Shofar

Founded in 1925, Shofar is a quarterly Jewish youth newspaper published by B'nai B'rith Youth Organization in Washington, D.C. Its subject matter covers youth and Jewish interests.

Articles from Vol. 18, No. 3, April 30

A Literary Struggle with Ambivalence: Representations of Misogyny and Jewish Self-Hatred in the Writing of Albert Cohen
A Literary Struggle with Ambivalence: Representations of Misogyny and Jewish Self-Hatred in the Writing of Albert CohenCritics have lauded Albert Cohen for his vehement affirmation of Jewish identity, in contrast to the reserve historically exercised...
American Jewish Life
American Jewish LifeThe Holocaust in American Life, by Peter Novick. New York: Houghton Mifflin Co., 1999. 384 pp. ISBN 0-395-84009-0.In the first decades after World War II, the Holocaust wasn't much talked about, even by American Jews; now it has become...
Ancient World and Archaeology
Ancient World and ArchaeologyIntegrating Jewish Women into Second Temple History, by Tal Ilan. Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 1999. 300 pp. ISBN 3-16-147107-5.Most studies about women, Jewish and other, are usually confined to the domestic sphere. In this book...
A Portrait of a Russian-Jewish Shtadlan: Jacob Teitel's Social Solution
A Portrait of a Russian-Jewish Shtadlan: Jacob Teitel's Social SolutionThis article concerns the life and work of Jacob Teitel, a social activist and judge in the czarist Ministry of Justice. From his position in the government in provincial Russia,...
A Short History of the Jewish People: From Legendary Times to Modern Statehood, by Raymond P. Scheindlin
A Short History of the Jewish People: From Legendary Times to Modern Statehood, by Raymond P. ScheindlinIn some respects, writing a short history of the Jewish people is a more difficult task than writing a lengthy one. As Raymond Scheindlin acknowledges...
Biblical and Rabbinic Literature
Biblical and Rabbinic LiteratureAltes Testament und völkische Frage: Der biblische Volksbegriff in der alttestamentlichen Wissenschaft der nationalsozialistischen Zeit, dargestellt am Beispiel von Johannes Hempel, by Cornelia Weber. Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck,...
Biblical Exegesis and the Formation of Christian Culture, by Frances Young
Biblical Exegesis and the Formation of Christian Culture, by Frances YoungThe study of early Christian hermeneutics has exploded in recent years, and one healthy development has been the moving of discussion beyond the ways and means whereby patristic...
Biography, Autobiography, Memoirs, Diaries
Biography, Autobiography, Memoirs, DiariesEmma Lazarus Rediscovered, by Eve Merriam. New York: Biblio Press, 1999. 184 pp. ISBN 0-930395-29-8 (c); 0-930395-28-X (p).Emma Lazarus is known to most Americans as the author of "The New Colossus," which is...
Das Judentum Und der Romische Staat: Minderheitenpolitik Im Antiken Rom, by Karl L. Noethlichs
Das Judentum und der römische Staat: Minderheitenpolitik im antiken Rom, by Karl L. NoethlichsNoethlichs begins with the interesting proposition -- interesting because he sees it as self-evident, though a Canadian might not -- that every state with significant...
Die Juden in Deutschland 1933-1945: Leben Unter Nationalsozialistischer Herrschaft, Edited by Wolfgang Benz
Die Juden in Deutschland 1933-1945: Leben unter Nationalsozialistischer Herrschaft, edited Wolfgang BenzDie Juden in Deutschland 1933-1945, which is the fourth unrevised edition of a study first published in 1988, is a comprehensive social and cultural...
Die Landnahme Im Negev: Protoisraelitische Gruppen Im Suden Palastinas. eine Archaologische Und Exehetische Studie, by Detlef Jericke
Die Landnahme im Negev: Protoisraelitische Gruppen im Süden Palästinas. Eine arhäologische exegetische Studie. by Detlef JerickeThe scholarly debate on the emergence of ancient Israel (or Israel and Judah) in Canaan has come a long way since the by now...
Die Pharisaer: Ihr Verstandnis Im Spiegel der Christlichen Und Judischen Forschungseit Wellhausen Und Graetz, by Roland Dienes
Die Pharisäer: Ihr Verständnis im Spiegel der christlichen und jüdischen Forschung seit Wellhausen und Graetz, by Roland DienesAs its subtitle indicates, this book is not so much a study of the Pharisees in the setting of Second Temple Judaic culture...
Faces of a Lamenting City: The Development and Coherence of the Book of Lamentations, by Jannie Hunter
Faces of a Lamenting City: The Development and Coherence of the Book of Lamentations, by Jannie HunterOver the last decade or so, a renewed interest in Lamentations has come to light in a considerable number of studies which attempt to identify the literary...
Giordano Bruno and the Kabbalah: Prophets, Magicians, and Rabbis, by Karen Silvia De Leon-Jones
Giordano Bruno and the Kabbalah: Prophets, Magicians, and Rabbis, by karen Silvia de León-JonesThere have been many Giordano Brunos over the centuries: the martyr to the cause of science and liberal thinking, the Magus, the Hermeticist, the homosexual,...
