The Geographical Bulletin

Articles

Vol. 58, No. 2, November

Rhizoplaca Chrysoleuca as an Alternative Lichenometric Species: A Preliminary Investigation at the Lawn Lake Alluvial Fan, Rocky Mountain National Park, CO USA
INTRODUCTIONLichens can be useful in environmental monitoring as they reflect changes in the environment (Seaward 2008), especially when that change is due to anthropogenic factors. Loss of specific species sensitive to particular environmental changes...
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Effects of Giant Traveling Map Use on Student Spatial Thinking
INTRODUCTION"National Geographic Giant Traveling Maps are enormously entertaining and educationally powerful tools for introducing geography and map reading skills to students, grades K-8. What better way to teach young people the power of maps and the...
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Environmental Impact of Power Five Conference Realignment
INTRODUCTIONSports can have large environmental impacts on surrounding areas. Events at these venues generate large amounts of waste products, which end up in landfills, incinerators, or sewage plants (DeChano and Hruska, 2006). Wetland and riverine...
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A Note from the (New) Editor
I appreciate the opportunity to serve as Editor for The Geographical Bulletin. Gamma Theta Upsilon's tradition of supporting students in geography remains rich, and being part of that legacy serves as a highlight of my career. Many thanks goes to our...
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Leon Yacher: Scholar, Mentor, and Eclectic Geographer
INTRODUCTIONIt was the Summer of 2011, and I found myself engaging in fieldwork in southern Mexico. Pleasantly surprised with my Blackberry's reception along the Usumacinta River meandering along the edge of Chiapas, I noticed an e-mail had arrived from...
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A Note from the (Past) Editor
The previous issue of The Geographical Bulletin, the special issue on Star Trek and geography, was my last as editor. I hope you enjoyed it - it was probably my favorite issue in my dozen years as editor. I had an opportunity to take on the editorship...
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Vol. 58, No. 1, May

Star Trek and the Anthropological Machine: Eliding Difference to Stay Human
INTRODUCTIONStar Trek has one of the most extensive runtimes in the history of science fiction film and television. In turn, this has led to the creation of a rich and complicated mythology attracting a plethora of academic interest in both its fans...
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Blurring the Protagonist/Antagonist Binary through a Geopolitics of Peace: Star Trek's Cardassians, Antagonists of the Alpha Quadrant
It's not a good idea to stay too long on a Cardassian border without making your intentions known.- Jean-Luc Picard, Episode 4x12 ("The Wounded")INTRODUCTIONIn 1964, Gene Roddenberry finished a science-fiction script with the intent of teaching morality...
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Introduction: The Geographies of Star Trek
There are relatively few media products that can compete with Star Trek in terms of longevity and cultural saturation. First introduced to audiences in 1966, the franchise now encompasses more than fifty years, six television series, thirteen films,...
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Alternative Pasts, Presents, and Futures in Star Trek: Historical Engagement and Representation through Popular Culture
GEOGRAPHIES, FUTURES, AND STAR TREKStar Trek first aired in 1966, followed by thirty seasons across six different series, with the newest premiering in January 2017. The various television shows, thirteen feature films, well over one hundred works of...
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Owning the Future: Manifest Destiny and the Vision of American Hegemony in Star Trek
INTRODUCTIONSpace, the final frontier. These are the voyages of the starship Enterprise. Its five-year mission: to explore strange new worlds, to seek out new life and new civilizations, to boldly go where no man has gone before.- Captain James T. Kirk(Star...
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"Most Damning of All. I Think I Can Live with It": Captain Sisko, President Obama, and Emotional Geopolitics
INTRODUCTIONContemporary geographical scholarship has tendered greater insight into the role of popular culture in refracting, diffusing and contesting geopolitical processes like nation-building, citizenship, war, terrorism, immigration, climate change,...
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Vol. 57, No. 2, November

