooks are to be used in English language classrooms, most English language teaching (ELT) professionals believe today that without materials successful implementation of a language...
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Facebooking in Today's Net Generation: Prospects and Challenges
IntroductionThe Internet has been deemed as the most life changing invention ever created. Social networking sites have become such a popular trend among internet users that some claim that life would not be exciting without Facebook, Instagram, Twitter...
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The Role of Ict in Scaffolding Collaborative Writing
IntroductionAmong the four language skills which are reading, writing, listening and speaking, writing is proven to be the highest order skill as it demands a student's cognitive skills and the ability to reproduce an idea correctly in a language (Beck,...
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Vol. 42, No. 3, December

Learning from Teacher Educators: Reflecting on the Certainty of Teaching 'Recipes'
IntroductionChange towards an interactive classroom is often blocked by inactivity and lack of acceptance of new techniques which require changes in a teachers' role. This is evident in settings where teaching is often presented as step-by-step sequences...
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Oral Feedback in Face-to-Face Conferencing on Efl Postgraduate Students' Thesis Drafts
IntroductionPostgraduate supervision is a crucial academic program aimed at enhancing the students' linguistic and research competence in writing up their theses. Thus, supervisory feedback is an important input that significantly contributes to the...
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Reader-Response Pedagogy and Changes in Student Stances in Literary Texts
IntroductionIt appears that much of the teaching of Literature from school to university is mainly directed at a particular interpretation which is deemed "right'. Much of what is required in examinations could be the result of teachers adopting an efferent...
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Errors in Formal Letter Writing among Undergraduate Students
In everyday lives, students have to write formal letters to their teachers and lecturers when they are absent or need to take leave to participate in important co-curricular activities during class hours or for other important family events. Also, formal...
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Pupils' and Teachers' Perceptions of a Language Board Game, Challenge
IntroductionScholars have long realised the importance of play amongst children to help in their physical, intellectual, social and emotional development as well as language learning. Many studies have been carried out regarding the importance of games...
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Vol. 42, No. 2, August

Making Vocabulary Memorization Strategies More Effective and Enjoyable for First Year Chinese University Students
(ProQuest: ... denotes non-US-ASCII text omitted.)IntroductionWhile vocabulary learning had long been a neglected area in applied linguistics, testified to by a number of linguists (e.g. Richards, 1976; Levenston, 1979; Meara, 1980), the focus has gradually...
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Shifting Teachers' Role in the English Language Classroom in Bangladesh
IntroductionEnglish has been taught in educational institutions in Bangladesh as a major subject for more than a hundred years. This paper focuses on the shifting roles of the teacher in our English language classroom through the years. A lot of changes...
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Teacher Trainers' Beliefs in Microteaching and Lesson Planning in a Teacher Training Institution
IntroductionThe hope and aspiration of a nation is to generate productive citizens to build a successful economy. With this in mind, the emphasis on good education is a key element in the national agenda. As such, the teaching profession is seen as the...
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Exploring First-Year Undergraduates' Difficulties in Writing the Discussion Section of a Research Paper: A Singapore Study
IntroductionOver the last three decades, the field of second language writing has seen a number of studies on research paper genres. These studies identity difficulties faced by academics and graduate students, as members of the academic communities...
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Vol. 42, No. 1, April

A Preliminary Study of Teacher Code-Switching in Islamic Education Instructions
IntroductionCode-switching is an area that has been well researched in many studies with subjects from different backgrounds and in diverse contexts such as among siblings, among classmates, between parents and children, and between teachers and students....
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Exploring Teacher Roles in Teacher Literature Circles
IntroductionThis paper examines in-service teacher roles in teacher literature circle (TLC) discussions. TLCs are informal gatherings of teachers, to discuss a common text on a regular basis. The teachers in this TLC met during a period of change, that...
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Pre-Service Elt Teacher Beliefs: Implications for Teacher Education
IntroductionBeginner teachers bring into their classrooms their prior knowledge and experiences which eventually shape their perceptions towards the world of teaching. It is pivotal that these beginner teachers' beliefs and perceptions are given due...
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Thrass Phonics: A Case Study of Thomas as an Emerging Reader in English1
IntroductionPhonics has been recognized as an instrument for Malaysian primary students to build essential English reading and literacy skills in the classroom. The Malaysian Ministry of Education (2011) English Standardized Curriculum for Primary Schools...
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Vol. 41, No. 2, December

