European Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies


Vol. 11, No. 2, December

Subjective Dimension of Mental Health: Psychometric Properties of the Ukrainian Version of Orientation to Happiness Scale
1.IntroductionAlthough the questions on well-being and happiness were raised many centuries before, since Martin Seligman became the APA President in 1998, the focus on positive aspects of mental health started being much clearer. Happiness studies became...
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Assessing the Local Developmental Impact of Hydrocarbon Exploitation in a Mature Region: A Random Forest Approach
1.IntroductionThe impact of natural resource exploitation has been a topic of much debate and controversy, even without taking into account environmental and social dimensions. Economic benefits such as fiscal revenues and job creation have been weighed...
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An Overview of Gender Equality in Egypt
1.IntroductionEgypt ranks among the highest 10 countries in the world with regards to the gender gap (USAID, 2017). It is essential to realize that by undermining half of the potential workforce we are forgoing half of the human capital diminishing -therefore-...
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Dynamics of a Cournot Game with Differentiated Goods and Asymmetric Cost Functions Based on Relative Profit Maximization
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)1.IntroductionAn oligopoly is a market structure between monopoly and perfect competition, where there are only few firms in the market producing homogeneous products. The dynamic of an oligopoly game is more...
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The Balkans as a Hierarchical Market Economy
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)1.IntroductionBalkan countries gained their independence after the collapse of communist regimes across the region. The economies of these countries underwent an enormous economic transformation. In addition,...
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Vol. 11, No. 1, June

The Impact of Individual Behavioural Factors on Tacit Knowledge Retention in Oil and Gas Organisations
1. IntroductionThe oil and gas industry needs to be more effective in retaining the tacit knowledge (knowhow and know-what). Retaining the expert knowledge in oil and gas (O&G) organisations is considered as one of the main knowledge management challenges....
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Protecting Mental Health in the Epoch of Virtualization
1. IntroductionThe huge amount of digital phenomenon stresses the permanently virtualizing character of our way of being: Internet, messengers, social networks, blockchain, cryptocurrency, virtual and added realities, drones, robots, telemedicine and...
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Media Art Therapy as a Helping Tool for the Personality in the Information Age
1. IntroductionMedia and communications play an extremely important role in our life and expand capabilities of every modern person. Nonetheless, there are multiple self-expression and self-affirmation possibilities in modern societies that have their...
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Measuring the Intention to Return to a Foreign Tourism Destination in the Cases of Two Age Layers of Generation Y- a Logistic Regressioncentred Approach. Evidence from Romania and South Africa
1. IntroductionSatisfaction and intention to repurchase have been widely covered in the consumer behaviour literature. Starting from a basic definition of consumer behaviour, emphasising the action and influences related to consumers prior, during and...
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Vol. 10, No. 2, December

Young Romanians: Entrepreneurs in Their Home Country?
1.IntroductionFor the past years, the outward migration phenomenon has become increasingly worrisome for Romania. A number of studies from the United Nations (2018) or Eurostat (2018) have highlighted how the outward migration patterns in Romania have...
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State Formation in Romania: A Successful Story of Nationalism and Centralization, 1848-1864
1.IntroductionIn the year 1858, history witnessed the unlikely formation of a new state at the gates of the Ottoman, Habsburg, and Russian empires: The United Principalities of Moldavia and Wallachia.1 Following several decades of nationalist movement...
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Vol. 10, No. 1, June

The Impact of Intermodal Connectivity of Transport Networks on Net Exports in the European Union Member States
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)1.IntroductionThe net export (balance of trade) is an index that shows an economic relevance on both its sides, as trade surplus and a trade deficit. As a trade surplus, the net export represents one of the main...
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Performance Dissimilarities in the Activity of Foreign and Romanian-Owned Companies: What Lessons to Be Learned?
1.IntroductionThe prerequisites of a country's economic development lie nowadays in the abundance of capital. Public investment sources are often limited by different national interests that tend to be prioritized: the control of the budget deficit,...
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"Destructive Communications" as a Factor of Threat to Pedagogical Employees' Occupational Health
1.IntroductionProfessional communications are an important component of professional pedagogical activity. They define the nature of interpersonal interaction of subjects in the educational environment. In the psychological interpretation, "communication"...
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Prospects of Effective Management of Dementia for Ukraine: Learning from International Experience
1.IntroductionThe rapid aging of the population against the background of increase of longevity affects the formation of economic processes and creates an additional load on both the health care system and the social system. To remain effective and address,...
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Comparative Analysis of Modern Methods of Psychotherapy for Patients with Borderline Personality Disorder
1.BackgroundPersonality disorders have a significant impact on the lives of not only those who have the disorders but also on those who surround them. Personality disorders have been identified as widespread in the global population among all mental...
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Vol. 9, No. 2, December