A Note from the Editor
Peer review is the lifeblood of academic publishing . First and foremost, I would like to extend a hearty thank you to the hundreds of people who have reviewed articles for me over the past dozen years . It is due to your diligent efforts that we are...
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A Fog Climatology of the Delmarva Peninsula
INTRODUCTIONAcross most of the United States, public school delays due to fog are rare . However, for parents and students residing on the Delmarva Peninsula school delays due to fog are commonplace The Delmarva Peninsula consists of Delaware and the...
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Lack of Inclusive Stakeholder Representation in Watershed Management Groups in the Midwest: A Threat to Legitimacy
INTRODUCTIONSince the passage of the Clean Water Act (CWA) in 1972 the quality of waterways in the United States has dramatically improved . Discharges of toxic pollutants have been reduced by close to a billion pounds per year (Adler 1994). Much of...
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A GIScience Approach to Analyzing Spatial Patterns of Voter Turnout in Omaha, Nebraska
INTRODUCTIONThe right to vote has been described as "one of the most fundamental and cherished aspects of democracy" (Hajnal and Lewis 2003, 660). Wood (2002, 209) adds that elections are at the "core of the American political system" and that "for most...
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The Map Thief
The Map Thief. Michael Blanding, New York, Gotham Books, 2014. 299 pp . color plates, drawings, photos, index, bibliography, appendices . ISBN: 978-1-592-40940-2 $17.00 .The Map Thief is an interesting read in that it combines a true crime tale with...
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Vol. 57, No. 1, May

Testing the Feasibility of Dendrogeomorphic Studies in the Southeastern U.S. on Mt. le Conte, Great Smoky Mountains National Park, Tennessee, U.S.A
INTRODUCTIONShroder (1978) outlined the impacts of mass movement events on trees and their subsequent responses. He described the Process-Event-Response approach for understanding relationships between landscapemodifying processes that lead to specific...
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Downy Woodpecker Habitat Suitability in Gourdneck State Game Area, Michigan
INTRODUCTIONOver the span of many decades, landscape change throughout the United States has thoroughly altered the spatial habitats of many different species. Some species respond to these changes by seeking other suitable lands for food, shelter, and...
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Who Lives Where: A Comprehensive Population Taxonomy of Cities, Suburbs, Exurbs, and Rural Areas in the United States
INTRODUCTIONThis paper calculates and reports the percentage and number of Americans living in cities, suburbs, exurbs, and rural areas. This paper is the first to develop a taxonomy of settlement types that includes all U.S. residents and uses vernacular...
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Sustainable Campus Landscapes in the United States and China: A Comparative Analysis
INTRODUCTIONThe campus landscape, like its buildings, can be seen as the physical embodiment of a college's values. It is a vital part of the life of a campus, providing space for study, play, outdoor events, aesthetic appreciation, and even food production,...
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Vol. 56, No. 2, November

Growing Local Food Movements: Farmers' Markets as Nodes for Products and Community
INTRODUCTIONInitially a small alternative movement focused on environmental sustainability, today's local food movement is widespread throughout the United States Increasingly popular among ?foodies? (who place high value on food quality), the movement...
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Quantifying Forest Structure within Two Managed Units in Rock Cut State Park
INTRODUCTIONDuring the last 11,700 years, the earth has been experiencing a warming period known as the Holocene (Pielou 1991). Early Holocene climactic shifts brought about an increased frequency of dry Pacific air masses across the northern Great Plains...
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An Examination of the Effect of Building Compactness and Green Roofs on Indoor Temperature through the Use of Physical Models
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)INTRODUCTIONGreen roofs are vegetated systems that provide energy savings and environmental benefits to urban areas They can be installed during the construction of new buildings or retrofitted onto existing conventional...
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A Comparison of North American Regional Climate Change Assessment Program Output and Oklahoma Mesonet Observations: Precipitation and Temperature
INTRODUCTIONClimate change is expected to result in increasing average global temperatures by 1 1 to 6 1°C by 2100 (NAS 2012) and lead to shifts in the amounts and distribution of rainfall in many parts of the world (Karl et al 2009) Global changes are...
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Vol. 56, No. 1, May

