Canadian Journal of Counselling and Psychotherapy

Articles

Vol. 53, No. 2, April

Les Rapports a la Vie Professionnelle et L'intervention En Orientation : Une Cle De Comprehension Des Parcours Des Jeunes
In Career Counselling, Work Life Dispositions of Young People Are Key to Understanding Their Career Paths Le choix d'un emploi ou d'une formation, l'insertion et la construction d'une carrière professionnelle tout au long de la vie sont au centre du...
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L'acculturation et la Migration Des Milleniaux : Un Cadre De Congruence Culturelle
Acculturation and Millennial Migration: A Cultural Congruence Framework Canada has a long history as an immigrant-receiving country and is internationally recognized for its development of a multicultural policy known as the Canadian Multicultural Act...
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« Tout Est Une Question De Contact Humain » : La Sagesse De la Communaute Transgenre Pour Guider la Pratique
"It's about Human Connection": Transgender Community Wisdom to Inform Practice. In 2012, the Mental Health Commission of Canada (MHCC) mobilized a strategy for practitioners across the country to minimize barriers to care for traditionally marginalized...
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Reconnaitre le Role De la Foi : Une Perspective Sur Les Immigrantes Noires Des Caraibes
Recognizing Faith: A Perspective on Black Caribbean Immigrant Women In recent years international migration has become a global phenomenon never before witnessed in human history (International Organization for Migration, 2015). Currently, Canada's primary...
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Les Effets De la Therapie Cognitive De Pleine Conscience Sur Les Symptomes De Sujets Actuellement Deprimes : Une Revue Systematique Des Donnees Meta-Analytiques Existantes
Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy's Effect on the Symptoms of Currently Depressed Individuals: A Systematic Review of Existing Meta-Analytic Evidence The practice of mindfulness, which is a central element of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT)...
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Vol. 53, No. 1, January

Appropriation of Scientific Writing by University Students: Challenges in a Vocational Guidance Program/ Appropriation De L'ecriture Scientifique De Personnes Etudiantes Universitaires : Les Defis D'un Programme En Orientation Professionnelle
Dans un contexte de democratisation scolaire (Kamanzi, Doray, Bonin, Groleau, & Murdoch, 2010), on assiste a une diversification de la population estudiantine notamment au niveau universitaire. Cette population connait des parcours scolaires diversifies...
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Psychodynamic Therapists' Rating of the Most Important Technical Guidelines to Follow When Interpreting Defenses In-Session/Evaluation Par Les Therapeutes Psychodynamiques Des Lignes Directrices Techniques Les Plus Importantes a Suivre Pour L'interpretation Des Mecanismes De Defense En Cours De Seance
Defense mechanisms are considered a prominent theoretical and clinical construct within psychodynamic psychotherapy (Etchegoyen, 2005). Along with transference interpretations, the interpretation of defenses is the key therapeutic intervention that may...
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Psychotherapy in the Private Sector: A Survey of Licensed Psychologists and Psychotherapists in Quebec/La Psychotherapie Dans le Secteur Prive: Sondage Aupres Des Psychologues et Psychotherapeutes Agrees Au Quebec
The mental health care needs of Canadians, and the failure of our health system to meet these needs, has become an important topic of discussion among practitioners, researchers, mental health care organizations, the media, governments, and the public...
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"Now What?": Exploring Newcomer Youth's Transition from High School to Postsecondary Education/ « et Maintenant? » : Exploration De la Transition Du Secondaire Au Postsecondaire Chez Les Jeunes Etudiants Nouveaux Arrivants
Currently, there are over 1.6 million newcomers (i.e., immigrants) between the ages of 15 and 24 living in Canada (Statistics Canada, 2016), who play a vital role in the social fabric and future success of Canadian society. For most newcomer youth entry...
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Using the Narrative Approach with Adolescents at Risk for Suicide/Le Recours a L'approche Narrative Aupres D'adolescents Suicidaires
Suicide is the second leading cause of death for adolescents in Canada (Statistics Canada, 2017) and internationally (World Health Organization, 2014). There is a strong correlation between suicidal thoughts, attempted suicide, and completed suicide...
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Vol. 52, No. 4, October