The Fate of 21st Century Multilateralism
1.IntroductionThe liberalization process, which had been unfolding under the aegis of GATT, has lost momentum with the ninth series in form of the so-called Doha Development Round after all. The ever-lasting Doha Round - initiated in the eponymous Qatari...
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What Hinders Economic Development in Africa?
1.IntroductionMany African countries are abundantly endowed with natural resources in the forms of mineral resources, oil resources (crude oil and gas), agrarian soil for agriculture, etc. Despite these huge endowments, many African countries remain...
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International Standards and National Specificities in Large Economies: USA, China and EU
1.Introduction"A key issue for the economic development and for performance of organizations is the existence of standards. As their definitions and control are source ofpower, it seems to be important to understand the concept and to wonder about the...
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Vol. 9, No. 1, June

A Study of Milk Support Policies in the European Union and in Turkey
1.IntroductionMilk is one of the most important food stuffs in human's nourishment. Income growth and population growth affect dairy consumption positively. As the population grows, per capita consumption of milk increases. Generally consumption of milk...
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The People-Oriented Approach of CSR for the Banking Industry in Romania
1.IntroductionThe concept of corporate social responsibility (CSR) is a topic of great interest in the current global agenda, with multiple meanings and causal variations, being associated in Carroll's research with four significant pillars in the CSR...
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Vol. 8, No. 2, December

Nigeria’s Mono-Cultural Economy: Impact Assessment and Prospects
1.IntroductionNigeria in 2014 attained the status of the foremost economy in Africa, overtaking South Africa which had occupied the position for many years. An assessment of the position attained by Nigeria showed that the revenue from oil exports contributed...
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Opportunities for Innovation Adoption in Art Galleries
1.IntroductionArt galleries undertake in trade (its traditional and electronic forms) as in any other branch of business, only the products they trade are the works of art. It is difficult to maintain the galleries because not only do works of art compete...
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Strategies for Internationalization of Romanian SMEs. Focus on the European Market
1.IntroductionThe accelerated process of globalization in recent decades has determined the world economy to become increasingly integrated, strengthening the global business environment, beyond national and regional environment (Daniels, 2015). Globalization...
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Vol. 8, No. 1, June

The Case of "EMU-Outsiders": Economic and Political Considerations
1.IntroductionThe creation of the Euro as the common currency in the European Union aimed at the increase of economic and financial integration among its member states. In order to be able to use the common currency, adopting countries have to conform...
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CSR Integration into the Financial Economy: A Conceptual Approach
1.IntroductionIn order to provide a structured basis for the CSR reporting process in the financial sector, this paper will clarify the main directions of the CSR theories, integrating a three-level design which starts from the assumption that the most...
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Social Status in Norway and the Law of 'Jante': An Analysis of ISSP Social Inequality Data
1.IntroductionIn 1933, Danish writer Aksel Sandemose's book 'En flyktning krysser sitt spor' was published, with an English translation released in 1936 under the title 'A fugitive crosses his tracks'. Sandemose's novel included a list of ten rules that...
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Vol. 7, No. 2, December

The Role of the Freelance Curator in an Art Exhibition
1. IntroductionModern curation is a rapidly growing profession (Kennedy, 2012). The number of freelance curators who not only want to ensure a fluent course of the project, but also anticipate the "moves ahead", is increasing. They have more "freedom"...
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Economic, Social and Environmental Benefits of Smart Grids
1. IntroductionTo understand the meaning of the benefits that smart grids can bring we must firstly establish our understanding of the concept. Therefore, we begin with the purpose for which smart grids are being installed in the first place. As technologies...
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Rebuilding the Arab Economies: New Regional and Global Strategies
1. IntroductionThe popular uprisings that broke out in several Arab countries at the beginning of 2011 revealed some major problems these countries had been confronted with since many decades, although a range of reforms and policy actions had been introduced...
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Vol. 7, No. 1, June

