The World and I

World and I is an encyclopedic journal that includes world news; developments in science, the arts and philosophy; book reviews; and photo essays. Since it was founded in 1986, it is printed monthly. The journal is published by Washington Times Corp.Subjects for World and I include science; literature and literary reviews; food and cooking; art; travel and tourism; politics; philosophy; music and musical instruments; drama and theatre. The editor is Steve Osmond.

Articles from Vol. 17, No. 1, January

A Classical Gas - Ontario's Stratford Festival at Fifty
Poised for its fiftieth anniversary season, the Stratford Festival of Canada promises to be a "celebration of how artists heal through laughter, tears, and beauty," says artistic director Richard Monette. When the Jesuit-educated Montrealer Richard...
Berlin by Bike - A Bicycle Ride through East and West Berlin Reveals That While Putting on a New Face, Neither Side of the Former Wall Is Able to Hide Its History
On a bicycle you can see it all: The eroded apartments, prisonlike tenements, nineteenth-century buildings, and innovative designs of modern architecture. For four decades Berlin's two sides looked in opposite directions like the double-faced Janus....
Big Enough, Old Enough - Recalling Our Underage Service Members
John Seymour was 14, in the sixth grade, and dirt poor when he enlisted in the wartime Navy in 1943. A recruiter let him join up after he stated he was 17 and his mother gave written consent. Seymour had told her he could send part of his pay to help...
Capturing History - A Popular Silver Dollar
The Maria Theresa taler (dollar) is one of the world's most interesting and widely circulated silver coins. Minted in Austria in honor of its empress, all the coins are dated 1780, the year of her death. The empress is portrayed on the obverse and...
Capturing History - Listening to Oral Narratives in Yemen
Oral histories are at least as much a matter of presentation as they are recitations of absolute truths. The presenter uses devices to add authenticity to his account, slant the circumstances to deliver a message, or invest events with renewed significance....
Capturing History - the Himyarite Empire
The Himyarite Empire was the last of Yemen's ancient kingdoms. It was also the only one to nominally control most of the territory of modern Yemen. Himyar emerged near the end of the second century b.c.e. but became a powerful state only in the first...
Capturing History - Yemen's Jewish Population
Jews have lived in Yemen since at least the second century of the Christian era. Their traditions state they arrived before the destruction of the First Temple in 586 b.c.e. Seemingly isolated, Yemeni Jews maintained contact with their coreligionists...
Civilization's Reluctant Warrior - America and the War on Terror
Alan W. Dowd is a freelance writer based in Indianapolis. His work appears in The World & I, Policy Review, the Washington Times, Jerusalem Post, American Legion Magazine, Indianapolis Star, Intellectual Capital, and other publications. I have...
Coping with the Global Recession
Even before the terrorist events of September 11, the economic facts were indisputable: America's GDP growth had slumped to its lowest rate in a decade, Japan's GDP had fallen for a second consecutive quarter, Germany's economy was stagnant. Mexico...
Cuba's 'Music City' - Wellspring of an Island's Culture
There is a long-held presumption that adversity is an essential factor in the evolution of profound and lasting art. The belief finds a compelling example in the island nation of Cuba. There hardship and creativity seem to go hand in hand. Although...
Great Expectations of Small Genomes
Ongoing efforts to sequence the DNA of various microorganisms are fueled by the promise that the information gained will boost advances in such areas as medicine, energy production, environmental cleanup, and industrial processes. In the heat of...
Handel Redux - A Mirror of Modern-Day Culture
Dripping with decadence that reflected the decay of eighteenth-century authority and institutions, most of Handel's operas disappeared from the stage for hundreds of years--until today. Why the comeback? From his London redoubt in the 1720s and...
How Can America Turn It around? Comparison of Economic Effects
There may be many good political reasons for Congress to pass an economic stimulus package, but there is one overriding economic reason: The intervention should improve the incentives to work, save, and invest--the real catalysts of economic growth....
How Can America Turn It around? Economic Policymakers Need to Heed the Ancient Maxim from the Physician's Code: 'First, Do No Harm.'
By early November 2001, it was clear that the U.S. economy had actually fallen into a recession. After an extremely weak second quarter (when economic growth stayed positive only because of a huge drop-off in American imports), the initial estimate...
