Washington Report on Middle East Affairs

Articles from Vol. XIX, No. 4, May 31

After Years of Pounding UNIFIL, Israel Suddenly Needs Its Support in Lebanon
After Years of Pounding UNIFIL, Israel Suddenly Needs Its Support in LebanonIn 1978, the U.N. Security Council passed Resolution 425, which called upon Israel "to withdraw forthwith its forces from Lebanese territory." In the meantime the Council mandated...
Ashrawi Tells U.S. Officials Jerusalem Is Key to Peace
ASHRAWI TELLS U.S. OFFICIALS JERUSALEM IS KEY TO PEACEDr. Hanan Ashrawi spoke to congressional staffers, diplomats, State Department officials, journalists and individuals from human rights and religious groups who attended a March 13 Capitol Hill briefing...
As Peace Talks Resume, Both Barak and Arafat Face Internal Opposition
As Peace Talks Resume, Both Barak and Arafat Face Internal OppositionOperating with the secrecy of cat burglars, Palestinian and Israeli negotiators began meeting in Washington on March 21 to discuss terms of a final peace settlement. President Bill...
Cairo Communique: Egypt Gains Another Political Party, Which Looks More like the Government Than the Opposition
CAIRO COMMUNIQUE: Egypt Gains Another Political Party, Which Looks More Like the Government Than the OppositionThe Egyptian government seems to be window-dressing before parliamentary elections later this year. The cabinet has approved amendments to...
Canada Calling: Fact-Finder's Report Does Not Recommend Sanctions against Talisman over Its Sudan Operations
CANADA CALLING: Fact-Finder's Report Does Not Recommend Sanctions Against Talisman Over Its Sudan OperationsA fact-finder appointed by the Canadian government concluded earlier this year that a Canadian company's operations in Sudan helped fuel the civil...
Canadians Hit the Streets in Support of Chechnya
CANADIANS HIT THE STREETS IN SUPPORT OF CHECHNYAToronto police closed off a number of streets as a procession of more than 2,000 protesters marched through the downtown core on March 25 to bring attention to the plight of Chechen civilians. The protesters...
Clinton Leaves Mixed Middle East Legacy
Clinton Leaves Mixed Middle East Legacy"I have a nagging sense that Clinton could have done more," William B. Quandt, professor of government and foreign affairs at the University of Virginia, told an audience at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology...
Eid Al-Adha Brings Washington-Area Muslims Together
EID AL-ADHA BRINGS WASHINGTON-AREA MUSLIMS TOGETHERMore than 20,000 Muslims gathered at the Capital Expo Center in Chantilly, a Virginia suburb of Washington, DC, to celebrate the close of the hajj, the Muslim pilgrimage to Mecca, on March 16. The daylong...
Election Watch: November 2000 Presidential Election May Enable Muslim - and Arab-Americans to Flex Political Muscles
ELECTION WATCH: November 2000 Presidential Election May Enable Muslim- and Arab-Americans to Flex Political MusclesThe secular American ideal is for neither ethnicity nor religious preference to influence a citizen's political preferences. Perfection...
Encounters with Saudi Arabia
Encounters With Saudi ArabiaAlthough I received my first visa for Saudi Arabia in 1951, due to a change of travel plans I never actually set foot there until 1970 (on a different visa), and then for only a few days' visit. So why did I, who haven't lived...
Georgetown CCAS 25th Anniversary Symposium
GEORGETOWN CCAS 25TH ANNIVERSARY SYMPOSIUMGeorgetown University's Center for Contemporary Arab Studies (CCAS) held its 25th Anniversary Symposium, entitled "Arab World 2000: Transformations and Challenges," on March 30-31 in Washington, DC. This landmark...
Great Decisions 2000 Program at Dominican College of San Rafael Hosts Speakers on Indonesia, Russia, Middle East
GREAT DECISIONS 2000 PROGRAM AT DOMINICAN COLLEGE OF SAN RAFAEL HOSTS SPEAKERS ON INDONESIA, RUSSIA, MIDDLE EASTA Great Decisions 2000 program was offered at Dominican College of San Rafael Feb. 9 through March 29. The series of eight lectures was co-sponsored...
