Harvard International Review

This journal provides commentary, news and analysis of global developments in politics, economics, public policy, science and culture.

Articles from Vol. 23, No. 2, Summer

A Disarming Proposition
Meeting the Challenge of Sustainable Disarmament The risks of catastrophic wars are directly related to the motivations and capabilities of states, including the types of weapons that are available to conduct such wars. Disarmament, however, is...
All That's Fit to Print
Journalism in a Globalized World For over two decades, Bill Emmott has been a fixture at The Economist, a publication whose reputation for incisive commentary on and reportage of business, economic, and political affairs has long been internationally...
A More Perfect Union
Europe in Search of its Future Visions about the "finality" of the European Union, as articulated by German Foreign Minister Joschka Fischer at Berlin's Humboldt University in May 2000, could mark a turning point in the path toward a common European...
Asia's Thirst for Fuel
Cooperation and Energy Geopolitics From Daniel Yergin's famous book The Prize to Kent Calder's less notable but still influential Asia's Deadly Triangle, authors who have tackled the difficult subject of energy have tended to emphasize the competition...
Brain Strain
India's IT Crisis Having lost many of its most highly skilled workers to the West in the past half century, India struggles today to fill posts in its own burgeoning information technology (IT) sector. India, unique among developing countries,...
Central Asia's Balancing Act
Between Terrorism and interventionism Somewhere deep in the mountains of Tajikistan, several hundred Islamic militants are hiding, eager to continue their campaign against the secular governments of Central Asia. Although they believe they are fighting...
Coming Conflicts
Interstate War in the New Millennium Is interstate war becoming obsolete? Many thoughtful observers, including political scientists, now believe so. Six key arguments--not to mention the modest number of interstate wars in recent decades--support...
Contagious Fears; Infectious Disease and National Security
Infectious Disease and National Security In an increasingly interdependent world, the United States faces an array of new global challenges that transcend the traditional definition of national security. One important example is the resurgence of...
Cyberwarriors
Activists and Terrorists Turn to Cyberspace As Palestinian rioters clashed with Israeli forces in the fall of 2000, Arab and Israeli hackers took to cyberspace to participate in the action. According to the Middle Last Intelligence Bulletin, the...
Democracy Derailed?
Fujimori's Legacy in Peru After a decade leading Peru's fragile democracy, Alberto Fujimori left the presidency on November 20, 2000, amid a political maelstrom that engulfed his administration and the country's governmental institutions. Vladimiro...
Development without Borders
Globalization in the 21st Century What is globalization? More than ever before, groups and individuals are interacting directly across borders without involving the state. This happens partly due to new technology and partly because states have...
Failure of the Fund
Rethinking the IMF Response The world is just emerging from the Asian financial crisis, perhaps the most cat event to affect global capitalism since the Great Depression. While the United States emerged from this event unscathed--some might argue...
Forward to the Past
Insurgency in Our Midst With the end of the Cold War and its concomitant ideological competition, it is clear that the patterns of military activity have changed. Moreover, increasing globalization and the economic and political links that bind...
Illegal Tender
Counterfeit Dollars and Colombian Crime Though infamous for its thriving narcotics industry, Colombia is also the world's leading producer of counterfeit US currency. Evidence shows that the two industries are converging, with drug producers...
Irreligious Police
Women's Rights in Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia's system of criminal justice has had a history of arbitrary neglect and violation of women's human rights that goes far beyond simple discrimination. Despite the government's notorious resistance to...
LETTERS to the Editor
"A Blank Check": Going to War over Kosovo The decision by the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) to go to war over Kosovo was not a spur-of-the-moment mistake but the tragic outcome of faulty Western policy ("'Madeleine's War' and the Costs...
Optional Lethality
Evolving Attitudes Toward Nonlethal Weaponry There exists a common misperception that war is about killing the enemy. In fact, conflict is about the imposition of will, which may or may not involve lethal consequences. History is replete with examples...
The Business of Cooperation
Peace and Profit through Joint Ventures The idea of using trade to create political stability is not a new one. It took the form of imperialism into the late 19th century, when colonies helped the governments of industrializing countries handle...
The Future of War Technology, Conflict, and Change
Our conception of war has never been constant, and its evolving nature has animated philosophical and strategic debate for centuries. This past century has been no exception. The increasing military strength of the major powers has paradoxically correlated...
The German Question Resolved
Making Sense of Schroeder's Foreign Policy Henry Kissinger once described the Federal Republic of Germany as "economically a giant, but politically a dwarf." While the first part of the description is still fairly accurate, the latter seems questionable...
The Postmodern Military
The Irony of "Strengthening" Defense The tortuous elevation of George W. Bush to the presidency was the first clearly postmodern presidential election--less because of its debt to surrealism than because of the supreme irony that has pervaded the...
The Struggle for Peace
Rethinking Intervention According to recent reports from the Center for International Development and Conflict Management, the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, and the Peace Research Institute of Oslo, the world is a less risky...
Universalism and the West
An Agenda for Understanding On August 20,1998, the United States attacked the Al-Shifa (Health,) Company, a pharmaceutical factory in Khartoum, Sudan. The nighttime strike completely destroyed the factory, killing the night watchman and his family....
Young Blood
New Leaders in the Middle East Biding a Harley-Davidson, watching the American television sitcom "Dharma & Greg," holding a medical degree-none of these are customarily associated with a Middle East leader, but that stereotype is changing. ...