Its Time to Stop the Food
The week before the September 11 attacks, Mexican President Vicente Fox visited Washington and called for an amnesty for the three to four million Mexican illegal aliens in the United States. President George W. Bush, employing various euphemisms,...
Japan's Economy: Lazarus or Rip Van Winkle? Japan's Decade-Old Recession, Perpetuated by the Country's Huge Bureaucracy, Threatens the World Economy, but There Are Signs of Hope on the Horizon
In 1873, a group of samurai embarked on a revolutionary reform of Japan's ruling Tokugawa shogunate, which had ossified after a century of stagnation. The young reformers sought to invigorate Japan by entwining its traditional values of hard work,...
Keep the Borders Open
In times of crisis, it is sometimes wise and constructive for people to return to first principles and to reexamine where we started as a nation, the road we've traveled, where we are today, and the direction in which we're headed. Such a reevaluation...
Ken Seymour
Ken Seymour grew up poor in South Carolina. He went to school barefoot and didn't have the 25 cents a week needed for lunches. At age 14 he "knew I had to get away from home." Later, he realized he had been destined for jail or worse, like the older...
Making a Difference Globally - How the Internet and Other Forms of Information Technology Are Transforming Global Economics and Politics
Broadcast technology has been around for decades. The difference today is being able to respond to and interact with what is sent to us. The nearly ubiquitous reach of two-way communications affects the individual on both micro and macro levels. ...
Making a Difference Globally - the 'Open' Internet: Virtue and Vice
The fact that the Internet is beyond the control of any one entity is a bulwark of liberty as well as a cause of concern for legitimate governments seeking to protect the populace from terrorist threats. Since September 11, government agencies including...
New York's 'Mayor for Life'
Many seven-year-olds, asked what they want to be when they grow up, talk about becoming firefighters or policemen. Not so young Edward Irving Koch, who knew for sure at even that tender age that he wanted to be pacing a courtroom, hearing it resound...
Penny Lawson
Wilma "Penny" Lawson says her life "could be a ghost story or a fairy tale." Her stepmother did not like her, her stepsister taunted her, and Lawson did not feel welcome in her home in Chattanooga, Tennessee. At 14 she married a GI she'd met in town....
Plan Colombia
Gabriel Marcella teaches strategy at the U.S. Army War College, Carlisle, Pennsylvania, and writes extensively on inter-American security issues. He served as international affairs adviser at the U.S. Southern Command and is consultant to the Departments...
Privacy of School Grades
In 1997, fifth-grader Philip Pletan attended public school in Oklahoma's Owasso School District. Due to a disability that interfered with his learning to read, he was assigned to a special-education class. Nonetheless, three days a week, the school...
Putting Farmers First - A Community Takes Charge
The best way to grasp how a community watershed-management association works, and what it means to the local community, is to sit in on a meeting. For example, one day in March 1999 more than fifty people crammed into a classroom at a little blue-and-white...
Putting Farmers First - People-Centered Initiatives on Tropical American Hillsides
The green revolution gave rise to new technology that has averted famine in much of the developing world by transforming food production. Yet the benefits of this innovation have largely bypassed hundreds of millions of farmers living in forgotten...
Robert Chrisco
Late in the summer of 1941, 13-year-old Robert Chrisco heard the drums of the coming war. He went to see his Marine recruiter at the post office in Walla Walla, Washington. Chrisco did not like farm life and at 5'10" figured he could pass for 17. ...
Skidooing through Newfoundland - Crossing the Snowbound Wilds of Canada's Easternmost Province by Snowmobile Is Reserved for the Bravest or Craziest
An iron wind roars out of the north, blowing thick clouds of snow across the frozen skin of a vast wilderness lake, sweeping me along in frosty white turbulence. Unseen rifts and bumps in the icy surface pitch and toss my snowmobile roughly, and I...
Spain's Cela - A Novelist Who Fits the Standard Portrait of Almost Every Spaniard of His Age
Thilo Ullmann is a freelance writer and former journalist who writes about Spain and the Spanish from Saratoga Springs, New York. Galicia, the northwestern corner of the Iberian Peninsula--green, lush, and misty--has mothered many tales, myths,...