Understanding Teacher Trainees' Attitudes towards Writing Action Research Reports in English: A Case Study in Laos12
IntroductionIn institutions of higher learning, writing, often hailed as the hallmark of an educated person, is prevalent in students' academic life as it often constitutes an essential part of students' academic requirements (Deng, 2009). This prevalence...
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Language Anxiety among ESL College Students in India
IntroductionAnxiety is a complex and multi-faceted construct often associated with language learning. Studies have been done on the effects of anxiety on second language learning as early as the 1970s. Language anxiety has been conceptualized as "a distinct...
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An Alternative Method of Teaching Subject-Verb Agreement
IntroductionSubject-verb agreement is a problem area for many students and teachers in schools and tertiary institutions. Many language teachers including the experienced ones find it difficult to teach this aspect of grammar effectively. Subject-verb...
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Using the Problem Solving Approach to Teach Writing to Efl Learners
IntroductionTeaching writing skills is a challenging task. It becomes more difficult if the students come from various academic backgrounds and have different learning needs. Teachers teaching writing skills have many approaches and strategies to choose...
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ESL Learners' Perception and Attitudes towards the Use of Podcast in Developing Listening Skills
IntroductionCommunication competence involves mainly four skills: reading, writing speaking, and listening. Among the skills, listening in learning a foreign and second language has not been given much attention in spite of being the most needed ability...
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Situating Local Culture in Elt Material Design in the Indonesian Efl Context
IntroductionEFL learning and teaching should ideally be allied to the context of real life through the presentation of culture in which students are immersed. Alpetekin (1993) argues that in learning a language, schematic knowledge is socially and culturally...
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Vol. 41, No. 1, August

Comparing Form Four Malay and Chinese Students' Spoken English
(ProQuest: ... denotes formula omitted.)IntroductionMalaysian students are made up of many ethnic groups, and the three biggest are the Malays, Chinese and Indians. There have been studies comparing the three ethnic groups' performance in Mathematics...
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Giving 'Voice' a Voice in the Academic Writing Class
IntroductionWhat should a writing course teach? This is a question relating to the content and sequencing of a course that should be considered during any curriculum design exercise, and is closely tied to a corollary question: how should the content...
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Project-Based Learning: English Carnival in Universiti Kuala Lumpur-Malaysia France Institute
IntroductionThere is a need to use multi-faceted approaches to deliver content and develop softskills among students. To fulfill this need, UniKL-MFI English Unit prepared a project to be implemented to achieve the desired language skills and proficiency....
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Effects of Textual Glosses on Reading Comprehension of Low Proficiency Efl Postgraduates
IntroductionAmong EFL postgraduate students, there is an urgent need for independent reading comprehension since they should read enormous academic texts to succeed academically. Lee and Mallinder (2011) declared that second language learners lack a...
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From Firm Ground to Shifting Sands: Issues in Adopting Learner-Centred Esl/efl Pedagogy
IntroductionAll new approaches and methods of language teaching are grounded in sound theories, but the application of these in the classroom is problematic in some way or other. Unless these problem issues are identified and discussed rather than swept...
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Developing the Critically Literate Reader
IntroductionSkill-based approaches to the teaching of reading have long been a dominant practice in reading classrooms in Malaysia (Pandian, 2006, 2007; Koo, 2008, 2007, 2004, 2003, 2002; Mukudan, 2003). The practice of skill based approaches stems mainly...
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