Harvard International Review

This journal provides commentary, news and analysis of global developments in politics, economics, public policy, science and culture.

Articles from Vol. 21, No. 1, Winter

Aegean Peace: International Law and the Greek-Turkish Conflict
CONSTANTINOS STEPHANOPOULOS is President of the Hellenic Republic. Greek and Turkish sovereign rights have been clearly fixed by international treaties for over half a century. The boundaries of the two nations are legally established, and the current...
Army of Terror: The Legacy of US-Backed Human Rights Abuses in Colombia
PETER SANTINA, Staff Writer, Harvard International Review After three decades of civil war, Colombia is finally approaching peace. On August 7, 1998, Andres Pastrana assumed the presidency, replacing the discredited Ernesto Samper. The country's...
Balkan Chill: The Intrinsic Weakness of the Dayton Accords
BY CHARLES CRAWFORD Former British Ambassador to Bosnia-Herzegovina It is now three years since the General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina--usually known as the Dayton Accords--was signed in Paris on December 14, 1995....
Behind the Veil: Saudi Women and Business
From the outside, Al-Multaka looks like any other Saudi Arabian shopping center. Upon entering the door, however, the conventionalities disappear. But when the women remove their traditional full-length abaya robes to reveal the latest fashions, one...
Building Blocks: Microfinance and Entrepreneurship in the Developing World
CHARLES L. DOKMO is President and CEO of Opportunity International USA, based in Oakbrook, Illinois, and LARRY REED is Managing Director of the Opportunity International Network. A torrent of international capital, unprecedented in world history,...
Divided Within: Israel and the Religious Right
While the Israelis and the Palestinians continue to hammer out a permanent peace agreement, another serious conflict is brewing in Israel: the ideological conflict between Israel's ultra-orthodox Jewish population and secular Israelis. While most...
Green Growth: India's Environmental Challenge
SURESH PRABHU is Minister for the Environment and Forestry of the Republic of India. Around the world, leaders are struggling to meet the imperatives of development in an environmentally sustainable way. India, cognizant of the importance of environmental...
Leadership Factor: The Political Dimensions of Africa's Economic Development
ROBERT I. ROTBERG is President of the World Peace Foundation and Lecturer at the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University. Africa's current economic and political problems can be solved only by principled and visionary leadership...
Location, Location: Geography and Economic Development
JOHN GALLUP is an Associate at the Harvard Institute for International Development (HIID), and JEFFREY SACHS is the Galen L. Stone Professor of International Trade at Harvard University and Director of the HIID. Two centuries into the industrial...
My Enemy's Enemy: Turkey, Israel, and the Middle Eastern Balance of Power
GIL DIBNER, Editor-in-Chief, Harvard International Review Turkey's alienation from Europe in the late 1980s and early 1990s led the political and military leadership in Ankara to re-evaluate Turkey's strategic situation and seek new allies. Turkey...
Need for Dialogue: Turkey, Greece, and the Possibility of Reconciliation
SULEYMAN DEMIREL is President of Turkey. Turkish-Greek relations today seem far from the splendor of the days of Ataturk-Venizelos in the 1930s or those of Menderes-Karamanlis in the 1950s, when talks between the two countries were characterized...
New Deal: Development Assistance in a Global Economy
JAMES GUSTAVE SPETH is Administrator of the United Nations Development Programme. There is a disturbing paradox at the heart of international development cooperation. The paradox is that while the world's need for growing international development...
New Race: Russia's Arms Trade
Even after the collapse of the Soviet Union and the end of the Cold War, the United States and the Russian Federation have remained in a constant state of competition over the international arms trade. In fact, Russia has made a considerable effort...
Phoenix: Yeltsin and the Future of Russian Leadership
GWENDOLYN STEWART is a Fellow at the Davis Center for Russian Studies at Harvard University. In these troubled times, an ailing Boris Yeltsin seems the almost too-perfect symbol for an ailing Russia. This is not how the second term of the first...
Poverty of Nations: The Eurocentric Bias of Developmental Economics
OZAY MEHMET is Professor of International Affairs at Carleton University and author of Westernizing the Third World (1995). Our capitalist world has been shaped by a 200 year-old Western economic tradition that dates back to the publication of Adam...
Promises? (Gerhard) Schroeder's New Germany
Gerhard Schroeder, Germany's debonair new chancellor, faces a Herculean labor: the challenge of leading Germany into the twenty-first century in the face of mounting economic obstacles. Unemployment stands at a daunting 10.4 percent, roughly 4.4...
Right to Run: Refugees and State Policy
This past fall, Amnesty International and other human rights organizations jumped into the legal, moral, and political debate over the right of Spanish authorities to extradite former Chilean dictator Augusto Pinochet on the grounds of his abuses of...
Sanctioned Suffering: The UN's Bankrupt Policy in Iraq
Denis Halliday is the former UN Humanitarian Coordinator in Iraq. As UN Humanitarian Coordinator in Iraq from September 1997 to September 1998, Denis Halliday helped to double the oil revenues allowed for the Oil for Food Program imposed by the...
Stains of Red: The Changing Face of Human Rights in Russia and China
MARCO DURANTI, Staff Writer, Harvard International Review This past September; as the world was still reeling from Boris Yeltsin's latest cabinet shake-up, President Clinton defended his decision to attend a Moscow summit by stressing the critical...
Talking It Out: A Communication-Based Approach to Sustainable Development
ROBERT AGUNGA is Associate Professor of Human and Community Resource Development at The Ohio State University. Development aid seeks to improve the quality of life, particularly of rural people, in the developing world. But, with every dose of aid,...
Will It Hold? the ETA Ceasefire in Spain
The people of the Basque country are accustomed to living in uncertainty. For thirty years the Basque Homeland and Freedom Separatist Organization (Euskadi ta Askatuta or ETA) has carried on a campaign of terrorism in pursuit of its ultimate goal:...
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