Pakistan Journal of Clinical Psychology

Articles

Vol. 15, No. 2, December 31

Impact of Parental Personality Traits on Parenting Patterns and Parent-Child Relationships in Pakistan
Byline: Sumaya Batool and Alay Ahmad ABSTRACT Objectives: Present study intended to investigate the impact of parental personality traits on parenting patterns and parent child-relationships in Pakistan. Methods and Materials: This study included 342...
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Sleep Deprivation among Working Mothers and Their Job Performance
Byline: Kalpina Kumari, Siraj Jamal Siddiqui and Javed Husain ABSTRACT Objectives: Present study intended to investigate the impact of parental personality traits on parenting patterns and parent child-relationships in Pakistan. Methods and Materials:...
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Perceived Social Support as a Determinant of Depression among Adolecents of Minorities in Pakistan
Byline: Sanober Khanum and Riaz Ahmad ABSTRACT Objectives: Being a part of minority is an experience which is reported to be associated with a number of painful experiences related to social division and inequality. The encountered difficulties when...
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Indigenous Islamic Belief Questionnaire
Byline: Mujeeba Ashraf and Amira Amjad ABSTRACT Objective: The present study was carried out for the development of an Indigenous Islamic Belief Questionnaire (IIBQ). Research Design: Survey Place and Duration of Study: Lahore, Pakistan. 12 months. Sample...
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Mental Health Issues among Spouses of Patients with Psychiatric Disorders
Byline: Hina Imran and Rabia Dilawer ABSTRACT Objectives: The present study aims to examine the mental health status with specific focus on the dimensions of psychological distress and psychological well-being in spouses of patients with psychiatric...
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Vol. 15, No. 1, June 30

Efficacy of Cognitive Behavior Therapy in Managing Behavioral Problems of Slow Learner Children
Byline: Mahira Ahmad, Naumana Amjad, Rafia Rafique and Afifa Anjum ABSTRACT Objective and Background: The study investigates the efficacy of Cognitive Behaviour Therapy in managing behavioural problems of slow learner children in Pakistan. Hypothesis:...
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Gender Differences in Common Mental Disorders
Byline: Nashi Khan, Amira Amjad, Anum Farooq and Rukhsana Kausar ABSTRACT Objective: This study aims to examine gender differences in common mental disorders in Pakistan Design: Survey Research Design was used in the present study. Sample: 219 married...
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Attitude of University Students toward Mentally Ill Individuals
Byline: Mussarat Jabeen Khan, Naila Ali and Ambreen Ashraf ABSTRACT Objective: The main objective of this research isto study the attitudes of University students toward mentally ill individuals with reference to the effect of demographic variables,...
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Low Levels of Functional Impairment and Religious Gratitude as Predictors of Life Satisfaction in Older Adults
Byline: Wajeeha Mumtaz and Rafia Rafique ABSTRACT Objective and Background: In Asia, including Pakistan, aged population is increasing at a faster rate. Researchers have not paid much attention to investigate the aging phenomenon with reference to quality...
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Determinants of Psychological Wellbeing in Mothers of Children with Intellectual Disability
Byline: Qasir Abbas, Rubina Feroz and Sajid Alyana ABSTRACT Objective and Background: The purpose of current study was to investigate the significance of some familial variables in determining depression, anxiety and stress in mothers of children with...
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Vol. 14, No. 2, December 31

Development of Icp Subjective Well-Being Scale (Swbs)
Byline: Fazeela Moghal and Sarwat Jahan Khanam ABSTRACT Objective: The objective of the study is to develop and validate a self-report measure in Urdu language on subjective well-being (SWB) called The Institute of Clinical Psychology Subjective...
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Alpha-Theta a Non-Invasive Treatment for the Self-Exploration of Individuals with Conversion Disorder in Pakistani Society
Byline: Muhammad Tahir Khalily, Basharat Hussain and Muhammad Akram Riaz ABSTRACT Objective: The purpose of the present study was to examine the effectiveness of alpha-theta brainwave Neurofeedback treatment for the internal self-exploration...
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Cognitive Correlates of Depression in Adolescents: A Correlational Study
Byline: Salman Shahzad and Areej Khan ABSTRACT Objective: The objective of the present study is to investigate the relationship of cognitive and emotion regulation strategies (i.e., other-blame, catastrophizing, putting into perspective, positive...
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Happiness and Life Satisfaction among Depressed and Non Depressed University Students
Byline: Razia Bukhari and Sarwat Jahan Khanam ABSTRACT Objective: The present study is an effort to identify the difference in the level of life satisfaction and happiness in depressed and non-depressed university students. Research Design:...
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Reliability Assessment of Icp Cognitive Distortions Scale-Urdu
Byline: Muneeba Shakeel and Uzma Ali ABSTRACT Objective: The objective of the present study was to investigate the internal consistency, temporal stability and split half reliability of ICP Cognitive Distortions Scale-Urdu Place and duration...
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Vol. 14, No. 1, June 30

