Cross Currents

Articles from Vol. 61, No. 4, December

"Act like Men!" (1 Cor 16:13): Paul's Exhortation in Different Historical Contexts
"Courage" or "manliness" was pivotal for the virtue discourse of Greco-Roman antiquity. The word itself, andreia, derives directly from the Greek for "man" (aner). (1) Within this linguistic reality, being a man and being brave/courageous are one and...
Anxious Hindu Masculinities in Colonial North India: Shuddhi and Sangathan Movements
Studies on masculinity in India have flowered only recently. (1) The study of men is as vital for gender analysis as that of the ruling classes for class analysis. (2) Religious identities particularly have emerged as a critical arena of masculinity...
Apophatic Theology and Masculinities
Religion helps us in our humanity, inspires us in our dealing with the great questions indelibly related to what it means to be human. At its best, religion assists us toward the goals of being more fully human and more fully alive. Yet different religions...
Appeal to Pope Benedict XVI: LGBT Christians Ask for Defense of Human Rights
On June 10, 2011, the "European Forum of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Christian Groups" sent a letter to Pope Benedict XVI asking for respect of the human rights and the personal integrity of LGBT people. They appealed to the Pope for a clear...
Beating the Masculinity Game: Evidence from African Traditional Religion
Religious observance in major religions and indigenous spiritual traditions is a resolutely male affair in both symbolism and hierarchy. In the words of David Kinsley: "What is claimed to be the religions or religious expressions of humankind were...
Diversity of Sexuality in Islam: Interview with Imam Muhsin Hendricks
Krondorfer: Muhsin, you are residing and working in Cape Town, South Africa, as an Imam. You founded an organization called The Inner Circle, which empowers and supports gay Muslims and their allies. One website summarily states that The Inner Circle...
Editorial
The linking of religion and masculinity should raise, at first sight, some eyebrows: is it a return to old-time religion wherein men clothes themselves in religious attire to preach patriarchal values and prescribe restrictive roles for women and men?...
Engaging Abrahamic Masculinity: Race, Religion, and the Measure of Manhood
Concerned with the humanization and transformation of masculinity, I want to share some preliminary thoughts that are part of a long-term project. I want to engage the racial, religious, and economic dimensions of masculinity in North America, an endeavor...
Gay Asian Masculinities and Christian Theologies
The gay Asian American male body is a highly contested site with respect to masculinity. On the one hand, we gay Asian men (1) are often seen by the white gay community as sexually undesirable because our "oriental" racialized bodies are perceived...
Gender and Virtue in Indian Buddhism
In Indian Buddhist texts, extant accounts of the Buddha's life all date from at least several centuries after his passing, and so the physical reality of his body was no impediment to the construction of the details of the physique of the ultimate...
Prophecy and Masculinities: The Case of the Qur'anic Joseph
Gender and sexuality in Islamic thought and practice are intertwined with ethics and morality. The Qur'an as a text is deeply entrenched in morals and ethics and to this end highlights this connection in an abundant number of stories and parables....
St. Joachim as a Model of Catholic Manhood in Times of AIDS: A Case Study on Masculinity in an African Christian Context
Joachim is the model of every Catholic husband and father ... He is still a model of catholic men. Joachim is a symbol of Christian life to all men who persevere to live happy marriages. This quotation from the constitution of the St. Joachim Catholic...
"That's Not How We Do Things Here": American Men's Ministries in an Australasian Context
Christian organizations that focus on men are nothing new. For example, the Holy Name Society, founded at the Council of Lyons in 1274, and the Knights of Columbus, founded in 1882, both continue to this day (Kauffman 1982). More broadly, Christian...
Vicissitudes of the Margins: An HIV/AIDS Theological Journey
Vicissitude is "a quality or state of being changeable," implying mutability, a "natural change or mutation visible in nature or in human affairs." It can also refer to a "favorable or unfavorable event or situation that occurs by chance: a fluctuation...
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