Adolescence

A quarterly international journal covering all aspects of adolescence, including issues and topics in psychology, physiology, sociology, and education. For the academic audience.

Articles from Vol. 33, No. 130, Summer

Adolescents' Perceptions of Substance Abuse Prevention Strategies
ABSTRACT As part of a 3-year evaluation of substance abuse prevention strategies (Harding, Safer, Kavanagh, Bania, Carty, Lisnov, & Wysockey, 1996), this study examined the perceptions of 719 sixth- through ninth-grade Chicago public school...
Adolescents' Perceptions of Their Parents' Academic Expectations: Comparison of American, Chinese-American, and Chinese High School Students
It is well accepted that parents' expectations have a powerful effect on children's academic performance: "It is clear that high achieving children tend to come from families which have high expectations for them, and who consequently are likely to 'set...
Adolescents with Borderline Intellectual Functioning: Psychopathological Risk
ABSTRACT This paper presents a qualitative analysis of cognitive and emotional functioning in intellectually borderline adolescents (IQ ranging from 71 to 84) and the consequences for personality and social development. Psychopathological risk,...
A Family Systems Approach for Preventing Adolescent Runaway Behavior
ABSTRACT A family therapy approach, combining the conceptual frameworks of the Bowen model and Olson's Circumplex model, was used to restructure family relationships in order to prevent further runaway behavior of a 15-year-old Mexican-American...
An Investigation of a Brief Measure of School Membership
ABSTRACT School membership is the extent of personal belonging, respect, and support students feel in school. To evaluate this construct, Goodenow (1993) developed the Psychological Sense of School Membership (PSSM) questionnaire. In a recent factor...
A Two-Year Study of Patterns and Predictors of Substance Use among Mexican American Youth
A number of longitudinal studies concerning licit and illicit substance use among adolescent and preadolescent populations have been conducted (see, for example, Huizinga, Loeber, & Thornberry, 1993; Maddahian, Newcomb, & Bentler, 1985; Windle,...
Building Positive Self-Image in Adolescents in Foster Care: The Use of Role Models in an Interactive Group Approach
ABSTRACT In a previous article (Yancey, 1992), the literature on identity development in individuals from socially devalued racial and ethnic groups was summarized. It was postulated that the social maladaptation of adolescents in residential group...
Effects of a Unit of Instruction in Mental Health on Rural Adolescents' Conceptions of Mental Illness and Attitudes about Seeking Help
ABSTRACT The present study investigated the effects of a unit of instruction in mental health on rural adolescents' conceptions of mental illness and their attitudes about seeking professional help for emotional problems. Forty students enrolled...
Ethnic Differences in Std) Rates among Female Adolescents
ABSTRACT Ethnic differences in rates of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) were examined in a sample of 205 female adolescents receiving care at two family planning clinics in Houston, Texas. New infection and reinfection rates following treatment...
Ethnic Differences in STD Rates among Female Adolescents
Adolescents in general and minority adolescents in particular have significantly higher rates of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) than do other groups. According to a study by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (1993a), every year three...
Family-of-Origin Interaction and Adolescent Mothers' Potential for Child Abuse
ABSTRACT This study examined the relationship between family-of-origin interaction and environment and the potential for young mothers to abuse their children. Females aged 14 to 21 from three teen parenting programs completed the Teen Parenting...
Feelings and Attitudes of Gifted Students
ABSTRACT Differences between the self-perceptions of gifted high school freshmen (n = 62) and nongifted peers (n = 162) were assessed regarding intimacy with family and peers, social support, family responsibilities, self-esteem, depression, and...
Management and Prevention of Personal Problems in Older Adolescents Via Schematic Maps and Peer Feedback
ABSTRACT The purpose of the present study was to provide a basis for enhancing personal development in older adolescents by examining the usefulness of two information-processing tools in solving personal problems: schematic maps and peer feedback....
Pathways to Mental Health Care among South African Adolescents: Analysis of Referrals to an Adolescent Psychiatric Unit
ABSTRACT Assessment forms of 670 adolescents referred over four years to an adolescent psychiatric unit were analyzed to establish how they entered mental health care. The first part of the study examined referral sources; the second established...
Personality Features and Expressed Concerns of Adolescents with Eating Disorders
Adolescence is a turbulent time, marked by intense physical and psychological changes, and it appears that females may experience particular stressors that are less often experienced by males. For example, during adolescence females are more likely than...
Psychiatric Illness in Mentally Retarded Adolescents: Clinical Features
Three of the DSM-IV (American Psychiatric Association, 1994) criteria for making a clinical diagnosis of mental retardation are consistent with the ICD-10 (World Health Organization, 1992): significantly subaverage intellectual functioning (at least...
Psychiatric Illness TN Mentally Retarded Adolescents: Clinical Features
ABSTRACT Attempts have been made to establish objective diagnostic criteria for psychiatric disorders in persons with mental retardation. This paper describes the clinical features of the most important psychiatric disorders in mentally retarded...
Psychological Education: Studying Adolescents' Interests from Their Own Perspective
Adolescence is a critical period in which significant changes occur both within the individual (e.g., physiologically, cognitively, psychologically) and externally (e.g., peer pressure, or moving from a small, neighborhood-based school to a large, more...
Same-Sex and Opposite-Sex Best Friend Interactions among High School Juniors and Seniors
Intimate friendship seems to be one of the most salient characteristics of adolescence, more so that in previous developmental stages (Buhrmester, 1990; Richey & Richey, 1980). A study that compared preadolescents with adolescents found that intimate...
School Violence: Prevalence and Intervention Strategies for At-Risk Adolescents
Many schools have become battlegrounds in which both students and teachers fear for their safety (Kingery, Pruitt, Heuberger, & Brizzolara, 1993). Interpersonal disputes between students and between teachers and students have increasingly resulted...
Teacher-Student Classroom Interactions: The Influence of Gender, Academic Dominance, and Teacher Communication Style
ABSTRACT Two Israeli grade 7 classes, with different teachers, were monitored and the lessons coded according to categories that were based on the conceptual framework of speech acts theory combined with role theory. The two classes differed in...
The Influence of Big Brothers on the Separation-Individuation of Adolescents from Single-Parent Families
ABSTRACT The separation-individuation process involving children and their mothers is facilitated by fathers. Divorce complicates this process. This study investigated whether substitute father figures can aid male adolescents from single-parent...
The Relationship of Attributional Beliefs to Self-Esteem
ABSTRACT Several studies have reported that beliefs about the causes of events (i.e., causal attributions) are related to achievement-oriented behavior. Skinner (1995) has suggested that achievement-oriented behavior is related to beliefs about...
The Relationship of Daily Stress and Health-Related Behaviors to Adolescents' Cholesterol Levels
ABSTRACT It has been well established that some of the major risk factors for coronary heart disease are related to lifestyle, that is, behaviors that are potentially modifiable. Although studies have identified psychosocial stress as a factor associated...

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