Adaptation and Psychometrics of Positive and Negative Suicide Ideation Inventory
Byline: Saba Yasien and Zaeema Riaz Ahmad ABSTRACT Objective: Positive and negative suicide ideation inventory (PANSI) assess both protective and risk factors of suicidal ideation simultaneously. The current study aimed to translate/ adapt, and...
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The Efficacy of Art Therapy in the Reduction of Symptoms of Adhd
Byline: Hina Ayaz Habib and Uzma Ali ABSTRACT Objective: The aim of the present study is to highlight the significance of Art as therapy for the reduction of symptoms of Attention Deficit Hyper Activity Disorder. Place of Study: Karachi, Pakistan...
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Gender Differences in Adolescents Experiencing Vicarious Trauma
Byline: Ayza Yazdani, Zainab F. Zadeh and Khalida Shafi ABSTRACT Objective: The present study explored gender differences in adolescents experiencing vicarious trauma due to indirect exposure to violence. Vicarious trauma manifests in moderate...
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Psychological Problems of Adolescents of Broken and Intact Families in Gilgit: A Comparative Study
Byline: Sadiq Hussain and Yawar Hussain ABSTRACT Objective: Psychological effects on adolescents of broken families are an important topic in literature of the family. This research was conducted to compare the psychological problems of adolescents...
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Self-Esteem as a Determinant of Depression in Women with Chronic Illness
Byline: Zaeema Riaz and Nasreen Bano ABSTRACT Objective: The aim of the study is to investigate the role of self esteem to cause depression in women with chronic illness. Sample: 200 women diagnosed with Arthritis (n=50), Cancer (n=50), Heart...
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Vol. 13, No. 2, December 31

Washing Hands before Meals of a Long-Staying Hospitalized Schizophrenic Patient and Its Treatment through Applied Behaviour Analysis: A Case Study
Byline: Tahira Yousaf and Imran Zafar ABSTRACT Objective: The purpose of conducting the present study was to determine whether Applied Behavior Analysis implemented through token economy and social reinforcements could successfully address poor...
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Anxiety among Students: Comparison across Age Gender and Socio-Economic Status
Byline: Iram Mansoor and Riaz Ahmad ABSTRACT Objective: The purpose of this study was to explore the manifestation of anxiety across gender age and socio-economic status in school and college going children and adolescents. Research Design:...
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Emotional Self Regulation as the Predictor of Self Esteem and Life Satisfaction among University Students
Byline: Seema Gul Kehkashan Arouj and Mussarat Jabeen Khan ABSTRACT Objective: The basic objective of present study was to explore the role of emotional self regulation as a predictor of self esteem and life satisfaction among university students....
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Gender Differences on State Self-Esteem in Young Adults
Byline: Sobia Aftab and Sofia Aslam ABSTRACT Objective: The present study aimed at investigating differences among male and female young adults on the variable of State Self-Esteem and its three subscales i.e. Performance Self-Esteem Social Self-Esteem...
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Optimism as a Predictor of Life Satisfaction among Pakistani University Students
Byline: Uzma Ali and Noshi Iram Zaman ABSTRACT Objective: Current study aimed to explore the role of optimism as predictor of life satisfaction of Pakistani university students. For the last many years there is an emphasis on curing mental illnesses...
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Vulnerability to Depression in Fathers of Neurotic and Psychotic Children
Byline: Farrukh Z. Ahmad and Abdur Rashid ABSTRACT Objective: This study aimed to determine the depression level of the fathers of neurotic and psychotic children. It was hypothesized that fathers of neurotic children will have high depression...
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Vol. 12, No. 2, December 31

