The World and I

World and I is an encyclopedic journal that includes world news; developments in science, the arts and philosophy; book reviews; and photo essays. Since it was founded in 1986, it is printed monthly. The journal is published by Washington Times Corp.Subjects for World and I include science; literature and literary reviews; food and cooking; art; travel and tourism; politics; philosophy; music and musical instruments; drama and theatre. The editor is Steve Osmond.

Articles from Vol. 17, No. 9, September

A Festival for the Soul
Sufi brotherhoods, Bulgarian choirs, gospel shout bands, Sephardic songstresses--they all meet in Morocco for a fest of musical praise, soul-searching, and peacemaking. Wandering through the narrow alleys of the old medina in Fez, Morocco, one...
A Long Montana Winter - Thomas McGuane Returns with a Tale of the Old and New West
Tom Pilkington is University Scholar and Regents Professor of English at Tarleton State University, Stephenville, Texas. He is the author or editor of thirteen books, including Critical Essays on the Western American Novel and State of Mind: Texas...
Amazonian Arts
Once considered primitive, the indigenous peoples of the Amazonian rain forest are producing a rich assortment of exotica that is now the pride of art museums and knowledgeable collectors alike. When members of an Amazonian tribe believed to have...
A New Century of Refugees
Following a pattern of mass uprooting of populations that has been repeated throughout history, more than 40 million people in the world today have been forcibly displaced from their homes by violence and persecution. Only 27 countries have a population...
A New Century of Refugees - Exiles in Their Own Land
When ill-disciplined armies come to pillage or when bands of raging men attack those of a different race, religion, or ethnic group, many families in unstable countries must summarily pull up roots and flee for their lives. If they trudge far...
Curiosity after September 11 - Making the Foreign Familiar
Stephen Joel Trachtenberg is president and professor of public administration at The George Washington University in Washington, D.C. This article is adapted from an address to the American Council on Education, February 10, 2002. One thing that...
Debunking an Urban Legend
In the days when the Internet bubble was still rising and the California energy future was dark, the myth of energy-gulping computers, created by a major business magazine, was perpetuated by the media and gullible professionals in business and...
Democracy in Palestine?
On the surface, the timing couldn't have been worse for President George W. Bush's Middle East peace speech on June 24. His Rose Garden call for Palestinian reform and new leadership came just days after suicide bombers massacred 26 Israelis within...
Driven to Chaos
At the dawn of the twenty-first century, the world is being driven to chaos by fundamentalist fanatics of three great religions. We all know the Muslim ones. But fanatics also dominate Israel's policies because of its electoral system, whereby minority...
Ecuador's Crowns of Straw - Panama Hats Were Never Made in Panama
The sun was already weighing down heavily as I got off the bus. It was just half past nine on a quiet Sunday morning. I gathered my things and started to walk up the main street of Montecristi, a small town in Ecuador's Manabi Province in the lowlands...
Editor's Note
Three of our essays this month deal with education, an ongoing concern of the Currents in Modern Thought section. The author of the first essay, "Reflections on the Way We Teach Now," thinking back over her teaching career, became somewhat skeptical...
Five Important Points
The following points are critical. First, although it appears that a solution is impossible, one should remember that that's how things looked in the Egyptian-Israeli relationship before the 1978 Camp David agreements. One should also recall the...
FROM THIS MONTH'S MENU - Making the Foreign Familiar: From Samoa to Nepal
Stephen Trachtenberg's proposal to "make the foreign familiar" (see Curiosity After September 11 in the Currents in Modern Thought section) through exposure to different cultures epitomizes a goal of The World & I, and the theme of many articles...
Germany's Fairy-Tale Road - to See the Places That Inspired the Grimm Brothers' Fairy Tales, Take the Deutsche Merchenstrasse near Frankfurt and Travel Some Four Hundred Miles North to Bremen
Once upon a time, in thickly forested central Germany, there lived two brothers by the name of Grimm. The elder, Jacob Ludwig Carl, was always serious beyond his years; the younger, Wilhelm Carl, although sickly, was personable and friendly. From...
