Harvard International Review

This journal provides commentary, news and analysis of global developments in politics, economics, public policy, science and culture.

Articles from Vol. 34, No. 1, Summer

A Limited View: Itamar Rabinovich's the View from Damascus
The protests that erupted in Daraa in March 2011 catapulted the Syrian Arab Republic into the global spotlight, but the policies of the al-Assad regime have captured the world's attention for decades. Both Bashar al-Assad and his father I la fez have...
Austerity's Children
How do you define a generation? Not easily. With countless exceptions and contentions, the characterization of an era is a project for the masochist. It is an endeavor far easier to criticize than to realize. This point proves especially true when...
Back to ABCs: Emerging Partnerships among Africa, Brazil, and China
In a speech given on March 31, 2010, Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete expressed gratitude for foreign support in building a new cardiac surgery treatment center at Muhimbili National Hospital in Dar es Salaam. The object of President Kikwete's gratitude...
Building Rwanda: Past Reflections and Hope for the Future
Today, 56 percent of the Parliament of Rwanda is made up of women. Some believe this is a consequence of the women left in the population after many men were killed in the genocide. Others attribute it to a cultural view unique to Rwanda. Still others...
Capitalizing on Foothills: Restoring the Relationship between People and Land
In the past 30 years, China has successfully urbanized 500 million of its total population--1.3 billion. China's urbanization has come at the cost of losing some of its most fertile land, polluting 75 percent of its surface water, and tearing down...
Common Responsibility: The Failure of Kyoto
Over the last, two decades, environment issues, specifically those of climate change, have been imbued with an increasing sense of urgency, and as a result are occupying a more prominent space in the global political consciousness. Both the high incidence...
Contextualizing Health: Accounting for the Urban Environment
Dr. Margaret Chan, Director General of the World Health Organization, begins her foreword to the 2010 WHO/HABITAT report Hidden Cities: "It is well known by now that half of humanity lives in urban areas - and the proportion is growing. Cities,...
Economic Changes in Cuba: Current Situation and Perspectives
For over 50 years, a heated debate has raged over developments in Cuba, dealing with everything from ideology, politics, and the economy to independence and sovereignty. Today, transformations taking place on the island have inspired a renewed interest...
Fog over Channel: London's Veto of the Treaty to Save the Euro
On October 22, 1 957, a London 77mcs headline declared: "Heavy Fog in Channel - Continent Cut Off." Britain's tabloid press displayed similar insularity in early December, 2011 after Prime Minister David Cameron vetoed an effort by the other members...
Future of Dollar Hegemony: The Dollar's Role after the Euro Crisis
The events of this past year's Euro Crisis have upset not only the international balance of power between currencies but also the suspected future balance of those currencies. As the effects of the Great Recession hit debt-ridden countries like Greece...
Going Home: Illegal Immigration Reverses Course
In his 2012 State of the Union address President Obama reaffirmed his stance on illegal immigration with regard to the Dream Act, which provides more citizenship opportunities for illegal immigrants. Meanwhile, Republican presidential candidates continue...
Letter from the Editors
Five years ago, on the occasion of World Population Day in July 2011, the United Nations declared that over half the world's population lived in cities. Since their rise at the dawn of civilization, cities have played a critical role in the history...
Missiles in America Defense in an Age of Terrorism
President Ronald Reagan proposed in March 1983 that the US scientific community develop the ability to shoot down ballistic missiles armed with nuclear warheads. He hoped to shift the international security environment awav from a balance of terror,...
National Suicide: Israel's Three Rights Make a Wrong
In the beginning of 2012, the Supreme Court of Israel upheld a law prohibiting Palestinians who marry Israelis from thereby obtaining Israeli citizenship. The Citizenship and Entry Law, as it is known, applies the same ban to citizens of Iran, Iraq,...
Northern Juggernaut? A Look Inside the Canadian Economy
When Canada is mentioned in the international business press, it's often referred to in a positive light. For example, we read about Canada's sound banking system and relatively low public debt, or we hear about its GDP and employment growth that has...
Our Cities Are Us: Sustainable Reforms through Reflection and Action
As the dominant site and sign of human settlement, the city exemplifies and displays the fundamental concerns of the human condition in the twenty-first century. Just as urban living concentrates us in close proximity, the city clusters cliches and...
Reinventing the Future: Designing Urban 3.0
Cities in the 2 1st century are both the promise of economic opportunity and social welfare, and the sites of massive poverty, deepening inequality, and social exclusion. This disturbing urban paradox must be resolved if the future is to become one...
Starvation in the Sahel: Food Security in Africa
Food security, defined by the World Food Summit of'1996 as "when all people at all times have access to sufficient, safe, nutritious food to maintain a healthy and active life," is one of the most important issues ol the twenty-first century. Approximately...
Taming Summit-Mania: Ineffective Communication in Global Dialogue
As the most recent G20 meeting in Mexico comes to an end, many observers will likely argue that the concrete commitments agreed upon are disappointing. However, the G20 is hardly alone in eliciting dissatisfaction. Though often heralded as a new era...
The Bear Awakens: The Russian People's Movement
Since Vladimir Putin became president in the beginning of 2000, the Russian Federation has been only a shadow of a democracy. It certainly resembles one on the outside, with parliamentary and presidential elections and a constitution set to protect...
The Virtual Square: Urban Space, Media, and the Egyptian Uprising
Perhaps no one could have predicted that a single uprising, which began in a small town in Tunisia, would have spread to major cities in Egy pt, Yemen, Libya, Bahrain, and Syria in a span of just three months. Nor was it evident that the self-immolation...

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