Psychiatry Journal

Articles

Vol. 2018, Annual

Do Sleeping Disorders Impair Sexual Function in Married Iranian Women of Reproductive Age? Results from a Cross-Sectional Study
1. Introduction Female sexual function consists of the domains of desire, libido, arousal, pain/discomfort, and orgasms [1, 2]. Impairment in any of these domains can prevent the sexual pleasure experienced by couples [3]. According to the International...
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Internalized Stigma among Patients with Mental Illness Attending Psychiatric Follow-Up at Dilla University Referral Hospital, Southern Ethiopia
1. Introduction People living with mental illness (PLWMI) are facing double problems: their illness and the stigma. Stigma is perceived because most Ethiopian societies believed that mental illness is a punishment by God and linked with evil possession...
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Smoking Ban in Psychiatric Inpatient Unit: An Iranian Study on the Views and Attitudes of the Mental Health Staff and Psychiatric Patients
1. Introduction It is estimated by some recent studies that the current prevalence of smoking in Iran is 12.5% of the adult population (23.4% males and 1.4% females; burden: 6.1 million) [1]. People with mental illnesses have a higher rate of smoking;...
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Prevalence and Associated Factors of Mental Distress among Caregivers of Patients with Epilepsy in Ethiopia: A Cross-Sectional Study Design
1. Background Caregivers are people who take care of others, often parents, spouse, or children with special medical needs or disability and they play an important role in the management of patients with epilepsy [1-3]. Caregiving is a broad responsibility,...
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The Content Validity of the Cultural Formulation Interview (CFI)
1. Introduction The cultural formulation of psychiatric disorders is important in many different ways, including the prevention of misdiagnoses as discussed by Adeponle and elsewhere [1, 2], obtaining crucial clinical information [3-5], improving...
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Psychological Problems and Socioemotional Wellbeing among Children of Mothers with Depression and Their Association with Sociodemographic Factors in a Sri Lankan Setting
1. Introduction Maternal depression, occurring either postpartum or later in life, has been shown to be associated with many adverse health outcomes among the offspring. Early reviews revealed some 40-45% of children of parents with affective disorders...
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Attitude towards Mental Illness among Secondary School Students in Asmara, Eritrea: A Cross-Sectional Study
1. Introduction Mental illness (MI) refers to mental and emotional impairments; it also comprises mental retardation, organic brain disease, and learning disabilities [1]. It can occur to any person without regard to personal characteristics. Globally,...
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Psychosocial Problems among School Going Adolescents in Nepal
1. Introduction Adolescence is the period of age ranging from 10 to 19 years, is one of the critical transitions in the lifespan that occurs after childhood and before adulthood, and is characterized by a tremendous pace in growth and change that...
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Remission from Alcohol Use Disorder among Males in the Lundby Cohort during 1947-1997
1. Introduction Alcohol use is a major contributor to disease, injury, and mortality [1]. However, alcohol use changes with age [2]. Some studies have reported remission rates of 40-60%, especially among high functioning alcoholics who were followed...
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Prevalence and Associated Factors of Depression among Orphan Adolescents in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
1. Introduction Depression is a disorder that is defined by certain emotional, behavioral, and thought patterns. Adolescent depression is leveled as depressed mood, depressive syndrome, and clinical depression. Depressed mood is sadness at various...
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Predictors of Broad Dimensions of Psychopathology among Patients with Panic Disorder after Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy
1. Background Panic disorder is associated with substantial reductions in social functions and lifetime prevalence rates are approximately 3% [1]. Generally, panic disorder has broad dimensions of psychopathology. Fifty to eighty percent of patients...
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The Temporal Relationship between Selected Mental Disorders and Substance-Related Disorders: A Nationwide Population-Based Cohort Study
1. Introduction Substance-related disorders (SRDs), comprised of substance use disorders (SUDs) and substance-induced disorders (SIDs), are disorders of intoxication, dependence, abuse, and substance withdrawal caused by various substances, both...
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Prevalence and Associated Factors of Depression among Prisoners in Jimma Town Prison, South West Ethiopia
1. Background Mental disorder impose an enormous disease burden almost everywhere across the world [1]. It is one of the greatest challenges that the current and future generations will face [2]. Depression is the most common and severe but treatable...