The Right to the City in the Informal Sector: Claiming Rights or Gaining Access in Kampala, Uganda?
INTRODUCTIONBefore the warm, equatorial sun peaks and dries the red dirt road, a shoe vendor lays out his blue tarp, carefully displaying an immaculate array of used and counterfeit shoes. Considering the sandstorm of dust vehicles kick up as they speed...
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Compassionately Hidden: The Church Telling Local Homeless to "Come to Our House"
INTRODUCTIONIn 2011, a new emergency thermal shelter program catering to homeless men was launched in the New River Valley (NRV) of Southwest Virginia. Referred to as To Our House (TOH), this program relies on the volunteer efforts of a coalition of...
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Influence of Academic Variables on Geospatial Skills of Undergraduate Students: An Exploratory Study
INTRODUCTIONA groundbreaking National Research Council publication, Learning to Think Spatially, offered a new approach to spatial thinking (NRC 2006). The report defined spatial thinking as a constructive combination of concepts of space, tools of representation,...
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Global Information Society: Technology, Knowledge, and Mobility
Global Information Society: Technology, Knowledge, and Mobility. Wilson, Mark I., Aharon Kellerman, and Kenneth E. Corey. Rowman & Littlefield, 2013. vii and 285 pp. US $29.95 paperback (ISBN 978-0-74255694-2).Global Information Society: Technology,...
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Vol. 55, No. 2, November

Spatial Crime Displacement on Chicago's South Side
INTRODUCTIONThe history of public housing in the United States, especially in the highly populated northern industrial cities, has been a dismal failure. In Chicago, this effort was initiated after World War II to provide housing to a growing African-American...
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Championing the City Motto: An Analysis of Edmonton's Un/Official Slogan
INTRODUCTION"Cities are no longer just built; they are imaged"- Warner, Jr. and Vale 2001, xxiiiA recent article in the nationally distributed Globe and Mail newspaper noted how Canadian cities are becoming more concerned with their city motto and brand...
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Improved Monitoring of Forest Disturbance and Succession Using an Optimized Satellite Image Index
INTRODUCTIONIdentifying and mapping ecosystem disturbances is an important task made more efficient through the use satellite imagery, especially at regional to continental scales. Recently, Healey et al. (2005) proposed a new image-processing technique,...
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Interview: Kimi Eisele
Kimi Eisele1 is a writer, dancer/choreographer, performer, director, visual artist, and educator based in Tucson, Arizona. Drawing on her MA in geography and a long-standing interest in place and space, she creates works that engage local landscapes,...
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An Introduction to the Geography of Tourism
An Introduction to the Geography of Tourism. Velvet Nelson. New York: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc, 2013. 308 pp. US $49.93 Paperback (ISBN 978-1-44221072-1).Geographers specializing in the study of tourism have long complained about the...
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Vol. 55, No. 1, May

Local Regulatory Protection for Ecosystem Services: A Case Study from the Karst Region of Southeast Minnesota, USA
INTRODUCTIONWidespread changes of Earth's ecosystems are evident in the global transformation of land areas associated with human activities. These alterations to ecosystems modify the ecosystem goods and services that sustain human communities, along...
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Assessing Land Use Changes Due to Natural Gas Drilling Operations in the Marcellus Shale in Bradford County, PA
INTRODUCTIONMarcellus Shale is an organically rich black shale that is currently being explored through drilling as a prominent source of natural gas. The Marcellus Shale formation encompasses most of the sparsely populated Appalachian Basin, a physiographic...
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Mapping Burn Severity Using the Composite Burn Index in an Oak Savannah in Central Massachusetts
INTRODUCTIONFire is a semi-frequent (50-100 year intervals) natural disturbance in Massachusetts forests and grasslands, where it has been induced by Native American burning practices, colonial-era agricultural expansion, and more recently ignition associated...
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Short-Term Associations between Accumulated Rainfall and Atmospheric Moisture during Landfall of Three Atlantic Hurricanes
INTRODUCTIONHurricanes often produce substantial amounts of rainfall that can lead to widespread flooding (Tootle, Mirti and Piechota 2005) and these flood events are responsible for the majority of deaths associated with hurricanes (Elsberry 2002)....
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Vol. 54, No. 2, November