Learning the "Look-at-You-Go" Moment in Corporate Governance Negotiation Techniques
1. IntroductionThe importance of Popular Culture representations of academic topics has often been marginalized in the existent research. This is mostly based on the fact that an interdisciplinary approach would be required in order to properly account...
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The Role of the Modern University in Supporting the Entrepreneurial Ecosystem
1. IntroductionThe economic literature considers today the entrepreneurship as a determinant factor with a role in economic growth, an engine for development, and the innovative entrepreneurship as a factor that contributes to the economic development,...
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European Welfare State in a Historical Perspective. A Critical Review
Motto:"It is not for the economist, but for the moralist and the philosopher to decide what kind of society we should deem desirable. An industrial society has one thing in abundance, and that is material welfare more than is good for it. If, to uphold...
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The Effects of Enhancing Competitiveness on FDI Inflows in CEE Countries
1. IntroductionFDI are seen as of source of competitiveness through their characteristic of being a capital flow that also provides technology and knowledge transfer from the home to the host country. Through the same channels, foreign investments have...
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Vol. 6, No. 2, December

Integrated Approach to a Resilient City: Associating Social, Environmental and Infrastructure Resilience in Its Whole
1. IntroductionIn the recent decades, natural and manmade disasters became more frequent and with more destructive effects. Secondary consequences of natural disasters such as electrical, heating or water supply breakdowns, failures of communication...
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'Small Is Beautiful', Analysing the Democratising Effect of Localism, Greater Regional Autonomy, Decentralisation and Constitutional Reform
1. IntroductionThis paper is presented in five sections including an introduction, which describes the content of the text. The paper provides critical theory on the causal factors which have created an impetus in some quarters, for the creation of smaller...
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Euroscepticism across Europe: Drivers and Challenges
1. Origins and Evolution of the Euroscepticism PhenomenonIn the years that have elapsed since the first signs of economic instability, people in Europe witnessed budgetary adjustments or banks recovery programs through financial support from the state....
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The Cross-Roads to Digital: Newspaper Models and the Change to an Industry
1. IntroductionThe interest in the newspaper business model is growing as people watch the industry fight for survival in this disruptive information age. Despite investments by companies into the Internet, the revenues gained through online marketing...
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Vol. 6, No. 1, June

A Scoring Tool forWebsites - A Case of Sustainable Organizations
1. IntroductionThere are people who aspire to leave some trace of their efforts behind, that in some way, great or small will make the world a better place for future generations. Companies have begun to realize that they too leave traces behind that...
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Modern Social Science Concepts, Proportionate Reciprocity, Modesty, and Democracy
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)1. IntroductionBook V of Aristotle's (384-322 BC) Nicomachean Ethics has elicited the attention of economists, because it contains Aristotle's economics of exchange. It is the economics implied by the concept...
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Efforts of Controlling Money Laundering of Narcotics Money in Saudi Arabia
1. IntroductionSaudi Arabia is a strong economy country in the Arabian Gulf region. This is because it is home to the world's biggest oil reservoirs. Its economy is diverse, engulfing domestic and international investments and businesses. Unlike most...
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CAGE Analysis of China's Trade Globalization
1. IntroductionHelpman and Krugman (1987) argued that the Heckscher-Ohlin (H-O) model of international trade was incapable of providing a foundation, and it is theoretically inconsistent with the gravity equation. However, Deardorff (1998) argued that...
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Vol. 5, No. 2, December

The Key Drivers Behind Novo Nordisk's Growth in the Diabetes Market in China
1. Diabetes Treatment Market in ChinaChina recently became the world capital of diabetes surpassing the United States for patients diagnosed with either diabetes or pre-diabetes condition. A preliminary study conducted in China by International Diabetes...
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Macroeconomics and Human Development
Macroeconomics and Human DevelopmentDeepak NayyarMicroeconomics and Human Development pursue to tackle both negative and positive effects of macroeconomics on human development and vice-versa through a series of external and internal factors. From the...
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What Policy Actors Seek For: Reciprocal Misunderstanding of Objectives of Participatory Decision Making
1. IntroductionIn the twenty-first century, voting is no longer a sufficient way for political engagement and more instruments are required in order to enhance the public participation ensuring an interactive decision making process. Participation, involvement...
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Product Innovation Strategies on Emerging Markets: Bringing Theory and Practice Together
1. Product Innovation: Some Theoretical ConsiderationsInnovation seems to be a hot topic today, in all fields of activity. Product innovation, in particular, is considered to be a necessity on the highly competitive developed markets and for emerging...
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Vol. 5, No. 1, June

The Use of New Technologies for the Collection of Statistical Information in Romania
1. IntroductionWeb-based information collection will increasingly be important for any statistical information collection, addressed to any reporting domain. The web-surveys are the most used application of web-based data collection. Web survey response...
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Social Capital. Trust and Ideology
1. IntroductionWhilst it is true that there are a number of various definitions of social capital, it is fair to say that the core meaning of the notion is that of a web of social relationships in a community based on trust. The latter is the subject...
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The Effects of Foreign Direct Investments for Host Country's Economy
1. Introduction: The Benefits of FDI for Host Country's EconomyDeveloping counties, emerging economies and countries in transition, due to advantages related to FDI have liberalized their FDI regime and followed best policies to attract investment. It...
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Approaching Service Innovation Patterns
1. IntroductionInnovation is a concept framed in the field literature by Joseph Schumpeter in his works regarding economic development. Even if Schumpeter first defined innovation more than 70 years ago, there are still some difficulties narrowing the...
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Vol. 4, No. 2, December