Vedfelt, O. (2017). A Guide to the World of Dreams: An Integrative Approach to Dreamwork
Vedfelt, O. (2017). A Guide to the World of Dreams: An Integrative Approach to Dreamwork. London: Routledge. ISBN: 978-1-13894-807-5, 252 pages. Ole Vedfelt has intensively studied and worked with dreams for more than 40 years, and has internationally...
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Young Men's Experiences of Receiving Compassion from Others: A Narrative Exploration/Comment Les Jeunes Hommes Accueillent la Compassion D'autrui: Une Exploration a Travers la Narration
Long a mainstay of counselling practice, compassion has recently garnered much attention in psychological theory and research. Defined as kindness combined with an awareness of suffering and the desire to alleviate it, compassion is composed of a multi-directional...
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Experiences of Hope for Youth Workers Engaging At-Risk and Street-Involved Young People: Applications to the Field of Counselling and Psychotherapy/Rapport a L'espoir Des Travailleurs Des Services a la Jeunesse Intervenant Aupres Des Jeunes a Risque et De la Rue: Applications Dans le Domaine Du Counseling et De la Psychotherapie
Youth work with at-risk or street-involved young people is a field rife with feelings of distress, burnout, and fatigue. Factors leading to burnout in youth work have been studied exhaustively (Barford & Whelton, 2010; Jenkinson, 2011; La-kind, Eddy,...
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Working to Balance: A Preliminary Constructivist Grounded Theory of Young Women's Positive Embodiment/Recherche D'equilibre : La Cognition Incarnee Positive Des Jeunes Femmes Selon Une Theorie Constructiviste a Base Empirique Preliminaire
Embodiment is a complex, abstract phenomenon extending across multiple disciplines (McLaughlin, 2017). Margaret Washburn, the first woman to obtain a doctorate in psychology in 1894, argued for the need to connect consciousness to bodily movement (Glenberg,...
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Working with Clients Who Choose Medical Assistance in Dying (MAID): A New Landscape for Counsellors/Travailler Avec Des Clients Qui Ont Choisi L'aide Medicale a Mourir : Nouvelles Perspectives Pour Les Conseillers
Rhea is a 63-year-old woman living in Alberta with her partner of 35 years. She has two adult children and three grandchildren. Rhea is in the final stages of lung cancer and has been told she may have 3-6 months to live. She recalls caring for her father...
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Vol. 52, No. 3, July

Embracing Counsellor Professional Identity Work: Experiential Accounts of Transformation and Transition/ Place Au Travail Identitaire Des Conseillers et Conseilleres Professionnels: Comptes Rendus Experientiels De la Transformation et De la Transition
An environment of increasing regulation and changes to the remit of health care professions has introduced lingering uncertainty for counsellors and the profession in various locations and at different points in time (Handelsman & Uhlemann, 1998;...
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Client and Therapist Interpersonal Behaviour in Cognitive Therapy for Depression/ Comportement Interpersonnel Du Client et Du Therapeute Dans le Cadre De la Therapie Cognitive De la Depression
Cognitive therapy (CT) has received substantial empirical support for the treatment of major depressive disorder (MDD; Butler, Chapman, Forman, & Beck, 2006), yet there is evidence to suggest that it is not uniformly beneficial for depressed patients...
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Comparing the Fears of Children with and without Significant Disabilities/Comparaison Des Peurs Chez Les Enfants Lourdement Handicapes et Chez Les Enfants Non Handicapes
Fears of children have been studied since Hall (1897). Nonetheless, most studies over this 120-year span have focused on children without disabilities. Most fear researchers (Gullone, 2000) have examined the differences across gender, age, and fear intensity....
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Common Factors of a Transtheoretical Model of Autism Spectrum Disorder-Informed Psychotherapy/ Facteurs Communs Du Modele Transtheorique D'une Psychotherapie Fondee Sur Les Connaissances Des Troubles Du Spectre Autistique
Traditional psychotherapy is of limited help to people living with autism spectrum disorder-level 1 (ASD-1; previously called Asperger's disorder) because psychotherapy is, in most instances, concerned with stimulating change. Stacey (2006) described...
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Niemiec, R. M. (2018). Character Strengths Interventions: A Field Guide for Practitioners/Compte Rendu De Lecture De Niemiec, R. M. (2018). Character Strengths Interventions: A Field Guide for Practitioners
Niemiec, R. M. (2018). Character Strengths Interventions: A Field Guide for Practitioners. Boston, MA: Hogrefe. ISBN: 978-0-88937-492-8, 299 pages. Compte rendu de lecture de Niemiec, R. M. (2018). Character Strengths Interventions: A Field Guide for...
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Vol. 52, No. 2, April

