African Nebula

Articles

No. 7, June

Verbal and Visual Signifiers in Some GSM Advertisements in Nigeria
1. Introduction The Global System of Mobile Telecommunications (GSM) revolution in Nigeria's communications industry is arguably a coveted leveller which has enabled common citizens to share the experience of the elite, which had for long been privileged...
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Editorial
A nebula is a truly wondrous thing to behold. The name is derived from the Latin word for 'cloud.' Nebulae (plural) are not only massive clouds of dust, hydrogen and helium gas, and plasma; they are also called "star nurseries" of the universe because...
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Predator and Prey: Islamic Feminism and the Discourse of Female-Authored Novels in Northern Nigeria
Introduction Nigerian women writers exemplified by Flora Nwapa, Buchi Emecheta, Theodora Akachi Ezeigbo and lately Chimamanda Adichie have used literature to challenge the inherent contradictions in a society where men are treated differently from...
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Global Media and the End of the Nation-State: Myth or Reality?
Introduction When Plato in The Republic spoke of the captives in his allegorical cave, little did he say about the ideologies at work in that cave. He did not, for instance, tell us with much clarity why those bondsmen continually apperceived the...
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The Political Economy of the Egba Nation: A Study in Modernisation and Diversification, 1830-1960
Introduction Several works have been done on Egba history since the second half of the nineteenth century. Anna Tucker's Abeokuta or Sunrise within the Tropics and Saburi Biobaku's book, The Egba and Their Neighbours are particularly noteworthy....
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Jeunesse Active Pour Chantal Biya (JACHABY)/Cercle Des Amis Du Cameroun (CERAC) and Femocracy in 21st Century Cameroon
Contextualising or Delimiting the Debate The role of women in politics and governance in Africa in general and Cameroon in particular has remained a subject of intense discussion among scholars and the general public. In Morocco for example, the...
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Security or Insecurity, the Gendarmerie and Popular Reaction in West Cameroon, 1961-1964
Introduction The democratic process in Africa south of the Sahara since the 1990s has been well documented to the extent that whatever one attempts to do now towards that direction will appear as the obvious. Far from being the obvious, this article...
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Population, Women's "Unmet Needs", Climate Change and the Issue of Empowerment
Introduction Environmental debates are often framed by such extremes as the population explosion and depletion of resources'. In addition to other major societal upheavals, there have also been warnings concerning the state of earth's available...
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No. 6, December

Celebrating Samar Habib, an 'Africanist' Scholar Par Excellence
The year 2013 cannot be easily forgotten in the history of the Nebulae journal family. The year marks the resignation of Samar Habib, Chief Editor of Nebula, and the abrupt stoppage of the publication of the parent journal in the Nebulae journal stable...
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African-American Feminist Discourses: Understanding the Writings of Harriet Jacobs and Adrienne Kennedy
Introduction African American women's writings are a product of a successful struggle against hegemonic value systems perpetuated by a dominant imperio-political culture. Apart from its deep creativity, the writings are also cast in a deliberately...
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Instrumentality of Africa for Black Americans: A Critical Analysis of Black America's Africanist Project in the Early Twentieth Century
Introduction If America does not allow the Negro to find pride in himself as an American, then he will inevitably seek acceptance as a black man (Cayton, 1966: 45). After the first encounter between European colonizers and the negroid in the...
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A Survey of Fundamental Theories, Models and Perspectives on Computer-Mediated Communication
Introduction The last decade has witnessed a significant shift of Computer Mediated Communication (hereafter, CMC) into the mainstream of scholarship in communication studies and the allied disciplines like sociology, psychology and composition...
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French-Cameroon Immigrants and the Pan-Kamerun Movement
Introduction The most significant event of the First World War in Cameroon was the Anglo - French partition of the German protectorate (Kamerun) in 1916. During the war, British, French and Belgian troops invaded and defeated the Germans by February...
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An Endangered Nigerian Indigenous Language: The Case of Yoruba Language
Introduction: The Linguistic Landscape in Nigeria Language is the hallmark of any people's life and culture. Language encompasses people's worldview, custom, way of life and history in general. The loss of any language by a people is the loss of...
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No. 5, June

