Homeland Security Affairs

Articles from Vol. 7, No. 1, 2011

A Guide for Homeland Security Instructors Preparing Physical Critical Infrastructure Protection Courses
IntroductionOver the past fifty years, as societies became more interconnected and interdependent, our government recognized the importance of protecting the infrastructures that are essential to the functioning of the nation. In 1963, President Kennedy...
Americus, Georgia: The Case Study of Disasters Serving the Role of Facilitators and Expeditors of Progress and Betterment
INTRODUCTIONThere is a long standing debate - between emergency management professionals and among academics - on the subject of whether local communities are generally better off before or after being struck by a natural disaster. This question has...
Application of Social Network Analysis Methods to Quantitatively Assess Exercise Coordination
IntroductionCoordination, or lack thereof, has been identified as a key bottleneck in effective management of disasters such as Hurricane Katrina.1 Large-scale events frequently demand more complex forms of organization, larger quantities of resources,...
Balancing the Risks, Benefits, and Costs of Homeland Security
IntroductionIn seeking to evaluate the effectiveness of the massive increases in homeland security expenditures since the terrorist attacks on the United States of September 11, 2001, the common and urgent query has been "are we safer?" This, however,...
Baton Rouge Post-Katrina: The Role of Critical Infrastructure Modeling in Promoting Resilience
INTRODUCTION: CIPDSS Validation Study as an Occasion for Monitoring ResilienceA common definition of resilience is "the capability of a system to maintain its functions and structure in the face of internal and external change and to degrade gracefully...
Changing Homeland Security: In 2010, Was Homeland Security Useful?
What do the concept of homeland security and the intellectual program surrounding that concept actually contribute to the nation's security?Since 2004 I have asked each new homeland security class at the Naval Postgraduate School what is working in homeland...
Dual Status Command for No-Notice Events: Integrating the Military Response to Domestic Disasters
It has now been five years since Hurricane Katrina. In that time, we have seen a flurry of documents identifying domestic response lessons for our nation's military, catalogued in reports by the House, Senate, White House, commissions and think tanks....
Homeland Security in Real-Time: The Power of the Public and Mobile Technology
IntroductionCrises are unpredictable events that demand adaptation and flexibility. During a crisis, many communication experts contend that the public engages in information-seeking behaviors to reduce uncertainty.1 Research indicates that effective...
Letter to the Editor: Security for Artisans
Security is receptive to scientific advance, but is no field for scientists to dominate. The exigencies of protection are too fluid and the stakes too high for submitting one's livelihood, assets, or life to rigid metrics and laboratory-grade theories...
Letter to the Editor: Social Determinants of Community Preparedness and Resiliency
Understanding the social determinants of community health is frequently discussed these days in public health circles as a means for constructing effective and long-term preventive strategies associated with reduction of acute and chronic disease and...
National Preparedness Requirements: Harnessing Management System Standards
IntroductionIt may well be time for a fundamental change in national preparedness guidelines and their requirements, moving from centralized to decentralized governance via management system standards. Over the past decade, the federal government's national...
Preparedness Exercises 2.0: Alternative Approaches to Exercise Design That Could Make Them More Useful for Evaluating -- and Strengthening -- Preparedness
IntroductionPreparedness exercises play a significant role in the national preparedness system. In the Federal Emergency Management Agency's Comprehensive Preparedness Guide-101, exercises are identified as a central element of an area's effort to refine...
Protecting Sensitive Information: The Virtue of Self-Restraint
INTRODUCTIONLess than a year after the Cold War ended, one of its best-kept secrets came to light when the hidden purpose of West Virginia's Greenbrier Hotel was revealed in the Washington Post.1 Beneath the hotel was a massive bunker built to house...
Special Report: Key Issues from the UAPI Continental Security Conference
"He that will not apply new remedies must expect new evils"Sir Francis BaconIntroduction and BackgroundThe University and Agency Partnership Initiative (UAPI) of the Center for Homeland Defense and Security conducted its first ever Continental Security...
Terrorist to Tyrant
"No ruling class has ever voluntarily and peacefully abdicated. In questions of life and death, arguments based on reason have never replaced the arguments of force."Leon Trotsky 1INTRODUCTIONIn a July 2010 lecture, former FBI Deputy Director for the...
The Power of "The Few": A Key Strategic Challenge for the Permanently Disrupted High-Tech Homeland Security Environment
To a greater degree than at any point in history, individuals and small groups ? from nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) on the one hand to criminal networks and terrorist organizations on the other ? have the ability to engage the world with far-reaching...
Twitter, Facebook, and Ten Red Balloons: Social Network Problem Solving and Homeland Security
IntroductionOn December 6, 2009, the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) held a competition designed to, in their words, "explore the role the Internet and social networking plays in the timely communication, wide area team-building and...
With a Disaster, Pain Is Inevitable, but Suffering Is Optional
In the early morning hours of September 13, 2008, Hurricane Ike made landfall over Galveston Island, Texas. The National Hurricane Center described Hurricane Ike as a very large and dangerous storm. Its winds extended outward from the storm's center...
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