The Journal of Best Practices in Health Professions Diversity

This journal focuses on factors that promote or constrain the development and sustainability of a diverse health professions workforce. The journal is directed toward educators, policy makers, and the health community.

Articles

Vol. 12, No. 2, Fall

Unprecedented Times: Advancing Minority Concerns in the Midst of COVID-19
As this issue goes to press, our nation is facing unprecedented times. We are in the midst of a global pandemic. Since December 2019, more than 6.1 million cases of COVID-19 have been confirmed worldwide, including 1.8 million in the United States (Johns...
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When History Is Our Lesson
History serves as a lesson only when we learn from it. In 1918, the world experienced a horrific flu pandemic. Close to 500 million people became infected; deaths were estimated as at least 50 million worldwide with about 675,000 in the United States,...
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An Urban School District-University-Industry Partnership to Increase Diversity in the Health Professions: Lesson Learned from the University of Kansas Health Science Academy
INTRODUCTION Partnerships between schools and outside agencies are an increasing educational trend but far from new. The 2001 No Child Left Behind Act revitalized the Educational Partnership Act of 1988 by identifying community, family, university, and...
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Are Demographic Factors Associated with Diabetes Risk Perception and Preventive Behavior?
INTRODUCTION In 2012, an estimated 86 million, or 1 in 3, American adults had prediabetes, an intermediate state of hyperglycemia with glycemic parameters above normal but below the diabetes threshold (American Diabetes Association [ADA], 2016; Centers...
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Improving Rehabilitation Counselors' Knowledge of Co-Occurring Disorders, Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment Practices
INTRODUCTION Substance-use disorders as primary or co-occurring disabilities affect the rehabilitation process and pose significant challenges for both the consumer and the counselor. Compounding the problem, some consumers use substances at levels that...
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African American Nursing Students' Perceptions of Their Professional Image in the Media
INTRODUCTION Nurses help to make the US healthcare system function efficiently and effectively. The approximately three million nurses in the United States include both registered nurses (RNs) and licensed practical nurses (LPNs). Although the nursing...
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The American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) Leadership and Diversity Training Program (LDTP): Harnessing Mentorship to Diversify Organizational Leadership
INTRODUCTION In the early 1950s, British epidemiologists demonstrated that adults in physically active occupations had lower rates of coronary heart disease than those in sedentary occupations (Morris, Heady, Raffle, Roberts, & Parks, 1953). In the...
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Tips for Building a Pathway to Medicine for Underrepresented Minority Students
INTRODUCTION Within 25 years, racial and ethnic minorities will outnumber non-Hispanic Whites in the US population (Colby & Ortman, 2015). Minorities currently account for nearly 40 percent, and as this value continues to rise, health professionals...
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Becoming a Mental Health Therapist
Ubuntu--a South African proverb that when loosely translated means 'I am because you are, and because you are, I am.' When I consider how I stumbled into the mental health field, I know for certain that divine intervention led me to become the professional...
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Vol. 12, No. 1, Spring

Diversifying the Healthcare Workforce Can Mitigate Health Disparities
National data on health and related health behaviors consistently show higher rates of morbidity and mortality among individuals from racial/ethnic subgroups compared to Whites (National Center for Health Statistics, 2016, 2018). Over the past few decades,...
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In the Pipeline vs on the Pathway
A Google search of the phrase in the pipeline finds that it dates back to 1859 and means "in the process of being completed, delivered, or produced." One example given: "the biggest heroin pipeline in history." Another: "Affirmative action and educational...
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Analysis of the Curriculum of a Summer Pipeline Program for Economically Disadvantaged Premedical Students in the Bronx, NY
INTRODUCTION Racial and ethnic health disparities are a growing concern for the United States (Chin et al., 2012; Flores & Tomany-Korman, 2008; Mead et al., 2008), and increasing the diversity of the US physician and allied health professional workforce...
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Perceived Risk of Cardiovascular Disease and Health Behaviors in Black College Students
INTRODUCTION Cardiovascular disease (CVD), including heart disease and stroke, is the leading cause of death in the United States and disproportionately affects Blacks (Benjamin et al., 2017). An estimated 92.1 million US adults have at least one type...
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Using Simulation to Teach Biosafety and Interprofessional Principles to Students Underrepresented in the Healthcare Professions
INTRODUCTION According to the US Census Bureau, the nation is becoming more racially and ethnically diverse. In 2018, 60.7 percent of Americans self-identified as non-Hispanic White. By 2060, estimates suggest that this former majority will comprise...
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Impact of Physical and Occupational Therapy Interventions on Health-Related Quality of Life in Patients Receiving Treatment in a Pro-Bono Clinic: A Pilot Study
INTRODUCTION Many adults face daily physical challenges due to participating in activities of daily living, such as work, childcare, and homemaking. These challenges can lead to musculoskeletal pain and symptoms (Sandberg et al., 2012; Strazdins &...
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Time to Reconsider the Word Minority in Academic Medicine
As a Latina who has been in higher education and academic medicine for 19 years, I have always felt uncomfortable with the word minority. It felt like a label, a judgment about my background, my education, and my accomplishments. I was troubled by the...
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"Everybody Has a Purpose": A Conversation with Rev. William Kearney
On November 5, 2018, Reverend William Kearney presented a lecture on the campus of Winston-Salem State University (WSSU), "Warren County: Telling Our Story, Building Our Future," as part of the Creating Sustainable Communities Seminar and Speakers Series....
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The BioCORE Scholars Program: Improving Persistence and Academic Performance of Underrepresented Students in Biology
Elena Brezynski, PhD (1); Eric Long, PhD (1); Mary J. Allen, MS-Ed (2); Derek Wood, PhD (1) Author Affiliations: department of Biology, 2Center for Learning, Seattle Pacific University, Seattle, Washington Corresponding Author: Elena Brezynski, Department...
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Vol. 11, No. 1, Spring

