Adolescence

A quarterly international journal covering all aspects of adolescence, including issues and topics in psychology, physiology, sociology, and education. For the academic audience.

Articles from Vol. 29, No. 115, Fall

Adolescent Boys and Anorexia Nervosa
Anorexia Nervosa is an eating disorder that primarily affects adolescent girls and young adult females, and is considered to be rare among males. It is estimated that 1 in 200 adolescents between the ages of 12 and 18, the high risk group, develop anorexia...
Adolescent Contraceptive Use and Communication: Changes over a Decade
Public concern about the AIDS crisis has emphasized the importance of safe behavior. For adolescents, safe sexual behavior recommendations have included abstinence and postponement of sex. For those who are sexually active, the advice has been to limit...
Adolescent Perceptions of Their Risk-Taking Behavior
Biological, psychological, and social stresses during adolescence often lead to "problem" and health-endangering behaviors as adolescents try to cope with these stresses (Ingersoll & Orr, 1989). According to Alexander et al., the health-compromising...
An Investigation of Differences in Attitudes between Suicidal and Nonsuicidal Student Ideators
Suicidal activity among youths has increased at an alarming rate in recent decades, currently reaching epidemic proportions (Ritter, 1990; White, Murdock, Richardson, Ellis, & Schmidt, 1990;). Brodinsky and Keough (1989) have noted that incidence...
A Thirteen-Year Comparison in Patterns of Attitudes toward Counseling
Professionals in the helping fields are understandably intrigued with the way their services are perceived by potential clients and which attitudes remain relatively constant. These concerns can be related to professional identity issues as well as to...
Corporal Punishment of Adolescents by Parents: A Risk Factor in the Epidemiology of Depression, Suicide, Alcohol Abuse, Child Abuse, and Wife Beating
The terms physical punishment and corporal punishment are used here as synonyms to refer to an act by parents intended to cause the child physical pain, but not injury, for purposes of correction or control of misbehavior. The 1975 and 1985 National...
Decreasing Sex Bias through Education for Parenthood or Prevention of Adolescent Pregnancy: A Developmental Model with Integrative Strategies
INTRODUCTION Unintended adolescent pregnancy and parenthood are among the more insidious problems of society today. Many types of services including advocacy, education, and prevention that emphasize birth control and prenatal care have been developed...
Do Attitudinal and Behavioral Ratings of Family Members Vary across Familial Configurations?
Many studies have compared family members' ratings and/or evaluations across familial configurations (e.g., Parish, 1987a, 1988; Parish & Dostal, 1980; Parish & Taylor, 1979; Raschke & Raschke, 1979; Rosendahl & Wells, 1983). In general,...
Effect of Timing of Parental Divorce on the Vulnerability of Children to Depression in Young Adulthood
Parental divorce is a stressful experience for children at any age and most children exhibit short-term developmental disruptions, emotional distress, and behavior problems. The age at the time of parental divorce has been found to affect the child's...
Measuring the Short-Term Mood of Adolescents: Reliability and Validity of the State Form of the Depression Adjective Check Lists
The effects of depressive affect on a range of cognitive (Blankstein, Flett, & Johnson, 1992; Crocker, Alloy, & Kayne, 1988; Doerfler, Mullins, Griffin, Siegel, & Richards, 1984; D'Zurilla & Goldfried, 1971; Gong-Guy & Hammen, 1980;...
Parental Behavior and Adolescent Self-Esteem in Clinical and Nonclinical Samples
Self-esteem and self-acceptance have long been viewed as requisites for healthy personal development. The prominent role played by self-esteem in defining human nature can be found in most theories of personality (e.g., Adler, 1958; Maslow, 1968; Rogers,...
Parent-Rating and Self-Report Measures in the Psychiatric Assessment of Adolescents
INTRODUCTION For the assessment of child and adolescent psychiatric disorders, the clinical diagnosis based on information collected and observations made in the interview with the child or adolescent and others (e.g., parents, teachers), is considered...
Physical Symptoms of Stress, Depression and Suicidal Ideation in High School Students
There are many theories as to the etiology of psychosomatic disorders. The somatic-weakness theory proposes that each person's body has genetically determined weak systems which break down when the person is under stress. The specific-attitudes theory...
Possibilities and Limitations of a Gender Stereotypes Intervention Program
INTRODUCTION Gender stereotypes exist in society at large, and in the education system in particular. These stereotypes portray the male as the dominant person, one who works outside the home in often prestigious occupations. The female is usually portrayed...
Psychological Determinants of Adolescent Exercise Adherence
INTRODUCTION According to a recent study by the Centers for Disease Control (1985), the typical American school-age child displays fitness and activity profiles well below the levels believed to be necessary to significantly lower health risks. In fact,...
Pubertal Status, Interaction with Significant Others, and Self-Esteem of Adolescent Girls
Over the last decade an increased interest in the psychology of self-concept has led to numerous studies which examined self-esteem as an evaluative component of the self-concept. A review of recent studies which examined self-esteem during adolescence...
School Consultation and the Management of Obsessive-Compulsive Personality in the Classroom
INTRODUCTION In a comprehensive outpatient and day program for youth aged 12-20, the Intake and Counselling Unit accepts referrals identifying a wide variety of problems. Assessment reveals a complex set of interacting factors, including personality...
Sexual Harassment: Early Adolescents' Self-Reports of Experiences and Acceptance
Sexual harassment of older adolescents has been an issue of concern and investigation since the mid-1970s for a variety of reasons, not the least of which is that it interferes with academic learning (Dzeich & Weiner, 1984). Research on student sexual...
Street Youth in Substance Abuse Treatment: Characteristics and Treatment Compliance
INTRODUCTION Researchers in countries such as Australia (Wales, 1991); Canada (Radford, King, & Warren, 1989; Smart & Adlaf, 1991) and the United States (Robertson, Koegel, & Ferguson, 1989) recently studied street youth and found that they...
The Effect of Self-Esteem, Family Structure, Locus of Control, and Career Goals on Adolescent Leadership Behavior
INTRODUCTION Adolescents who distinguish themselves as leaders in high school reveal a combination of intellectual and social adjustment. Seeing students become leaders is usually the culmination of years of effort on the part of parents, teachers,...
The Relationship between Heavy Metal and Rap Music on Adolescent Turmoil: Real or Artifact?
INTRODUCTION Although there has been concern about the negative effects of music on human behavior throughout history, public interest in this issue rose sharply with the introduction of rock and roll music in the 1950s. Since those early days of rock...

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