Washington Report on Middle East Affairs

Articles from Vol. 22, No. 1, January/February

Abba Eban (1915-2002): An Idealist Ignored in His Adopted Israel
Donald Neff is the author of the Warriors trilogy, 50 Years of Israel, and the recently reissued Fallen Pillars: U.S. Policy towards Palestine and Israel since 1945, all available from the AET Book Club.More than any other, the Oxbridge voice of Abba...
A Chronology of U.S.-Middle East Relations
FaCts for Your Files Oct. 1: Two Palestinian boys and an Israeli soldier were killed and dozens wounded as violence erupted in the West Bank city of Nablus. Amnesty International reported that 250 Palestinian and 72 Israeli children have been killed...
Activism, Convenings and Deaths
ACTIVISM The ZAJEL Youth Exchange Program of Al-Najah University, Nablus, has issued a call for volunteers willing to participate in a "Shabab" (youth) reconstruction project in the summer of 2003. In collaboration with Service Civil International Germany,...
Alfred Leroy (Roy) Atherton, Jr. (1921-2002)
Alfred Leroy (Roy) Atherton, Jr. (1921-2002) The passing of Roy Atherton on Oct. 30, 2002 deeply saddened all who were privileged to know him and to work with him. We have lost a warm friend and a stalwart colleague. The nation, too, has lost one of...
American Educational Trust Publishers' Page
Holiday Greetings to Our Readers... Around the world celebrating Ramadan, Hanukkah, Christmas, and the New Year. Our hearts and thoughts go out to those who are unable to enjoy this holiday season due to hunger, closures, curfews, home demolitions, and...
Americans, Arabs Lose with Wellstone's Death
SEN. PAUL WELLSTONE, his wife, daughter, and five others died in a small plane crash in Minnesota on Oct. 25, 2002, causing universal grief and mourning across the political spectrum and, quite likely, playing a major role in the Republican takeover...
American Woman Beaten, Robbed by Gang of Settlers
Southern California Chronicle Mary Hughes-Thompson has a new cater gory to add to her resume: veteran of the War of Olives. The retired TV writer and licensed private pilot arrived home in Los Angeles battered from a severe beating by armed Israeli settlers...
Arab Americans Hold on in Mid-Term Elections, but Congress Remains Pro-Israel
Shirl McArthur, a retired foreign service officer, is a consultant in the Washington, DC area.While there were several significant departures and arrivals with the Republican sweep of the mid-term elections, there is little doubt that the new Congress...
Arabian Peninsula
Bahrain Elections Successful Bahrainis went to the polls Oct. 24, the Khaleej Times reported, for the first legislative elections since parliament was dissolved in 1975. This time women were allowed not only to vote but also to stand as candidates. While...
Attorney Diana on Life in Palestine
Diana Buttu, a Palestinian-Canadian attorney now living in Ramallah and serving as a legal adviser to the Palestinian Authority's negotiations support unit, concluded a 10-day tour sponsored by Global Exchange with a Nov. 11 talk in Fairfield, New Jersey...
Bush at War Provides New Look at Bush Administration from Powell's Perspective
Richard H. Curtiss is executive editor of the Washington Report on Middle East Affairs.Bob Woodward's new best-selling book, Bush at War, provides a new basis for evaluating the entire U.S. administration during the first 16 months of George W. Bush's...
Bush's "Road Map to Peace" on Hold While His Advisers Push for a Wider War
Rachelle Marshall is a free-lance editor living in Stanford, CA. A member of the International Jewish Peace Union, she writes frequently on the Middle East.We are fighting a variety of enemies...If we just let our vision of the world go forth and wage...
Cairo Communique: Egypt's Ramadan TV Series Controversial at Home as Well as Abroad
Andrew Hammond is a free-lance journalist based in Cairo.Despite calls from the U.S. State Department on Cairo and other Arab governments to ban it for alleged anti-Semitism, a controversial Egyptian TV drama was aired during the peak viewing season...
CAIR Publishes Guide to North American Muslims
The Council on American-Islamic Relations (CAIR) announced the publication of a guide to the North American Muslim community at a Sept. 30 news conference in its Washington, DC offices near the Capitol. The author, CAIR research director Dr. Mohamed...
CAIR-Southern California: A Case Study in Achieving the Organizational Holy Grail
Approximately 1,500 people attended the annual banquet. Some attendees traveled from as far away as Arizona and Nevada--a considerable endorsement for the five-year-old Southern California chapter of the Council on American-Islamic Relations (CAIR).That...