Fifty Years of Cultural Cannibalism: Contemporary Attitudes towards Globalization in Ceará
INTRODUCTIONGlobalization has reconfigured relationships and increased interconnectivity between distant parts of the globe in economic, cultural, political, and environmental realms alike. Such linkages affect culture, identity, and nationality in profound...
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Facebook as a Way of Life: Louis Wirth in the Social Network
INTRODUCTIONNot long ago, the number of Internet users on the planet surpassed 2.4 billion, the number of social media users exceeded 1.6 billion, and Facebook, Inc., completed the integration of its database of birthdays - a billion and counting - with...
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Geography and the Emergence of Sustainability Science: Missed Opportunities and Enduring Possibilities
INTRODUCTIONThe dawn of the 21st century provided an opportunity to take stock of the state of the planet and to focus attention on the pressing social and environmental problems facing society in the new millennium. In response to growing awareness...
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Crime Modeling and Mapping Using Geo-Spatial Technologies
Crime Modeling and Mapping Using Geospatial Technologies, edited by Michael Leittier. Springer. 2013. Series: Geo technologies and the Environment, Vol. 8. XIII + 446 pp., 132 illus., 110 illus. in color. ISBN 978-94007-4997-9Crime mapping and spatial...
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Vol. 54, No. 1, May

Gated Communities: Institutionalizing Social Stratification
INTRODUCTIONMuch interest has been generated in recent years concerning "gated communities" and other types of privatized residential spaces. An abundance of theories and evaluations from varied professional perspectives has flourished in these rich...
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Nonpoint Source Pollution Risk Mapping for Alabama's Big Creek Lake
(ProQuest:. denotes formulae omitted.)INTRODUCTIONAccording to the U.S. Environmental Pro-tection Agency (EPA), our country's largest source of water quality problems continues to be nonpoint source (NPS) pollution (EPA 2012a). Defined as any source...
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Using Music to Learn Geomorphology: An Undergraduate Experience
PRELUDEUpper-level undergraduate physical geog-raphy classes employ many facets to engage students (labs, quizzes, tests, papers, and occa-sional field exercises), often connecting them with the scientific method through a research project (perhaps even...
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Sky-View Factor Estimation: A Case Study of Athens, Georgia
INTRODUCTIONUrban surface geometry has a significant but complex influence on the urban atmo-sphere. The taller buildings characteristic of urbanized areas often act to restrict out going long-wave radiation, which can thwart nocturnal cooling and contribute...
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Economic Geography and the Unequal Development of Regions
Economic Geography and the Unequal Development of Regions. Jean-Claude Prager and Jacques-Franç ois Thisse. New York: Routledge, 2012. xii and 131 pp. US $120. 00 hardcover (ISBN 978-0-415-52670-8).Economic Geography and the Unequal Development of Regions...
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Vol. 53, No. 2, November

Geographical Variation in the Photosynthesis Characteristics of Sugar Maple (Acer Saccharum) Lab- and Field-Grown Seedlings
INTRODUCTIONThe future species composition and structure of forests in eastern North America are a topic of great interest given projected dramatic anthropogenic changes to climate (Plummer et al. 2006, IPCC 2007), which have been modeled to cause pronounced...
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Weather Influences on Raptor Migration along the Kittatinny Ridge, Pennsylvania
The goal of this study was to assess the weather that influences raptor migration at the Hawk Mountain Sanctuary on the Kittatinny Ridge in eastern Pennsylvania. Considerable research has been conducted on bird migration and various environmental conditions....
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Assessing Climate Change in Alabama Using Climate Normals
INTRODUCTIONClimate change is a global and regional issue. Recent evidence suggests that human induced changes in greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere have contributed to the recent rise in global average temperature, as well as other changes...
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What Is Old Is New Again: The Reintegration of Dresden's Landscape into the Modern German State
INTRODUCTIONThe unification of Germany was one of the most dramatic events of the late twentieth century, one that has been fraught with controversy, especially in the former German Democratic Republic (GDR). One of the most important processes in the...
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Vol. 53, No. 1, May