Editorial
A nebula is celebratory of several concatenations, ranging from those that are purely aesthetic, political, cultural, philosophical and historical to contemporary concerns. The articles in this present issue of African Nebula aptly reflect these linkages....
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Local Responses to Colonial Evictions, Conservation and Commodity Policies among Shangwe Communities in Gokwe, Northwestern Zimbabwe, 1963-1980
Introduction The 1950s and 1960s were a momentous era of forced change for Shangwe (1) communities of Mbumbuze, Gokwe. Colonial agrarian and forestry policies combined to deliver a vicious blow on Shangwe livelihoods. The first major blow was delivered...
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Living Culture through Children's Plays: A Close Reading of the Folklore-Based Plays Akpokplo, Gates to Mother and the Perpetual Stone-Mill
Introduction The folktale is a big subset of folklore which is one of the most important means of expressing African culture. Various views have been expressed on the value of folklore in the African experience and development. Barbara et al (1961)...
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The Babangida Years and Private Sector's Initiatives in the Restructuring of the Nigerian Economy, 1985-1993
Introduction By the beginning of the 1980s, international concern focused on a declining global economy, indeed, the world economic depression of the 1980s was more pronounced among Third World nations. The details of the economic crisis have been...
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The Use of Pidgin English as a Medium of Social Discourse among Osun State University Students
Introduction This work examines the place of Nigerian Pidgin among Osun State University students in Nigeria. The official acronym of the university is UNIOSUN. As at the time of its establishment in 2006, the university was the 30th state university...
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Education in Ethiopia: Past, Present and Future Prospects
Introduction Located in the Horn of Africa, Ethiopia is a country of over 91 million people. Forty four percent of the population is under the age of fifteen years (CIA World Factbook, 2012). Unlike most other African countries, Ethiopia did not...
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No. 4, September

Editorial
Continuing in the tradition of its precursors, this volume of African Nebula features articles from different regions in a sense that affirms the consolidation of the international texture of the journal. The contributions also cut across fields in...
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'Emerging' Communities and New Understandings of the Self: Talk Radio in Post-Apartheid South Africa
Introduction The use of the term community has become variously conflated in recent times such that it has become imperative that anyone having anything to do with the term needs to set the records straight in order to give a clear sense of what...
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Crime and Survival in the Post Colonial World/text
Introduction 'What happens to the concept of home when home is colonized, when the very ways of conceiving home, of talking about home, writing about it, remembering it, begin to occur through the medium of the colonizer's way of seeing...
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Challenges and Strategies for Affordable Housing Ownership for the Nigerian Urban Poor
Introduction Housing goes beyond the mere assemblage of bricks and mortar. It encompasses the totality of the environment and infrastructure which provides human comfort, enhance people's health and productivity as well as enable them to sustain...
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Conflict Resolution in Project Location Decision-Making: The Case of Old Ibadan Airport Commercialisation Project
Introduction Economically profitable, environment friendly and socio-culturally desirable private-sector real estate projects are usually regarded as vehicles for sustainable national development. The commercialisation of the Old Ibadan Airport...
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Settlements Relocation in Northern Nigeria: A Historical Analysis of the Colonial Resettlement Scheme in Yagbaland, 1900-1950
Introduction The Yagba people are one of the Yoruba groups that inhabit the most northeastern part of Yoruba land. They are found mainly in the Yagba West, Yagba East and Mopa/Amuro Local Government Areas of Kogi State. To the North-east of Yagba...
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Academic Competence and Linguistic Performance: A Study of English Intonation Tune Assignment by Some Nigerian English Language Postgraduate Students
Introduction It has been established that English as spoken and used in Nigeria differ remarkably from the Standard. The area where the differences are most noticed is the spoken form since it is basically performance. The native speaker of English...
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A Comparative Study of Xiang Yu and Hannibal's Strategic Thinking with That of Shaka the Zulu of South Africa
Introduction About the 3rd century BC, both the East (Asia) and West (Europe) were active on the stage of numerous wars that produced two outstanding heroes who changed the direction of warfare and strategic studies. The Chinese people are familiar...
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No. 3, June

