Washington Report on Middle East Affairs

Articles from Vol. XII, No. 3, October 31

Affairs of State: At the Grass Roots, Westerners Say, "Rein in Israel"
Affairs of State: At the Grass Roots, Westerners Say, "Rein in Israel"The Oregon wheat farmer at first was just questioning what he had been hearing. Then he turned incredulous, and finally angry."I heard from someone that Israel was receiving $750 per...
Arab-American Activism
ARAB-AMERICAN ACTIVISM: Arab-American Organizations Mobilize Swiftly to Protest Israeli Bombardment of LebanonArab-American organizations reacted swiftly to Israel's bombardment and invasion of Lebanon in July, holding demonstrations, meeting with administration...
Arabian Jazz
Arabian JazzIn Arabian Jazz, her engaging first novel, Diana Abu-Jaber gives us an Arab-American family living in upstate New York: Matussem Ramoud and his two daughters, Jemorah, 29, and Melvina, 22. Twenty years earlier their American mother, Nora,...
Archeology: Geneticists Trace Migration of Mideast Agriculturalists to Europe
Archeology: Geneticists Trace Migration of Mideast Agriculturalists to Europe"[Dr. Cavalli-Sforzal finds that after the introduction of agriculture in the Middle East about 10,000 years ago, farmers form there spread at the rate of one kilometer, or...
Cairo Communique: U.S. "Double Standard" Renews America-Bashing in Egypt
Cairo Communique: U.S. "Double Standard" Renews America-Bashing In EgyptA tall, young blond man who used to walk almost every day on a street near the Egyptian parliament building in downtown Cairo was regularly greeted with a grin and a wave by the...
California Chronicle: Accused Letter-Bomb Murderer Extradited to U.S. from Israel
California Chronicle: Accused Letter-Bomb Murderer Extradited to U.S. from IsraelRobert Steven Manning, the prime suspect in the 1985 pipe-bomb murder of American-Arab Anti-Discrimination Committee (ADC) director Alex Odeh, has been extradited from Israel...
Canada Calling: Canada's Nearly 400,000 Muslims Concerned about Media Stereotypes
Canada Calling: Canada's Nearly 400,000 Muslims Concerned about Media StereotypesMedia interest in Islam and Muslims has proliferated since the growth of Islamic revivalist movements, the Gulf war and, more recently, in the wake of the World Trade Center...
Central Asia: On the Tajik-Afghan Border the Russians Are Coming - Back
Central Asia: On the Tajik-Afghan Border The Russians Are Coming--BackAs July ended, northern Afghanistan was under persistent Russian artillery fire. This may seem curious, since Afghanistan has no common border with Russia--in fact, there are now several...
Christianity and the Middle East: Church Women to Learn More about Palestinian Christians
Christianity and the Middle East: Church Women to Learn More About Palestinian ChristiansA major annual Christian ecumenical event is the World Day of Prayer on the first Friday of March. Each year church women of one pre-selected area--for 1994, it's...
Diplomacy: Lord David Owen; the "Dr. Death" of Balkan Diplomacy
Diplomacy: Lord David Owen; The "Dr. Death" of Balkan DiplomacyDescribed as "the Doctor Jack Kervorkian of Diplomacy" by Muhamed Sacirbey, Bosnian ambassador to the United Nations, Lord David Owen is one of the oddest choices ever for an international...
Education: American Librarians Revoke Condemnation of Israeli Censorship
Education: American Librarians Revoke Condemnation of Israeli CensorshipIsrael's censorship policies are well known, but this year the largest librarian's association in the world decided to ignore the evidence in its own files. A year earlier, in July...
Humanitarian Relief: Azerbaijan, Where a Brushfire War Must Be Stopped before It Spreads
Humanitarian Relief: Azerbaijan, Where a Brushfire War Must Be Stopped Before It SpreadsMy recent humanitarian trip on behalf of Relief International of Los Angeles to the former Soviet Republic of Azerbaijan, a country nestled between Russia, Georgia,...
Human Rights
HUMAN RIGHTS: World Conference Delegates Urge Support for BosniaDespite an agreement not to discuss individual countries' grievances, representatives from 172 nations who gathered in June to attend the World Conference on Human Rights could not ignore...
Islamic Fundamentalism: The New Global Threat
Islamic Fundamentalism: The New Global Threat"Hence loathed melancholy ofCerberus and blackest midnight bornIn Stygian caves forlorn.Mongst horrid shapes and shrieksAnd sights unholy."--From Il Penseroso by John MiltonEnglish poet John Milton left little...
