Computers in Libraries

Monthly magazine provides library information technology news and practical application.

Articles from Vol. 24, No. 2, February

Added Content
ProQuest Expands Agreement with News International, Adds Two NewspapersProQuest Information and Learning announced an expanded agreement with News International. The agreement brings two new newspaper titles, The Sun and News of the World, to ProQuest...
An Introduction to Holdings Standards
Standards that describe your library's holdings are more important than you might think. In the increasingly interconnected universe of information systems, standardized holdings data allows for faster resource sharing and more accurate ILL requests.As...
An Introduction to Holdings Standards; Standards That Describe Your Library's Holdings Are More Important Than You Might Think. in the Increasingly Interconnected Universe of Information Systems, Standardized Holdings Data Allows for Faster Resource Sharing and More Accurate ILL Requests
As the manager of technical services operations in a small academic library, I struggle to stay on top of many issues competing for my attention. In one case, while preparing to migrate from Innovative Interfaces' text-based serials module to its new...
Ark
primer: ARKAcronym:ARKWhat it stands for:Archival Resource KeyWhat is its purpose?The ARK naming scheme is designed to facilitate the high-quality and persistent identification of information objects. A founding principle of the ARK is that persistence...
Ask Techman
JV from Arizona State asks: When you delete files on your hard drive, how is it that someone can go in and read them?!? For instance, in the movie Run Away Jury one of the bad guys said, "Good, he deleted a few files, but he didn't zero out the hard...
Bearing with Old and New Standards
I marvel at the screwdriver. The tool, that is, not the drink. I marvel because whenever I use one, I think about the effort it must have taken back in the nascent world of standards to build a device that could be used the world over. No longer would...
Building an Openurl Resolver in Your Own Workshop
The simple nature of the OpenURL standard compelled me to take a whack at building an OpenURL resolver on my own.With library software vendors promoting OpenURL resolvers as the next big, expensive, complex, and ultimately essential piece of technology...
Building an OpenURL Resolver in Your Own Workshop; the Simple Nature of the OpenURL Standard Compelled Me to Take a Whack at Building an OpenURL Resolver on My Own
With library software vendors promoting OpenURL resolvers as the next big, expensive, complex, and ultimately essential piece of technology for libraries, I hesitated about trying to design an OpenURL resolver myself. But the seductively simple nature...
Doi
primer: DOIAcronym:DOIWhat it stands for:Digital Object IdentifierWhat is its purpose?The spec links customers with publishers/content suppliers, facilitating digital rights management, supply chain management, and electronic commerce.Most commonly,...
Essential Elements of a Library Web Site
Over the course of the last 5 years or so, I've visited the Web sites of at least 10,000 libraries. One of my long-standing projects has been the lib-web-cats online directory of libraries. This data-base-driven resource provides a way for researchers...
In a Changing World, Standards Ease the Way
For the last 6 months, my professional life has been consumed by an automation system migration project. The Monroeville Public Library went live on a new library management system on Nov. 17, but months of preparation led up to the big event. Staff...
Let Us Do the Hard Stuff for You!
When we decided to name this month's theme Making Standards Understandable, the irony was not lost on us. The words "standard" and "understandable" may share a root word (stand), but that's about all they have in common. At least, that's what I used...
Mets
primer: METSAcronym:METSWhat it stands for:Metadata Encoding & Transmission StandardWhat is its purpose?METS is intended to provide an XML-based language for encapsulating all descriptive, administrative, and structural metadata needed for the retrieval,...
Mods
primer: MODSAcronym:MODSWhat it stands for:Metadata Object Description SchemaWhat is its purpose?MODS can carry the major data elements from a MARC record but does not use the MARC tagging that one finds in the MARC XML schema. Instead, MODS represents...
Ncip
primer: NCIPAcronym:NCIPWhat it stands for:NISO Circulation Interchange ProtocolWhat is its purpose?NCIP supports the open exchange of circulation information among the variety of systems that libraries use today to support resource sharing. These systems...