Consensually Nonmonogamous Clients and the Impact of Mononormativity in Therapy/Les Clients Non Monogames Consensuels et L'impact De la Mononormativite En Therapie
Ethical and culturally sensitive counselling practice includes being informed about various cultures and subcultures with which one works and having sensitivity and respect for client diversity (Arthur & Collins, 2010a; Canadian Counselling and Psychotherapy...
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A Hermeneutic Phenomenological Exploration of Counsellors' Practice of Mindful Acceptance/ Exploration Phenomenologique Hermeneutique De la Mise En Pratique Par Les Conseillers De L'acceptation En Pleine Conscience
"Be accepting and nonjudgemental toward your clients." These are words we heard repeatedly during our training as counsellors. We understood the meaning of the words and tried our best to remember them when working with clients. However, it was still...
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"Seeking Help Is Difficult:" Considerations for Providing Mental Health Services to Muslim Women Clients/«Demander De L'aide, C'est Difficile»: Points a Prendre En Consideration Pour la Prestation De Services De Sante Mentale Aupres De Clientes Musulmanes
Muslims are the fastest growing population in Canada, expected to grow to about 2.7 million by 2030 (Qasqas & Jerry, 2014). They are a heterogeneous group comprising diverse cultural, ethnic, linguistic, professional, and economic backgrounds; they...
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Peer Edmonton Empathy Recruitment Scale (PEERS): A Tool for Student Peer Support Worker Selection and Empathy Measurement/L'echelle PEERS (Peer Edmonton Empathy Recruitment Scale) : Un Outil De Selection Des Travailleurs-Etudiants Pour L'entraide Entre Pairs et De Mesure De L'empathie
Canadian university students require further mental health services, such as campus and community-based supportive peer counselling. From spring 2013 to 2016, there has been a 61% increase in attempted suicides and a 14% increase in self-reported "overwhelming...
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Transformational Leaders in the Canadian Counselling and Psychotherapy Association: An Interview with Blythe Shepard/ Leaders Transformationnels Au Sein De l'Association Canadienne De Counseling et De Psychotherapie: Une Entrevue Avec Blythe Shepard
Lindsay Morgan Kozak (LMK): Hi, Dr. Shepard. Thank you for taking the time to talk with us today. To start, could you share some of the background of your training and career with us? "I was an elementary teacher for 15 years before entering a graduate...
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Vol. 52, No. 1, January

Counselling within Inuit Systems in Canada's North/Le Counseling a L'interieur Des Systemes Inuits Dans le Nord Canadien
"We are just visitors to this time, this place. We are just passing through. Our purpose here is to observe, to learn, to grow, to love ... and then we return home." --Australian Aboriginal Proverb The territory of Nunavut in Canada's Northern...
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Promoting Mental Health: The Experiences of Youth in Residential Care/Promouvoir la Sante Mentale: Les Experiences De Jeunes En Centre D'hebergement
Experiences during the transition into adulthood can have an enormous impact on future life trajectories and well-being (Arnett, 2000; Crocetti et al., 2016). The presence of mental health issues can substantially hinder this transition (O'Connor,...
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Cultural Humility and Mental Health Care in Canadian Muslim Communities/L'humilite Culturelle et Les Soins De Sante Mentale Dans Les Communautes Musulmanes Canadiennes
Muslims are one of the largest and fastest-growing minority groups, with more than 1 million people, or approximately 3.2% of the population of Canada (Statistics Canada, 2015), a number that is projected to increase to 5.5% by the year 2050 (Pew Research...
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Counselling Diverse Groups: Addressing Counsellor Bias toward the BDSM and D/S Subculture/Counseling et Diversite De Groupes: Prise En Charge Du Biais Du Conseiller a L'endroit De la Sous-Culture Du LDSM et De la D/S
Since the release of the Fifty Shades of Grey books and films (James, 2012), media have been aflutter about the world of bondage, dominance, sadism/submission, and masochism (BDSM; Moon, 2012). Despite the new, media-inspired attention on the BDSM...
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A Meta-Analysis of the Effectiveness of Cognitive-Behavioural Therapies for Late-Life Depression/Une Meta-Analyse De L'efficacite Des Therapies Cognitivo-Comportementales Dans le Traitement De la Depression Chez Les Personnes Agees
In 2015, there were 901 million people over the age of 60 years globally. This age demographic is projected to increase to 1.4 billion by 2030 and to 2.1 billion by 2050 (United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division,...
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Vol. 51, No. 4, October

Military Experience and Perceptions of Parenting: A Narrative Perspective on Work-Family Balance/Experiences Militaires et Perceptions Du Role Parental : Une Perspective Narrative Sur la Conciliation Travail-Famille
In recent counts, there were 68,000 regular and 27,000 reserve military personnel in Canada, 24,000 civilian employees (National Defense and the Armed Forces, 2017), as well as 700,000 veterans (Veterans Canada, 2013). Literature exploring the experiences...
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Trauma-Informed Practices in Schools: A Narrative Literature Review/Pratiques Sensibles Au Traumatisme Dans Les Ecoles : Une Revue De la Litterature Narrative
Statistics indicate that 76.1% of Canadians will experience at least one traumatic event in their lifetime (Van Ameringen, Mancini, Patterson, & Boyle, 2008). Psychological trauma is defined as experiences and reactions to experiences that overwhelm...
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Sedentary Behaviour, Therapists, and Clients: Promoting Positive Health Behaviours in Therapy/La Sedentarite, Les Therapeutes et Les Clients : Promouvoir Des Comportements Sains En Therapie
With levels of sedentary behaviour on the rise in modern society (Asare & Danquah, 2015; Ng & Popkin, 2012; Owen, Healy, Matthews, & Dunstan, 2010; Thosar, Bielko, Mather, Johnston, & Wallace, 2015), understanding what sedentary behaviour...
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The Use of Neuroimaging Methodology in Counselling Psychology Research: Promises, Pitfalls, and Recommendations/L'utilisation De la Methode De Neuro-Imagerie Pour la Recherche En Psychologie Du Counseling : Promesses, Pieges et Recommandations
Counselling psychologists have recently been called to work more closely with neuroscientists to clarify brain-behaviour relationships and derive implications regarding applications for prevention and treatment in psychotherapy (e.g., Goncalves &...
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Vol. 51, No. 3, July