Hanan Ashrawi Addresses Problems in Peace Process
HANAN ASHRAWI ADDRESSES PROBLEMS IN PEACE PROCESSFormer Palestinian Authority Education Minister Hanan Ashrawi, who now is secretary-general of MIFTAH, an Arabic acronym for a West Bank-based Palestinian human rights group (The Palestinian Initiative...
Holy Land Pilgrimage Reports: Battle of the Flags; Papal Visit to Holy Land Challenges Media Resources of Contending Claimants
HOLY LAND PILGRIMAGE REPORTS: Battle of the Flags; Papal Visit to Holy Land Challenges Media Resources of Contending ClaimantsOn March 20, 1999, while the world watched Pope John Paul II descend on Israel's Ben-Gurion Airport for the beginning of his...
Iran and the U.S.: Solutions to Two Major Problems Dividing U.S. and Iran Lie in Israel
Iran and the U.S.: Solutions to Two Major Problems Dividing U.S. and Iran Lie in IsraelIn the more than 20 years I lived and worked in media-related positions overseas, I often deplored the manner in which Washington-based commentators and U.S.-based...
Iran and the U.S.: Springtime for Iran? What the New U.S. Economic Measures Mean
Iran and the U.S.: Springtime for Iran? What the New U.S. Economic Measures MeanIt's a peculiar sight -- William Clinton first gravely assuring Congress that Iran threatens the national security of the world's only superpower and then, four days later,...
Iran and the U.S.: Victory of Iranian Reformers Won't Improve U.S.-Iranian Relations
Iran and the U.S.: Victory of Iranian Reformers Won't Improve U.S.-Iranian RelationsIn the recent elections Mohammad Reza Khatami, quoted above, was the top vote-getter of the 30 winning parliamentary candidates in Tehran, Iran's capital. He can be presumed...
Iraqi Opposition Convenes Town Hall Meeting
IRAQI OPPOSITION CONVENES TOWN HALL MEETINGThe overthrow of Saddam Hussain can only come from within. This was the message conveyed at a town hall meeting with five leaders of the Iraqi opposition convening in Anaheim in commemoration of the ninth anniversary...
Islam and the Middle East in the Far East: Still Hazy after All These Years
ISLAM AND THE MIDDLE EAST IN THE FAR EAST: Still Hazy After All These Years...The haze is back. It harms the quality of the air people breathe and is particularly threatening to the elderly, children and those who suffer from asthma. It can lead to lost...
Islam in America: American Muslims and the Moral Dilemmas of Citizenship
ISLAM IN AMERICA: American Muslims and the Moral Dilemmas of CitizenshipThe demonization of Islam in mainstream American media compels Muslims to become sensitive about their identity. All their activities are motivated by this identity and geared toward...
Israel and Judaism: For Genuine Peace, an Equitable Resolution of the Status of Jerusalem Is Increasingly Viewed as Essential
ISRAEL AND JUDAISM: For Genuine Peace, an Equitable Resolution of the Status of Jerusalem Is Increasingly Viewed as EssentialIn mid-March, Israel's cabinet narrowly approved a long-overdue Israeli troop withdrawal from 6.1 percent of the West Bank. Prime...
Jerusalem Journal: As Settlement Expansion Accelerates, Battle of Burger King Resumes
Jerusalem Journal: As Settlement Expansion Accelerates, Battle of Burger King ResumesEndowed with all the amenities of modern life including a public library, a shopping mall and convenient public transportation, the Israeli West Bank settlement of Ma'ale...
Juggler on the Roof: Clinton and the Peace Process
Juggler on the Roof: Clinton and the Peace ProcessOne can no longer talk about a single peace process. From the first signature on the White House lawn it has been difficult for the president and Foggy Bottom to juggle the several tracks, both bilateral...