Caoimhe Butterly Talks to Annie Higgins in Jenin Refugee Camp
Nov. 22, 2002IN TODAY'S REINVASION of Jenin Refugee Camp, the Israeli Occupation Forces made the bottom section of the camp into a closed military zone in the morning, using about 12 tanks, 10 jeeps, and at least two Apache helicopter gunships. I had...
Central Asia
Indian Wheat Goes to Afghani Kids According to the Nov. 5 Khaleej Times, the U.N. World Food Program (WFP) has announced that some 40,000 tons of Indian wheat, part of a one-million-ton donation, will be made into biscuits to feed children in Afghanistan....
Christianity and the Middle East: Churches Struggle to Keep School Doors Open
Fred Strickert is professor of religion at Wartburg College in Waverly, Iowa.On a recent Wednesday afternoon in Bethlehem's Manger Square, three Palestinian bishops led a demonstration calling for the right of Palestinian children to attend school. Anglican...
Churches Seek Tuition Assistance
"THE FUTURE OF THIS COUNTRY depends on those who are well educated, so they can survive and help their families," says the Rev. Canon Suheil Dawani, general secretary of the pastorate committee at St. George's Cathedral in Jerusalem. However, economic...
Churches Struggle to Keep School Doors Open
Christianity and the Middle East On a recent Wednesday afternoon in Bethlehem's Manger Square, three Palestinian bishops led a demonstration calling for the right of Palestinian children to attend school. Anglican Bishop Riah Abu-al-Asal and Lutheran...
Convicted Pan Am 103 Lockerbie Bomber May Yet Get Some Justice
Andrew I. Killgore is publisher of the Washington Report on Middle East Affairs.In January 2001 Libyan intelligence officer Abdel Basset Ali al-Megrahi was convicted of the Dec. 21, 1988 bombing of Pan American Airways Flight 103 over Lockerbie, Scotland,...
Deadly Amateurs Arrested by Indonesia in Wake of Bali Bombing
John Gee is a free-lance journalist based in Singapore and the author of Unequal Conflict: Israel and the Palestinians, available from the AET Book Club.After several false starts, Indonesian police investigating the Bali bombings finally came up with...
Death on the USS Liberty: Questions Remain after 35 Years
SpecialReport The story of the USS Liberty is complicated. For example, while a granite headstone in Section 34 of Arlington National Cemetery is designated as a group memorial for the 34 crewmen who were killed when Israeli air and naval forces attacked...
Democracy in Yemen
Georgetown University hosted a Dec. 3 lecture by the National Democratic Institute focusing on its work in Yemen. The resident director of NDI's Yemen program, Robin Madrid, is a long-time activist with Arab American organizations.Madrid began by explaining...
Democracy Is Back in Pakistan as Religious Parties Emerge as Serious Political Force
Prof. M.M. Ali is a Washington, DC-based specialist on South Asia and a consultant with the United Nations Development Program.It took more than a month after the Oct. 10 elections for Pakistan's political parties to agree on a coalition government....
Dr. Al-Iryani Examines Yemen's Emerging Democracy
Yemen's Ambassador to the United States Abdulwahab Abdallah Al-Hajjri hosted a dinner Nov. 25 at his elegant residence for Dr. Abd Al-Karim Al-Iryani, a political adviser to Yemen's president. After dinner, Dr. Al-Iryani, a former prime minister, spoke...
Dr. Ghada Karmi, Prof. Lev Grinberg Analyze Post-Oslo Mideast
Jane Adas is a free-lance writer based in the New York metropolitan area.On Nov. 21, New York University's Kevorkian Center sponsored a discussion on Israel and Palestine with Dr. Ghada Karmi, a physician and an Associate Fellow at the Royal Institute...
Egypt's Ramadan TV Series Controversial at Home as Well as Abroad
CairoCommunique Despite calls from the U.S. State Department on Cairo and other Arab governments to ban it for alleged anti-Semitism, a controversial Egyptian TV drama was aired during the peak viewing season of the holy month of Ramadan, which began...
Elliott Abrams, Militant Zionist, Chosen for NSC Post
PRESIDENT GEORGE W. BUSH has appointed a militant Zionist, who once pleaded guilty of lying to Congress, to the important position of overseeing White House policy on the Arab-Israeli conflict. National Security Adviser Dr. Condoleezza Rice announced...