Tasmania's Rich Woods
The products of Tasmania's lush, ancient forests are being shaped into world-class objects by artists who hold a deep respect for the island paradise. To those who know something of Tasmania, which lies south of the eastern coast of the Australian...
The Anthrax Scare
Terror in the mail UNITED STATES--The war keeps expanding. Some 800,000 postal employees entrusted with 680 million pieces of mail daily now find themselves on the front lines in the struggle against terror. Two of their colleagues who worked in...
The Complexity of Global Warming
To the Editor: Many of the reports and articles in the general and scientific literature regarding conservation, global warming, and environmental affairs include a claim that the economic value of tourism and recreation will compensate for restrictions...
The Economy and Taxation
I hope the events of September 11 have produced a watershed change of perspective in the United States about civic responsibilities. If they have, then Osama bin Laden will have done us a vast, if unintended, favor. We had forgotten that we are...
The Glocklerlauf - Midwinter Celebration in Austria's Ebensee
For the rural people of Austria's north-central Salzkammergut region, the twelve nights between Christmas and Epiphany are cherished times. They used to be referred to as the "Smoke Nights," on account of the fact that incense was burned, but nowadays...
The Glocklerlauf - the Kappen
The Kappen are ornate, impressive, and quite unwieldy headdresses. They can measure up to twelve feet in length and weigh up to sixty pounds. The Glockler must hold his hat in place with the help of two wooden handles. Each group has its own distinctive...
The Great Game and the Afghan Wars
Jeffrey Meyers' Inherited Risk: Errol and Sean Flynn in Hollywood and Vietnam will be published by Simon & Schuster in June. He is now writing a life of Somerset Maugham. The disaster of September 11, 2001, has focused the attention of the world...
The Muslim World's Take on Terrorism
"Truth and history are whatever we choose to make them; facts are unimportant," said a terrorist sympathizer who has written for Muslim news publications and who was recently interviewed by The World & I. The statement overtly expresses the view...
The Muslim World's Take on Terrorism - the Arab CNN
One TV station stands head and shoulders above the rest in the Arab world in terms of independence and professionalism--al Jazeera, based in the Persian Gulf emirate of Qatar. It's also terrorist leader Osama bin Laden's de facto mouthpiece and chief...
The Nazi Elites and Bin Laden
Morton A. Kaplan is Distinguished Service Professor of Political Science Emeritus at the University of Chicago, editor and publisher of The World & I, and author of Law in a Democratic Society. The interrogations of the Nazi leaders after their...
The Role of International Trade and Investment - Policymakers in the United States and Other Nations Should Heed the Lessons from the Last Great Global Downturn-The Great Depression of the 1930s
In combating the deepening worldwide recession, policymakers should heed lessons from the last great global downturn--the depression of the 1930s. The lessons are both negative and positive. That is, they tell us what policies should not be applied,...
Title?
To the Editor: Your series on religions of the world ("Fathers of Faith," September 1999--January 2000) was exceedingly fine, informing us of the diversity of beliefs without proselytizing. The subject of "The National Energy Crisis" [June 2001,...
Two Victims of the Vietnam War
The crime pages of the Phnom Penh Post, an English-language newspaper in Cambodia's capital, make New York's tabloids seem tame. The Post's crime pages detail mass lynchings, brutal revenge crimes in which women's faces are burned off with acid, and...
Two Victims of the Vietnam War - Laos: Land of Contradictions
Laos is a peaceful, idyllic land of breathtaking jungles, limestone escarpments, mountains, caves, and cultural wonders. On the other hand, it has a communist totalitarian government that seeks to control the lives of every one of its five million...
Victor Halvani - Song of Hope
Victor Halvani was born into a traditional Jewish family in Egypt in 1930. He credits his parents--especially his mother, the daughter of a rabbi--with nurturing in him the sense of beauty and spirituality reflected in his sculptures. Biblical stories...
When the Trees Die
Years of research expose the hidden interconnections and secret liaisons surrounding deadwood in the forest. It started with the western spruce budworm, the larva of a harmless moth. In most years the budworm passes through its life cycle in the...