Harvard International Review

This journal provides commentary, news and analysis of global developments in politics, economics, public policy, science and culture.

Articles from Vol. 31, No. 4, Winter

An Indonesian Future: Overcoming the Challenges of an Islamic Democracy: Aguswandi Is an Indonesian Post-Conflict Advisor and a Senior Program Officer for the Aceh Peace Resource Center. He Is Also a Human Rights Advocate and a Former Leader of the Aceh People's Party
When Indonesian president Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, who is widely known by his initials (SBY), addressed a prestigious audience gathered at the Harvard Kennedy School Forum in September 2009, he confidently asserted his country's place in the world....
Authoritarianism after 1989: From Regime Types to Transnational Processes
In the years since communism fell across Eastern Europe, political scientists have tracked authoritarianism with zeal and frustration. While looking forward to the fall of regimes, they have watched dictators twist elections and elected leaders warp...
Beyond the Universal: The Cultural Myopia of US Social Science
The greatest conceit of US social science is its belief that it is trying to study the human condition and its findings are universally applicable to all societies. The greatest blindness is its inability to understand how culture-bound it has become....
Buyer's Remorse? Twenty Years after the Post-Soviet Transition
The recent 20th anniversary of the Berlin Wall's collapse provided an opportunity for many to revisit the heady days of 1989--the era of Walesa, Havel, and jubilant crowds literally and figuratively smashing longstanding barriers between East and West....
Cashing in on Cooperation: Democracy, Free Trade, and International Rules
Protesters in the streets view international economic organizations such as the World Trade Organization (WTO) as hostile to democracy. Critics on both the left and right warn against the restraints of international rules, which they portray as the...
Chechnya Redux? Violent Conflict in Ingushetia
Since the days of the Tsarist empire, Russia has frequently clashed with the predominantly Muslim North Caucasus. Chechnya captured the international media's attention during the 1990s, as Russia battled against its secession movements from 1994 to...
Daring to Deconstruct: The Rise of Postmodernism in Theory
THE INTERNATIONAL REVIEW EDITORIAL STAFF Isaac Asimov, one of the most famous and brilliant science fiction writers of all time, knew what it meant to think big. Though his fantastic worlds pioneered how we think about robotics (a term he coined,...
Exorcising the Republic: The De-Secularization of French Politics
The unexpected success of the Swiss ballot measure banning the construction of new minarets in the country sent shockwaves across the world. The measure, drafted by the right-wing Swiss People's Party, had earned condemnation from a majority of the...
Less Blood for Oil: Nigeria's Fragile Amnesty
Member countries of OPEC have grown flush with wealth from their oil resources. Unfortunately, this wealth has often been accompanied by violence and suffering. Nigeria, the only member of the organization in sub-Saharan Africa, has perhaps suffered...
Letter from the Editors
Twenty years ago, the Berlin Wall collapsed, and alongside it came down the prevailing global order in a moment of palpable historical grandeur. Reflecting on this anniversary, our staff selected the Symposium before you to capture our opportunity...
Overseas Ballots: Canadian Tamils Vote from Afar
Canadian Tamils of Sri Lankan descent have expressed their support for the creation of a separate Tamil state in Sri Lanka through a novel approach: a national referendum. According to the Coalition for Tamil Elections in Canada, 99.8 percent of the...
Pakistan's Paranoia
India-Pakistan relations are cantankerous. Pakistan is hostage to religious extremists desirous of shaping the state into a perfect Islamic entity. Conditions of social strife at home and confrontation with India have resulted. Moreover, certain developments...
Participatory Systems: Moving beyond 20th Century Institutions
If the 20th century was the era of the global institution--the United Nations, the World Health Organization, the multinational corporation--then the 21st century will be the era of the participatory system. [ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] The big global...
Rebuilding Dubai: Post-Bubble Economic Strategy
On November 25, 2009, Dubai shocked the world by requesting a moratorium on debt repayment. Foreign banks had previously pumped significant amounts of money into Dubai, knowing that they would suffer huge losses if the emirate defaulted on its debt....
Safe and Secure: Protecting America in a New Era
Is President Obama's withdrawal plan for Afghanistan still appropriate in light of the reelection of Hamid Karzai? Well, I don't think there is a withdrawal plan. I think we have a plan to escalate US military involvement in Afghanistan, thereby...
Stabilizing South Asia
Ambassador Shivshankar Menon's piece on India's Pakistan dilemma ("Hostile Relations," Fall 2009) explains the obstacles Pakistan poses to India's ascent. He describes India's ability to "solve" the issue of its multi-ethnic and multi-religion demography...
The Cold Shoulder: Iceland and the UK Spar over Debt
For decades, Iceland and the United Kingdom have enjoyed a relationship of admiration and mutual respect. Icelanders have long frequented Great Britain for its shopping and culture, while young UK citizens often vacation among their Nordic neighbors....
The Decisive Factor: Post-Soviet States' Attitudes toward NATO
In 1956, Lord Ismay, Secretary General of NATO, formulated a task to "keep Russians out of Europe." Today, such exclusion continues to be the main strategy of NATO countries. Many people who follow the state of affairs in post-Soviet countries may...
The Return of the State: Recovering State Efficacy for Global Solutions
If there is one important trend that seems likely to shape world order over the coming decades, it is the "return of the state." This may be an unfashionable thing to claim because the state is not an important new idea, but rather an important old...
The Roots of Hostility
Shivshankar Menon's article "Hostile Relations" (Fall 2009) demonstrates the difficulty in resolving differences between Pakistan and India. Indian officials fail to recognize the very existence of disputes. According to Menon, there is no issue of...
Truth as Justice: Legal and Extralegal Development of the Right to Truth
The field of transitional justice is rapidly emerging within international human rights law. Organizations such as the New York-based International Center for Transitional Justice (ICTJ), deploy dozens of transitional justice consultants to post-conflict...
Turkey's Road to Europe: The "Praetorian" Puzzle and the Search for Direction: Demetrios A. Theophylactou Is a Fellow at the Weatherhead Center for International Affairs at Harvard University. He Has Served as a Diplomat for Cyprus as Well as an Adjunct Faculty Member at Boston University and at the Facultes Universitaires Saint Louis in Belgium
Despite all odds Turkey continues to prepare itself for eventual accession to the European Union. After a noticeable slowdown since 2005, both the pace and scale of constitutional reforms recently gathered new steam, reflecting the resolve of the ruling...
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