Kosovo One Year After: Experts Assess the NATO Action and the Possible Way Forward
KOSOVO ONE YEAR AFTER: EXPERTS ASSESS THE NATO ACTION AND THE POSSIBLE WAY FORWARD"If war is hell," U.S. Ambassador Chris Hill quotes a military historian as saying, "then peace is purgatory." Clearly, a year after the 78-day NATO air campaign, peace...
Montenegro: Can Another Balkan War Be Prevented?
Montenegro: Can Another Balkan War Be Prevented?In the Balkans this spring, there are ominous signs almost every day of escalating tensions centering on the tiny Yugoslav republic of Montenegro. "It is no exaggeration," as International Crisis Group...
Muslim- and Arab-American Leaders Meet with Presidents Clinton and Mubarak
MUSLIM- AND ARAB-AMERICAN LEADERS MEET WITH PRESIDENTS CLINTON AND MUBARAKMuslim and Arab American leaders were invited to a roundtable briefing with President Bill Clinton, Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak, Secretary of State Madeleine Albright and...
Muslim Community Mourns Passing of Hesham Reda
MUSLIM COMMUNITY MOURNS PASSING OF HESHAM REDAMuslim American and Arab American activists were stunned to learn of the April 2 death of Hesham Reda, Washington representative of the Muslim Public Affairs Council (MPAC) of Los Angeles and an elected member...
Muslim Women Meet the Challenge in U.S. Government Positions
MUSLIM WOMEN MEET THE CHALLENGE IN U.S. GOVERNMENT POSITIONSThe American Muslim Council invited two dynamic Muslim women who work in the U.S. government to speak on March 14 about the challenges they face in Washington, DC. Now working as the deputy...
New York City and Tri-State News: Christian Minorities in the State of Israel
NEW YORK CITY AND TRI-STATE NEWS: Christian Minorities in the State of IsraelAn Interfaith Day on Christian Minorities in the State of Israel took place on Feb. 29 at the Park East Synagogue in New York City. It was sponsored by The Archdiocese of New...
Northern California Chronicle: ANERA President Peter Gubser Discusses Middle East Issues at World Affairs Council in San Francisco
NORTHERN CALIFORNIA CHRONICLE: ANERA President Peter Gubser Discusses Middle East Issues at World Affairs Council in San Francisco"What Final Status for Middle East Peace Talks?" was discussed by Peter Gubser, president of American Near East Refugee...
Old Foes Spoiling for a Fight
Old Foes Spoiling for a FightIndia and Pakistan are engaged in an increasingly dangerous confrontation over the divided Himalayan mountain state of Kashmir which they have disputed for the past 53 years. For the first time since the 1962 Cuban missile...
Palestinian Minister Discusses Jerusalem
PALESTINIAN MINISTER DISCUSSES JERUSALEM"Everybody knows that we have a problem, that there is an impasse with the [Israeli-Palestinian] peace process," said Ziad Abu-Zayyad at a Center for Policy Analysis briefing in Washington, DC on March 7. Abu-Zayyad,...
"Pharaohs of the Sun" Documents the Enigmatic Personalities of Amarna, the Ancient Egyptian Capital
"Pharaohs of the Sun" Documents the Enigmatic Personalities of Amarna, the Ancient Egyptian CapitalNefertiti, King Tut and the heretic Pharaoh Akhenaten are the most recognizable figures in ancient Egypt's 4,000-year history -- but they were unknown...
Polls Indicate Basic Differences in Perceptions by Palestinians and Israelis
POLLS INDICATE BASIC DIFFERENCES IN PERCEPTIONS BY PALESTINIANS AND ISRAELISThe American Committee on Jerusalem hosted a March 29 briefing at the National Press Club in Washington, DC on "Palestinian Public Opinion on Jerusalem" by director Ghassan Khatib...