Correlates of Posttraumatic Growth in Patients Diagnosed with Coronary Heart Disease
Byline: Syeda Mariam Masood and Rafia Rafique ABSTRACT Objective: The purpose of this research was to investigate the correlates of Posttraumatic Growth (PTG) in patients diagnosed with Coronary Heart Disease (CHD). It was hypothesized that posttraumatic...
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Translation of Reynolds Adolescent Depression Scale - Second Edition in Pakistan: Reliability Estimates and Factor Analysis
Byline: Saleha Sami, Riaz Ahmad and Sarwat Jahan Khanam ABSTRACT Objective: The purpose of current research is translation and adaptation of Reynolds Adolescent Depression Scale 2nd Edition (RADS-2). Place and Duration of study: Karachi, Year...
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Is Religion a Buffer against Psychopathologies?
Byline: Saima Dawood and Sadaf Naz ABSTRACT Objective: The present research investigated if religion acts as a protective buffer against different psychopathologies. Research Design: Ex-post facto research design was used in the present research...
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Psychotherapeutic Intervention Outcomes among Clinical Patients with and without Personality Disorder Co-Morbidity
Byline: Uzma Masroor, Mussarat Jabeen Khan and Nazia Iqbal ABSTRACT Objective: The present research aimed at exploring if outcomes show difference when psychotherapeutic intervention is practiced on patients who are diagnosed with a single clinical...
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Validity Assessment of Pakistani Version of Social Anxiety Scale for Adolescents
Byline: Zakia Bano and Riaz Ahmad ABSTRACT Objective: The present study aims to estimate the convergent and discriminant validity of Pakistani version of Social Anxiety Scale for adolescents originally developed by La Greca . Place of Study:...
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Vol. 12, No. 1, June 30

Risk Behaviors in Portuguese Adolescents: An Explanatory Model
Byline: Ines Camacho, Margarida Gaspar de Matos, Celeste Simoes, Gina Tome and Jose Diniz. ABSTRACT Objective: The goal of the present study was to analyse the influence and the impact of parents and the peer group in substance consumption and...
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Development of an Indigenous Symptom Checklist for Conversion Disorder
Byline: Iram Zehra Bokharey and Nosheen Khan Rahman ABSTRACT Objective: The aim of the study was to develop an indigenous symptom checklist of conversion disorder which would be representative of the Pakistani population. Research Design:...
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Efficacy of Behaviour Therapy in the Treatment of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
Byline: Saima Dawood and Fakhar Jehan ABSTRACT Objective: The present study aimed to see the efficacy of Behavior Therapy along with pharmacological treatment (treatment group) in the treatment of obsessive compulsive disorder with depressive...
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Nail Biting Behaviour and Its Treatment through Applied Behaviour Analysis: A Case Study
Byline: Zainab Hussain Bhutto and Madiha Saba Qazi Ali ABSTRACT Objective: The purpose of conducting this study was to establish whether nail biting behaviour could be reduced by applying various methods of Applied Behavioural Analysis. It was...
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Childhood Neglect and Abuse in Addicts and Non-Addicts in Lahore, Pakistan
Byline: Mujeeba Ashraf and Farina Moaz ABSTRACT Objective: The study was conducted to find out the history of childhood abuse and neglect in addicts and non addicts, and to examine the difference between childhood abuse and neglect in both groups....
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Vol. 11, No. 2, December 31

Determinants of Psychological Well-Being and Self-Esteem in Married and Unmarried Women
Byline: Muhammad Azam Tahir ABSTRACT Objective: The present study aims at exploring the difference between married and unmarried women on the variable of psychological well-being and self esteem and to study these determinants among married women...
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Relationship of Self Esteem and Social Anxiety: A Comparative Study between Male and Female Adolescents
Byline: Nasreen Bano, Zaeema R. Ahmad and Amena Z. Ali ABSTRACT Objectives: The present study aims to find the relationship differences of social anxiety and self esteem among male and female adolescent students in Pakistan. It was hypothesized...
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A Case Study of Schizophrenia: Social Traumas as Presumed Etiological Factors
Byline: Syeda Shahida Batool ABSTRACT Objective: The present case study was designed to see the predisposing and triggering factors in the onset of schizophrenia and to evaluate the efficacy of different behavioral techniques in improving the...
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Altruism and Belief in Just World in Young Adults: Relationship with Religiosity
Byline: Syeda Sania Shah and Amena Zehra Ali ABSTRACT Objective:The present research explored the interrelationship of religiosity, altruism and global belief in just world (BJW) in young adults. Based on literature review, it was predicted that...
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Emotional Problems of Street Children in Three Major Cities of Pakistan
Byline: Farah Iqbal ABSTRACT Objective: The present study intended to identify the emotional indicators such as internalizing (i.e. guilt, anxiety, withdrawal and immaturity) and externalizing problems (i.e. impulsivity and overt aggression)...
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Vol. 10, No. 2, December 31