Is a Middle East Peace Possible?
The obstacles are numerous and serious: the violence of the second Palestinian intifada, Israel's unyielding military offensive against Palestinian terrorists, the American demand for new Palestinian leadership, the absence of European support for...
It Is Immoral and Ineffective
When the Supreme Court struck down death penalty laws in 1972, former Justice Potter Stewart compared the arbitrariness of the death penalty to the freakishness of being struck by lightning. Thirty years later, were he still alive, Justice Stewart...
Learning Styles
Patricia O'Hara is an associate professor of English at Franklin and Marshall College, teaching Victorian literature, her field of research. She is currently working on a collection of personal essays. At a high school reunion, an old classmate,...
Learning Styles - What Are They? How Can They Help?
Diane Lamarche-Bisson is a workshop presenter on learning styles. She has spoken across Ontario, in the United States, and in Australia. Now a retired educator, she is the author of home education manuals and a series of self-help books for children....
My Way of Talking - Life Lessons in Mexican-American Proverbs
Growing up in a Mexican household, learning a life lesson without the appropriate refran (proverb) to fit the occasion was impossible. For each defining moment, each coming-of-age occurrence, each youthful lapse of judgment, my Mexico-born parents...
Nor Shall They Grieve - Death and Afterlife in the Qur'an: Part One
The Islamic way of life means to follow Allah's direct guidance. Thus, to understand Islamic views on death and the afterlife, one must study the Qur'an--and the Qur'an only--because all answers are provided there. The Qur'an is the only sacred...
Nor Shall They Grieve - Submission to Allah
The Arabic term Islam means "to surrender to the will or law of God" (submission to Allah). It derives from the root word salam, meaning peace. This focus on peace may surprise many readers. Contemporary perceptions of Islam have been distorted...
Nor Shall They Grieve - the Qur'an
The holy book of Islam, Al-Qur'an, is widely known by its abbreviated name, Qur'an. The term is derived from the Arabic root qara'a, which means both "collecting [things] together" and "reading and/or reciting [them]." Thus, the title indicates...
Peace through Freedom and Democracy
The Palestinian-Israeli conflict, or, more broadly, the Arab-Israeli conflict, is not the origin of the problem either between the Arab world and Israel or between Arabs and the West. The core reason for violence was correctly identified by President...
Poland's Fiery Dance Master - Jacek Luminksi
Drawing upon the Jewish, folkloric, and ballet traditions of his native Poland, Luminski has created a high-energy dance theater, rich in emotion and explosive in movement. The year was 1981. A young man carrying a briefcase waited at twilight...
President Bush's Peace Plan
A warning for arab regimes ISRAEL--Bush's speech called for building a laboratory model for a new democratic and pluralist Arab regime. Those remarks undermine the Arab regimes, which have brought this upon themselves. As Professor Edward Said...
Robert Carlson - 'The Power of Being'
Robert Carlson's fantastic glass sculptures are steeped in mythic symbolism, so much so that they challenge the viewer to make sense of them. In his compelling works, furtive eyes stare out; exotic, bird- shaped forms conjure up remote lands; Taoist...
Samoa's Rain Forest Savior - Looking for a Cure for Breast Cancer, Paul Cox Harnessed the Wisdom of Women in the Forest He Loved and Discovered a Promising Anti-HIV Compound Instead
Light filters through the leafy canopy, and everywhere there is the cooing of fruit pigeons, the whisper of honeycreeper wings. Shadows and iridescence flicker on the mossy forest floor as if seen through a Gothic cathedral's rose window. Long,...
Serving America as Soldier, Senator, Educator
Grenade shrapnel tore through Lt. Bob Kerrey's legs, convulsing him with pain and toppling him onto his back on top of jagged rocks. The assault on a Viet Cong leaders' meeting was not the total surprise it was supposed to have been. It was March...
