Washington Report on Middle East Affairs

Articles from Vol. IX, No. 9, February

Alif Gallery: A Washington, DC Window on the Art of the Mideast
A small gallery above bustling Georgetown in the heart of the national capital displays pieces of jewelry and crafts which capture the landscape and essence of the land of the Nile. The room is crowded; filled with Arabs, Arab Americans and American...
An American Lobbyist Comes Face-to-Face with the Muslim World
Occasionally, life sends you such a good deal that it almost makes up for all the lousy breaks you normally have to put up with. My good deal for the year occurred last August, when I was asked if I would consider going to the Middle East under the sponsorship...
Arab Americans Protest FBI Investigations
According to The Washington Post, the Federal Bureau of Investigation conducted interviews with more than 200 Arab-American business and community leaders during January to protect Arab Americans from any backlash associated with the Gulf crisis and...
Athletes from the "Mideast's Only Democracy" Get a Taste of the Real Thing
Using international athletic events to make political statements is not rare. Nations of the world do it all the time. The US boycotted the 1980 Summer Olymics in Moscow to protest the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan. In turn, the USSR boycotted the 1984...
Award to Shamir Highlights Israeli Discrimination and Denial of Rights
The New York Times reports that in December, while visiting the United States, Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Shamir received the Defender of Jerusalem Award "in recognition of his lifetime commitment to the defense of Jewish rights and to the safety...
Azza Fahmi, Egyptian Artist
With her silver creations wrapped around her fingers, Azza Fahmi spoke with the passion of a true artist about her work, on display at the Alif Gallery in Washington, DC. She described the long and difficult road that took her from being an apprentice...
California Professor Documents Misreporting of Haram Al-Sharif
The Oct. 8 slaying of at least 18 Palestinians on Jerusalem's Haram Al-Sharif has been referred to by Jerusalem Mayor Teddy Kolleck as the saddest day since June 1967. Nonetheless, initial headlines went around the world stating the deadly clash between...
Canada under Obligation to Help Israel: Moshe Arens
Although the Canadian Jewish Congress held its national convention in Jerusalem expressly because Canadian-Israeli relations are deteriorating and for the purpose of demonstrating solidarity with Israel, the tasteless chutzpah of one of the Israeli keynote...
CNN Provides Pakistanis a Wide New Window on the US
On a just-completed visit to Pakistan, I discovered to my astonishment that my 17-year-old niece in Karachi knew all about the Keating Five, the wiretapping of former Panamanian President Manuel Noriega's telephone calls from his prison cell in Florida,...
Compared to Vatican, US Bishops Seem to Apply Double Standard
The Roman Catholic Church's divided response to the Persian Gulf conflict points up the sharp differences in how the Vatican and the American bishops view the region. It once again raises legitimate questions about the bishops' ability to provide consistent...
Convincing Congress to Provide $40 Billion to Settle Soviet Jews
The wave of Soviet Jewish immigrants coming to Israel has exceeded all past expectations. More than 300,000 Soviet Jews have emigrated from the Soviet Union in the past two years alone. It is now being predicted that as many as 200,000 more Soviet immigrants...
Egyptian Elections: Fairest Ever, Whatever the Reasons
Despite the Gulf crisis, Egypt held elections for a new People's Assembly in two rounds in late November and early December. Though Egyptian democracy still has some distance to evolve by Western standards, the elections saw a number of old faces removed...
Fawzi Dalloul: A Palestinian from Kuwait
It's a snowy day in Washington, DC, but I recognize the voice on the telephone instantly. I've called Fawzi Dalloul in Kuwait at least 20 times over the past 20 years, usually from a nearby Arab country, to tell him I am arriving in the next day or two...
Growing Numbers of Israelis Favor "Separation" from Palestinians
Palestinian support for Saddam Hussain and a spate of violent attacks carried out by Palestinians against Israeli civilians has led to an increase in the percentage of Israelis who favor "separation" from Palestinians in the West Bank and Gaza Strip.Most...
Gulf Crisis Points Up Importance to US of Egyptian Ties
"I can see the possibility that ten years from now our ties to you in the economic, military and political spheres will be just as strong as the ties we now have with Israel," said former US President Jimmy Carter to former Egyptian President Anwar Sadat...
"Heckler's Veto" on Bay Area Ad Questioning Aid to Israel Backfires
Does the public have the right to question the morality of the US taxpayer assistance that makes the brutal Israeli military occupation of Palestine lands possible? No, say graffiti artists, who apparently painted over some such ads in San Francisco...
In Morocco, the Economic Goal Is Damage Control
Morocco was forced to make two major "adjustments" to its economic plans for 1990. In May, the Moroccan currency, the dirham, valued at roughly eight to the US dollar, was devalued by 9.75 percent. The government also presented to the parliament a revised...
Iraqi Ba'ath Party Ideology Has Widespread Appeal among Arabs
The Ba'ath party is to the Iraq of President Saddam Hussain what the Communist party once was to the Soviet Union. Founded in 1940 by Michel Aflaq, a Syrian Christian, and Salah Al-Din Al-Bitar, a Syrian Sunni Muslim, the Ba'ath party stands in Middle...
Iraq's Nuclear Program Generates Much Heat but Little Light in US
The only thing that can be said wihout challenge on the subject of Iraq's nuclear program is that it has generated enormous heat but little light in the US political arena. Discussing nuclear weapons unemotionally -- thinking about the unthinkable --...
Islam in America: Middle East Meets Middle West in Islamic Center of Toledo, Ohio
Middle East Meets Middle West in Islamic Center of Toledo, OhioRising out of Ohio cornfields, the Islamic Center of Toledo, at the junction of I-475 and I-75 in Perrysburg Township, represents the epitome of Middle East meets Middle West. The mosque's...
Khalil Jahshan