The Prevalence of Violent and Aggressive Behavior in Students with Computer and Internet Use at Balochistan University of IT, Engineering, and Management Sciences Quetta, Pakistan
Byline: Muhammad Azam Tahir and Muhammad Abaas Chaudhary ABSTRACT Objective: In this paper the prevalence of violence and aggressive behavior, in relation to computer and internet use were assessed among male and female students of Balochistan...
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Internalizing and Externalizing Problems in Children: A Comparison of Street and Non-Street Children
Byline: Samreen Abid and Naeem Aslam ABSTRACT Objective: The present study aimed to investigate the internalizing (i.e., guilt, anxiety, shynes, withdrawn and immaturity) and externalizing problems (i.e., impulsivity, aggression) in street and...
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Remembered Relationship with Parents, Aggression and Self Esteem of Juvenile Prisoners
Byline: Humera Abdul Sattar and Rafia Rafique ABSTRACT Objectives: Juvenile delinquency is increasing in epidemic portion in Pakistan, to understand this drift the present study was designed to investigate association between remembered relationship...
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Personality Traits of Prison Inmates of Pakistan and Their Vulnerability towards Different Psychopathologies
Byline: Saima Dawood, Suneel Samuel and Nabeela Ehsan ABSTRACT Objectives: The present study was conducted to assess the personality traits of Pakistani prison inmates both men and women and their vulnerability towards various psychopathologies....
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Psychological Problems in Wives of Adults with Substance Abuse Problem
Byline: Amna Zehra Ali and Riffat Sadiq ABSTRACT Objective:The present study aimed at examining psychological problems in wives of adults with substance abuse problem in comparison to wives of adults with no substance abuse problem. It was hypothesized...
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The Effects of Maternal Depression on Academic Achievement of Their Children
Byline: Shazia Ilyas and Uzma Ali ABSTRACT Objectives: The present study was conducted to determine the effect of Maternal Depression on level of academic achievement of their children. Place and Duration of Study: This paper is a part of...
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Vol. 10, No. 1, June 30

Factors for Intimate Partner Violence (Ipv) in Urban Pakistani Families
Byline: Sehar Hassan and Anila Amber Malik ABSTRACT Objective: The present study was conducted to estimate the prevalence of Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) among women seeking healthcare services and identification of factors associated with...
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Socio Demographic Characteristics of Male Heroin Addicts
Byline: Zaeema Riaz, Salman Shahzad, Amena Zahra Ali and Naheed Abrar ABSTRACT Objective: Current descriptive study on heroin addiction in Karachi, Pakistan was conducted to explore the socio demographic characteristics of male addicts who belong...
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Interpersonal Relations and Factors of Emotional Intelligence: A Correlational Study
Byline: Farheen Nasir and Seema Munaf ABSTRACT Objective: This study is focused on determining the relationship of interpersonal relations of adolescents and factors of emotional intelligence i.e. intrapersonal, interpersonal, general mood, stress...
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Level of Stress and Depression among Mothers of Children Suffering from Cancer
Byline: Shazia Hasan and Waseem Fatima ABSTRACT Objectives: The aim of the present research was to investigate the psychological effects of cancer (ill family member) in mothers of children suffering from this disease. After reviewing the literature...
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Ordinal Position of Birth and Individual's Psychological Needs on Edwards Personal Preference Schedule
Byline: Uzma Ali and Sofia Aslam ABSTRACT Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate the idea of Adler, the Austrian Psychiatrist, that the psychological development of each child in a family is different from other due to ordinal...
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Religious Orientation and Vulnerability to Anxiety in Adults
Byline: Saba Zain and Kausar Ansari ABSTRACT Objective: The role of religion in mental health issues is greatly understudied. The purpose of the present research is to determine the role of religious orientation in the development of anxiety...
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Vol. 9, No. 2, December 31

Self Concept in Intellectually Gifted Secondary School Children
Byline: Zaeema Riaz and Salman Shahzad ABSTRACT Objective: The objective of the present research was to investigate the difference of self concept between intellectually gifted and non-gifted secondary school children. Research Design: Comparative...
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Differential Performance Patterns on Bender Gestalt Test among Schizophrenia Patients, Brain Damaged and Normal Individuals
Byline: Muhammad Khalid Ramay ABSTRACT Objective: The objective of the present study is to observe the difference in the performance of schizophrenia, brain damage patients and normal individuals in their performance on Bender Gestalt Test. ...
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Students' Achievement in Individualistic, Competitive and Cooperative Settings and Their Emotive Perceptions for Each Setting
Byline: Aisha Zubair and Sohema Tahir ABSTRACT Objective: The aim of present study is to experimentally assess students' achievement in different social settings. Research also intended to explore students' emotive perceptions during different...
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Mathematical Learning Difficulties Children Faced on Worded Problems at Primary Level
Byline: Ghulam Mehdi Hayat Khan ABSTRACT Objective: to explore the problems of learning mathematics in primary school children and to find out specific areas in Mathematics with which children face problems, and give an opportunity to the text...
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Expressed Emotions and Locus of Control among Parents of Schizophrenia Patients
Byline: Mujeeba Ashraf, Irum Afzal and Saima Majeed ABSTRACT Objective: The present study was conducted to measure the relationship between expressed emotions and locus of control among parents of Schizophrenia patients. Research Design: Ex-post...
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Identification of Relationship of Self Image with Anxiety and Depression among College Girls of Lahore, Pakistan
Byline: Masha Asad Khan and Nosheen K. Rahman (Retd) ABSTRACT Objective: This study aims to identify the relationship of self image with anxiety and depression among college girls of Lahore, Pakistan. Research Design: A Correlation Research...
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Vol. 9, No. 1, June 30

