America in WWII

Articles from Vol. 9, No. 5, February

A Death in San Pietro: The Untold Story of Ernie Pyle, John Huston, and the Fight for the Purple Heart Valley
A Death in San Pietro: The Untold Story of Ernie Pyle, John Huston, and the Fight for the Purple Heart Valley by Tim Brady, Da Capo, 320 pages, $25.99. MANY YEARS AGO, my father (a career army officer) and I watched John Huston's 1945 film The...
A Puppy, a Horse, and a Hero
My dad, Captain Howard Ford "Sonny" Stearns, served as company commander for the 504th Military Police Battalion, which was the most decorated MP unit in World War II, earning nine battle stars and four bronze arrowheads for amphibious landings. Over...
Building Bridges on Okinawa
WARREN "RED" SPICER'S FAMILY WAS LUCKY: Five sons went to war and five came back. Red was one of them. Just 20 years old, he was drafted in May 1943 and left Cottage Grove, Minnesota, for basic training at Fort Leonard Wood, Missouri. After graduation...
Catch-22
Directed by Mike Nichols, written by Buck Henry front the novel by Joseph Heller, starring Alan Arkin, Martin Balsam, Richard Benjamin, Art Garfunkel, Jack Gilford, Buck Henry, Bob Newhart, Anthony Perkins, Paula Prentiss, Martin Sheen, Jon Voight,...
Churchill's Bomb: How the United States Overtook Britain in the First Nuclear Arms Race
Churchill's Bomb: How the United States Overtook Britain in the First Nuclear Arms Race by Graham Farmelo, Basic Books, 554 pages, $29.99. IN THE opening PAGES of Churchill's Bomb, author Graham Farmelo poses two questions: How well did British...
IKE Takes Command
FDR lost sleep deciding who would lead the fight against Germany. Once he made his decision, it was Dwight Eisenhower who lost sleep--planning the greatest invasion in history. NO one recorded whether Dwight Eisenhower wore his famous grin or...
I Survived Halsey's Typhoon
CHARLES H. WIGGINS was 16 when Japan bombarded America into World War II. He and other boys his age were aware of what loomed over their future, and he enjoyed being 18 for only a month before he received his draft notice. He left his high school and...
Perfect Storms
You MAY have NOTICED THE HEADLINE at the top of this issue's cover that mentions a typhoon. The typhoon there is the Typhoon of 1944, which struck Admiral Bull Halsey's Third Fleet near the Philippines. It arrived on December 17 and 18 and tossed around...
Steagles to the Rescue! How a Misfit Bunch of Military Rejects from the Pittsburgh Steelers and Philadelphia Eagles Became a Team Won Games, Made Money, and Helped Save the NFL
AL WISTERT WAS 22 AND FRESH OUT OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN when he showed up for his first National Football League training camp in early September 1943. An All-American tackle at Michigan, Wistert had been drafted by the Philadelphia Eagles that...
The Art of Noise
THE EARLY 1940S were noisy years. Factories were humming, bombs bursting, planes buzzing overhead, cars rumbling down streets, and radios blaring. Part of the racket was war. Part was simply the modern age. All of it was music to the ears of John Cage....
The New York Times Complete World War II, 1939-1945: The Coverage from the Battlefields to the Home Front
The New York Times Complete World War II, 1939-1945: The Coverage from the Battlefields to the Home Front edited by Richard Overy, foreword by Tom Brokaw, Black Dog and Leventhal, 611 pages plus DVD, $40. THE NEW YORK TIMES has been published...
The Original PAC Man
FRANKLIN ROOSEVELT needed to get rid of Henry Wallace in early 1944. The vice president, tainted by rumors of Communist sympathies, delusional idealism, and astrological consultation, would only hurt Roosevelt's reelection chances come November. The...
The World's Busiest Shipyard
America needed a lot of big ships fast to battle powerful enemy navies. The Brooklyn Navy Yard hummed day and night to build them. IT WAS A TOUGH JOB, working at the New York Navy Yard--better known as the Brooklyn Navy Yard--during World War II....
Under Attack in France
ON THE WAY UP through southern France, through Aix-en-Provence and Lyon, we slept at night either on the ground or in bombed-out deserted buildings, many of which were factories.... [One night] I decided to sleep in a narrow hallway, under a window...
Warplanes on the National Mall
IT ALL STARTED WITH the Golden Age of Flight. Aviation was new and exciting. World War 1 pilots made headlines dog-fighting over battlefields. Flying records were set. Planes were evolving from wood and fabric to sleek metal. Then along came World...
Welcome to Anzio!
The 45th Infantry Division landed at the Italian resort town ready to march up the road and capture Rome. But the German army persuaded the visitors to stay a while. KENNETH KINDIG DIDN'T KNOW WHAT HIT HIM. Just moments before, the 33-year-old...
Year Zero: A History of 1945
Year Zero: A History of 1945 by Ian Buruma, Penguin Press, 370 pages, $29.95. World War II ended in 1945, but peace would have to wait. Scores needed to be settled, resentments nourished, populations relocated, justice served, revenge taken,...
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