The Transportation Disadvantaged and the Right to the City in Syracuse, New York
ABSTRACTDrawing on the idea of the right to the city, this paper focuses on the challenges facing the transportation disadvantaged in Syracuse, N.Y. This paper will begin by focusing on two programs aimed at transporting welfare recipients to work: the...
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Modeling Environmental Security in Sub-Saharan Africa
(ProQuest: ... denotes formula omitted.)INTRODUCTIONHistory and contemporary events have demonstrated that environmental stress often results in conflict, frequently along ethnic schisms (recent examples include Chiapas, Rwanda, Somalia, and Darfur)....
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Early American Cartographies
Early American Cartographies, edited by Martin Bruckner. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press. 2011. xii + 5O4pp., maps, illus., tables, notes, index.This is a scholarly anthology of thirteen carefully-crafted chapters about the multiform...
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Indiana Time Law and Its Detrimental Effects
INTRODUCTIONEven those who are based nowhere near Indiana may be aware of the state's convoluted time legislation experience, especially the most recent such occasion in 2005-06. After nearly six decades of resistance, the Indiana state legislature approved...
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Vol. 52, No. 2, November

Introduction to Special Issue "Maintaining Sanity in Graduate School"
"Maintaining Sanity in Graduate School: A Brief Commentary on the Significance of Informal Networks", was a crisis piece for us. Having found ourselves worn down by the daily grind of graduate school, we submitted a reflection piece to The Geographical...
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Maintaining Sanity in Graduate School: A Brief Commentary on the Significance of Informal Networks
The trials and tribulations of the graduate student often seem insurmountable. Many of us feel the need to publish or perish, to engage in service, and to receive acceptable teaching evaluations as primary instructors or teaching assistants. The scarcity...
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Challenges and Coping in Graduate School
I have vivid memories of my first semester as a PhD student in geography. Even before the actual move to the department, which was located five hundred miles from my hometown and the support network of my family, I struggled with the decision to pursue...
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Bart Simpson Reveals Reality
Every year hundreds of thousands of students are accepted to graduate school. In the fall of 2009 alone, 1.7 million applications for admission to graduate programs were received and about forty-five percent of these applicants were accepted to some...
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Can We Get A Pub from This? Reflections on Competition and the Pressure to Publish While in Graduate School
While still in the early stages of writing this paper, we revisited the journals call for manuscripts and caught sight of some language we had initially overlooked. "A call for short papers for a roundtable," it read, which set us to questioning:A roundtablei...
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Adaptive Strategies for PhD Candidates to a Changing Academic Environment: Diversification and Time Management
INTRODUCTIONWorkload policies provide selective incentives that reward teaching large classes but ignore graduate advising . . . We jus tiff requests for faculty positions on the basis of their potential for external funding [which] increase [s] pressure...
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Who Are You Married to? Balancing Graduate School and Marriage
INTRODUCTIONStress is synonymous with graduate school. With papers to write, articles to read, labs to teach, and research to complete, student life can be a dizzying experience each day. Furthermore, this incomplete listing of responsibilities does...
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Blissful Blundering: Embracing Deficiency and Surviving Graduate School
A drive to succeed is often coupled with a rejection of failure, but this rejection is also a condemnation and dismissal of ourselves, of the part of ourselves that "needs improvement." Not only becoming comfortable with but finding comfort in mediocrity...
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Teaching Effectively and Efficiently: Strategies for Graduate Students
A dynamic tension exists between teaching and other aspects of graduate student life. As a doctoral student, I teach an upper- division urban geography course; before joining the doctoral program I was an adjunct community college instructor. This article...
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Graduate Student Life in a Post-9/11 World: An Indian Graduate Student's Reflection in Finding Sanity and Staying with It
Where is education for the seeker of pleasure?, Where is pleasure for the seeker of education? - Ancient Sanskrit poem from India.INTRODUCTIONOne of my first mentors in graduate school once remarked that a Ph.D. equips one with a license for lifelong...
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Increasing Public Participation in Municipal Solid Waste Reduction
INTRODUCTIONWhat a person decides to purchase, finds appropriate to wear, deems safe to eat, and discards into the trash is largely determined by culture (Gregson and Crang 2010). Individuals and societies have demonstrated wide differences in these...
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Interview: Jason Dittmer
Jason Dittmer is from Jacksonville, Florida, received his PhD from Florida State University in 2003, and has taught at University College London in the United Kingdom since 2007. He is the author of Popular Culture, Geopolitics, and Identity (Rowman...
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Vol. 52, No. 1, May