History and Politics
History and PoliticsApologie für die unterdrückte Judenschaft in Deutschland: Mit einter Einleitung zu Leben und Werk des Autors von Walter Grab, by Andreas Riem. Tübingen: Max Niemeyer Verlag, 1999. 90 pp. ISBN 3-484-65125-3.In his "Apologia for the...
Holocaust
HolocaustAnatomy of the Auschwitz Death Camp, edited by Yisrael Gutman and Michael Berenbaum. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, in association with the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, 1998. 660 pp. ISBN 0-253-20884-X.In this paperback edition,...
How Do I Decide? Practical Reason, Particular Judgments, and Holistic Concerns in Jewish Ethics
How Do I Decide? Practical Reason, Particular Judgments, and Holistic Concerns in Jewish Ethics(1)The particular judgments of practical reason play crucial roles in Jewish ethics, in applying rules, balancing concerns, and specifying the realization...
Images of the Jew Focused on in the Translated Polish Works of Tadeusz Borowski, Jerzy Andrzejewski, and Czeslaw Milosz
Images of the Jew Focused on in the Translated Polish Works of Tadeusz Borowski, Jerzy Andrzejewski, and Czeslaw MiloszHistorically Poles have been unable to resist writing about Jews. "Judeophilic" writing in Polish literature was impressive -- illustrative...
Is There Jewish History? Review Essay
Is There Jewish History? Review EssayJewish History and Jewish Memory: Essays in Honor of YoselfHayim Yerushalmi (Tauber Institute for the Study of European Jewry Series, 29), edited by Elisheva Carlebach, John M. Efron, and David N. Myers.Ambrose Bierce...
Jerusalem and Athens: The Congruity of Talmudic and Classical Philosophy, by Jacob Neusner
Jerusalem and Athens: The Congruity of Talmudic and Classical Philosophy, by Jacob NeusnerIt had long been taken for granted that "Jerusalem" (that is, Judaism) represents a state of mind utterly different from that of "Athens" (that is, Greco-Roman...
Jews in the Mediterranean Diaspora from Alexander to Hadrian (323 B.C.E.-117 C.E., by John M.G. Barclay
Jews in the Mediterranean Diaspora from Alexander to Hadrian (323 B.C.E.-117 C.E., by John M. G. BarclayBarclay, Lecturer in Biblical Studies at the University of Glasgow, ventures to provide a comprehensive survey of Jewish life in the Mediterranean...
Judaism: Jewish Thought and Philosophy
Judaism: Jewish Thought and PhilosophyIllness and Health in the Jewish Tradition: Writings from the Bible to Today, edited by David Freeman and Judith Z. Abrams. Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society, 1999. 288 pp. ISBN 0-8276-0673-7.An anthology...
Judisches Leben Auf Dem Lande: Studien Zur Deutsch-Judischen Geschichte, Edited by Minika Richarz and Reinhard Rurup
Jüdisches Leben auf dem Lande: Studien zur deutsch-jüdischen Geschichte, edited by Monika Richarz and Reinhard RürupThis volume is an extensive and very useful exploration of the history of rural Jewry in Germany since the sixteenth century. The essays...
Katholizismus Und Antisemitismus Im Deutschen Kaiserreich, by Olaf Blaschke
Katholizismus und Antisemitismus im Deutschen Kaiserreich, by Olaf BlaschkeWhen a renowned newspaper prints two reviews of a dissertation, then the work must have hit a nerve.(2) Research since 1945 on German Catholicism, when coming from the Church...
Literature: Fiction, Drama, Poetry
Literature: Fiction, Drama, PoetryGlass Hearts, by Terri Paul. Chicago: Academy Chicago Publishers, 1999. 322 pp. ISBN 0-89733-470-1.This is the story of a young girl, Serene, whose father has vanished from their small Hungarian village just before World...
Memory, the Holocaust, and French Justice: The Bosquet and Touvier Affairs, Edited by Richard J. Golsan
Memory, the Holocaust, and French Justice: The Bosquet and Touvier Affairs edited by Richard J. GolsanThe establishment of the legitimacy of the new Fourth Republic depended on the destruction of the legitimacy of the previous Vichy regime and the questioning...
Mine and Yours Are Hers: Retrieving Women's History from Rabbinic Literature, by Tal Ilan
Mine and Yours Are Hers: Retrieving Women's History from Rabbinic Literature, by Tal IlanTal Ilan's important and ambitious methodological study suggests ways feminist scholars can extract historical evidence about women and their activities from rabbinic...
My German Question: Growing Up Jewish in Nazi Berlin, by Peter Gay
My German Question: Growing Up Jewish in Nazi Berlin, by Peter GayPeter Gay's reminiscence of his childhood years in Nazi Berlin takes the reader on a fast-paced trip back through Gay's own remembrances of his youth, his later visits to and confrontations...