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Association between Neighborhood Conditions and Mental Disorders among Children in the US: Evidence from the National Survey of Children's Health 2011/12
1. Introduction Mental disorders among children in the U.S. are important public health concerns because of relatively high prevalence, early onset, and socioeconomic impacts [1]. According to previous surveillance reports, 13-20% of children below...
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Prevalence of Adjustment Problem and Its Predictors among First-Year Undergraduate Students in Ethiopian University: A Cross-Sectional Institution Based Study
1. Background University students are always exposed to psychosocial stressors throughout teaching years of a personal square showing emotionally and intellectually a lot of sternness nearly compared to the other stage of education. At this stage,...
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Epidemiology of Depression and Associated Factors among Asthma Patients in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
1. Introduction Depression is a common mental disorder that presents with depressed mood, loss of interest or pleasure, decreased energy, feelings of guilt or low self-worth, disturbed sleep or appetite, and poor concentration [1-3]. Depression...
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Prevalence of Cannabis Use Disorder and Associated Factors among Cannabis Young Adult Users at Shashemene Town, Oromia Region, Ethiopia, 2016
1. Background Cannabis use disorder is a problematic pattern of cannabis use which leads to impaired control over cannabis use and difficulty in ceasing use despite its harm [1]. Drug abuse is a global phenomenon affecting almost every country,...
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Depression and Associated Factors among Adult Inpatients at Public Hospitals of Harari Regional State, Eastern Ethiopia
1. Introduction Depression or depressive disorders are mental illnesses characterized by a profound and persistent feeling of sadness or despair and/or a loss of interest in things [1]. Everyone experiences feelings of unhappiness and sadness occasionally,...
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Prevalence of Depression and Its Associated Factors among Orphan Children in Orphanages in Ilu Abba Bor Zone, South West Ethiopia
1. Introduction Childhood is a pivotal period for a child's overall development [1]. The survival and development of a child's optimal potential are disrupted if the family environment is jeopardized due to illness or death of the parents or guardians...
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Prevalence of Stress and Associated Factors among Regular Students at Debre Birhan Governmental and Nongovernmental Health Science Colleges North Showa Zone, Amhara Region, Ethiopia 2016
1. Introduction Worldwide, 80% of college students have stress after exam, papers, problem sets, and other assignments [1]. Stress is considered to be a physiological reaction of an organism where diverse defense mechanism comes into play in order...
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Screening for Depressive Symptoms among Patients Attending Specialist Medical Outpatient Clinics in a Tertiary Hospital in Southern Nigeria
1. Introduction Affective disorders (most commonly depressive and anxiety disorders) are among the most prevalent disorders seen in medical practice [1]. Depression, currently the 4th leading cause of global disease burden (GBD), is projected to...
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Prevalence and Associated Factors of Suicide Ideation and Attempt among Adolescent High School Students in Dangila Town, Northwest Ethiopia
1. Background Suicide (from Latin Sui caedere to kill oneself or self-murder) means the act of a person intentionally causing his or her own death. It is death from injury, poisoning, or suffocation where there is evidence (either explicit or implicit)...
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Perinatal Depression and Associated Factors among Mothers in Southern Ethiopia: Evidence from Arba Minch Zuria Health and Demographic Surveillance Site
1. Introduction Depression is a common, treatable mood disorder. About 6% of women, including up to 10% of women who are pregnant, will experience depression at some time during their lives. Women are more at risk of depression while they are pregnant,...
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Gender Differences in the Prevalence of Depression among the Working Population of Nepal
1. Introduction Over the past decade, there has been a steady increase in the proportion of women joining the labour force and at present Nepal has the third highest women labour force in the world [1]. While this participation of women in paid...
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Prevalence and Associated Factors of Depression in an Asian Community in Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania
1. Introduction Depression is a mental disorder characterized by feelings of depressed mood, loss of interest or pleasure in activities, and loss of energy that lasts for 2 weeks or more [1]. Everybody experiences mood changes daily. But when the...
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Patterns of Prescription of Psychotropic Medications and Their Adherence among Patients with Schizophrenia in Two Psychiatric Hospitals in Accra, Ghana: A Cross-Sectional Survey
1. Introduction Mental disorders account for a growing proportion of the worldwide burden of diseases. In 2013, mental disorders accounted for 14% of the worldwide burden of diseases, a 2% rise in prevalence over a period of a decade [1]. In Ghana,...
