Adolescence

A quarterly international journal covering all aspects of adolescence, including issues and topics in psychology, physiology, sociology, and education. For the academic audience.

Articles from Vol. 28, No. 109, Spring

Case Study Training for Seeing School through Adolescents' Eyes
INTRODUCTION This paper describes the first of two years of training in case study activities, adapted from the program originally developed by Fritz Redl, Daniel A. Prescott, and others at the Universities of Chicago and Maryland in the 1940s (Brandt...
Dressing in Costume and the Use of Alcohol, Marijuana, and Other Drugs by College Students
INTRODUCTION Halloween is a major social event on many college campuses, one often celebrated by dressing in costume. Hill and Relethford (1979) found that approximately 75% of the students on two northeastern campuses participated in Halloween activities,...
Female Adolescent Contraceptive Decision Making and Risk Taking
Although research on the antecedents of adolescent contraceptive usage has focused on a wide variety of areas (e.g., personality and motivation, demography), the present research concerns the adolescent's ability to make decisions pertaining to contraceptive...
Gender Differences in Identity Development: An Examination of Longitudinal Data
Identity development, as theorized by Erikson (1968) over twenty years ago, is the focus of psychosocial development during the adolescent years. Of the "eight stages of man," the fifth stage, identity achievement versus role confusion, involves youth...
Identity Choices in Immigrant Adolescent Females
Ego identity, according to Erikson's (1968) theory of psychosocial development, is the "more or less actually attained but forever to be revised sense of the self within social reality", and the development of a sense of identity is the key developmental...
Indicators of Commitment to the Church: A Longitudinal Study of Church-Affiliated Youth
INTRODUCTION According to Wieting (1975), "A recurrent focus of social philosophy since Plato's Republic has been the threat posed by the possibility that the young might not adopt the essential wisdom and values of that society. . . . If a society...
Parental Consent: Factors Influencing Adolescent Disclosure regarding Abortion
INTRODUCTION Little information exists about the decision-making processes of pregnant adolescents. In the present legal climate where some states are mandating parental permission prior to teenage abortions, little is known about the nature and effect...
Parricide Rates and Criminal Street Violence in the United States: Is There a Correlation?
Megargee (1982) has suggested that family violence is fundamentally different from general violence and should be examined separately. Street criminals use violence in a deliberate, hedonistic way to gain material goods, status, and other social reinforcements,...
Perceived Actions of Parents and Attitudes of Youth
In 1988, Parish reported that perceived loving actions by parents were significantly correlated with college students' self-concepts, but not their evaluations of parents. In that study, parents' actions toward one another were surveyed on the Love/Hate...
Personal Adjustment during Pregnancy and Adolescent Parenting
This study examined "naturally occurring differences" in personal adjustment (social competence, behavior problems, and problem-solving skills) among representative groups of pregnant and nonpregnant adolescents and pregnant adults. Differences in parenting...
Predictors of Depression in Street Youth
The past few years have seen an increased interest in studies of mental illness among homeless populations. Some mental illness may be attributed to homelessness (Morrissey & Dennis, 1986), and the deinstitutionalization of the mentally ill has led...
Premarital Sexuality: A Five-Year Follow-Up Study of Attitudes and Behavior by Dating Stage
The primary purpose of this study was to examine the state of premarital sexual attitudes and behavior among college students during the 1980s. Respondents surveyed in 1988 were compared to those studied in 1983. Data from both studies permit us to judge...
Self-Concept and Academic Performance in Gifted and Academically Weak Students
A number of studies have supported the contention that positive self-concept and academic achievement are closely interwoven (Beck, 1984; Purkey, 1970). Fitts (1972) has suggested that persons with optimal self-concept are apt to use their intellectual...
Sexual Abuse in Male Children and Adolescents: Indicators, Effects, and Treatments
INTRODUCTION Matthew was a frail, shy child who had difficulty relating with peers, boys and girls alike. He was especially fearful of adults, having been raised in a strict and puritanical home. His interpersonal difficulties led to his being a "loner."...
Student Responsibility for Learning
Many teachers complain about the problem of getting students to be responsible for their own learning. If word of mouth is an indicator, this problem is serious and becoming more so. This paper presents the results of a study utilizing Morris's (1961)...
The Effects of Traditional Family Values on the Coming out Process of Gay Male Adolescents
Adolescence is a time of self-discovery (Cates, 1987; Mercier & Berger, 1989; Newman & Newman, 1984; Schickedanz, Hansen, & Forsyth, 1990). Adolescents continue to individuate as they integrate accumulated and newly discovered roles, role...
The Prevalence of Depression in a High School Population
An increasing number of articles, books, and conferences attest to the growing attention being paid to depression in children and adolescents. While few authors question its existence (Chartier & Ranieri, 1984), there is a general lack of empirical...
The Relationship of Family Structure and Family Conflict to Adjustment in Young Adult College Students
The relationship between family structure and child adjustment has been widely studied. The literature on divorce of the past 50 years contains dozens of studies of the relationship between family structure and various measures of child adjustment and...
The Religiosity of Mothers and Their Offspring as Related to the Offspring's Sex and Sexual Orientation
Many attitudes have been found to correlate positively across generations (Payne, Summers, & Stewart, 1973; Tolor, 1976; Newport, 1979), including attitudes surrounding religion (Barclay & Sharp, 1982). However, a study by Hodge and Treiman (1968)...
Under Pressure Program: Using Live Theatre to Investigate Adolescents' Attitudes and Behavior Related to Drug and Alcohol Abuse Education and Prevention
INTRODUCTION Alcohol and other drugs have drastically permeated our society. Throughout adolescents' school careers, and indeed their lives, most will be faced with many drug-related decisions, that is, whether to abstain or to use alcohol and other...
Variables Related to Romanticism and Self-Esteem in Pregnant Teenagers
Adolescence is considered a time of identity versus role confusion (Erikson, 1968). According to Grotevant and Cooper (1986), adolescence is characterized by the process of individuation and separation. It is a time of identity development (Marcia, 1966,...

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