How Self-Employed Women with Children Manage Multiple Life Roles/Illustration De la Facon Dont Les Meres Travailleuses Autonomes Gerent Plusieurs Roles De Vie
[EDITOR'S NOTE: This article is based on Rebecca Hudson Breen's dissertation, which won the Canadian Counselling and Psychotherapy Associations Award for Outstanding Dissertation in 2015. Congratulations on receiving this prestigious award!] Despite...
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The Role of School Counsellors in the National Aboriginal Youth Suicide Prevention Strategy: An Illustration/Le Role Des Conseillers et Conseilleres Scolaires Dans le Cadre De la Strategie Nationale De Prevention Du Suicide Chez Les Jeunes Autochtones : Une Illustration
The vulnerability of youth to commit suicide is a growing societal concern. In a seminal report about mental health and illness among the Canadian population, the Government of Canada (2006) identified suicide as the second leading cause of death among...
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Dialectical Behaviour Therapy and Acceptance and Commitment Therapy for Eating Disorders: Mood Intolerance as a Common Treatment Target/La Therapie Dialectique Comportementale et la Therapie De L'acceptation et De L'engagement Dans le Traitement Des Troubles De L'alimentation : Les Troubles De L'humeur Comme Cibles Courantes Du Traitement
Eating disorders have the highest mortality rate of any mental disorder and are traditionally resistant to treatment (Crow et al., 2009). Some researchers have argued that the lack of treatment efficacy is partly due to the inadequacy of traditional...
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The Efficacy of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy on Metacognitions and Anxiety in Women Outpatients with Generalized Anxiety Disorder in Iran/L'efficacite De la Therapie De L'acceptation et De L'engagement Sur la Metacognition et L'anxiete Chez Des Femmes En Consultation Externe Souffrant De Troubles D'anxiete Generalisee En Iran
Acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) is a modern version of relational frame theory (RFT), an inclusive theory of language and cognition that is an offshoot of behaviour analysis. From the RFT perspective, language is seen as the main difference...
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Sexual Orientation in Counsellor Supervision L'orientation Sexuelle Dans la Supervision Des Conseillers
This pilot study investigated the conversations regarding socially marginalized clients (e.g., clients who identify as lesbian, gay, or bisexual [LGB] and racialized clients) and student supervisees at university counselling centres that also function...
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Vol. 51, No. 2, April

Medicalizing Developments in Counsellor Education? Counselling and Counselling Psychology Students' Views/ L'evolution Vers la Medicalisation De la Formation En Counseling : Les Points De Vue D'etudiants En Counseling et En Psychologie Du Counseling
"The narrative of suffering should be viewed as the outcome of the extraordinary convergence between the different actors positioned in the field of mental health." (Illouz, 2007, p. 63) Historically, counselling, (1) counselling psychology, (2)...
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Women's Healthy Body Image and the Mother-Daughter Dyad/L'image Du Corps En Sante Chez la Femme et la Dyade Mere-Fille
The sexualization and objectification of girls and women prevalent in western cultures is harmful and problematic in our society (Calogero, Tantleff-Dunn, & Thompson, 2011; McKenney & Bigler, 2016; Piran & Cormier, 2005; Szymanski, Carr,...
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A Fictional Case Study Involving Person-Centred Therapy and Transpersonal Psychotherapy in Conceptualizing and Treating Bulimia Nervosa/ Une Etude D'un Cas Fictif Impliquant Une Therapie Centree Sur la Personne et Une Psychotherapie Transpersonnelle Dans la Conceptualisation et le Traitement De la Boulimie Nerveuse
Bulimia nervosa is a complex eating disorder that is characterized by recur rent episodes of binge eating and purging (Vaz, 1998). More specifically, it is a disorder that involves the hasty consumption of a large amount of food, followed by compensatory...
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Using Psychodynamic Approaches with Voluntarily Childless Couples: A Literature Review/Counselling De Divers Groupes: Utilisation Des Approches Psychodynamiques Avec Couples Volontairement Sans Enfants
There are many interpretations of what cultural awareness embodies. People of varying professional backgrounds will provide differing responses to the discussion of how people can demonstrate cultural awareness. In the therapeutic context, Arthur and...
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Encountering the Wounded Healer: Parallel Process and Supervision/Rencontre Du Guerisseur Blesse: Demarche Parallele et Supervision
Clinical supervision is a central and highly demanding facet of therapist education (Campbell, 2011). Supervisors are tasked with functioning as trainer, mentor, and clinician to help trainees observe and evaluate their experiences with clients (Holloway,...
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Vol. 51, No. 1, January