"Eternal Egypt" Celebrates Artists Night
On Nov. 5, the San Francisco Palace of Legion of Honor held its final Tuesday evening presentation in conjunction with the "Eternal Egypt" exhibition from The British Museum (see June/July 2002 Washington Report, p. 80). The weekly programs featuring...
European Press Review: Moscow Theater Hostage Crisis Turns World Attention to Chechnya
Lucy Jones is a free-lance journalist based in London."Country held hostage," "War bursts on Moscow," "World War," shouted the headlines in Moscow on Oct. 25 as commandos held at least 700 civilians captive in a Moscow theater and demanded Russia withdraws...
Evergreen State Hosts Mideast Peace with Justice Conference
Evergreen State College in Olympia, Washington held a conference Nov. 23 and 24 entitled, "Seeking Peace with Justice in the Middle East." The two-day conference, cosponsored by The Peace and Justice Association, Olympians for Peace in the Middle East,...
Fertile Crescent
Second Arab Women Summit Calls for Empowerment, Equality The Nov. 4 Gulf News Online reported the opening of the second Arab Women Summit in Amman, Jordan, under the slogan "The Arab Woman-A New Vision." Hosted by Jordan's Queen Rania, the summit called...
Future Reform in Iran
An Oct. 24 symposium at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace in Washington, DC addressed the pressing question of future Iranian political reform in light of a recent shift in U.S. policy toward Iran. In the midst of a U.S.-led campaign to...
Groundbreaking Survey of U.S. Jews and Arabs
The Arab American Institute (AAI) and Americans for Peace Now (APN) released a heartening joint survey of Arab-American and Jewish-American attitudes toward U.S. Middle East policy and on relations between the two communities. The survey, conducted by...
Groundbreaking Survey of U.S. Jews and Arabs
The Arab American Institute (AAI) and Americans for Peace Now (APN) released a heartening joint survey of Arab-American and Jewish-American attitudes toward U.S. Middle East policy and on relations between the two communities. The survey, conducted by...
Hanan Ashrawi Speaks at Vanderbilt University
Addressing an audience of over 900 people at Nashville, Tennessee's Vanderbilt University on Dec. 4, Dr. Hanan Ashrawi discussed prospects for peace and the likelihood of an independent Palestinian state. Ashrawi is the former spokeswoman for the Palestinian...
Influencing Israeli Public Opinion in Hope of Change
Speaking at a Nov. 14 briefing at the Center for Policy Analysis on Palestine (CPAP) in Washington, DC, Ronen Idelman, founder of Indymedia, an independent Israeli media outlet, discussed the influencing of Israeli public opinion. Indymedia's goal is...
In Memoriam: Alfred Leroy (Roy) Atherton, Jr. (1921-2002)
Hermann Fr. Eilts is former U.S. ambassador to Egypt.The passing of Roy Atherton on Oct. 30, 2002 deeply saddened all who were privileged to know him and to work with him. We have lost a warm friend and a stalwart colleague. The nation, too, has lost...
Islam in America: One Year after Freezing of Assets, American Muslim Charities Start to Fight Back
Dr. Riad Z. Abdelkarim is a physician, American Muslim activist, and writer who lives in Southern California.It now has been over one year since the Bush administration alleged that some of our country's largest American Muslim charities were financial...
Israel and Palestine at MESA
Ambassador David Satterfield garnered quite a different response during a MESA plenary session on American policy and prospects for Middle East peace. Appearing instead of Assistant Secretary for Near Eastern Affairs William Burns, Satterfield said that...
Israel Asks Strapped U.S. Taxpayers for $14 Billion-No Strings Attached
Delinda C. Hanley is news editor of the Washington Report on Middle East Affairs.Prime Minister Ariel Sharon told newspaper editors in Tel Aviv on Dec. 5 that U.S. loan guarantees and extra aid to the tune of $14 billion will arrive "in the very near...
Israeli Elections and Palestinian Prospects
Basel Ghattas, general director of the Galilee Society, the largest nongovernmental organization in Israel, and a Public Policy scholar at the Woodrow Wilson Center, discussed Israeli elections at the Center for Policy Analysis on Palestine on Nov. 21,...
Israel/Palestine
Israeli Defense Minister Wanted in UK Shaul Mofaz, Israel's defense minister and former army chief of staff, is the target of a potential criminal investigation by the British Director of Public Prosecutions (DPP), after being named by British human...
Is the Time-Tested Kissinger Pattern Doomed to Repeat Itself?