Best Practices in Universities' Regional Engagement. towards Smart Specialisation
1. IntroductionAccording to the EU Agenda for the modernization of Europe's higher education institutions, linking universities, research and business for excellence and regional development is a key issue for Member States and higher education institutions....
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Usage of the European Funds for Agricultural and Countryside Development in Romanian Rural Areas
1. IntroductionFollowing the acceptance as European Union (EU) country, the agriculture and rural issues of the new accepted countries will receive major attention from the rest of the EU. Czyzewski and Stepien (2011) sustain that the intended reforms...
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Spatial and Systemic Perspectives on Innovation
1. IntroductionThe economic crisis that started in 2008 opened new discussion chapters and brought again into attention the importance of productivity, new sources for competitive advantages or the need for investments in research, development and innovation....
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Impact of the Qualitative and Quantitative Aspects of Human Activity on the Ecosystem: Demonstration through the Use of Ecological Footprint Approach
1. IntroductionThe interest granted to the impact of human activities on ecosystems and the planet, has led to the creation of the Ecological Footprint Indicator (EFI). Several definitions of this concept exist, all based on the needs required for an...
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Vol. 4, No. 1, June

Labour Market between Formal and Informal
Labour Market between Formal and Informal Silvia PISICA, Valentina VASILE, Vergil VOINEAGUNational economy is functioning and generates results both in formal ("official") area and in the informal ("unregulated", "unofficial", "unstructured") area of...
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Requirements for Participatory Framework on Governmental Policy Level
1. IntroductionParticipation as one of democratic values and as a prerequisite for democracy has different forms. The variety of the forms, the extent of application, its efficiency and results depend on a state's historical context, traditions of democracy,...
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A VAR Analysis on the Monetary Policy Transmission Mechanism in Romania
1. Monetary Policy Transmission Mechanism: Theory and EvidenceThe TheoryThe revival of the monetary policy theory started with the work of Milton Friedman and Anna Jacobson Schwartz - A Monetary History of the United States 1867-1960 in which they adopted...
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Essentials of University Strategy Development in the Field of Lifelong Learning
1. IntroductionThe topic of lifelong learning strategy development in universities was researched across several European countries following initiatives formulated at national / regional or EU level. Three major projects in this field were developed...
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Vol. 3, No. 2, December

Knowledge Circulation between Universities, Public Research Organizations and Business in the EU 27. Drivers, Barriers, Actions to Be Put Forward
1. IntroductionAs producers of knowledge, universities and public research institutions have a key-role in driving the objectives of the cross - cutting strategy Europe 2020. To this end, through the Innovation Union flagship initiative, it is envisaged...
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Some Empirical Aspects regarding the Relationship between Inflation and Economic Growth in Romania - the Speed Limit Effect
1. Inflation and the Economic GrowthRecent work on the design of monetary policy reflects a general consensus on the appropriate objectives of monetary policy; the monetary authorities as well as the majority of observers, and even politicians, perceive...
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The Investigation of the Role of Universities in Providing Lifelong Learning in Romania
1. IntroductionThe concept of lifelong learning was emphasized by the European Commission as a way to achieve the aim 'to make the EU the most competitive and dynamic knowledge-based economy in the world capable of sustainable economic growth with more...
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Roma in Serbia after the Collapse of Yugoslavia: Political Implications and Media Silence on Racial Violence
4. The Roma Issue and EuropeThe Roma are the largest ethnic minority in Europe with official estimates up to 12 million (Bereny, 2010). Roma people, the most unique and the oldest non-European minority with origins in India, are widely dispersed throughout...
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Vol. 3, No. 1, June

Lean Thinking and Transferring Lean Management - the Best Defence against an Economic Recession?
1. IntroductionThe lean philosophy is all about eliminating waste and synchronizing necessities in order to, on the short and long term, meet the requirements of the market. The lean philosophy is expressed in several different statements: achieving...
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Global Innovation - Lessons Learned from the Novo Nordisk Case
1. Introduction and MethodThe forces of globalization are continuously changing the business landscape. Outsourcing and offshoring have been used by multinationals for decades. Global value chains stretch across the world and incorporate a diverse range...
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Insurance Companies' Solvency Management within De Framework of Logistic Capital Management Theory
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)1. IntroductionInsurance in the modern economy and society is one of the most important business and social environment elements, constituting conditions for stability and continuity of businesses and individuals...
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Vol. 2, No. 2, December