A Note from the Editor, and Some Unconventional Grammar
First of all, an apology is due to the authors of an article in the November 2010 issue. For Richard Shaker and TaIy Drezner s article "A New Technique for Predicting the Sky- View Factor for Urban Heat Island Assessment," we inadvertently reversed the...
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Reconstructing Canopy-Disturbance History and Recruitment Patterns to Inform Management Decisions at the Lost 40 in the Chippewa National Forest, Northern Minnesota
INTRODUCTIONRestoration of ecosystems often is a worthwhile goal despite many factors, including climate change and anthropogenic influences, that complicate land management and resource conservation (Jackson and Hobbs 2009). Land managers must decide...
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Framing Iowa's "Fragile Giants"
INTRODUCTIONOn November 23, 1997, The Des Moines Registers editorial page featured a column with the sub-headline "The time is right to begin a crusade to create a national park in Iowa" (TDMR 1997). This bold statement marked the beginning of an editorial...
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Family and Social Networks Considered in an Examination of Exurban Migration Motivations
INTRODUCTIONExurbia is the low-density residential landscape beyond the built-up suburbs around central cities. Exurbia is important to scholars, bureaucrats, and businesspeople because it is home to a large and growing proportion of the population of...
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Assessing the Impact of Green Roofs on Urban Heat Island Mitigation: A Hardware Scale Modeling Approach
INTRODUCTIONAs the geographic footprint and population size of cities worldwide increases, researchers are investigating techniques to minimize the environmental impact associated with urban areas. One such technique is the implementation of green roofs...
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Vol. 51, No. 2, November

A Note (and a Request) from the Editor
As we bring this issue to press (my tenth issue as editor), The Geographical Bulletin continues to change and evolve in exciting ways. For several years now, articles have been available in PDF format through EBSCO s databases; we are now also found...
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Photosystem Stress of Understory Balsam Fir (Abies Balsamea) in Ontario, Canada as Measured by Chlorophyll Fluorescence
INTRODUCTIONFor a number of years there has been substantial interest in the effects of climate change on the environment and ecosystems. Since plants are both abundant and vital components of terrestrial ecosystems, they are often chosen as subjects...
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A New Technique for Predicting the Sky-View Factor for Urban Heat Island Assessment
INTRODUCTIONHuman impacts on climate are welldocumented, including the microclimates of the built environment. Urban winds (Tuller 1995), precipitation (Jauregui and Romales 1996, Lowry 1998) and other elements of the urban climate (Richards and Oke...
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Commentary: The Precarious Position of Teaching as a Graduate Student
INTRODUCTIONWhile often one has a suitable amount of time to develop a course and all of its associated components, there are still many instances, particularly for us graduate students, when we are rather swiftly thrown into the role of professor. In...
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Using Willingness-to-Pay Surveys When Assessing Dam Removal: A New Hampshire Case Study
INTRODUCTIONThe era of dam construction in the United States has effectively ended and has given way to a deconstruction movement in which an increasing number of dams across the county are being targeted. Following a century of dam construction which...
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Vol. 51, No. 1, May