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Vol. 2017, Annual

Prevalence and Associated Factors of Suicidal Ideation and Attempt among People Living with HIV/AIDS at Zewditu Memorial Hospital, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: A Cross-Sectional Study
1. Background Globally, every year around 800,000 to a million people die due to suicide [1]. Suicide is the 10th leading cause of death worldwide and third leading cause of death among those aged 15-44 years. It represented 1.8% of global burden...
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Demography and Risk Factors of Suicide in Bangladesh: A Six-Month Paper Content Analysis
1. Introduction Suicide is a neglected preventable public health problem across the globe and Bangladesh is not an exception [1]. About one million people die each year by suicide over the world with a global mortality rate of 16 per 100,000 and...
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Exploring Complexity of Deliberate Self-Poisoning through Network Analysis
1. Introduction Incidence rate of suicide attempt in Iran is estimated 91.65 per 100000 (82.2 in men and 115.79 in women) and it is more common in the 15-24 age group [1]. A common method for suicide attempt in both developed and developing countries...
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Epigenetic and Neural Circuitry Landscape of Psychotherapeutic Interventions
1. Introduction The effects of psychotherapy from a clinical perspective are growing in evidence base, particularly given the desire within the scientific community to translate concepts which many times are subjective and abstract into demonstrable...
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High Magnitude of Social Anxiety Disorder in School Adolescents
1. Introduction DSM-V defines social phobia as marked or intense fear or anxiety of social situations in which the individual may be scrutinized by others and this situation interferes significantly with routines, occupational (academic) functioning,...
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Self-Reported Adverse Drug Reactions, Medication Adherence, and Clinical Outcomes among Major Depressive Disorder Patients in Ethiopia: A Prospective Hospital Based Study
1. Introduction Major Depression (MD) is the most common mental health problem in the world. Life time prevalence of 16.2% million among adults has been reported in United States [1]. The scale of global impact of mental illness is substantial,...
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Patients' Experience of Winter Depression and Light Room Treatment
1. Introduction The clinical features of seasonal affective disorder (SAD) were first described in 1984 in the classic study by Rosenthal et al. [1]. In the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) [2], depression with a seasonal...
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Substance Use as a Strong Predictor of Poor Academic Achievement among University Students
1. Background According to world health organization, psycho active substance is any chemical substance which alters physical and/or mental function. Substance abuse is also defined by DSM-V as use of any drug, usually by self-administration, in...
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Serious Psychological Distress and Emergency Room Use among Adults with Multimorbidity in the United States
1. Introduction The prevalence of multimorbidity, the coexisting of two or more chronic illnesses in the same individual has grown in the United States (US) [1]. In 2012, one in four civilian, noninstitutionalized US adults had multimorbidity [2]....
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Dyslipidaemia and Medical Outcome (Health Related Quality of Life) in Patients with Schizophrenia Taking Antipsychotics in Enugu, Nigeria
1. Introduction Dyslipidaemia and lipid metabolism have attracted attention of researchers in recent times. For patients with mental disorders, the observation that the disease itself and its treatment may be associated with metabolic problems adds...
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Burden of Misconception in Sexual Health Care Setting: A Cross-Sectional Investigation among the Patients Attending a Psychiatric Sex Clinic of Bangladesh
1. Introduction World Health Organization (WHO) defines sexual health as "a state of physical, emotional, mental, and social well-being in relationship to sexuality; it is not merely the absence of disease, dysfunction, or infirmity [1-3]." Positive...
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Annual

Depression among Ethiopian Adults: Cross-Sectional Study
1. Background Depression is a common mental disorder characterized by depressed mood, loss of interest or pleasure, feeling of worthlessness or inappropriate guilt, disturbed sleep and appetite, feeling of tiredness, and poor concentration for a...
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Enhanced Early Neuronal Processing of Food Pictures in Anorexia Nervosa: A Magnetoencephalography Study
1. Introduction Anorexia Nervosa (AN) is a severely debilitating psychiatric disorder characterized by the relentless pursuit of thinness, leading to severe emaciation. It is associated with low rates of recovery [1] and has the highest mortality...
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The Relation between Psychiatric Diagnoses and Constipation in Hospitalized Patients: A Cross-Sectional Study
1. Introduction Constipation is a prevalent symptom in the psychiatric population, with a reported two-year period prevalence of 36.3% in schizophrenic patients [1] and 57.7% in depressive patients [2]. In addition, an incidence rate of 15 per 100...
