Adolescence

A quarterly international journal covering all aspects of adolescence, including issues and topics in psychology, physiology, sociology, and education. For the academic audience.

Articles from Vol. 29, No. 114, Summer

An Adolescent Health and Lifestyle Guidance System
Background Blum (1987) documented the growing problem of adolescent mortality and morbidity related to life style and risk-taking behavior. The death toll for teenagers from motor vehicle accidents, suicide, drug overdose, and AIDS has been rising....
Clinical Assessment of Adolescents Involved in Satanism
An adolescent who practices Satanism recently said to the author, "I was a throwaway kid. Nobody wanted me and I needed a place to belong. I had a lust for power, and I needed to find a place where my violence was acceptable." This teenager is one of...
Determinants of Adolescent Identity Development: A Cross-Sequential Study of Boarding School Boys
This study sought to identify social and cognitive characteristics of adolescents associated with identity status. In brief, ego identity formation is the synthesis of external and internal forces by the individual who either enters into or remains remote...
Family System Characteristics and Parental Behaviors as Predictors of Adolescent Substance Use
In recent years the role of family factors in adolescent substance use has received increased attention (Barnes, 1990). Much of this concern emphasizes the relationship between parental and adolescent substance use (Levine, 1985). Recent studies (Barnes,...
Height as a Basis for Interpersonal Attraction
American society appears to operate on the basis of a series of unstated yet pervasive social rules in date/mate selection. Not the least of these implicit criteria is the male-taller bias. The unwritten law of social interaction seems to be that the...
Postformal Reasoning during Adolescence and Young Adulthood: The Influence of Problem Relevancy
In an effort to more adequately conceptualize the nature of cognitive development following childhood and adolescence, several theorists (e.g., Arlin, 1984; Baltes, Dittmann-Kohli, & Dixon, 1985; Basseches, 1984; Labouvie-Vief, 1982; Kramer, 1989a;...
Pride and Prejudice in High School Gang Members
This study evaluated self-esteem and racial attitudes of high school gang members compared to their uninvolved (nongang) peers. While previous research has documented linkages between ethnicity and self-esteem in adolescents, none have examined this...
Psychosexual Characteristics of Female University Students in Brazil
INTRODUCTION To a great extent, the cultural context determines the manifestations of adolescence, although one cannot deny the importance of the psychological substratum which confers universal characteristics to this phase of development. A knowledge...
Psychosocial Stressors among Depressed Adolescent Mothers
Depression is a major problem for adolescent mothers. In a recent study on postpartum depression, mother's age was necessarily covaried as a result of the disproportionate number of adolescent mothers in a sample of randomly recruited depressed mothers...
Relationship between Jamaican Adolescents' Drinking Partners and Self-Image: A Cross-Cultural Perspective
Research on alcohol use among adolescents has proliferated over the past decade. However, to date most of the relevant research has been conducted in cultures like the United States where even minimal alcohol use among children and adolescents is prohibited....
Self-Reported Depressive Symptoms in Inner-City Adolescents Seeking Routine Health Care
Adolescence is a time of transition with a focus on becoming independent from parents and forming supportive links with peers and other adults. Stress-related problems may become more common and an increase in depression, suicidal ideation, and suicide...
Sex, Drugs, Relationships, Contraception, and Fears of Disease on a College Campus over 17 Years
In 1974 a study of sexual behavior and its correlates was undertaken at a small northeastern liberal arts college (Murstein & Holden, 1979). The correlates included the use of drugs, religious background, self-perceived attractiveness, sexual attitudes,...
Social Skills Training to Reduce Depression in Adolescents
INTRODUCTION Depression and depressive disorders remain a pervasive problem in Western society (Albert & Beck, 1975; Schulterbrandt & Raskin, 1977; Rehm, 1981). The extent to which this problem affects adolescents has recently generated substantial...
The Relationship between Family Variables and Adolescent Substance Abuse: A Literature Review
Substance abuse is a major problem confronting adolescents today. One out of every six teenagers suffers from chemical dependency (Thorne & DeBlassie, 1985). Adolescent drug addiction crosses a broad range of backgrounds (Thorne & DeBlassie,...
The Relationship of Self-Esteem to Selected Personal and Environmental Resources of Adolescents
Theoretically, self-esteem can be conceptualized as a component of the overall self-concept (McCandless, 1970). Self-concept refers to the complex of beliefs about one's self; self-esteem refers to the value or sense of worth one perceives about one's...
The Role of the Black Church in Working with Black Adolescents
The Black Church Family Project is a study of family-oriented community outreach programs provided by black churches. The survey data discussed in this paper reflects programming for youth development as reported in the two northern regions of the project....
Urban Youth, Fear of Crime, and Resulting Defensive Actions
INTRODUCTION Fear of crime in the United States has become a significant social problem in the past twenty years (Lewis & Salem, 1986), resulting in considerable social, psychological, and economic costs to individuals and society. A problem such...
Using Literature to Help Adolescents Cope with Problems
The use of literature to helping children cope with changes in their lives is referred to as bibliotherapy (a commonly accepted definition (Pardeck & Pardeck, 1993). A more detailed definition by Baker (1987) offers the various ways bibliotherapy...
Variance in Substance Use between Rural Black and White Mississippi High School Students
Alcohol and other drug use usually begins between the ages of 12 and 20 (DuPont, 1991). Patterns of use, which are established in youth, often persist into adulthood and contribute substantially to chronic disease (e.g., lung cancer, heart disease, chronic...

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