Issues in Islam: Secularism and the Islamist Challenge
Issues in Islam: Secularism and the Islamist ChallengeThroughout the 20th century, Muslim societies have been torn between the impulse of secularism and the attraction of Islamic renewal. Both systems are seen by their proponents as the key to solving...
Jews and Israel
JEWS AND ISRAEL: American Jews Debate Demjanjuk AcquittalThe Jewish American reaction to the Israeli Supreme Court's acquittal of Ukrainian-American auto worker John Demjanjuk on charges that he was "Ivan the Terrible," a sadistic gas chamber operator...
Middle East and Middle West: The USS Liberty Makes Waves in Minnesota
Middle East and Middle West: The USS Liberty Makes Waves in MinnesotaIt began with a book donation to a senior citizens' center in a small town, which led to a war veterans' memorial park dedicated to the heroes of the USS Liberty. The story continues...
Middle East History - It Happened in October: With Vanunu Revelations, World Learned Israel Had Nuclear Weapons
Middle East History--It Happened in October: With Vanunu Revelations, World Learned Israel Had Nuclear WeaponsIt was seven years ago, on Oct. 5, 1986, when the Sunday Times of London reported that Israel was a nuclear superpower. The tiny country had...
Middle East History - It Happened in September: The U.S. Cast the First of 29 Security Council Vetoes to Shield Israel
Middle East History--It Happened in September: The U.S. Cast the First of 29 Security Council Vetoes to Shield IsraelThe United States cast its first veto in the United Nations Security Council in 1970, during the presidency of Richard Nixon, when Henry...
Middle East Watch Report: Israel's Death Squads Defy U.S. Human Rights Criticism
Middle East Watch Report: Israel's Death Squads Defy U.S. Human Rights CriticismWhen Israeli soldiers dressed as Arab women pulled 23-year-old Samir Sha'ath from a car and immediately pumped three bullets into his brain on the main road entering the...
Peacekeeping: Somalia; More at Stake Than Meets the Eye
Peacekeeping: Somalia; More at Stake Than Meets the Eye"Like it or not, the U.S. is setting an example in Somalia. Feeding starving people was a fine act, but it did not end the feuding and fighting of the Somalis. To now withdraw because matters are...
Pro-Israel McCarthyism: Arab Americans Spied on by ADL Sue Three Police Departments
Pro-Israel McCarthyism: Arab Americans Spied On by ADL Sue Three Police DepartmentsA coalition of Arab-American organizations has accused the police and sheriffs' departments of San Francisco, Los Angeles and San Diego of negligence in connection with...
Right to Left: As Clinton Dithers, Bosnia Dies
Right to Left: As Clinton Dithers, Bosnia DiesGeorge, no one got what they voted for last November. I voted on foreign policy because I think what we do abroad right now will determine the number and quality of the domestic jobs the politicians will...
Right to Left: Clinton Faces Horrendous Obstacles
Right to Left: Clinton Faces Horrendous ObstaclesWhen you say Clinton "loves to schmooze ... but hates to lead," Nate, you must have missed the interview with Larry King in which an obviously chastened Bill Clinton freely admitted his transformation...
Should the U.S. Play a Role in Settling the Kashmir Dispute? Three Views: A Kashmir View; the Issue Is Supression of Self-Determination
Should the U.S. Play a Role in Settling the Kashmir Dispute? Three Views: A Kashmiri View; The Issue is Suppression of Self-DeterminationI was on an airplane, returning after a school vacation to my home in Kashmir, when I noticed two Americans asking...
Should the U.S. Play a Role in Settling the Kashmir Dispute? Three Views: An Indian View; outside Intervention Is the Problem
Should the U.S. Play a Role in Settling the Kashmir Dispute? Three Views: An Indian View; Outside Intervention is The ProblemThe issue is not what the U.S. role should be, but whether the U.S. should have a role in Kashmir at all. Before we consider...
Should the U.S. Play a Role in Settling the Kashmir Dispute? Three Views: A Pakistani View; No Security in the Subcontinent without a Solution in Kashmir
Should the U.S. Play a Role in Settling the Kashmir Dispute? Three Views: A Pakistani View; No Security in the Subcontinent Without a Solution in KashmirWhy should the United States government take any interest in Kashmir where, seemingly, there are...
Speaking Out: Israel's Attack on Lebanon Signals Major U.S. Policy Change
Speaking Out: Israel's Attack on Lebanon Signals Major U.S. Policy ChangeIt is reasonable to believe that Israel's assault on southern Lebanon had the tacit if not explicit approval of senior officials within the United States government. The approval,...
