Adolescence

A quarterly international journal covering all aspects of adolescence, including issues and topics in psychology, physiology, sociology, and education. For the academic audience.

Articles from Vol. 32, No. 128, Winter

Adapting the MMPI for Use in Assessing Late Adolescents in Trinidad and Tobago
Trinidad and Tobago are islands situated in the southernmost point of the archipelago of the West Indies. Together they form one country, which achieved its independence from British rule in August, 1962, and became a republic in August, 1976. The population...
Adolescent Body Mass Indices and Self-Perception
Adolescence is a period of rapid physical growth accompanied by profound emotional and psychological change. It is a time when peer group norms and societal expectations play a major role in the development of self-concept. One cultural expectation of...
Adolescent Psychiatric Patients' Interactions with Their Mothers
Few studies have focused on the interactions between adolescents with psychiatric problems and their parents. One might expect that these adolescents would not only have disturbed interactions with their parents, but would also have distorted perceptions...
Adolescents at Risk: Causes of Youth Suicide in New Zealand
A United Nations report, The Progress of Nations (UNICEF, 1994), recently ranked New Zealand as having one of the highest teenage suicide rates among industrialized countries. The aim of this paper is to examine the environmental-social factors that...
Adolescent Self-Concept among Han, Mongolian, and Korean Chinese
Studies of self-concept, the findings from which have been reliably used in clinical programs and taught in education and psychology, have suffered from a lack of both a solid theoretical base and a clear definition of the term. It is not clear whether...
Adolescents' Perceptions of Family Responsibility-Taking
Parents consider responsibility-taking an important developmental issue for adolescents. However, little is known about how adolescents perceive their family responsibilities, and there has been no measure for this construct. Recent increases in separated,...
Condom and Other Contraceptive Use among a Random Sample of Female Adolescents: A Snapshot in Time
The number of sexually active adolescents has steadily increased in the United States over the past two decades (Creatsas, 1993). More than half of all females aged 15 to 19 have had sexual intercourse (Harlap, Kost, & Darroch Forrest, 1991). As...
Enhancing Ethical Decision Making in Sexuality and AIDS Education
Recently a group of high school boys known as the "Spur Posse" received national attention when they were arrested on rape and assault charges. The boys had competed with each other to see who could have sex with the most girls, and kept a running point...
Ethnicity, Drug User Status and Academic Performance
While many studies have suggested the deleterious effect of drugs on the academic and social well-being of adolescents, few have used empirical data in drawing this conclusion. Research regarding the combination of ethnicity and drug user status on outcome...
Impact of Demographics, Sexual History, and Psychological Functioning on the Acquisition of STDs in Adolescents
Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) among adolescents are associated with significant morbidity. Multiple episodes increase the risk of involuntary infertility (Sellors, Mahony, Chernesky, & Rath, 1988; Minassian et al., 1990), and sexually transmitted...
Mentors: Beacons of Hope
It has been over a decade since the publication of A Nation at Risk (National Commission on Excellence in Education, 1983), the scathing benchmark report on the condition of America's schools. That report, coupled with findings and recommendations from...
Physical Punishment and Signs of Mental Distress in Normal Adolescents
During the past two decades, physical punishment of children has become an issue of public concern rather than a private family affair. This growing societal interest has led to greater research and improvements in methodology (Black, 1991). Data indicate...
Romanticism and Self-Esteem among Teen Mothers
Adolescence is a time of psychological exploration. It is a period when adolescents reflect on their strengths, weaknesses, competencies, and fears. Their strengths may include self-confidence, ambition, self-esteem, and having firm convictions and strong...
Self-Concept and Body Image of Turkish High School Male Athletes and Nonathletes
INTRODUCTION Self-concept is one of the psychological constructs that has been extensively researched in the field of sports. It has a prominent role in human behavior, with positive self-image central to the adaptive functioning and everyday happiness...
Sexually Transmitted Disease Prevention: Adolescents' Perceptions of Possible Side Effects
Sexually active individuals face the risk of contracting sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), and this risk is especially high for adolescents, who have the highest incidence rates of any age group for many STDs (Cates & Rauh, 1985; Hein, 1989;...
Stress and Illness in Adolescence: Issues of Race and Gender
Research has indicated that stress is a contributory factor in a variety of physical and mental health problems (Brantley & Jones, 1993; Holmes & Masuda, 1974; Newberry, Baldwin, Madden, & Gerstenberger, 1987). The notion that life events...
The Influence of Familial Factors on Anxiety and Depression in Childhood and Early Adolescence
Early adolescence is a period of transition involving changes in physical development, cognitive abilities, emotional adjustment, and self-esteem (Freud, 1958; Sullivan, 1953; Erikson, 1968). In addition, there are changes in family relationships, and...
The Neurological Basis of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
In the last decade, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has received significant attention from the education and counseling communities, with some considering it a life disability (Silver, 1992). The problems encountered by an individual...
Transitions in Family Structure and Adolescent Well-Being
INTRODUCTION This article reports on an empirical investigation into the effects of structural changes in family life on adolescent well-being. Four different types of family structure were distinguished: stable intact family, conflict intact family,...
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