Coping Strategies in Major Depression and over the Course of Cognitive Therapy for Depression/ Les Strategies D'adaptation Associees a la Depression et Leur Evolution Au Cours D'un Traitement Cognitif
Major depression is predicted to become the primary contributor to disease burden in high-income countries such as Canada by 2030 (Mathers & Loncar, 2006). While the disorder's worldwide lifetime prevalence is estimated to be in the 8--12% range,...
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Counselling Children after Wildfires: A School-Based Approach/ le Counseling Aupres Des Enfants Apres Un Incendie De Foret : Une Approche Centree Sur L'ecole
Canada's forests cover almost half of the country's landmass and make up 10% of the world's forest cover (Raulier, Le Goff, Gauthier, Rapanoela, & Bergeron, 2013). As Canada experiences hotter and drier summers, there is an increased risk in frequency...
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At-Risk Youth and Attachment-Based Therapy: Implications for Clinical Practice/ Les Jeunes a Risque et la Therapie Basee Sur L'attachement : Implications Pour la Pratique Clinique
Mental health concerns in childhood can cause isolation, challenge daily functioning, and negatively impact developmental milestones in youth (Nowak, Gaweda, Jelonek, & Jonal-Kozik, 2013; Weems & Carrion, 2003; White & Yellin, 2011). Academic...
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Negotiating Intersecting Minority Identities: The Cultural Transitioning of Jewish Argentinean Immigrants/ Negocier Les Identites Minoritaires Transversales : La Transition Culturelle D'immigrants Juifs Argentins
Cultural transitioning--the process of moving from the culture of origin to the new culture of a host country--can be affected by various factors and is often considered challenging and complex in different contexts (Berry, 2001; Jafari, Baharlou,...
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A Narrative Inquiry into the Experiences of Two Non-Aboriginal Counsellors Working with Aboriginal People/ Enquete Narrative Sur Les Experiences Vecues Par Deux Conseillers Non Autochtones Travaillant Aupres De Populations Autochtones
Aboriginal people in Canada face greater health disparities and barriers of access to care than the non-Aboriginal population. In 2015, the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada (TRC) finished its six-year inquiry to "reveal to Canadians the...
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Vol. 50, No. 4, October

A Content Analysis of Gendered Research in the Canadian Journal of Counselling and Psychotherapy/ Une Analyse De Contenu De la Recherche Sexospecifique Dans la Revue Canadienne De Counseling et Depsychotherapie
Whereas well-established guidelines exist for ethical and best practices with girls and women (American Psychological Association, 2007; Canadian Psychological Association, 2007), comparable documents for adapting counselling and psychotherapy to better...
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Parents' Parenting Awareness and Depressive Symptoms in Treatment-Referred Youth/ la Conscience Du Role Parental Chez Les Parents et Les Symptomes Depressifs Chez Les Jeunes Diriges Vers le Traitement
Current models of risk for internalizing difficulties in youth are complex and multifactorial, implicating genetic, neurobiological, cognitive, and family context factors, among others. Within these complex models, decades of research have convincingly...
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Translating Neuroscience into Counselling Practice/ Transposition la Neuroscience Dans la Pratique Du Counseling
During the last two decades we have witnessed an impressive evolution of our understanding of the neurobiological basis of psychological processes. Methodological developments in neuroscience have brought the possibility of directly examining important...
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Multicultural Counselling Competencies with Female Adolescents: A Retrospective Qualitative Investigation of Client Experiences/ Les Competences Multiculturelles En Counseling Aupres Des Adolescentes : Une Etude Retrospective Qualitative Des Experiences Des Clientes
There has been a rapid growth of diversity across North America in the past 40 years that has greatly impacted the cultural make-up of the adolescent population. For example, Canadian statistics indicate that more than a quarter million immigrants...
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Vol. 50, No. 3, July

