Adolescence

A quarterly international journal covering all aspects of adolescence, including issues and topics in psychology, physiology, sociology, and education. For the academic audience.

Articles from Vol. 31, No. 123, Fall

Adolescent Decision Making: A Broadly Based Theory and Its Application to the Prevention of Early Pregnancy
INTRODUCTION The importance of understanding how adolescents make decisions lies in the challenging and difficult problems they face today. For example, unlike their predecessors, some of their decisions may result in being infected with AIDS. If we...
Adolescents' Attitude toward Female Gender Roles: Implications for Education
INTRODUCTION Education in general, and social studies education in particular, have long been concerned with helping students develop attitudes congruent with democratic living. One such area of concern is that of vocational opportunities for women....
Adolescents' Perceptions and Experiences of Death and Grieving
By the time an individual has reached adolescence, it is likely that he or she has been exposed to death. Some adolescents encounter it through a personal loss, such as the death of grandparents, parent, or even a peer. However, even those who have not...
Black Teenage Pregnancy in South Africa: Some Considerations
INTRODUCTION The swinging sixties left an echo that would lead to extensive research into adolescent sexuality. What adults were accepting as their rights, all too soon became during the process of socialization and imitation, what the young felt was...
Consistency in Diagnoses for a Sample of Adolescents at a Private Psychiatric Hospital
An estimated 18 to 20% of children and adolescents are affected by emotional and behavioral disorders (Canning, Hanser, Shade, & Boyce, 1992). Although psychiatric diagnoses are infrequently assigned to children, such diagnoses become more frequent...
Elementary School Students' Attitudes toward Science and Their Course of Studies in High School
INTRODUCTION The placement of high school students in their course of study in general and in science studies in particular is attributed to many factors. Studies which try to predict students' outcomes are usually cross-sectional rather than longitudinal...
Guidelines for Choosing an "Intervention Package" for Working with Adolescent Girls in Distress
This article presents guidelines for systematic treatment planning for adolescent girls in distress. The importance of choosing an intervention plan according to differential assessment of the client has been emphasized and applied to various client...
Identifying Adolescent Runaways: The Predictive Utility of the Personality Inventory for Children
Nationally, estimates indicated that the number of adolescents who ran away from home each year ranged from 1 million (Walker, 1975) to 2 million (Freudenberger & Torkelson, 1984) with predictions as high as 4 million (National Network of Runaway...
Issues Related to the Sexual Decision-Making of Inner-City Adolescent Girls
Psychosexual development for adolescent girls includes decisions regarding sexual activity, the partner relationship, and the use of condoms for the sexually active. In order to intervene successfully in any aspect of an adolescent's sexual behavior,...
Locus of Control in Adolescence: A Longitudinal Study
INTRODUCTION Adolescence, especially during the early years, is a period of important developmental changes and a time of stress and conflict. The physiological changes often precipitate special problems and doubts about self-concept, sexual identity,...
Locus of Control, Self-Concept, and Self-Esteem among At-Risk African-American Adolescents
Simmons and Weinman (1991) presented a methodology for the study of youths in an emergency shelter. The purpose of their study was "to describe self-esteem and locus of control among youth temporarily residing in an emergency shelter mainly due to abuse...
Relationships between College Students' Perceptions of Their Family Members and How They Interact with One Another
It is often said that "As the twig is bent, so grows the tree." But who bent the twig? Of course, children are like trees in that many factors serve to mold and shape their lives - family life, in particular. Parish and Nunn (1989) reported a significant...
Sex Differences in the Solitary and Assaultive Fantasies of Delinquent and Nondelinquent Adolescents
The purpose of this study was to investigate differences in attitudes toward self and others expressed through drawings and stories. An extension of earlier studies, the focus was on delinquent and nondelinquent adolescents who responded to a drawing...
Social Skills Training for Young Adolescents: Cognitive and Performance Components
Social skills training for adolescents has been associated with enhanced self-esteem (Stake, DeVille, & Pennell, 1983), improved problem-solving skills (Guerra & Slaby, 1990; Sarason & Sarason, 1981), drug refusal (Horan & Williams, 1982;...
Social Support and Self-Esteem in Unemployed University Graduates
Adolescence is usually defined as a period from puberty until full adult status has been attained. In modern societies this period appears to be prolonged, not only due to a longer period of education, but because of the increased length of time of unemployment...
Student Responses to Economic Reform in China
In the Western world, the globalization of capital and the information revolution result in closer linkages between universities and corporations. In this context, universities become more involved in the market economy. According to Buchbinder (1993),...
Students Who Work
INTRODUCTION A study of 1,800 high school students in Kentucky raised some questions about conventional wisdom concerning the effects of part-time work on students. The popular impression that working students usually hold jobs in fast food establishments,...
The Abuse of Dextromethorphan-Based Cough Syrup: A Pilot Study of the Community of Waynesboro, Pennsylvania
INTRODUCTION A recent study conducted by the University of Michigan's Institute for Social Research reported a significant drop in illegal drug abuse among high school seniors (United States Alcohol, Drug Abuse, and Mental Health Administration, 1991)....
The Collectivistic Nature of Ethnic Identity Development among Asian-American College Students
INTRODUCTION Phinney and Alipuria (1987) define ethnic identity as "an individual's sense of self as a member of an ethnic group and the attitudes and behaviors associated with that sense" (p. 36). They further state that ethnic identity development...
The Role of Cultural Norms in the Self-Esteem and Drug Use Relationship
A commonly held belief by many researchers, teachers, school administrators, and health professionals is that low self-esteem (SE) is associated with drug use and/or abuse (Dielman, Campanelli, Shope, & Butchart, 1987; Dielman, Leech, Lorenger, &...
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