Reading Horizons (Online)

Articles

Vol. 56, No. 2, Summer

Effects of a Technology-Assisted Reading Comprehension Strategy Intervention for English Learners with Learning Disabilities
In classrooms today, diversity is present not only in terms of cultural membership, racial background, or ability level but also in terms of students' linguistic backgrounds and language-learning histories. More than 4.5 million children in U.S. public...
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Writing with Parents in Response to Picture Book Read-Alouds
Dear Child,Every moment of life you experience is precious. I get lost in thought thinking about the past. I know you notice because I stare at you sometimes and you ask me why I do it. I always tell you.A mother wrote this letter to her daughter in...
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Vol. 56, No. 3, Summer

"This I Believe" about the Teaching of Writing: Secondary Teachers' Digital Essays about Their Pedagogical Understandings
I sort of can't believe that I am writing this, but...if we had all turned in essays instead of videos, the richness of the learning, experiences, and personalities in the room on Tuesday would have suffered. I can't ignore that, and I won't forget it...
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Exploring Effective Professional Development Strategies for In-Service Teachers on Guiding Beginning Readers to Become More Metacognitive in Their Oral Reading
In our current educational climate, teachers are required to demonstrate increased student performance in reading, sometimes at the expense of developing an inner awareness and self-regulation of learning (Borkowski, 1992; Brandmo & Berger, 2013;...
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Vol. 56, No. 4, Summer

Teachers' Experiences Providing One-on-One Instruction to Struggling Readers
Many students in U.S. schools continue to struggle with basic reading. According to the recent National Assessment of Educational Progress (NCES, 2015) data, more than one-third of fourth-grade students fail to exhibit a basic level of reading achievement....
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Understanding Parents' Attitudes towards Complexity in Children's Books
IntroductionParents play a central role in the selection of books for their children. They accept or reject their children's suggestions, influence their children's choices, and permit or don't permit the borrowing or buying of specific books (Švab,...
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Fostering Effective and Engaging Literature Discussions
As a literacy coach, one of my favorite aspects of literacy to train, model, and coach was literature discussion groups. As the teachers in my building grew in their abilities to lead, and scaffold students into leading, I was constantly amazed at the...
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Professional Development for Educators to Promote Literacy Development of English Learners: Valuing Home Connections
Children's first and most important teachers are their parents and caretakers in their home environment. They, along with the family and community, "are the foundations of literacy development in the life of the child" (Herrera, Perez, & Escamilla,...
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Vol. 56, No. 1, 2017

Popular Culture and Academic Literacies Situated in a Pedagogical Third Space
When I was picking songs I had to listen to them and deconstruct the lyrics which helps me better understand the mood, tone, and message of the songs. I had to think about the figurative message of the song to make better connections while thinking "outside...
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A Socio-Psycholinguistic Perspective on Biliteracy: The Use of Miscue Analysis as a Culturally Relevant Assessment Tool
Researchers and educators place the assessment of bilingual readers under a microscope. The overidentification and the mislabeling of bilingual students to special education and other remedial services call for more culturally and pedagogically relevant...
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Implementation of Common Core-Based Curriculum in a Fourth-Grade Literacy Classroom: An Exploratory Study
In 2009, the National Governors Association Center for Best Practices (NGACBP) and the Council of Chief State School Officers (CCSSO) commissioned a set of national content guidelines now known as the Common Core State Standards (CCSS); the standards...
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Learning to Facilitate Highly Interactive Literary Discussions to Engage Students as Thinkers
Scholars advocate teaching instructional practices systematically as a central focus of teacher preparation (Ball & Forzani, 2009; Grossman, Compton, Igra, Ronfeldt, Shahan et al., 2009). For example, learning to facilitate interactive whole-class...
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Vol. 55, No. 2, 2016