Effect of Career Counselling on Mental Health: Using A Clinical Change Method/Effet Du Counseling De Carriere Sur la Sante Mentale: Utilisation D'une Methode Du Changement Clinique
La sante mentale constitue une preoccupation dans les ecrits scientifiques en developpement de carriere. Selon plusieurs chercheurs, la sante mentale peut etre perturbee par des difficultes rencontrees au cours de la carriere (Blustein, 2008; Brown...
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Faith as a Therapeutic Companion: Instructing Counselling Students on the Import of Religion/La Foi Comme Compagne De la Therapie : Instruire Les Etudiants En Counseling De L'importance De la Religion
The muzzling of faith in most counselling curricula is a direct by-product of the acrimonious relationship between psychology and religion. "Because religion and spirituality elicit deep feelings in people and because they speak to people's deepest...
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Diagnosis and Social Justice Advocacy: Reconciling Tensions for Students and School Counsellors/Diagnostic et Plaidoyer Pour la Justice Sociale : Concilier Les Tensions Pour Les Etudiants et Les Conseillers Scolaires
While prevalence data indicates that many Canadian children and adolescents experience mental health issues, few have their mental health needs met (Canadian Psychological Association, 2007; Waddell, Offord, Shepherd, Hua, & McEwan, 2002). As Kindergarten...
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Self-Mapping in Counselling: Using Memetic Maps to Enhance Client Reflectivity and Therapeutic Efficacy/Le Self-Mapping En Counselling : Utilisation De la Cartographie Memetique Pour Ameliorer la Reflectivite Du Client et L'efficacite Therapeutique
The self has been defined as a culturally mediated cognitive self-referencing representation that allows for reflection on one's spatial and temporal context (Donald, 2001; Harre, 1989; Mead, 1934; Seigel, 2005). The advantages of having such a self...
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A Moderator Analysis of the Relationship between Mental Health Help-Seeking Attitudes and Behaviours among Young Adult/Analyse Moderatrice De la Relation Entre Les Attitudes et Les Comportements De Recherche D'aide En Sante Mentale Chez Les Jeunes Adultes
Within the next 20 years, mental health problems are projected to be the leading cause of disability in Canada (Canadian Institute for Health Information, 2011); as a result, mental health has emerged as a national priority (Kirby & Keon, 2006),...
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Career Guidance and Counselling in Canada: Still Changing after All These Years/Le Counseling et L'orientation Professionnelle Au Canada : Toujours En Evolution Apres Toutes Ces Annees
The purpose of this article is to provide a retrospective look at how career counselling has evolved within Canada, examining what has changed within the field and how it has remained true to its social justice roots. Following a summary of historical...
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CCPA Accreditation of Counsellor Education Programs in Canada: An Historical Perspective/L'accreditation Par l'ACCP Des Programmes De Formation Des Conseillers Au Canada : Une Perspective Historique
Throughout its history, the Canadian Counselling and Psychotherapy Association (CCPA) (1) has demonstrated its recognition of the important role it could and should play in the development of counselling as a profession in Canada. Over the years, it...
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Introduction to the Special Issue on the History of Counselling in Canada/Introduction Au Numero Special Sur L'histoire Du Counseling Au Canada
When we were asked by Dr. Kevin Alderson to be guest editors of this special issue on the history of counselling in Canada, we enthusiastically accepted. Having been involved in the field in Canada and internationally for most of our careers, we saw...
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Vol. 50, No. 2, April

Exploring the Contributions of a Yoga Practice to Counsellor Education/Explorer Les Contributions Potentielles Du Yoga a la Formation Des Conseillers
The relationship between the personal development and self-care of counselling students and their professional success as counsellors has been well documented in the literature (Shapiro, Brown, & Beigel, 2007; Stauffer, 2007; Valente & Marotta,...
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A Preliminary Examination of a Strengths-Based Treatment for Adolescent Substance Use Issues/ Examen Preliminaire D'un Traitement Axe Sur Les Forces Destine Aux Adolescents Ayant Des Troubles Lies a la Toxicomanie
Substance use among adolescents continues to be a major public health concern. While many adolescents use substances in moderation, others become preoccupied with their substance use and develop patterns of maladaptive use that can have harmful biological,...
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Job Loss and the Couple Experience of Coping/ la Perte D'emploi et L'experience D'adaptation Psychologique Chez le Couple
The communal life of human beings had, therefore, a two-fold foundation: the compulsion to work, which was created by external necessity, and the power of love. (Freud, 1963, p. 38) Critical life events, such as job loss, often create tension in...
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South Asian-Canadian Gay Men and HIV: Social, Cultural, and Psychological Factors That Promote Health/ Hommes Gais Canadiens D'origine Asiatique Du Sud et VIH : Facteurs Sociaux, Culturels, et Psychologiques Qui Favorisent Des Comportements De Sante
Gay men and other men who have sex with men (MSM) (1) continue to be at an increased risk for HIV infection in Canada. Between 1985 and 2008, MSM accounted for the largest proportion of HIV-positive test reports, representing 56.1% of all HIV-positive...
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Academic and Mental Health Needs of Students on a Canadian Campus/Les Besoins Academiques et En Sante Mentale Des Etudiants Sur Un Campus Canadien
University student life is thought to be a time of self-discovery, freedom, and new social experiences. However, for some it can be a stressful and difficult period to navigate, placing students at greater risk for mental health disorders (Blanco et...
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Cognitive Remediation Therapy, Eh! an Exploratory Study at a Canadian Adult Eating Disorders Clinic Therapie De Remediation Cognitive, eh!/Une Etude Exploratoire a Une Clinique Pour Adultes Canadiens Ayant Des Troubles De L'alimentation
Eating disorders are serious illnesses that have psychological and physical consequences, and are difficult to treat (Klump, Bulik, Kaye, Treasure, & Tyson, 2009; Lock & Fitzpatrick, 2009). Symptoms of the illness can be both socially and occupationally...
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Regulations regarding the Practice of Psychotherapy in Quebec: One Step Forward, Two Steps Backwards?/ L'encadrement De la Psychotherapie Au Quebec: Un Pas En Avant, Deux Pas En Arriere?
Il y a a peine quelques annees, le Quebec innovait en adoptant une nouvelle loi, (1) communement appelee << Projet de loi 21 >> (PL21), qui encadre plusieurs activites cliniques considerees a risque, dont la psychotherapie. S'etayant sur...
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Vol. 50, No. 1, January