From International Trade to Firm Internationalization
IntroductionLiterature's development on the transnational companies starts from the theories of international trade, where from, in time, theories on foreign direct investments (FDI) and theories on firm internationalization, two interdependent aspects,...
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An Introduction to Hypersensitive Analysis by AMS
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)1. IntroductionThe modern society, through its permanent development, encourages rapid absorption of the newest scientific progress, encouraging discoveries with worldwide applications in different human fields....
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Energy Insecurity Crisis: The Case of Georgia
1. Energy, a Reason for WarIt is of an indisputable importance that energy resources, oil included, are a product of strategic importance. No modern Defense Force can be maintained and no military conflict can be conducted without significant oil reserves....
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Sustainable Development Strategies in Domestic and International Tourism
1. IntroductionThis paper aims to address strategies for sustainable development of tourism both domestically and internationally. The tourism industry has accepted the concept of sustainable development and has adopted the concept of sustainable tourism....
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The Organisational Structure of Telecommunications Companies Case Study: The OTE Group
1. Introduction:Group structure and organization of OTE Telecommunications CompanyHellenic Telecommunication Organization SA (OTE SA) is a traditional supplier of telecommunications services in Greece, which forms, together with its subsidiaries, one...
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Foreign Direct Investment Theories: An Overview of the Main FDI Theories
IntroductionNowadays the issue of foreign direct investments is being paid more attention, both at national and international level. There are many theoretical papers that examine foreign direct investments (FDI)'s issues, and main research on the motivations...
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Vol. 2, No. 1, June

Product or Brand? How Interrelationship between Customer Satisfaction and Customer Loyalty Work
1. IntroductionFitzell (1998), Reynolds and Beatty (1999) Sivadas and Baker-Prewitt (2000), Bravo et al (2005), Vasquez-Parraga and Alonso ( 2000) Zamora et al (2004), Torres-Moraga et al (2008) theoretical and empirical studies have shown that consumer...
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Stress in a Changing World of Work
1. Change - a Factor of Progress and / or StressThe rapid pace of change in all areas of life (not only economic, technological but also of the social relations, lifestyle, mentalities, values, and ideals) in recent decades has become a certainty. Being...
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The Entrenchment of Clientelistic Practices: Methodological and Conceptual Issues of Transferability
1. IntroductionThis paper addresses the issue of conceptual and methodological transferability in political science. It is an increasing dilemma, as new complex and dynamic ways of obtaining and organizing data emerge. The main concept under discussion...
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Foreign Direct Investments and the Economic Crisis in Romania
1. The Global Economic Crisis - from the Subprime Crisis to the Crisis of Central and Eastern Europe States' EconomiesThe subprime crisis does not have its origins in the complex financial system of the 21st century, but, in a paradoxical way, it draws...
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Interdisciplinary Relationships in the "Politehnica" University of Bucharest
1. IntroductionInterdisciplinarity, as the result of modern society's demands, is continuously evolving by knowledge addition in different researching domains turning into a co-operation between scientific matters. Interdisciplinary relationships can...
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Vol. 1, No. 1, December

In the space of academic publication, this journal aims to reach a new field of inquiry, interdisciplinary academic research. Interdisciplinary academic research is a way of improving the quality of education, due to the fact that it targets the development...
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The Interdisciplinarity in the Romanian Medical Research
The term "interdisciplinarity" appeared fairly late in the current language, for which reason it was not included in the Romanian dictionary of modern language dating 1958. The term was to be found only in 1978 in the Dictionary of Neologism (F. Marcu...
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Interdisciplinary Research in Action. the Case of the University "Constantin Brancoveanu" of Pitesti
1. Introduction: Interdisciplinarity vs. trans-, cross-, pluri- and multi-disciplinarityInterdisciplinary thinking is rapidly becoming an integral feature of research as a result offour powerful "drivers the inherent complexity of nature and society,...
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Interdisciplinarity Implications in the Graduate Educational System
Being the key to problem solving in our knowledge and technology-based society, science is dependent on our society problems. In this context, the boom of science demands an interdisciplinary approach of science, in order to promote all the objectives...
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Optical Techniques for Monitoring Tumour Response to Photodynamic Therapy
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)1. IntroductionOne of the biggest problems in medical world for many years is cancer, the second mortality cause in the world. In Romania, there is an accelerated increase of malign tumours number in the last...
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