New/enhanced Databases
EBSCOhost Includes Short Story IndexEBSCO Publishing announced that H.W.Wilson's Short Story Index is available via EBSCOhost. The index covers more than 76,500 stories from more than 4,025 collections and is searchable by author, title, subject, keyword,...
Noted & Quoted
people * libraries * awards * promotionsOCLC announced that Lizabeth A .Wilson, director of university libraries at the University of Washington, has been elected chair of OCLC's board of trustees. She was OCLC Members Council president from 1999 to...
Oai-Pmh
primer: OAI-PMHAcronym:OAI-PMHWhat it stands for:Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata HarvestingWhat is its purpose?Narrowly, the OAI-PMH is a mechanism for harvesting XMLformatted metadata from distributed collections of metadata. In a broader...
Onix
primer: ONIXAcronym:ONIXWhat it stands for:ONline Information eXchangeWhat is its purpose?ONIX is a standard format that publishers use to distribute product information to their trading partners, including wholesalers, retail and online booksellers,...
OpenURL
primer: OpenURLAcronym:OpenURLWhat it stands for:Open Uniform Resource LocatorWhat is its purpose?An OpenURL is a URL that links a citation to extended services that are independent of the information provider where the citation originates.These extended...
Partnerships
AIP Announces Various Partnerships at the Annual Online Conference in LondonJournals published by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) will join the Virtual Journals in Science and Technology (VJ) sponsored by the American Institute...
People * Libraries * Awards * Promotions
OCLC announced that Lizabeth A. Wilson, director of university libraries at the University of Washington, has been elected chair of OCLC's board of trustees. She was OCLC Members Council president from 1999 to 2000 and has served on the board of trustees...
Primers on Standards
ARK Acronym: ARK What it stands for: Archival Resource Key What is its purpose? The ARK naming scheme is designed to facilitate the high-quality and persistent identification of information objects. A founding principle of the ARK...
Rdf
primer: RDFAcronym:RDFWhat it stands for:Resource Description FrameworkWhat is its purpose?RDF is most commonly explained as a "framework" for describing resources on the World Wide Web and, as such, can be characterized as metadata. An RDF description...
Rss
primer: RSSAcronym:RSSWhat it stands for:While there isn't much debate in the RSS community as to what RSS stands for, it has come to stand for two phrases: "Really Simple Syndication" and "Rich Site Summary." It all depends on whom you talk to. I am...
Shibboleth
primer: ShibbolethAcronym:ShibbolethWhat it stands for:As defined by Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913), "Shibboleth" is "the criterion, test, or watchword of a party; a party cry or pet phrase." Visit http://shibboleth.internet2.edu/why-shibboleth.html...
Srw and Sru
primer: SRW and SRUAcronym:SRW and SRUWhat it stands for:SRW stands for "Search and Retrieve via the Web" and features both SOAP- and URL-based access mechanisms.The URL-based version is called SRU, which stands for "Search and Retrieve via URLs."What...
The Mystery of the Blinking Blue Light
SERVERS GO DOWN, SERVICE DECLINES, AND THE BAR CODES ARE IN THE MAIL.It's been a mystery for months ... well, years! Every Dell rack-mounted server has a blinking blue light. This is in addition to the disk drive lights and the "on" lights, which you...
The Mystery of the Blinking Blue Light; Servers Go Down, Service Declines, and the Bar Codes Are in the Mail
It's been a mystery for months ... well, years! Every Dell rack-mounted server has a blinking blue light. This is in addition to the disk drive lights and the "on" lights, which you want to see, and the yellow "fault" lights, which you don't want to...
Useful Tools
ALA Updates Libraries & the Internet ToolkitALA announced the release of a revised and updated version of the Libraries and the Internet Toolkit. The toolkit is the most-recent addition to the resources available to assist librarians making decisions...
Your Digital Library
New Features, Better Searches in ACM PortalThe Association for Computing Machinery (ACM) announced that the ACM Portal, the gateway to ACM's Digital Library and Guide to Computing Literature, has new features, including new search capabilities, greater...
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