Paul Celans Pneumatisches Judentum: Gott-Rede Und Menschliche Existenz Nach der Shoah, by Lydia Koelle
Paul Celans pneumatisches Judentum: Gott-Rede und menschliche Existenz nach der Shoah, by Lydia KoelleIn 1969, the poet Paul Celan took a trip to Israel which he had long considered but repeatedly postponed, either because he did not feel ready to visit...
Peace, in Deed: Essays in Honor of Harry James Cargas, Edited by Zev Garber and Richard Libowitz
Peace, In Deed: Essays in Honor of Harry James Cargas, edited by Zev Garber and Richard LibowitzThe death of Harry James Cargas has left a vacuum in the world of Holocaust scholarship. This past year, we lost some of the major Christian leaders and thinkers...
Religious Studies
Religious StudiesBlasphemy and Exaltation in Judaism and the Final Examination of Jesus: A Philological-Historical Study of the Key Jewish Themes Impacting Mark 14:61-64, by Darrell L. Bock. Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 1998. 320 pp. ISBN 3-16-147052-4.Darrell...
Richard Wagner, Fritz Lang, and the Nibelungen, by David J. Levin
Richard Wagner, Fritz Lang, and the Nibelungen, by David J. LevinDavid Levin's study offers an important contribution to two ongoing and equally heated debates: the controversy among music historians and cultural historians on Wagner and antisemitism...
Second-Generation Holocaust Poetry in Hebrew
Second-Generation Holocaust Poetry in Hebrew(1)This article discusses central themes in the poetry of three Hebrew poets who are children of Holocaust survivors. Rivka Miriam, Oded Peled, and Tania Hadar are second-generation poets who have given a unique...
Spielberg's Holocaust: Critical Perspectives on Schindler's List, Edited by Yosefa Loshitzky
Spielberg's Holocaust: Critical Perspectives on Schindler's List, edited by Yosefa LoshitzkyWe may witness once again the galvanizing power of the motion picture and the significance of major Hollywood funding and distribution by the fuss and attention...
Sports and the American Jew, Edited by Steven Riess
Sports and the American Jew, edited by Steven RiessMy father, an American-born son of an immigrant tailor and seamstress, ran with a gang of tough Jewish kids in the streets of Harlem where he and his cronies frequently fought with their fists and broomsticks...
Streets, by Bella Spewack
Streets, by Bella SpewackBella Spewack's Streets, a memoir composed in 1922 when the author was in her early twenties and recently published for the first time by the Feminist Press, is a valuable addition to the genre of Jewish immigrant autobiographies....
Texts and Traditions: A Source Reader for the Study of Second Temple and Rabbinic Judaism, by Lawrence H. Schiffman
Texts and Traditions: A Source Reader for the Study of Second Temple and Rabbinic Judaism, by Lawrence H. SchiffmanLawrence Schiffman has gathered a rich collection of excerpts from primary sources illustrating the religious aftermath of the destruction...
Theatre in the Third Reich, the Prewar Years, Essays on Theatre in Nazi Germany, Edited by Glen W. Gadberry
Theatre in the Third Reich, the Prewar Years, Essays on Theatre in Nazi Germany, edited by Glen W. GadberryThere were few subjects on which Hitler did not consider himself an expert. This was especially true when it came to cultural affairs. Although...
The Dispersion of Egyptian Jewry: Culture, Politics, and the Formation of a Modern Diaspora, by Joel Beinin
The Dispersion of Egyptian Jewry: Culture, Politics, and the Formation of a Modern Diaspora, by Joel BeininThe Jewish community of Egypt has fascinated many. And rightly so. Its numerous contributions to modern Egyptian life have been increasingly realized...
The Imaginary Jew, by Alain Finkielkraut//The Wisdom of Love, by Alain Findielkraut
The Imaginary Jew, by Alain Finkielkraut//The Wisdom of Love, by Alain FinkielkrautThese two volumes import French culture to North America. Published in 1980 and 1984 in France, they have a natural location in the intellectual world of France -- although...
Tolerance and Intolerance in Early Judaism and Christianity, Edited by Graham N. Stanton and Guy G. Stroumsa
Tolerance and Intolerance in Early Judaism and Christianity, edited by Graham N. Stanton and Guy G. StroumsaThis collection of 19 essays considers the tolerance and intolerance faced by Jews and Christians during the period from 200 B.C.E. to 200 C.E....
Views on Zionism and Israel in East Germany
Views on Zionism and Israel in East GermanyThe approach of the East German political elite to Zionism had its ideological background in the communist approach to the "Jewish question," antisemitism, and nationalism, while the most important criterion...
Voices of Yugoslav Jewry, by Paul Benjamin Gordiejew
Voices of Yugoslav Jewry, by Paul Benjamin GordiejewThis book, which grew out of the author's doctoral dissertation, is the first and only anthropological reading of Jewish community life based on ethnographic fieldwork in that area. An earlier historical...
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