History Review

This journal covers international historical events, people in power and those involved in social movements.

Articles from No. 46, September

1588: Elizabeth's Great Achievement: Robin Evans Extols the Outstanding Success of 1588: Not the Defeat of the Spanish Armada but the Publication of the Welsh Bible
The defeat of the Spanish Armada was both a nationalistic and religious success and its effect on the English psyche has been such that 1588 remains a key date in English history. However, the year also witnessed another event within Elizabeth's realm...
'An Army with a State, Not a State with an Army': F.G. Stapleton Examines the Role Played by the Armed Forces in the Government of the Second Reich
The Debate In 1906 a cause celebre hit the front pages of the Kaiserreich. A 57 year-old ex-convict shoemaker from Berlin was arrested for impersonating an officer of the Imperial army. Wilhelm Voight had stolen a captain's uniform of a Prussian...
Cross and Swastika: The Nazi Party and the German Churches: To What Extent Did Christians Support Hitler, and for What Reasons?
When considering the relationship between the Nazis and the Christian Churches, it could be assumed that it would be one of barely concealed hostility. Many of the fundamental beliefs of the Nazis should have proved abhorrent to the Christian Churches...
Gladstone and Parliamentary Reform, 1832-1894: Michael Partridge Charts the Changing Political Views of the Grand Old Man of 19th-Century British Politics
If, Sir, the nobility, the gentry, the clergy are to be alarmed, overawed, or smothered by the expression of popular opinion such as this, and if no great statesman be raised up in our hour of need to undeceive this unhappy multitude ... the day of...
Josef Klemens Pilsudski: Robert Pearce Introduces the Man Who Has Been Called 'The George Washington of Poland'
Poland's great national hero, Josef Pilsudski, was born in the right place at the right time. The place of his birth was Zulowa, north of Vilna ('Wilmo' in Polish, now Vilnius in Lithuania), in Russian Poland. Poland had been partitioned in 1792-95...
Manchester Metropolitan University: David Nicholls, Professor and Head of Department, Introduces History at MMU
The City Anyone who witnessed the recent Commonwealth Games will be aware of just how vibrant and progressive Manchester has become. Over the past decade, the city has been transformed, assisted in part by the restoration that followed the IRA bomb...
Martin Luther's Ninety-Five Theses: Michael Mullett Defines the Role of the 95 Theses in the Lutheran Reformation
The Man and the Theses: an introduction Martin Luther (1483-1546) is rightly regarded as the founder of the sixteenth-century Protestant Reformation--the religious, political, cultural and social revolution that broke the hold of the Catholic Church...
Oliver Cromwell & Parliaments: David L Smith Explains Why Cromwell So Signally Failed to Establish Harmony with His Parliaments
Oliver Cromwell's inability to achieve an effective working relationship with successive Parliaments during the 1640s and 1650s remains one of the greatest ironies of the English Revolution. It was also a crucial reason why the English Republic failed...
'Silent Cal': Peter Clements Evaluates the Thirtieth President of the United States, Calvin Coolidge
A Much-Maligned Figure? 'Calvin Coolidge believed the least government was the best government; he aspired to become the least president the country had ever had; he attained that desire' (Irving Stone). The man who achieved this back-handed compliment...
The A2 Personal Study: Ben Vessey Provides Advice on the Most Challenging Element of Advanced Level History
At first glance the Personal Study unit can seem daunting. You are being asked to produce a 2,500-3,000 word essay on a subject which may interest you very much, but which you may know relatively little about when you begin work on it. What is worse,...
The Media and British Politics in the Twentieth Century: Graham Goodlad Asks If the Media Did More to Support or to Challenge Politicians during the Last Century
That the mass media grew in importance during the twentieth century cannot be doubted. The late Victorian period witnessed an enormous expansion of the press, stimulated by improved technology and by the mid-century removal of the so-called 'taxes...
Tudor History on the Web: Russell Tarr Continues to Share His Knowledge and Enjoyment of the Web
Having spent my last two internet pieces focusing on Early and Late Modern German history, it makes sense in this issue to look at resources for Early Modern British History: in particular, I would like to focus on freely available materials and activities...
Well, Is History Really in Danger? in Our December 2002 Edition, Andrew Reekes Warned That the New AS/A2 Regime Was Bringing about a 'Dangerous Devaluation' of History. Historians Being the Lively-Minded, Articulate and Argumentative People They Are, Our Readers Offer Both Support and Criticism
Mike Pardoe (Head of History, The Thomas Hardye School, Dorchester): Congratulations on the excellent article by Andrew Reekes. It is pleasing to see that someone has seen through the emperor's new clothes. I totally agree with him on every point regarding...