Overcoming the Challenges That Licensure Examinations Place on Diversity
An essential element of workforce diversity is student success on licensure examinations. Despite years of academic preparation, when students fail the examinations, they are unable to obtain a license to practice and thus cannot enter the profession...
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Pushing the Envelope-In the Right Direction
I recently attended a political event where the customary platitudes were being shared but I was effectively drawn in by a story told by one of the presenters. A wealthy man invited a group of local teenagers over to his estate, and in its grandeur,...
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Broadening Diversity in Medicine: Outcomes of the Drexel Pathway to Medical School Postbaccalaureate Medical Science Program
INTRODUCTION Many academic health centers are in search of strategies to address recruitment and retention of underrepresented groups in medicine. The aim is to create a more diverse physician workforce which mirrors the patient population being...
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Examining the Relationship between Mindfulness, Perceived Stress, and Blood Pressure in African-American College Students
INTRODUCTION Research shows higher prevalence of stress among college students today compared to fifteen years ago (Rizer, Fagan, Kilmon, & Rath, 2016; Saleh, Camart, & Romo, 2017). According to the American College Health Association (ACHA,...
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Usability of Alzheimer's mHealth Applications
INTRODUCTION Alzheimer's Disease in the United States Alzheimer's disease is a chronic, age-related, health disparity that affects over 5.2 million older adults aged 65+ in the United States (Alzheimer's Association, 2017). The prevalence of...
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Examining Diversity Offices in Medical Education
INTRODUCTION Diversity office work may not be valued for promotion for the underrepresented minorities in medicine (URMM) faculty member. Faculty members may find themselves working for an entire career only to retire as an assistant professor,...
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Increasing Diversity in the Physical Therapy Profession by Addressing Deficiencies in the Performance of African Americans on the National Physical Therapy Examination
INTRODUCTION The health professional workforce does not equitably reflect all racial and ethnic groups. African Americans are underrepresented among physicians, registered nurses, dentists, pharmacists, and allied health professionals (Valentine,...
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Racism Still a Problem in Healthcare's C-Suite: Efforts Aimed at Boosting Diversity in Healthcare Leadership Fail to Make Progress
Black professionals who hope to reach administrative positions in hospital systems know to keep their mouths shut when it comes to issues of diversity, inclusion, and race. Speak out, and they risk being branded angry or difficult, labels that stick...
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My Reflection on Diversity
My Reflection of Diversity: Paying Back and Paying it Forward As Henry Ward Beecher stated, "We should not judge people by their peak of excellence; but by the distance they have traveled from the point where they started ..." Not too many girls...
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Vol. 10, No. 2, Fall

Diversity Still Matters
The word diversity is under fire these days. There are calls to end the diversity visa lottery program over concerns of potential terrorists entering the country and the desire to issue visas to more European countries over African and Caribbean nations,...
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Remain Steadfast
As politically tumultuous as our previous year has been, a new year brings opportunity to recapture and recommit to equity and inclusion in the work that we do and the communities we support. Inclusion and diversity must remain critical components...
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Examining the Delicate Balance of Maintaining One's Blackness as a Black Professional on the Predominantly White Campus
INTRODUCTION The results of a 2014 American College of Healthcare Executives study titled "A Racial/Ethnic Comparison of Career Attainments in Healthcare Management" showed White men were still more likely to hold senior-level positions in health...
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Addressing the Social Determinants of Behavioral Health for Racial and Ethnic Minorities: Recommendations for Improving Rural Health Care Delivery and Workforce Development
INTRODUCTION Ensuring equitable access to quality behavioral health services for all citizens is tantamount to the success and safety of society. The National Institute for Minority Health (2017) notes that with the increasing diversification of...
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The Role of the Leadership Academy in Cultivating Leadership Development: Perceptions of Prospective Doctor of Pharmacy Students
INTRODUCTION As the role of pharmacists and other health care professionals expands within the health care system, leadership skills become increasingly essential part of professional development. Both the American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy...
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Pipeline Programs to Increase the Diversity of Health Professional Students at Western Carolina University: Combining Efforts to Foster Equality
INTRODUCTION Western Carolina University (WCU) is a regional comprehensive university. It is the westernmost campus in the University of North Carolina system, with more than 10,800 students. Rooted in southern Appalachia, WCU sits between the Great...
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Addressing Cultural Diversity and Inclusion in a College of Nursing
East Carolina University (ECU) College of Nursing (CON) is committed to promoting an environment that values diversity and inclusion as part of the fabric of its organizational culture. More than a decade ago, the college established the Diversity...
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Efforts of Elizabeth City State University to Increase Health Profession Diversity
Elizabeth City State University (ECSU) is in the rural historic Albemarle area near the mouth of the Pasquotank River in northeastern North Carolina. Approximately 25 percent of northeastern North Carolina residents live below the poverty line, compared...
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