Special Report: Israel's Aim Is to Destroy the Peace Talks along with Southern Lebanon
Special Report: Israel's Aim Is To Destroy the Peace Talks Along With Southern LebanonPrime Minister Yitzhak Rabin is not the first leader who has left another country in ruins while boosting his popularity at home. His artillery and aircraft have laid...
Special Report: Israel's U.S. "Man for All Seasons" Unable to Play Same Role for Libya
Special Report: Israel's U.S. "Man For All Seasons" Unable to Play Same Role for Libya"According to his own testimony to congressional investigators, Sofaer simultaneously played the roles of `department lawyer, president's lawyer, and the secretary...
Special Report: Narrow "Establishment" Parameters Limit Pakistani Democracy
Special Report: Narrow "Establishment" Parameters Limit Pakistani DemocracyRestoration of Pakistan's dismissed prime minister and its dissolved National Assembly by the country's Supreme Court on May 26, 1993, was hailed in Pakistan and abroad as a triumph...
Special Report: Rape Is a War Crime
Special Report: Rape is a War CrimeRape as an instrument of war has reached a sophisticated new level in the Balkan Crisis. A January 1993 European Commission report estimated 20,000 Slavic Muslim women and girls had been raped in Bosnia alone, with...
Special Report: Women's Rights an Affair of State for Tunisia
Special Report: Women's Rights an Affair of State for TunisiaThe total equality of women and men in civil rights, education and employment is a legal reality that affects all aspects of life in Tunisia, and Dr. Nebiha Gueddana, secretary of state to...
Tansu Ciller: Turkey's New Prime Minister
Tansu Ciller: Turkey's New Prime MinisterMembers of Turkey's conservative True Path Party on June 14 elected U.S.- educated Economics Minister Tansu Ciller (pronounced CHILL-air), 47, to be Turkey's first woman prime minister, succeeding her party's...
The Horn of Africa: U.N. Can Encourage Somali Federation to Create Lasting Government
The Horn of Africa: U.N. Can Encourage Somali Federation To Create Lasting GovernmentTwo-and-a-half years after unbridled inter-clan warfare and famine incapacitated Somalia, the Horn of Africa country is back from the brink with a new lease on life....
The Peace Process: Jerusalem Increasingly Seen as Issue Destroying the Peace Process
The Peace Process: Jerusalem Increasingly Seen as Issue Destroying the Peace ProcessThe status of Jerusalem is of concern to hundreds of millions of adherents of three religions--Islam, Christianity and Judaism. All three faiths lay claim to a voice...
The Peace Talks: As U.S. Moves the Goal Posts, Jerusalem Main Obstacle to Peace
The Peace Talks: As U.S. Moves the Goal Posts, Jerusalem Main Obstacle to Peace"It would be nice to believe the United States had no part in the Palestinian turmoil . . . But the U.S. did have a part. The main disagreements and internal pressures are...
The Subcontinent: Reorienting toward U.S. Not the Only Solution for India's Problems
The Subcontinent: Reorienting Toward U.S. Not the Only Solution for India's ProblemsCompared to the political carnival being played out in neighboring Pakistan, the changing socio-political environment in India appears relatively rational. However, both...
To Tell the Truth: Mideast Status Quo Will Destroy "Pax Americana"
To Tell the Truth: Mideast Status Quo Will Destroy "Pax Americana"Notwithstanding the July displacement of southern Lebanon's population by Israeli bombardment, since the Gulf war ended the Middle East has been experiencing an uneasy feeling of the calm...
Trade and Finance: The U.S.-Israel Free Trade Agreement; Aid Instead of Trade?
Trade and Finance: The U.S.-Israel Free Trade Agreement; Aid Instead of Trade?Much ballyhooed when it was under negotiation in the early 1980s, the U.S.-Israel Free Trade Area Agreement is showing its defects after eight years of operation. How the agreement...
United Nations Report: U.S. and Israel Seek to Forestall General Assembly Condemnation
United Nations Report: U.S. and Israel Seek to Forestall General Assembly CondemnationAs readers open this issue of the Washington Report, the United Nations General Assembly will be opening its 48th session in New York. Many of the resolutions will...
Words to Remember: Applying History's Lessons to Bosnia
Words to Remember: Applying History's Lessons to BosniaThe administration of President Bill Clinton wavered too long between decision and irresolution on Bosnia, preparing to follow its own instincts but tortured by divided counsel from international...
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