"It's Just Too Sad!": Teacher Candidates' Emotional Resistance to Picture Books
"It's just too sad!": Teacher candidates' emotional resistance to picture booksAs teacher candidates enter the world of children's literature during their teacher preparation program, they are often excited at the nostalgia for books they loved and enjoyed...
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Choice and Rigor: Achieving a Balance in Middle School Reading/Language Arts Classrooms in the Era of the Common Core
Creating spaces for literacyWhile working as a literacy coach in a suburban school district in the Midwestern United States, I listened as students entered their reading class, having animated discussions about the books they were reading. Many were...
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Creating Spaces for Literacy, Creating Spaces for Learning
Creating spaces for literacy, creating spaces for learningIntroductionIf literacy is defined as the "ability to read, write, understand and interpret, and discuss multiple texts across multiple contexts," (International Reading Association, 2012) then...
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Pre-Service Teachers' Growth in Understandings of Best Practice Literacy Instruction through Paired Course and Field Experience
Pre-Service Teachers' Growth In Understandings of Best Practice Literacy Instruction Through Paired Course and Field ExperienceIntroductionToday's struggling readers will face many obstacles as they progress through school. These may include a higher...
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Vol. 55, No. 1, 2016

English-Spanish Cognates in the Charlotte Zolotow Award Picture Books: Vocabulary, Morphology, and Orthography Lessons for Latino ELLs
English-Spanish Cognates in the Charlotte Zolotow Award Picture Books: Vocabulary, Morphology, and Orthography Lessons for Latino ELLsLatino English Language Learners (ELLs) are among the fastest growing groups in the United States. Many Latino ELLs...
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The Contribution of Morphological Knowledge to 7th Grade Students' Reading Comprehension Performance
The Contribution of Morphological Knowledge to 7th Grade Students' Reading Comprehension PerformanceWhat is Morphology?Morphology generally refers to how words are formed and how they fit together into the syntactic structure of sentences to create meaning....
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Motivated to Engage: Learning from the Literacy Stories of Preservice Teachers
Motivated to Engage: Learning from the Literacy Stories of Preservice TeachersClassroom teachers act as important gatekeepers of literacy access, knowledge, and motivation for elementary learners, with an influence sometimes extending well beyond students'...
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Reading Comprehension Strategies in Secondary Content Area Classrooms: Teacher Use of and Attitudes towards Reading Comprehension Instruction
In today's middle and high schools, a significant number of students struggle with the complex academic and literacy tasks they encounter in their content area classes. According to the Alliance for Excellent Education, approximately 8 million students...
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Vol. 55, No. 3, 2016

Fictional Narratives about Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder: Focus Group Analysis and Insight
Fictional Narratives about Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder: Focus Group Analysis and InsightIn the past two years, there has been a 30% increase in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) diagnoses throughout the country with 1 in 68 children now being...
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Making Meaning with Friends: Exploring the Function, Direction and Tone of Small Group Discussions of Literature in Elementary School Classrooms
Making Meaning with Friends: Exploring the Function, Direction and Tone of Small Group Discussions of Literature in Elementary ClassroomsFor decades, researchers have argued that comprehension is an active and constructive process. Viewing literature...
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Exploring How Secondary Pre-Service Teachers' Use Online Social Bookmarking to Envision Literacy in the Disciplines
IntroductionDisciplinary literacy, or an emphasis on literacy particular to learning in the academic disciplines, has become a focus of research when considering how to best support literacy in middle and secondary grades, where content is prioritized...
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The Common Core Writing Standards: A Descriptive Study of Content and Alignment with A Sample of Former State Standards
Standards-based reform efforts aim to increase student achievement through specification of academic content standards that alter what occurs in classrooms (Hamilton & Stecher, 2006; Stecher, Hamilton, & Gonzalez, 2003). Cohen (1995) argues that...
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Vol. 54, No. 2, 2015

