Adolescence

A quarterly international journal covering all aspects of adolescence, including issues and topics in psychology, physiology, sociology, and education. For the academic audience.

Articles from Vol. 30, No. 119, Fall

Actual and Perceived Parental Social Status: Effects on Adolescent Self-Concept
The processes that connect adolescent growth to parental social status have been largely neglected in the literature. The present paper investigates the relation between adolescent development and two aspects of parental social status, namely, status...
Cigarette Smoking among Korean Adolescents: Prevalence and Correlates
INTRODUCTION Cigarette smoking among teenagers has become an increasing problem in Korea during the past decades. Recent studies indicated that about one-third of Korean senior high school students reported having smoked cigarettes (Kim, 1989; Kim et...
Constructivist Developmental Theory and Therapy: Implications for Counseling Adolescents
In the most general sense, hundreds of thousands of adolescents are at risk for psychological distress. Unfortunately, large proportions of disturbed youth do not receive adequate mental health services (Tuma, 1989). Equally disturbing, it has been suggested...
Defining the Problem
Early recognition and management of emotional distress and behavioral problems in high school students present a great challenge. This section addresses the prevalence and seriousness of this issue as well as its relationship to dropping out of school....
Factors Affecting Students' Participation in the Cincinnati Public Schools Lunch Program
INTRODUCTION The decline of participation in the school lunch program by high school students has become a serious problem. In spite of the availability of free lunches to needy school-age children, the U.S. General Accounting Office reported that only...
Factors Associated with Premature Termination of Psychotherapy by Children
Identifying children who fail to complete psychotherapy is critical for two reasons: Those who drop out do not receive needed clinical services; and clinics have invested a great deal of costly staff time in the treatment. If factors which lead to premature...
Fathers' and Mothers' Participation in Research
Fathers have historically been underrepresented in research related to their children. Until the mid-1970s, investigations into paternal effects on normal child development were very rare. Since that time, investigations into the role of fathers in their...
Gender and Age Variations in the Self-Image of Jamaican Adolescents
There has been a plethora of empirical investigations into the self-image of adolescents. However, most of the research has focused on adolescents in highly industrialized societies such as the United States. Very few have focused on the youth of the...
Gender and Family as Moderators of the Relationship between Music Video Exposure and Adolescent Sexual Permissiveness
In recent decades there has been considerable research on the effects of television on attitudes and behavior of young people. Most of this research was government sponsored and focused on violence and aggression. A 1982 National Institute of Mental...
Impact of the Family on the Sex Lives of Adolescents
INTRODUCTION Communication between parents and children about sexual themes is of great concern. It has been found that sexually active youth who use contraceptives have significantly better communication with their parents than do those who are sexually...
Menstruation, Menarche, and Sexuality in the Public School Curriculum: School Nurses' Perceptions
Recommendations from research about education related to menstruation and menarche include matters related to the physiological aspects of human reproductive development, the hygienic management of menstruation, as well as the emotional context of this...
Modes of Moral Judgment among Early Adolescents
INTRODUCTION One of the primary functions of middle schools is to meet the developmental needs of early adolescents. Middle school proponents contend that early adolescence is an important definitional stage in human development during which a person's...
Perceived Control and Treatment Outcome with Chronic Adolescent Offenders
Adolescent offenders currently account for a large number of arrests for violent and property crimes. While Federal Bureau of Investigation statistics show that persons under age 25 were responsible for 45% of the violent crimes and 61% of the property...
Perceptions of Pregnant/parenting Teens: Reframing Issues for an Integrated Approach to Pregnancy Problems
INTRODUCTION Americans take great pride in their leadership among nations. Such a distinction becomes dubious, however, when the title is claimed for the highest rate of teen pregnancies among industrialized societies. By the mid-1970s, teenage pregnancy...
Self-Perception in Late Adolescence: An Interactive Perspective
Positive self-perception, or high self-esteem, is a desired outcome of the developmental process. It has been linked to long-term mental health (Damon, 1983; Rosenberg, 1985), and to emotional well-being (Harter, 1988). Self-perception has been shown...
Social Skills Training for Young Adolescents: Symbolic and Behavioral Components
Social skills training has been associated with positive outcomes for adolescents, such as enhanced self-esteem (Stake, DeVille, & Pennell, 1983), increased problem-solving skills (Guerra & Slaby, 1990; Sarason & Sarason, 1981), drug refusal...
Strategies for Coping with Sexually Transmitted Diseases by Adolescent Females
Essentially all sexually active teens are at risk for acquisition of a sexually transmitted disease (STD) due to biological vulnerability and a variety of risk-taking behaviors (Cates, 1991). The acquisition of an STD has potentially serious impacts...
The Anne Frank Haven in an Israeli Kibbutz
INTRODUCTION The Anne Frank Haven, founded in 1956 in Kibbutz Sasa, Israel, has a unique educational program for coping with multicultural and integration problems. The program is a joint educational project of kibbutz educators and Youth Aliyah - the...
The Changing Suicide Pattern in Canadian Adolescents and Youth, Compared to Their American Counterparts
Many nations experienced a rising youth suicide rate during the 1970s and 1980s (Lester, 1988). This was especially true for Canada where the suicide rate for youth rose to become almost as high as that for the elderly, traditionally the age group with...
The Relationship of Moral Reasoning and AIDS Knowledge to Risky Sexual Behavior
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), the virus responsible for acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS), was isolated and identified in the early 1980s (Barre-Sinoussi et al., 1983; Gallo et al., 1984). Subsequently, AIDS has come to be recognized as...