The World and I

World and I is an encyclopedic journal that includes world news; developments in science, the arts and philosophy; book reviews; and photo essays. Since it was founded in 1986, it is printed monthly. The journal is published by Washington Times Corp.Subjects for World and I include science; literature and literary reviews; food and cooking; art; travel and tourism; politics; philosophy; music and musical instruments; drama and theatre. The editor is Steve Osmond.

Articles from Vol. 15, No. 3, March

A Dangerous Dance - Teaching Heritage in Ghana's Secondary Schools
It is 8:30 at night, and students are coming from study hall in the cafeteria. While others head for the dorms, members of the drama troupe cross the dark road toward the harsh white glow of the staff lounge. They trickle into the large room, chatting...
Bach: Ad Majorem Dei Gloria
This year commemorates the 250th anniversary of the death of Johann Sebastian Bach, a man who was little known outside Germany in his lifetime but whose music, written "for the greater glory of God," has become ubiquitous and immortal. Beethoven...
Boris Yeltsin Resigns
Yeltsin's grand exit UNITED STATES--You can call Boris Yeltsin many things, but don't call him boring. With his customary flair for the dramatic, the former Russian president announced on New Year's Eve, the last day of the 20th century and the...
Bye-Bye to Bilingual Ed?
The wave of bilingual education that washed over the United States starting in 1968 seems to be receding--though it still suffuses school systems around the country. In recent years, states and school districts with decades-old bilingual programs...
Bye-Bye to Bilingual Ed? Shaky Science
Just like a building's concrete foundation, a much-needed philosophical base was poured for bilingual education in 1976 in the form of facilitation theory. But the foundation's concrete, according to critics, was mixed with an excess of sand. Facilitation...
Campaign Reform
The Special Report in Current Issues this month is "The Politics of Money." My most vivid image of this topic was sparked by Sen. Mitch McConnell's challenge to Sen. John McCain to name a single person in the Senate who had cast a corrupt vote because...
Canada's `Dream Messengers'
Remarkably diverse and evocative productions by indigenous Canadians highlight an annual theater festival in Penticton, British Columbia. Dreams with messages from the past were recurring features in the works shown at the inaugural Buckskin Aboriginal...
Color TV
"When the television-viewing public sits down to watch the new prime-time shows scheduled for this fall's line-up, they will see a virtual whitewash in programming ... they [the four major networks] run the risk of sustained, focused and continuous...
Environmental Challenges in Mexico
Mexico's rapid industrial and urban expansion has seriously damaged its ecosystems and polluted its air, water, and soil, requiring long-term strategies for repair. Mexico is a nation of dramatic contrasts. On the one hand, it has attained a high...
Ferocious Fire Ant, Meet Your Foes!
As populations of fire ants expand their territory in the United States, researchers are confronting them with their natural enemies, including disease-causing microbes and decapitating flies. Red imported fire ants are a burgeoning problem. Known...
Five Bright Nobles
Stubbornly individualistic against chemical reactions but brilliantly responsive to electrical stimulation, the heavier inert gases--neon, argon, krypton, xenon, and radon--perform variable roles in providing light, protecting molten metals, dating...
'Fixing' Campaign Spending - Is the Problem Political Corruption, Public Apathy, or Media-Driven Campaigns?
Contemporary election campaigns appear scandalously expensive, arousing a complaint that campaign finance is in disarray and needs fixing. The complaint is popular since it shows compassion for penniless or insolvent campaigners, who are overshadowed...
From Ideologue to Ideophile
Young Martin Peretz's New York City home was a crucible of politics and culture. Every evening, the dinner conversation was seasoned with those subjects as surely as the pot roast was salted and peppered. Peretz--now a wealthy investor, part-time...
In a Foreign Place - Secondary Education in Tanzania
For my first two months on Mount Kilimanjaro, in the summer of 1990, I stayed in a household of seven children and two parents. Three of the children were students at Mkufi Secondary School. My observations in those months constituted the beginning...
In a Foreign Place - Where Have You Been?
Mkufi Secondary Schoool in Machame became my primary workplace in 1991 and again in 1996. When I first arrived, notebook in hand, I was surprised to see that many people had a preconceived role into which I, an Anglo-American researcher, could be placed....
Issues That Will Seize the Spotlight
The talking heads on cable and network TV delight in focusing on two seemingly major indicators of political success: polling numbers and the money each presidential candidate has raised in the last three months. These are not the most important...
Let No Slight Pass - Icelandic Identity as Revealed in the Sagas
Eyrbyggja Saga tells of the eruption of a feud. The incident in Norway recounted here was not the only contributing factor, but it was the catalyst for fighting to start. An Icelander named Arnbjorn voyaged abroad in search of his outlawed brother....
Philosophic Reflections on the Family at Millennium's Beginning
Jean Bethke Elshtain is Laura Spelman Professor of Social and Political Ethics in the Divinity School of the University of Chicago and is on the university's Committee on International Relations. The problems of teen pregnancies, deadbeat dads,...
Picture Perfect - Author Alice McDermott's Unparalleled Search for Something like the Truth
Jill Rendelstein is a freelance author based in Washington, D.C. Alice McDermott, National Book Award winner, admits that she sometimes becomes impatient when critics and readers search for parallels between her life and literature. She's even gone...
Revive Their Dragon's Heart
Welsh Immigration Welsh immigrants came to the New World during the early years of settlement. In fact, the captain of the Mayflower, Christopher Jones, was of Welsh lineage, and there were at least five Welshmen in the 1607 settlement at Jamestown....
Revive Their Dragon's Heart - Singing Welsh Praise in Minnesota
