History Review

This journal covers international historical events, people in power and those involved in social movements.

Articles from No. 48, March

A Lamb in Lion's Garb: Evolving Perspectives on Edward VI: John Matusiak Referees the Debate about the Influence of Henry VIII's Son
The Debate By the end of May 1553, Edward VI was, aged almost 16, suffering an agonising and prolonged approach to death from pulmonary tuberculosis. According to John Banister, a young medical student attached to the royal household, the king could...
An Introduction to American History 1860-1990
Alan Farmer & Vivienne Sanders Hodder & Stoughton, 2002 313 pages, 13.99 [pounds sterling] ISBN 0-340-80326-6 Hodder's popular Access to History series of topic books has recently been expanded with the launch of Context textbooks. Midway...
Answering Questions on the Decline of Spain in the 17th Century: Simon Lemieux Advises on How to Study a Key Topic Efficiently
The topic of the decline of Spain during the 17th century has been a long-standing favourite among exam boards but is not necessarily the easiest for A-level students to navigate their way around. This article seeks to signpost the key areas of historical...
Anthony Eden: Ben Vessey Introduces the Man Whose Experiences in the 1930s Affected His Decision to Launch a Disastrous Operation against Egypt in 1956
Anthony Eden is perhaps best known for his decision, as Prime Minister, to launch a military operation against Nasser's Egypt in 1956, the so-called Suez Crisis. Eden made it very plain when justifying this action that he was acting to protect British...
Britain 1964-1979: Edward Falshaw Advises How Our Study of This Important Period Can Match the Examiners' Agenda
The new AQA A2 syllabus is more daring and modern than ever before. Events between 1964 and 1997 are proving a fertile ground for debate and discussion in classrooms around the country. Below are detailed some of the important syllabus topics in the...
Faction: In the Reign of Elizabeth I: Will Saunders Examines the Diverse and Changing Interpretations of the Queen's Relations with Her Councillors
In his television series on the reign of Elizabeth I, David Starkey described the Queen as 'a bright star who dazzled both the nation and the world'. He then went on to claim that, whereas most stars fade in time, Elizabeth's luminescence 'has lasted...
Nietzsche: Robert Pearce Introduces One of the Most Important-And Misunderstood-Thinkers of the 19th Century
No one studying modern European history can avoid Friedrich Nietzsche (1844-1900). Events that marked and marred the modern world, including the First World War and the Nazi tyranny, and important social developments, like the secularisation of society,...
Pierre Laval: The Man in the White Tie: Richard Wilkinson Exposes Prejudice and Myth in Assessing the Career of a Key Figure in Modern French History
Churchill's siren-suit, Chamberlain's umbrella, Harold Wilson's gannex, Baldwin's pipe, Mrs. Thatcher's handbag--all are appropriate. But Pierre Laval's white ties, sported from his campaign for a parliamentary seat in 1914 until his execution in October...
Reader's Guide to British History
David Loades (ed) Fitzroy Dearborn, 2003 2 vols, 1760 pp, 200 [pounds sterling] ISBN 1-57958-242-7 In 1973 the economist E.F. Schumacher proclaimed 'Small is Beautiful'. Hard-pressed students tend to agree, and certainly textbooks are becoming smaller...
Sir Bartle Frere and the Anglo-Zulu War of 1879: Damian O'Connor Examines the Motives of the Man Who Started the Conflict
The film Zulu has made the Anglo-Zulu war of 1879 perhaps the most well-known colonial campaign of the Victorian era. The war is also known to students because the British defeat at Isandhlwana contributed to the downfall of Disraeli's ministry in...
The Ascent of Woman: A History of the Suffragette Movement and the Ideas Behind It
Melanie Phillips Little, Brown, 2003 317 pages. 18.99 [pounds sterling] ISBN 0 316 72533 1 Readers of Melanie Phillips' work in the Sunday Times and the Daily Mail will be familiar with her contempt for hypocrisy and inconsistency. In her book on...
The US Supreme Court and Civil Rights: Mark Rathbone Looks at the Role of the Supreme Court in the History of Civil Rights in the USA from 1865 Onwards
Think of civil rights in the USA and the campaigns of leaders like Martin Luther King, Booker T. Washington, A. Philip Randolph and Malcolm X spring to mind, together with the organisations they headed up, such as the NAACP (the National Association...
Why Are the Jews the 'Chosen' Victims? Tim Black Seeks to Answer a Question of Momentous Historical Importance
Throughout the history of mankind, no group has been more victimised than the Jewish people. Today they are remembered for being mass-murdered in Hitler's death camps, yet their persecution goes back thousands of years. Why? In order to understand...
Why Did the Spanish Civil War Start in July 1936? Peter Anderson Identifies the Groups, the Grievances and the Events Which Started the War
On the night of 17 July 1936, the Spanish army, inspired most of all by General Franco, started the Spanish Civil War by rebelling against the Second Republic. A central goal of the rebels was the destruction of left-wing organisations. Franco's fellow...