Pope John Paul II Welcomed in Bethlehem with Fanfare and Traditional Palestinian Hospitality
Pope John Paul II Welcomed in Bethlehem With Fanfare and Traditional Palestinian HospitalityEven for a pope who is known for his extensive world travels, no welcome anywhere could have surpassed the one he received on March 22 in Bethlehem, where he...
Rana Husseini Discusses Crimes of Honor in Jordan
RANA HUSSEINI DISCUSSES CRIMES OF HONOR IN JORDANJordan Times journalist Rana Husseini, a leader in the movement to end honor crimes in Jordan, spoke at the National Democratic Institute in Washington, DC on March 30. Husseini wrote her first news article...
Saad Eddin Ibrahim Discusses Egypt's Peace with Israel
SAAD EDDIN IBRAHIM DISCUSSES EGYPT'S PEACE WITH ISRAELUntil the publication of the book When the Guns Fall Silent by Egyptian author and journalist Muhammed Sid-Ahmed in 1974, "no Arab intellectual of any eminence [had] ever dared to think about peace...
Scholar Offers Positive Appraisal of Iran's Majlis Elections
SCHOLAR OFFERS POSITIVE APPRAISAL OF IRAN'S MAJLIS ELECTIONSDr. Mohammad Mahallati, Middle East Institute scholar-in-residence, presented his views on Iran's Majlis elections on Feb. 25 at MEI. Mahallati sees the results as the latest of a consistent...
Scholar Questions Barak's Record
SCHOLAR QUESTIONS BARAK'S RECORDIn a lively and well-received talk Feb. 16 at the Cambridge Forum, Dr. Edmund R. Hanauer, executive director of Search for Justice and Equality in Palestine Israel, lambasted Israel's policies as racist and shortsighted.Describing...
Seventh Grader Spots Anti-Muslim Schoolbooks
SEVENTH GRADER SPOTS ANTI-MUSLIM SCHOOLBOOKSZeinab Alkebsi, a seventh grade student in the Earle B. Wood Middle School in Maryland's Montgomery County, was shocked at the book she had selected from a list for optional reading for advanced-placement students....
Southern California Chronicle: Egypt's Amr Moussa Answers Difficult Questions with Diplomacy and Candor
SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA CHRONICLE: Egypt's Amr Moussa Answers Difficult Questions With Diplomacy and CandorEgyptian Foreign Minister Amr Moussa proved his mettle as a diplomat March 19 as he adroitly responded to difficult and even hostile questions during...
Summing Up the Jubilee Year Holy Land Pilgrimage
Summing Up the Jubilee Year Holy Land PilgrimageIn the city of Bethlehem a windy shop-laden street called Paul VI leads from the ancient Manger Square past the traditional public markets to Madbassa Square, where computer stores and newspaper shops provide...
The Ostrovsky Files: Internal Turf Battles within Israel's Intelligence Community Cast Shadow over Mideast Peace Process
THE OSTROVSKY FILES: Internal Turf Battles Within Israel's Intelligence Community Cast Shadow Over Mideast Peace ProcessAlthough there may still be a peace process taking place in the Middle East, a war is being waged from the corridors of the "pentagon"-shaped...
UCLA Exhibit Depicts Bedouin in Israel's Negev Desert
UCLA EXHIBIT DEPICTS BEDOUIN IN ISRAEL'S NEGEV DESERT"Photographing the Periphery: Immigrants and Nomads in Israel's Negev Desert" was the title of a discussion focusing on a group of more than 40 photographs by Ron Kelley on view through Oct. 1 in UCLA's...
U.S. Institute of Peace Views South Asia Peace Prospects
U.S. INSTITUTE OF PEACE VIEWS SOUTH ASIA PEACE PROSPECTSIn the aftermath of President Clinton's visit to India, Pakistan and Bangladesh -- the first by a U.S. chief executive in decades -- is a new American bipartisan consensus on the volatile subcontinent...
Women and Islam
WOMEN AND ISLAMThe Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS) organized a panel discussion on the subject of "Women and Islam: Differing Cultures, Differing Images" on March 14 at its Washington, DC campus. Three women speakers, Dr....
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