Khalil Jahshan, appointed to succeed the late Jawad George as executive director of the National Asssociation of Arab Americans (NAAA), is an anomaly in Washington. Jahshan is a lobbyist who is not a lawyer. Although his physique suggests that of an...
Lebanese Enjoy Reunited Beirut, While It Lasts
"Christmas gift or package bomb?" read the headline in a Beirut Arabic daily on Dec. 25. It referred to the previous evening's announcement by newly appointed Lebanese Prime Minister Omar Karami of the formation of a 30-man national unity government...
New Congress, Old Issues
Regardless of the outcome of the Gulf confrontation between the US and Iraq, Congress will be forced to address two crucial and controversial policy issues early this year: the level of aid for Egypt, Israel and Turkey, and whether to approve the second...
Now the Problem Is Not the War, but the Peace That Follows
Since history is written by the victors, it follows that the rollback by an American-led coalition of Saddam Hussain's stubborn occupation of Kuwait should be recorded as an unmitigated triumph for all of the victorious participants.The governments of...
Palestinian Rights Supporters Threatened after Kahane Assassination
FBI officials and New York City police are investigating a letter threatening 10 prominent supporters of Palestinian rights, including prominent Arab-American community leaders, with violent retaliation following the assassination of American-born Israeli...
Palestinians Call for Return of International Observers
As the situation in the Gulf approaches the critical stage, the eyes of the international community are being diverted from the plight of the Palestinian people. With a few exceptions, international organizations are evacuating their personnel, and foreign...
Peace, Secularism and Democracy at Stake in India
Sitting in the elitist middle-class International Center of New Delhi, India, among the intellectuals, pseudo-intellectuals, and many who are neither, I was startled when my very dear old pal remarked, "There is hardly a new year in recent memory that...
Presbyterians Consult on the Gulf
Delegates from all regions of the three-million-member Presbyterian Church (USA) convened in early January in Louisville, KY, to accelerate peacemaking efforts in the Gulf crisis. Participants in the consultation spoke often of the lessons of the Vietnam...
Prior to Gulf Crisis, Turkish Economy Was Flourishing
A recent Department of Commerce report paints a rosy picture of the state of the Turkish economy, as it was developing before the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait and the resulting embargo on trade with Iraq. An export-led growth strategy and an increasing adherence...
Religion
Habitat's Hopes for Mideast HousingOf the 37 countries where Habitat for Humanity has projects, only one, Egypt, is in the Middle East, but moves for expanding elsewhere are in the works. So reports Rev. Norman W. Walz (apparently unrelated to this writer!),...
Saddam Hussein and the Crisis in the Gulf
By Judith Miller and Laurie Mylroie. Times Books/Random House, 1990. 268 pp. List: $5.95; AET: $4 for one, $5.95 for two.Because this book is reported to have been put together in four or five weeks, it is tempting to dismiss it as being no more valuable...
The FEC and the Complaint against AIPAC: Not Quite the End of the Affair
On Friday afternoon, Dec. 22, the Federal Election Commission finally released a year-old ruling dismissing many of the accusations lodged in January 1988 by seven former US government officials against the American Israel Public Affairs Committee.The...
The US Set the Stage in 1972, but Can Save the Gulf Crisis in 1991
Without outside interference, the Persian Gulf would be as easy to understand as one, two, three. Eight countries touch it: Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates and Oman. Together they hold more than 60 percent of...
The War Demolishes Another Rationale for US Favoritism to Israel
The possibility that Israel would insist, for domestic political reasons or in order to destabilize Jordan and Syria, on retaliating against Iraqi missile attacks became President George Bush's biggest headache within hours of the opening of Operation...
The "Who Lost Kuwait?" Debate
It was inevitable, I suppose. Over the past 40 years we have had debates over "Who lost China?" and "Who lost Cuba?" and even "Who lost Vietnam?" (though, oddly, never "Who won Eastern Europe?" or "Who got the Soviets out of Afghanistan?"). A cynic almost...
Torture of Detainees
Torture is carried out on a wide scale in Kuwait, with most of the victims being Kuwaiti males aged 16 to 35. All levels of the Iraqi forces are using torture, says AI, and torture is "systematically used during interrogation, both in order to extract...
Triple Cross
By Louis Toscano. Birch Lane Press, 1990. 321 pp. List: $19.95; AET: $16.In 1963, Solomon Vanunu, a Marrakesh merchant, reluctantly agreed to bow to Israeli secret service pressure and move to Israel, over the even greater reluctance of his wife and...
Tunisian Economy Prospers
Tunisian President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali's economic reforms, first introduced in November 1987, are bearing fruit. After years of decline, foreign investment has picked up and exports, especially of textiles and electronic goods, are growing. Tourism,...
Unwilling to Tell It like It Isn't
We felt a sense of satisfaction over helping to defeat the evil represented by the Axis Powers in World War II. As tough idealists we emerged from the war convinced that colonialism had run its course.As foreign service officers we had, by preference,...
Washington Post Editorial Rewrites Israel's 1967 "Pre-Emptive" Attack
A mid-January poll of Americans revealed that 66 percent would favor the holding of an international conference to deal with the Israeli-Palestinian dispute if doing so would bring about the peaceful withdrawal of Iraqi forces from Kuwait. Ever since...
Who Funds the Pro-War Organizations?
Since Iraq's invasion of Kuwait, a number of organizations advocating armed conflict have been established. Two of interest are Concerned Voters, Inc., and the Committee for Peace and Security in the Gulf (CPSG). Their names reveal nothing about their...
Search by... Author
Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

Oops!

An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.