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Mass Psychogenic Illness: Demography and Symptom Profile of an Episode
1. Introduction Mass psychogenic illness (MPI) is a not a very rare phenomenon anymore. It is probably more common than the reported incidences and imposes a significant financial burden and unexpected management difficulties for the emergency department...
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Common Mental Disorders among Occupational Groups: Contributions of the Latent Class Model
1. Introduction Common mental disorders (CMDs) are a group of nonspecific symptoms, without any clinical classification relating to psychosocial, occupational, and social context factors. The name CMD encompasses nonpsychotic symptoms, characterized...
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Prevalence of Depression and Anxiety Amongst Cancer Patients in a Hospital Setting: A Cross-Sectional Study
1. Background Depression, as a disease, is usual in cancer patients. However, only restricted evidence is available for Asian communities [1]. There have been remarkable progressions in biomedical care for cancer which have not been complemented...
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Cognitive Function before and during Treatment with Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors in Patients with Depression or Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
1. Introduction Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are the first-line drug treatment of depression and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Monotherapy with this class is often recommended for patients primarily diagnosed with these...
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Comparison of Sexual Experience and Behavior between Bipolar Outpatients and Outpatients without Mood Disorders
1. Introduction This paper discusses a study of sexuality in Bipolar outpatients treated in private practice in comparison to outpatients without affective disorder or schizophrenia. The evidence that sexuality is often increased in adults with...
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Prevalence of Antipsychotic Polypharmacy and Associated Factors among Outpatients with Schizophrenia Attending Amanuel Mental Specialized Hospital, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
1. Introduction Schizophrenia is a severe mental illness with a serious impact on the lives of patients and their families. Treatment with antipsychotic drugs has been the main part of treatment and management of psychotic patients globally [1]....
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Community Perception towards Mental Illness among Residents of Gimbi Town, Western Ethiopia
1. Background Mental and behavioral problem exist in all countries, in women and men at all stages of life, among the poor and rich and among rural and urban people. As many as 450 million people worldwide are estimated to be suffering at any given...
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Forethought in Youth with Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: An fMRI Study of Sex-Specific Differences
1. Introduction Attention deficit/hyperactive disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder defined by persistent inattention and/or hyperactivity/impulsivity [1]. The disorder negatively impacts social, academic, or occupational functioning....
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Prevalence and Factors Associated with Undernutrition among Adults with Major Depressive Disorder in Northwest Ethiopia
1. Background Mental health problems account for 13% of the total burden of disease [1, 2]. Malnutrition and major depressive disorder are common health problems [3, 4]. According to World Health Organization (WHO) estimate, major depressive disorder...
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Towards a Standard Psychometric Diagnostic Interview for Subjects at Ultra High Risk of Psychosis: CAARMS versus SIPS
"The comparability of measurements made in differing circumstances by different methods and investigators is a fundamental precondition for all of science" Dorans and Holland (2000) 1. Introduction The development of psychometric tools to...
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The Brief Symptom Inventory and the Outcome Questionnaire-45 in the Assessment of the Outcome Quality of Mental Health Interventions
1. Introduction Along with accessibility to services, appropriateness of treatment, and perception of care, outcome is an important quality indicator in mental health care [1]. A widely used approach to assess outcome quality is measuring symptom...
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Arabic Translation and Psychometric Evaluation of the Depression Literacy Questionnaire among Adolescents
1. Background Depression is a serious mental health disease and generally characterized by sadness, loss of interest in activities, and decreased energy [1]. Evidence suggests that the onset of major depression predominantly manifests during adolescence...
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Clinical Profile and Comorbidity of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder among Children and Adolescents: A Cross-Sectional Observation in Bangladesh
1. Introduction Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a relatively common disorder with a lifetime prevalence of 1-3% in children and adolescents, characterised by persistent and unwanted intrusive thoughts, images, and urges (obsessions) and repetitive...
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Psychometric Validation of the Bangla Version of the Patient-Doctor Relationship Questionnaire
1. Introduction The patient-doctor relationship (PDR) is an important concept in health care [1]. Throughout the history of medicine, patients and doctors have scrutinized and debated their relationship, which is undoubtedly one of the most difficult...
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Canadian Physicians' Attitudes towards Accessing Mental Health Resources
1. Introduction In 2008, the WHO reported mental illnesses as the leading cause of disability in the US and Canada [1]. The incidence of mental illness among Canadians has been estimated at approximately 18.6% per year and has been shown to affect...
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