Still Necessary
There is nothing quite like hanging out with your best friend. Jenny Ertman, 14, and Elizabeth Pe-a, 16, shared their hopes and dreams with each other. Like millions of other teenagers, they liked to have fun, to laugh and smile. One summer evening...
Stop Teaching Hate
I am a survivor of the Holocaust, in which Nazi Germans murdered six million innocent and defenseless Jews for no reason other than blind prejudice, and I am convinced that the No. 1 enemy of peace is mindless hatred. To begin to solve the...
Talking Peace, Waging War - the Present Hostilities Stem from the Second Palestinian Intifada That Erupted in September 2000, Sparked by Ariel Sharon's Visit to the Temple Mount
Over the past two years, events in the Middle East have produced the sensation of watching a slow-motion train wreck. Everyone sees the tragic outcome of the crash, but no one can stop it. Though many good-faith efforts have been made to apply...
The Ascent of Latin Cinema
Lacking Hollywood budgets, Latin American filmmakers have to draw on such things as character and human interaction, rather than special effects, to drive a movie. Small wonder they are making some of the best films around. American film audiences...
The Best Chess Player Ever - How Paul Morphy Was Cheated out of the World Chess Championship
Thomas Hemphill is a retired city manager and freelance writer living in Highland, California. He recently won first prize in a California writers' club short story contest. "I propose the health of Paul Morphy, the world's chess champion. His...
The Demoralizer - A Profile of Gustave Flaubert
Linda Simon is professor of English at Skidmore College. His mother told him, "Your mania for sentences has dried up your heart." Henry James agreed. Flaubert, he wrote to his brother William in 1876, was "almost tragic: his big intellectual ...
The Middle East Disaster
A number of distinguished statesmen and political leaders are presenting their proposals for a solution to the Middle East crisis in this issue of The World & I. In my opinion, there is no longer a solution. There was a potential solution in...
The Middle East - the Conventional Wisdom Is Wrong
Stephen Blank is Professor at the Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College, in Carlisle Barracks, Pennsylvania. The views expressed here do not represent those of the U.S. Army, Defense Department, or U.S. government. [See also the...
The Possibility of Partition
Against the backdrop of the growing antagonism and violence between Arabs and Jews, in 1937 the British Palestine Royal Commission issued a far-reaching recommendation: "An irrepressible conflict has arisen between two national communities within...
The Rocks That Roared - Freed from Japanese Rule after World War II, the Islands of Saipan and Tinian Welcome Tourists with a Unique Charm and Firsthand Accounts of U.S. History
Many Americans don't realize that the remote Pacific islands of Saipan and Tinian in the Northern Marianas, sites of bloody battles for control of the Pacific, are now a U.S. commonwealth, the place where "America starts its day." "My mother...
The Ugly World of Ticks
Feasting on one or more hosts, these tiny, bloodsucking parasites transmit a larger variety of diseases than any other group of animals. Rocky Mountain spotted fever; Lyme disease; babesiosis; tularemia; relapsing fever--what is the common denominator...
The Ugly World of Ticks - Removing Ticks
If you find a tick attached to your body, keep your cool and proceed methodically. Too many people simply grab the tick and pull it out, leaving its mouthparts embedded in the skin. As a result, an open wound is created, inviting microbial infections....
When Will Peace Come?
The Arab world today has close to 500 million people. Israel has 6 million. Its territory is one-half of 1 percent of the Arab world's; its GDP, less than 10 percent. Israel is the only democracy in the entire Middle East fighting for its freedom....
Without the Forest, There Is No Life - Encountering the Raute of Western Nepal
In 1997, in the middle of a Nepali district town, I was surprised to meet for the first time a headman of the Raute hunter-gatherers. Just ten minutes earlier, I had been walking through the lower bazaar when a local servant boy ran up to me. Breathless,...