"We were just over at Brit's Pub," thundered Rees Lloyd in full Celtic indignation, "and they didn't have a Welsh flag flying." He and two friends had gone to the pub for lunch but immediately noticed that only three of the four countries which make...
Russia's New Boss
On August 9, 1999, President Boris Yeltsin nominated a hitherto little-known career KGB official, Vladimir Putin, to be prime minister. It was Yeltsin's sixth nomination of a new prime minister within 17 months, and many Russia watchers considered...
Russia's Stalled Democracy - Russia's Political System Lacks Many Features of a Liberal Democracy but Also Lacks Those of a Dictatorship
Russia today is an electoral democracy. Political leaders come to power through the ballot box. They are not appointed by the Central Committee of the Communist Party. They do not take office by seizing power through the use of force. Most elites in...
Sandra Bierman - the Nurturing Feminine
"My paintings are about love and hope, and the celebration of life as perceived by a woman," says Colorado artist Sandra Bierman. "They communicate my own yearning for tranquillity and inner healing." The daughter of a Swedish immigrant father and...
Shaping a Clay Community
Celebrating its twenty-fifth anniversary, the Clay Studio, based in Philadelphia's flourishing arts community, has always believed that the freedom and skills required to create beautiful artwork are something to be shared. The whir of moist clay...
Sojourner Truth: Itinerant Truth-Teller
Anne Wortham is associate professor of sociology at Illinois State University. "Hear my prayer, O Lord, and give ear unto my cry; hold not thy peace at my tears: for I am a stranger with thee, and a sojourner, as all my fathers were." ...
Sri Lanka's Pilot Light - When Elmo Jayawardena Isn't Piloting 747s around the Globe, His Earthly Pursuits Include Taking Care of the Needy in His Homeland
When I met Capt. Elmo Jayawardena at thirty-five thousand feet over the Pacific, our Singapore Airlines pilot from San Francisco was clad in a jogging suit. Having awakened from a several-hour nap, he seated himself in the back row of the upper-deck...
Taking a Drive to the Extreme - If You're Looking for an Untamed Adventure, a 4x4 Trek across Bolivia's Expansive Salt Flats Could Be a Ride You'll Never Forget
Suppose you were offered the chance to sit in a four-wheel-drive vehicle for four days in --20*C temperatures? In this out-of-the- way vacation spot, accommodations are so primitive that you must drag in branches to avoid sleeping on the dirt floor;...
The Age of Amarna
In a season that has offered three blockbuster exhibitions on ancient Egypt, one examines the brief but fertile period in which the pharaoh imposed monotheistic worship of the sun god, built a new capital, and introduced naturalism and emotion into...
The Constitution and Campaign Reform - the Supreme Court Appears Determined to Preserve Freedom of Expression, Even in the Areas of Campaign Contributions
Clearly the authors of the Constitution and the Bill of Rights could not have foreseen the contours of political activity in America today, for the political environment of their time was very different from ours. Theirs was a narrowly confined political...
The Greatest Century That Ever Was
We step upon the threshold of 1900 ... facing a brighter dawn of civilization. --New York Times, January 1, 1900 There has been more improvement in the human condition for people living in the United States in this century than for all people...
The Knights of Glin and the Flying Aces - A Visit to Glin Castle and a Nearby World War II Flying Museum on the Banks of the River Shannon Brings Irish and Wartime History to Life
Route N69 from Limerick meanders along the scenic banks of the Shannon to arrive at some of Ireland's more celebrated destinations. The incidental tourist might be forgiven for passing up the unassuming towns of Foynes and Glin in anticipation of Ballybunion,...
The 'Mother's Milk' of Elections - from the First Democratic Election, Politicians, Journalists, and the Public Have Decried the High Cost of Campaigns
The late Jesse Unruh, a California political figure, is credited with the statement that "money is the mother's milk of politics." Whether he coined the phrase or not, the quip has been repeated by almost every commentator on the subject of campaign...
The Next Step Forward - A Regional Revival?
One factor influencing the Chinese view of traditional teachings is Singapore's praise for Confucian thought. This increasingly prosperous, high-tech-oriented city-state emphasizes economic development and societal cohesion as ingredients for national...
The Next Step Forward - A Revival of Confucianism Sweeps China
"The story of Confucianism is the story of China," comments Wen Shei-ho as we walk briskly through the streets of Shanghai. "Each group of political leaders--not just in the relatively recent period of Marxism-Leninism but throughout the past twenty-five...
The Next Step Forward - Politics and Religion
Last year's crackdown on the Falun Gong sect made it clear the PRC's political leaders firmly oppose any sect, cult, or religion that lacks official sanction. The attitude applies even to faiths long established in the West. Without official status...
The Next Step Forward - the Great Trilogy
The great hybrid trilogy of Asian faiths consists of Taoism, which is mystical and individual centered; Buddhism, which stresses acceptance of life's circumstances for the benefit of the afterlife; and Confucianism, which offers teachings appropriate...
To See the Invisible
A satellite fitted with "plasma-colored glasses" is poised to reveal the unseen world of dancing electric currents, sheets, loops, and layers that protects planet Earth from the harsh solar wind. After a blizzard rages for a day or two, we are often...
To See the Invisible - Making IMAGE's Plasma-Colored Glasses
Producing a major satellite carrying six different kinds of sophisticated, special-case imaging instruments required the shared expertise of a team of 24 coinvestigators plus additional collaborators. Working together over several years, they developed...
Unchained Memory - an Asian Immigrant Finds the Unexamined Life Not Worth Living-Even Dangerous to His Sanity
Edward Hower has taught at Ithaca College, the University of North Carolina, Duke, and Cornell. He is the author of six works of fiction, including The Pomegranate Princess, a book of folktales he collected while in India on a Fulbright Senior Research...