Psychiatric Morbidity in Medical, Surgical and Gynecological in - Patient
Byline: Iqtidar Taufiq, Adnan Ahmed and Inam Rasool ABSTRACT Objectives: The Present study aims i) to assess the prevalence of psychiatric morbidity in hospitalized medical, surgical and gynecological patients and irrespective of their diagnoses...
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PATTERN OF INJECTION ADDICTION AT HYDERABAD: A Clinical Preliminary Study on Injection Addiction (Substance Abuse) at Hyderabad, Pakistan
Byline: S. Jamil Hussain, Nadeem Ahmed, Beenish Shoro, Fahad-ul-Zain and Zahida Batool ABSTRACT Objective: The aim of this clinical research was to assess the pattern of injection addiction (substance abuse) in a group of hospital attenders,...
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Development of Marital Satisfaction Scale
Byline: Nadia Ayub ABSTRACT Objective: This study reviewed the development of the indigenous Marital Satisfaction Scale (MSS): a self-report method of identifying variables of marital satisfaction for married couples. Research Design: Scale...
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Sexually Abused Children Suffer in Silence
Byline: Salima Farooq, Saleema Gulzar, Ambreen Tharani and Yasmin Parpio ABSTRACT Child abuse is a global issue, and its incidences are increasing alarmingly in Pakistan. It severely impacts the physical, mental and social well being of an individual....
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Prevalence of Voice Problems among School Teachers
Byline: Raheela Khatoon ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the prevalence of voice problems among school teachers. Design: Analytic Descriptive Study Place and Duration of Study: Karachi, Pakistan from September 2008 to March 2009. Subjects...
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Influence of Gender and Socioeconomic Status on Self-Esteem of Adolescent Students
Byline: Ghulam Mehdi Hayat Khan, Hina Imran and Muhammad Rizwan ABSTRACT Objective: The purpose of present study is to explore the effects of gender and socioeconomic status on the self-esteem of adolescent students. Sample: The sample of...
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General Self Efficacy and Perceived Social Support in Psychiatric Patients
Byline: Muhammad Khalid Ramay, Salman Shahzad and Hina Imran ABSTRACT Objective: To determine the difference between the Psychiatric patients and normal group on the variable of General Self-Efficacy and Multidimensional Perceived Social Support...
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Vol. 5, No. 39, July 1

Growing Practice of Child Adoption among Childless Couples
Byline: Syeda Kaniz-i-Fatima Haider and Syeda Nabahat ABSTRACT This study is concisely aimed at the changing attitude of people towards Child adoption and its growing practice among childless couples. Sample: Forty childless couples from different...
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Unhealthy Attitudes and Health Problem in Paksitani Society
Byline: S.Jamil Hussain,Noshad Ahmad Shaikh and Moin Ahmad Ansari ABSTRACT This paper attempts to analyze the attitudes and behavior of the community in Pakistan, distinguished into urban and rural setup. With the advancement in technology and...
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Standardization of Symptom Checklist-R on Psychiatric and Non Psychiatric Sample of Lahore City
Byline: Nosheen K. Rahman*, Saima Dawood,* Neelofar Rehman*, Wajeeha Mansoor*,and Saima Ali* ABSTRACT Objectives: The present research was conducted to standardize Symptom Checklist-R on psychiatric and non psychiatric population of Lahore city....
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Impact of Television on Well-Being of Society
Byline: Mohd Shammuddin, Abida Perveen and Naheed Abrar EING OF SOCIETY Abstract INTRODUCTION The electronic media are the most vital advancement in communication technology and a significant technical accomplishment of the 20th Century....
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Depression: As Viewed within the Context of Need-Based Psychology
Abstract: This article examines depression from an existential perspective, and is enriched by the author's own experiences as a victim of depression. A theory of Need-Based Psychology (which is an extension and modification of Maslow's theories) is...
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