Spelling Instruction in the Primary Grades: Teachers' Beliefs, Practices, and Concerns
IntroductionEarly 20th century spelling instruction, based on a view that English orthography was essentially irregular, focused on rote memorization of word lists (Templeton & Morris, 2000). In the latter half of the 20th century, however, the focus...
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Methodological Status and Trends in Expository Text Structure Instruction Efficacy Research
Text structure refers to the organization of information within both narrative and expository text (Kintsch, 1974; Meyer, 1975). Recognizing and understanding narrative and expository text structures helps the reader mentally organize and comprehend...
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Enhancing Nonfiction Reading Comprehension through Online Book Discussions
As a teacher educator, I'm sometimes asked to assist teachers who are struggling or frustrated. Often these situations involve a teacher who has a desire to learn effective, new strategies, as well as requests for incorporating the Common Core State...
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Successfully Promoting 21st Century Online Research Skills: Interventions in 5th-Grade Classrooms
The 21st Century skills and strategies needed to read and do research online are multifaceted, and require sophisticated and complex application in online environments (Afflerbach & Cho, 2009; Leu, Kinzer, Coiro, Castek, & Henry, 2013). Informational...
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Vol. 54, No. 1, 2015

Similar Settings, Different Story Lines: The Positioning of ESL Teachers in Two Middle Schools
Background and Purpose of StudyWith the increasing numbers of English Language Learners (ELLs) in schools across the United States, research has documented the benefits of collaboration between English as a second language (ESL) teachers with their content...
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Fifth Graders Blog with Preservice Teachers to Discuss Literature
Writing workshop is a busy time in any classroom. The sounds of pencils scratch along the page, the computer keyboards click-clack, and the quiet hum of group discussions fills the air. Students work independently and collaboratively to brainstorm, draft,...
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Selecting Words for Instruction during Primary Read-Alouds
Reading aloud to children is commonly accepted as a means of building vocabulary, particularly with emergent and beginning readers (Biemiller & Boote, 2006) and is a recommended practice in early childhood classrooms (International Reading Association...
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Affirmation, Analysis, and Agency: Book Clubs as Spaces for Critical Conversations with Young Adolescent Women of Color
Books are powerful catalysts in the psyches of adolescent readers who may forge character alliances as they analyze relationships and behaviors (Rosenblatt, 1995). Through characters' experiences, students embrace or critique a myriad of scenarios during...
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Vol. 53, No. 4, Winter

Editors' Letter to Readers
Dear Readers,Before we provide a brief overview of the articles in this issue of Reading Horizons, we wanted to share some exciting developments about the journal: Reading Horizons is now completely on-line and open-access. This is significant for several...
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Addressing the 'Shift': Preparing Preservice Secondary Teachers for the Common Core
IntroductionThe Common Core State Standards for English/Language Arts and Literacy in History/Social Studies, Science, and Technical Subjects [CCSS] (National Governors Association Center for Best Practices & Council of Chief State School Officers,...
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"Do You Have a Brother? I Have Two!": The Nature of Questions Asked and Answered in Text Focused Pen Pal Exchanges
"Do you have a brother? I have two!": The Nature of Questions Asked and Answered in Text Focused Pen Pal ExchangesMaria, a fourth grader, eagerly opens the letter from her adult pen pal (APP). This is the second letter she has received and she is already...
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A Formative Study: Inquiry and Informational Text with Fifth-Grade Bilinguals
Katie, a fifth-grade teacher at a local bilingual elementary school, requested assistance in promoting engagement with reading and writing informational texts in her classroom. As with every classroom, there are varying amounts of flexibility allowed...
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Preserving Social Justice Identities: Learning from One Pre-Service Literacy Teacher
IntroductionAs public elementary schools become more diverse in terms of student population, U.S. teacher demographics remain relatively stable as White and female (Feistritzer, 2011). For pre- service elementary literacy teachers who fit within the...
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Vol. 53, No. 3, Fall

Grades Five and Six Students' Representation of Meaning in Collaborative Wiki Writing
This research took place in a classroom setting where two grades 5 and 6 teachers co-taught a social studies unit involving students in collaborative research and writing on a wiki. The inspiration for our study was the action research that we conducted...
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Letter to Readers
Dear Readers,As we reflect on our first year as editors, we would like to thank the many scholars who have submitted their research to Reading Horizons to share with our readership. We also would like to thank our Editorial Review Board, many who are...
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Understanding Literacy Teacher Educators' Use of Scaffolding
In today's diverse schools, meeting the individual needs of students is one of the most challenging aspects of teaching. Instructional scaffolding is a powerful tool that many teachers utilize to meet the challenge. Many educators consider scaffolding...
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Capitalizing on Social and Transactional Learning to Challenge First-Grade Readers
As I reflected on the ways my students learn about literature, I decided to seek something that would allow my independent readers to think and talk more deeply about the stories they were reading. I have used guided reading groups in my classroom for...
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Stepping into Science Fiction: Understanding the Genre
Your reading processes vary by genre. Reading is genre-specific. (Duke, Caughlan, Juzwik, & Martin, 2012, p. 35)What exactly is science fiction and how can a reader figure that out? Students in a fifth grade classroom explored multiple genres throughout...
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Vol. 53, No. 2, Summer