Cohesive Devices in Selected ESL Academic Papers
Introduction Longman Dictionary of contemporary English defines cohesive as an adjective, connected or related in a reasonable way to form a whole. Eminent scholars like Halliday and Hassan (1976) and van Dijk (1992) are concerned with the Principles...
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Editorial
This current issue of African Nebula is a stimulating collection of well-crafted articles written by nine scholars from Ghana, Nigeria and the United Arab Emirates. In the true spirit and essence of Nebula, the issue draws its contributors from a rich...
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Discourse in Institutional Administration of Public Universities in Ghana: A Shift towards a Market Paradigm?
Introduction The emergence of corporate strategies for universities in Ghana has come as an answer to the demand for clearly spelt out visions that position institutions of higher learning in the global marketplace to contest with other institutions...
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Coinages in Nigerian English: A Sociolinguistic Perspective
Introduction When a word or an idiom is employed to express a meaning which it does not hitherto convey, the meaning and referent are said to have been expanded. In other words, a change in the sense of a word causes a modification in the mental...
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Ayi Kwei Armah's Novels of Liberation
Introduction With the publication of his first narrative, The Beautyful Ones are not Yet Born (1968) to KMPT, The House of Knowledge (2002), Ayi Kwei Armah has constantly focused on the pre colonial, colonial and post-colonial chequered history...
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Discovery, Assertion and Self-Realisation in Recent Nigerian Migrant Feminist Fiction: The Example of Sefi Atta's Everything Good Will Come
Introduction Literature as a creative activity projects those deeply ingrained and relatively enduring patterns of thought, feeling and behaviour of the society from which it is drawn. Apparently, literature captures the diverse forms of interaction...
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Towards an Understanding of the Discourse of Advertising: Review of Research with Special Reference to the Egyptian Media
Introduction Advertising is so familiar to modern readers that it may seem odd to ask what an advertisement is. Although advertising is all around us, we do not often pause to think about its nature as a form of discourse, as a system of language...
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The Effect of Premarital Cohabitation on Quality of Relationship and Marital Stability of Married People in Southwest Nigeria
Background literature By the fact of marriage and from legal perspectives, the spouses owe each other a number of duties, which are collectively referred to as consortium (Nwogugu, 2001). Consortium in marriage is an integral part of conjugal relationship....
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Problems of Metaphysical Philosophy
Introduction The word problem as used in this context is a noun and it could mean difficulty, puzzle or question to which answer or solution has to be given. When we therefore speak of the problems of metaphysical philosophy we have in mind those...
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Variations in Ways of Refusing Requests in English among Members of a College Community in Ghana
Introduction Aspects of the context of any utterance or the factors constituting the ethnography of any act affect, to a large extent, the choices made in any speech event. These factors need to be observed properly, and sometimes strictly, especially...
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No. 2, September