The Relationship between Vocational Self-Concept Crystallization, Ego-Identity Status, and Occupational Indecision, as Mediated by Rational or Experiential Processing/La Relation Entre la Cristallisation Du Concept Professionnelle De Soi, L'etat De L'ego-Identite, et L'indecision Professionnelle Par L'entremise Du Traitement Rationnel Ou Experientiel
The Cognitive Information Processing (CIP) model of career development (Peterson, Sampson, & Reardon, 1991; Peterson, Sampson, Reardon, & Lenz, 1996) was developed in response to the needs of both counsellors and their clients to understand...
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Mindfulness-Based Interventions in the Treatment of Symptoms of Psychosis: A Narrative Systematic Review/ Interventions Basees Sur la Pleine Conscience Dans le Traitement Des Symptomes De la Psychose : Un Examen Systematique Narrative
Psychosis is a mental health condition marked by a break with reality (Fusar-Poli et al., 2012). Individuals experiencing symptoms of psychosis often feel confusion and have difficulty distinguishing what is real from what is not. Symptoms can include...
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Participatory Critical Incident Technique: A Participatory Action Research Approach for Counselling Psychology/ Technique D'incident Critique Participative : Une Approche De Recherche-Action Participative Pour la Psychologie Du Counseling
At the heart of the definition of counselling psychology, which was formally adopted by the Canadian Psychological Association (CPA) in 2009, is social action and responsibility: concern for the growth, well-being, and mental health of individuals,...
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Regenerative Supervision: A Restorative Approach for Counsellors Impacted by Vicarious Trauma/ Supervision Regenerative : Une Approche Retablissante Pour Les Conseillers Affectes Par Traumatisme Vicariant
Counsellors who provide services for clients with traumatic material are vulnerable to vicariously experiencing emotional aspects of their clients' experiences (Jordan, 2010). This vicarious experiencing, a phenomenon known as vicarious trauma (VT),...
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Associations between Depression, Employment, and Relationship Status during the Transition into the Workforce: A Gendered Phenomenon?/ Associations Entre Depression, Emploi, et Etat Des Relations Au Cours De la Transition Vers le Marche Du Travail : Un Phenomene Lie Au Genre?
In the 21st century, many young people struggle in making their transition into the workforce (Cassidy & Wright, 2008; Domene, Landine, & Stewart, 2014; Gangl, 2002; Murphy, Blustein, Bohlig, & Platt, 2010). Unfortunately, delays in obtaining...
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Vol. 49, No. 4, October

Imparting Self-Care Practices to Therapists: What the Experts Recommend/ Entrainer Des Pratiques D'auto-Soin Chez Les Therapeutes : Recommandations Des Experts
From unwanted intrusion to central agent of change, the appreciation for the role of the person of the psychotherapist in psychotherapy has shifted radically since the early 1900s. Whereas traditional psychoanalysis aimed for "optimal abstinence and...
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Self-Care Strategies and Barriers among Female Service Providers Working with Female Survivors of Intimate Partner Violence/ Les Strategies et Les Barrieres De Soins Auto-Administres Parmi Les Femmes Travaillant Avec Les Femmes Ayant Survecu la Violence Domestique
Research has made it very clear that stress in the workplace can lead to burnout. This has been demonstrated in research with nurses (Cubias, 2013), teachers (Friesen, Prokop, & Sarros, 1988; Kyriacou, 2001), police officers (Burke, 1993; Martinussen,...
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PAWSing Student Stress: A Pilot Evaluation Study of the St. John Ambulance Therapy Dog Program on Three University Campuses in Canada/ Museler le Stress Chez L'etudiant : Etude Pilote Devaluation Menee Sur Trois Campus Universitaires Au Canada Dans le Cadre Du Programme De Zootherapie Canine d'Ambulance Saint-Jean
Animals are firmly embedded in many family units and are often included in how families define themselves (Tedeschi, Fitchett, & Molidor, 2005; Vanier Institute, 2009). More than one half of North American households have an animal living in them...
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University Students' Coping Behaviours and Perceived Parental Depression: The Role of Hope and Implications for Counsellors/ Les Comportements D'adaptation Des Etudiants Universitaires et la Depression Parentale Percue : Le Role De L'espoir et Les Implications Pour Les Conseillers
Results of a recent systematic review of the literature indicated that the prevalence of depression among undergraduate university students is approximately 30% (Ibrahim, Kelly, Adams, & Glazebrook, 2013). Research has indicated that adolescent...
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Understanding the Social Functions of Nonsuicidal Self-Injury in Community Adolescents/ Comprendre Les Fonctions Sociales De L'automutilation Non Suicidaire Chez Les Adolescents Vivant Dans Des Communautes
Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) is a growing concern in community adolescent populations around the world. Despite the knowledge accumulated regarding various aspects of self-injury, the social functions of self-injury are understudied and undervalued...
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Vol. 49, No. 3, July