Second Graders' Interpretation of Character in Picture Book Illustrations
Characters in picture books often are the most memorable element of stories. Curious George, Peter Rabbit, and Frog and Toad are likely to be remembered long past the primary years and after most book titles have been forgotten. Students often relate...
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Running Title: Coaching Teachers of English Language Learners
Schools in the United States have been faced with rapidly changing student demographics over the last decade. In particular, there has been a large increase in the number of English language learners (ELLs). The ELL population has grown by 60% making...
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Note from Co-Editors of Reading Horizons
Dear Readers,It has been only a few short months since we took over as the new co-editors of Reading Horizons. The learning curve has been steep, but we are excited to say that things are moving ahead with impressive speed. We wanted to share with you...
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Helping Elementary Teachers to Think Aloud
There are many steps between knowing what an effective teaching strategy is, and knowing how to do it. The more I prepared and tried out think alouds, the more confident I became in my knowledge that this was something I both should do and could do.Ms....
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Text Complexity: The Importance of Building the Right Staircase
With the release of the Common Core State Standards (CCSS) last year, the topic of text complexity has entered the discourse of classroom teachers across the country. In order to help narrow the achievement gap and prepare students for college and the...
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Vol. 53, No. 1, Spring

Editors' Letter to Readers
Dear Readers,As the new co-editors of Reading Horizons, we would like to introduce ourselves and our commitment to continue the successful publication of this internationally recognized peerreviewed journal. Dr. Karen Thomas served tirelessly as editor...
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Making Their Voices Count: Using Students' Perspectives to Inform Literacy Instruction for Striving Middle Grade Readers with Academic Difficulties
Introduction"Once you get into that book [Bridge to Terabithia], you can sink your teeth inside and not let go until you read the whole thing!" These words, spoken by an eighth grade struggling reader, Jay, are what every language arts teacher would...
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How Three Schools View the Success of Literacy Coaching: Teachers', Principals' and Literacy Coaches' Perceived Indicators of Success
Literacy coaches are educators who work with teachers to improve both teaching and student learning in literacy. Within the last decade, literacy coaching has become a popular form of professional development utilized in schools in Canada and the United...
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Reading Is a Blast!
There has long been a close relationship between public libraries and public schools. Often it is based on the material resources that the public library is able to provide to teachers, with the latter borrowing bags of books every few weeks to supplement...
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Vol. 52, No. 4, September/October

Examining the Forces That Guide Teaching Decisions
Teachers, not programs make the difference in student learning (see Allington, 2002; Hattie, 2003), and in an age of increased accountability and scripted instructional programs, mandated curricula often profoundly influence teachers' instructional decisions...
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Socializing Young Readers: A Content Analysis of Body Size Images in Caldecott Medal Winners
IntroductionWhen you think about books that touched you as a young child, do you visualize the images, or do you think about the words? Can you see the grass around the little house in The Little House by Virginia Lee Burton? The colors created a peacefulness...
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Reading Preferences and Perceptions of Urban Eighth Graders
BackgroundMarisol, a middle-secondary urban educator (pseudonyms are used), stopped by my office at Midwest University with some concerns:Marisol: My students don't read much. I am sure if they read more, their test scores would be higher. Maybe reading...
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The Impact of Social Interaction on Student Learning
The Impact of Social Interaction on Student LearningToday s students have taken to social networking like fish to water; yet, from our perspectives, there is little social interaction taking place in many of today s classrooms from kindergarten through...
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