William and Mary Law Review

Professional publication covering law.

Articles from Vol. 59, No. 5, April

A Reasonable Bias Approach to Gerrymandering: Using Automated Plan Generation to Evaluate Redistricting Proposals
TABLE OF CONTENTS INTRODUCTION 1523 I. OUTLIER ANALYSIS AND AUTOMATED PLAN GENERATION 1528 A. Getting to a Reasonable Partisan Bias Standard 1538 B. Evaluating Existing Measures of Partisan Fairness...
Election Law "Federalism" and the Limits of the Antidiscrimination Framework
TABLE OF CONTENTS INTRODUCTION 2214 I. THE SPECTER OF STATE SOVEREIGNTY IN RECENT VOTING RIGHTS CASES 2221 A. Whither Discriminatory...
From Educational Adequacy to Representational Adequacy: A New Template for Legal Attacks on Partisan Gerrymanders
TABLE OF CONTENTS Introduction 1605 I THREE DIFFICULTIES WITH PARTISAN GERRYMANDERING CLAIMS 1607 A. "Judicially Discoverable and Manageable"...
Gerrymandering and Association
TABLE OF CONTENTS INTRODUCTION 2160 I. THE QUEST FOR A STANDARD 2166 II. AN ALTERNATIVE PATH 2177 A. The Right of Expressive Association 2177...
Intent Is Enough: Invidious Partisanship in Redistricting
TABLE OF CONTENTS INTRODUCTION 1995 I. A SHORT HISTORY OF PARTISAN GERRYMANDERING 1996 DOCTRINE II. THE CONCERNS BEHIND THE DOCTRINE 2002 A. The Search...
Prophylactic Redistrjcting? Congress' Section 5 Power and the New Equal Protection Right to Vote
TABLE OF CONTENTS INTRODUCTION 2056 I. UNPACKING THE "RIGHT TO VOTE" 2064 II. BOERNE's EFFECT ON CONGRESS'S SECTION 5 POWER TO ENFORCE 2072 THE RIGHT TO VOTE III....
Race and Representation Revisited: The New Racial Gerrymandering Cases and Section 2 of the Vra
TABLE OF CONTENTS INTRODUCTION 1560 I. THE EARLY RACIAL GERRYMANDERING CASES AND 1567 CONSTITUTIONAL EQUALITY: ANTICLASSIFICATION AND ANTISUBORDINATION II. DESCRIPTIVE REPRESENTATION ...
Race or Party, Race as Party, or Party All the Time: Three Uneasy Approaches to Conjoined Polarization in Redistricting and Voting Cases
TABLE OF CONTENTS INTRODUCTION 1838 I. RACE OR PARTY 1843 A. Background 1843 B. Unconstitutional Racial Gerrymandering...
Reapportionment, Nonapportionment, and Recovering Some Lost History of One Person, One Vote
TABLE OF CONTENTS INTRODUCTION. 1922 I. THE EVOLUTION OF APPORTIONMENT BEFORE 1920 1925 II. THE STALEMATE OF THE 1920S. 1935 III. THE IRONY OF 1929. 1941 CONCLUSION: FROM 1920 TO...
Redistricting Transparency
TABLE OF CONTENTS INTRODUCTION 1789 I. STATE MODELS FOR TRANSPARENCY IN REDISTRICTING 1793 A. Redistricting Transparency Provisions in 1793 Noncommission States B. Transparency and Redistricting...
Section 2 after Section 5: Voting Rights and the Race to the Bottom
TABLE OF CONTENTS INTERODUCTION. 1962 I. SECTION 2 AND SECTION 5 1967 II. BARCKSLIDING. 1972 III. THE RACE TO THE BOTTOM ...
Something Old, Something New, or Something Really Old'? Second Generation Racial Gerrymandering Litigation as Intentional Racial Discrimination Cases
TABLE OF CONTENTS INTRODUCTION 1888 I. SOMETHING OLD: EXCESSIVE RACE CONSCIOUSNESS? 1893 II. SOMETHING NEW: "PARTY ALL THE TIME?" 1903 III. SOMETHING .REALLY OLD: INTENTIONAL RACIAL DISCRIMINATION...
Taking Virtual Representation Seriously
TABLE OF CONTENTS INTRODUCTION 1682 I. BAD VIRTUAL REPRESENTATION--AND ALTERNATIVES 1690 TO IT A. Which Interests Matter? 1697 1. All Politics Is Partisan 1697 2....
The Causes and Consequences of Gerrymandering
TABLE OF CONTENTS INTRODUCTION 2117 I. HYPOTHESES 2120 II. DATA AND METHODS 2128 III. RESULTS 2131 A. Main Analysis 2131 B. Nearest-Neighbor Matching...
The Gerrymander and the Constitution: Two Avenues of Analysis and the Quest for a Durable Precedent
TABLE OF CONTENTS INTRODUCTION 1732 I. UNIVERSALISM AND PARTICULARISM IN THE 1737 EXPOSITION OF CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHTS A. The Weakness of Universalism with Respect to 1740...
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