Trajectory of Indecision in College: An Illustration of Mixed Methods Research/La Trajectoire De L'indecision Au Cegep : Une Illustration De L'application De la Recherche Aux Methodes Mixtes
Indecision is prevalent among college students (Germeijs & Verschueren, 2006; Morgan & Ness, 2003). In the Quebec education system, approximately 30% of first-year college students have stated they have no specific ideas about their academic...
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Teaching Counselling Theory and Skills: A Scoping Review of Canadian Graduate Counselling Psychology Coursework/Enseignement Theorique et Technique Du Counseling: Revue De la Portee Des Cours Universitaires Canadiens De Maitrise En Psychologie Du Counseling
Counselling psychology and counselling are critically important disciplines, each contributing greatly to Canada's population of professional psychologists and counsellors. Many of the country's preparation programs are located in universities at the...
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Improving the Effectiveness of School Counselling: Consensus, Collaboration, and Clinical Supervision/Amelioration De L'efficacite Du Counseling Scolaire: Consensus, Collaboration, et Supervision Clinique
Canadian schools are dynamic, energetic, and diverse. At the heart of Canadian schools are school counsellors, who act in many roles: educational leaders, advocates, and change agents (British Columbia School Counsellors Association, n.d.; Manitoba...
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Relational and Cultural Impacts on the Work Life of Young Indigenous Men/Impacts Relationnels et Culturels Sur la Vie Au Travail De Jeunes Hommes Autochtones
Employment success and educational attainment are significant issues for the Indigenous (1) population of Canada. Statistics Canada figures show that, in the 15-to-24-year-old category, unemployment rates are two to three times higher for Aboriginal...
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Vol. 49, No. 2, April

Why Would You Get THAT Done?! Stigma Experiences of Women with Piercings and Tattoos Attending Postsecondary Schools Pourquoi Voudriez-Vous Vous Faire CELA?!/Experiences De Stigmatisation De Femmes Au Niveau Postsecondaire Qui Ont Des Percages et Tatouages
Body modification (BoM; within the current study, body modifications were limited to piercings and tattoos) is not a new phenomenon. Piercings, tattoos, foot modification, scarification, and branding have been a part of human culture dating as far...
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Honour and Shame in the Canadian Muslim Community: Developing Culturally Sensitive Counselling Interventions/Honneur et Honte Dans la Communaute Musulmane Au Canada : Elaborer Des Modes D'intervention et De Counseling Tenant Compte Des Cultures
Canada, a multicultural nation, has a rapidly expanding Muslim population. According to the Pew Research Center (2011), Muslims currently account for 2.8% of the Canadian population, and their global population is expected to increase by 35% by the...
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Reality Therapy/Choice Theory Today: An Interview with Dr. Robert E. Wubbolding/Therapie De la realite/Theorie Du Choix Aujourd'hui : Une Entrevue Avec Dr. Robert E. Wubbolding
Dr. Robert E. Wubbolding serves as both the Director of the Center for Reality Therapy and as a senior faculty member for William Glasser International (Christensen & Gray, 2002). Personally appointed by Glasser to be the first Director of Training...
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Evaluation of a Support Group for Fathers of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder/L'evaluation D'un Groupe De Soutien Pour Des Peres D'enfants Ayant Des Troubles Du Spectre Autistique
Over the past decade, there has been a dramatic increase in the number of individuals diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The current global estimate is 1 in 160 individuals, with a higher proportion of males than females consistently observed...
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Vol. 49, No. 1, January

Aspiring Ballerinas and Implications for Counselling Practice/Ballerines En Herbe et Implications Pour la Pratique Du Counseling
Many young girls dream of becoming professional ballerinas. They spend years training rigorously, only to realize their goal is unattainable. Although this is an experience shared by many aspiring ballerinas, it has received little attention. The aim...
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Couples' Experiences of Vulnerability When Participating in the Reflecting Team Process: A Case Study/Les Experiences De Vulnerabilite Vecues Par Des Couples Participant a Une Demarche D'equipe Reflechissante: Etude De Cas
Despite the belief by some researchers that vulnerability has a pivotal role in the therapeutic process and relationship outcomes (Johnson & Greenberg, 1988; Scheinkman & Fishbane, 2004), there are no research studies on clients' experiences...
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Female University Students Working in the Sex Trade: A Narrative Analysis/Les Etudiantes a L'universite Travaillant Dans L'industrie Du Sexe : Une Analyse Narrative
Female university students working in the sex trade constitute a growing phenomenon (Sinacore & Lech, 2011). The literature indicates that the primary reason students work in the sex industry is financial. Sex work helps alleviate the financial...
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Relational and Spiritual Dimensions of Parental Grieving/ Les Dimensions Relationnelles et Spirituelles Du Deuil Chez Les Parents
Over the past 20 years scholarly interest in the role of spirituality in the health and social sciences has increased significantly (Paloutzian & Park, 2013). Particular attention has been paid to the role of spirituality in coping with a wide...
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