Interview: Douglas Deur
Doug Deur is currently a consultant and research faculty member, working with groups of native peoples on issues relating to tribal knd and resource use, cultural significance of landscapes, and sense of place. Trained in cultural geography and anthropology...
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Geolinguistics: The Incorporation of Geographic Information Systems and Science
INTRODUCTIONGeolinguistics is an interdisciplinary field diat often incorporates language maps depicting spatial patterns of language location or die results of processes that lead to language change. Accordingly, GIS is well-suited for geolinguistic...
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Long-Term Change around SkyTrain Stations in Vancouver, Canada: A Demographic Shift-Share Analysis
INTRODUCTIONGrand public transportation projects garner press and political debate during the planning, construction, and initial operating stages. However, the last stage, the evaluation of impacts, receives the least attention aldiough it is arguably...
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Tropical Deforestation in the Ecuadorian Chocó: Logging Practices and Socio-Spatial Relationships
(ProQuest: ... denotes formula omitted.)INTRODUCTIONRecent research indicates that commercial and subsistence logging are implicated in environmental degradation ranging from local to global scale, and nowhere are these problems more severe than in the...
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Vol. 50, No. 2, November

A Revised Climatically Optimal Major League Baseball Season in North America
INTRODUCTIONConsiderable research has been conducted in recent decades within the realm of sports geography (Rumney 1995, Meyer-Arendt and Lew 2003). Sports climatology is a subfield of sports geography which addresses relationships between climate and...
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Scales of Whiteness and Racial Mixing: Challenging and Confirming Racial Categories
INTRODUCTIONDavid Brunsma (2006) investigates the contrasts between how black-white biracial people self-identify on the Census and how they identify when not confronted with strict categorical limitations. He characterizes these differences as personal...
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Street Trees and Urban Renewal: A Baltimore Case Study
INTRODUCTIONOver the past century and a half, city governments, civic organizations, and neighborhood associations have invested considerable time and energy building and maintaining parks, gardens, and playgrounds. Although support for these amenities...
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Comparison of Recycling Rates of Three Adjacent Communities in St. Clair County, Illinois
INTRODUCTIONIn I960, U.S. residents, businesses, and institutions produced 88.1 million tons of municipal solid waste (MSW), which is 2.7 pounds of waste per person per day. In contrast, in 2005 U.S. residents, businesses, and institutions produced 237.6...
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Vol. 50, No. 1, May

Toward a Non-Totalizing Critique of Capitalism
INTRODUCTIONIn the late 1980s and early 1990s, the academic left found itself in an internal battle over fundamental ep isterno logical and onto logical questions. Michel Foucault, JeanFrancois Lyotard, and Richard Rorty, as well as many others, had...
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Disturbance and Successional Dynamics in an Old-Growth White Pine-Mixed Hardwood Forest in the Great Lakes Region of Minnesota
INTRODUCTIONEastern white pine (Pinus strobus L.) is a tree symbolic of the Great Lakes region. Prior to Euro-American settlement, it was widely distributed over approximately 4 million hectares (Frelich 1995). However, contemporary coverage of white...
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Caught in the Middle: America's Heartland in the Age of Globalism
Caught in the Middle: America's Heartland in the Age of Globalism, by Richard C. Longworth. New York: Bloomsbury USA, 2008. 320 pp. maps, index, endnotes. ISBN: 1596914130 $25.95.Longworth's newest book on globalization tells the grim tale of the United...
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Amazigh Nationalism in the Maghreb
INTRODUCTIONThe Maghreb is a cultural region of Northwestern Africa, generally defined as spanning from Morocco east to Libya, and as far south as Mauritania. The Arabic term al-Maghrib means "the west," and is also the officiai title of the Kingdom...
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