Nigeria and Japan: A Historical Analysis of Forty-Six Years of Peaceful Relations, 1960-2006
Introduction International Relations is a 'highly emotionalized form of diplomatic history' (Leach and Abdul: 1970:1). It is an aspect of history that deals with the human activities in which persons from more than one nation, individually and in...
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Science and Technology as Site for Language Contact: Experience from the Linguistic Style of the Non-Formal Motor Mechanics in the South-Western Nigeria
Introduction In the quest towards scientific and technological development in Nigeria, there is the need to incorporate all such individuals and group of individuals who may have one or two crucial contributions to make to the overall fruitfulness...
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Witchcraft, Culture, and Theology in African Development
Glossary References to 'Africa' in this essay should be taken as being to Sub-Saharan Africa. Introduction This article considers macro as well as micro issues of human society, especially in the African context. Its conclusion is radically...
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Linguistic Representations of HIV/AIDS: The Yoruba Example
Introduction Medical researchers have shown that Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is a transmissible disease of the immune system caused by a virus known as Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). The virus slowly attacks and destroys the cells...
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IR Theory as Politics, International Politics as Theory: A Nigerian Case Study
Introduction International Relations theory has conventionally told a story of Great Power politics. Authors justify this orientation by arguing that, in order to understand the rules of the game, it is necessary to focus on key players. As a result,...
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Women, Shari'ah, and Zina in Northern Nigeria
In the Name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful! This is a sura which We have revealed and sanctioned, proclaiming in it clear revelations so that you may take heed. The adulterer and the adulteress shall each be given a hundred...
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The Antinomy of Exile: Ambivalence and Transnational Discontents in Tanure Ojaide's When It No Longer Matters Where You Live
An exile may hanker after a sympathetic environment; one that trails an umbilical roots ... In such an instance, the writer reflects present reality, but deflects its seductiveness through literary strategies of a markedly different...
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Victims and Couriers: Females and Hard Drugs Trafficking Business in Nigeria, 1980-2008
Introduction The phenomenon of human trafficking has become a major issue of concern to policy-makers, public affairs commentators and even scholars. Although scholarly efforts such as those of de Haas (2005) Bolz (1995: 147-158) Kanics (1998),...
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Borders and Borderlands Identities: A Comparative Perspective of Cross-Border Governance in the Neighbourhoods of Senegal, the Gambia and Guinea Bissau
Introduction Encompassing Senegal, The Gambia and Guinea Bissau, the term Western Senegambia is particularly referred to here as the western part of Senegambia (Barry 1981, 1988, Sall 1992). This usage of the term is not as arbitrary as it seems....
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The Boundaries of Borno in the Nineteenth Century: The Perception of Travellers
Introduction In the nineteenth century, many European expeditions aimed at discovering Bornu for three main reasons. Firstly, the Europeans wanted to visit the kingdom of Borno to establish diplomatic and commercial ties with its ruler, the Shehu....
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No. 1, February

Social Welfare Strategies in Colonial Lagos
Introduction Poverty is a historical phenomenon and the poor have lived in Africa from pre-colonial period till present day. In pre-colonial Africa, poverty occurred more as a non-monetary phenomenon (Abimbola 1977: 1-4). A typical African began...
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Mapping Nigerian Literature
The Oral Origin of Nigerian Literature The connection between oral and written Nigerian literature may not be self-evident given the state of near extinction in which Nigeria's indigenous oral art forms have fallen; but the connection exists and...
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Diplomacy and Emirate Formation: The Integration of the Igbomina into the Ilorin Emirate in the 19th Century
Introduction The Igbomina could be described as a heterogeneous sub-group of the Yoruba who migrated to the present place of settlement from various locations and at different times between the 14th and 17th century A.D (Dada, 1985:1) They presently...
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Hausa Literature as a Source for Studies in Cultural Boundaries
Introduction There are many ways of studying the idea of borders and borderlands just as there are many definitions and meanings of the border itself. It could be literary, as the dividing line on the map or as a place where the area of influence...
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A Failed Neo-Britain: Demography and the Labour Question in Colonial Zimbabwe C.1890-1948
Introduction Alois Mlambo (2000) has argued that Cecil John Rhodes and successive colonial governments in Southern Rhodesia (hereinafter, colonial Zimbabwe) had a dream to mould the colony into a white man's, particularly British, country. This...
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Power Politics among Abeokuta Elites in the 19th Century
Introduction This paper is driven by two broad objectives. First, I intend to show the complex interactions among elite groups as they contested for power in 19th century Abeokuta. Second, I seek to show that Egba society in Abeokuta was formed...
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A Historical Overview of the Economic Foundations of States in the Nile Valley Region
Introduction The economic foundation of states in the Nile Valley region from its traditional state is the central theme of discussion in this paper. The states under consideration are Egypt, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia and Sudan. Available records...
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Conflicting Framings of Women in Nollywood Videos
As men have traditionally been in power in the film industry, Theorists believe that the camera shows us the world through the stereotype eyes of the 'male gaze' (Lovey 2004). Introduction The representations of women in Nollywood videos fail...
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Introduction
The passion behind floating a learned journal like this in the 21st century is driven by the need to ensure that research across disciplines, space and time can engage in conversation without borders. This then explains why in producing the surface...
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