Richard H. Curtiss is executive editor of the Washington Report on Middle East Affairs.Henry A. Kissinger was one of the lucky German refugees who immigrated to the United States in 1938, after his family realized that nothing good would happen as Adolf...
Jerusalem Journal: The Flame Will Never Die
Samah Jabr is a medical resident in her native city of Jerusalem.On one of those days when Israel's "security" required not only torturing people entering Jerusalem but demanded harassing those leaving it as well, a poignant scene took place in the main...
Letter from Bethlehem
Dear Friends, As we were preparing to greet the Holy Feast of Ramadan and the Glorious Christmas Season with all the noble meanings and values inspired by these two holy occasions, the Israeli troops surprised us at dawn on Friday, Nov. 22, with a new...
Letters to the Editor
Frustrating Delay Ameliorated The major problem I have with the Washington Report is that you are always about three to four weeks behind the news. By the time I receive the Report I have already read reports and analysis of events from the other sources...
Likelihood of Attack on Iraq-But Not a Unilateral U.S. One-Remains High
Ian Williams is a free-lance journalist based at the United Nations.At the end of November, U.N. inspectors had already begun their long-delayed scrutiny of Iraq for weapons of mass destruction. The years spent waiting for Iraq to admit them had given...
Low-Key Treatment of Jewish Terrorists Rubin and Goldstein Shows Double Standard
Delinda C. Hanley is news editor of the Washington Report.It would have been easy to miss recent news reports of the arrest in Florida of Dr. Robert Goldstein and the violent death in a California prison of Irv Rubin, head of the Jewish Defense League...
MESA Participants Discuss Textbook Views of the Other
An ongoing Israeli public relations campaign has focused on alleged incitement in Palestinian textbooks against the Jewish state and its people. A panel discussion at the Middle East Studies Association focused on this issue in an attempt to provide...
Milton Viorst Discusses New Book
"I thought two states west of the Jordan River were inevitable, but my optimism has declined as I see how much the ultra-religious Zionists are willing to sacrifice--even the well being of Israel. Their numbers are not great, maybe 20 or 30 percent,...
Moscow Theater Hostage Crisis Turns World Attention to Chechnya
European PressReview "Country held hostage," "War bursts on Moscow," "World War," shouted the headlines in Moscow on Oct. 25 as commandos held at least 700 civilians captive in a Moscow theater and demanded Russia withdraws its troops from Chechnya....
Much Ado about Palestine and Iraq in Oregon
NorthwestNews A noticeable increase in attendance at Middle East educational events and planning meetings, and higher media attention to the issues of Palestinian and Iraqi matters was evident in Oregon during October and November, according to members...
Norman Finkelstein: Ethnic Cleansing Inevitable
In a Nov. 18 briefing at Washington, DC's Center for Policy Analysis on Palestine (CPAP), Professor of Political Science Norman G. Finkelstein warned his audience that the serious discussion in Israel of "transfer" -a euphemism for the ethnic cleansing...
North Africa
Bibliotheca Alexandrina Opens The Associated Press reported Oct. 16 on a gathering of presidents and royalty in Alexandria, Egypt, to inaugurate the new Bibliotheca Alexandrina-a modern version of the ancient library famed for the freedom of thought...
Northwest News: Much Ado about Palestine and Iraq in Oregon
Sister Elaine Kelley is administrative officer for Friends of Sabeel-North America.A noticeable increase in attendance at Middle East educational events and planning meetings, and higher media attention to the issues of Palestinian and Iraqi matters...
One Year after Freezing of Assets, American Muslim Charities Start to Fight Back
Islam in America It now has been over one year since the Bush administration alleged that some of our country's largest American Muslim charities were financial supporters of terrorism, with links to al-Qaeda, Hamas, Hezbollah, and others. In December...
On the Ground in Palestine
In addition to these visitors from Palestine, George Rishmawi of Beit Sahour, co-founder of the International Solidarity Movement (ISM), spoke at Portland State University on Nov. 21--the same day a suicide bombing in Jerusalem killed a dozen Israelis...
Other People's Mail
Some letters by or to other people are as informative for our readers as anything we might write ourselves. Assassinating Suspects To The Washington Times, Nov. 7, 2002 (as published). I am opposed to any assassinations (for that is what they are) committed...
Persian Pilgrimages: Journeys across Iran
Hugh S. Galford is director of the AET Book Club.WW Norton, 2002, 315 pp. List: $25.95; AET: $18.25."Tell me your story." A simple introduction, but one used to great effect by Afshin Molavi in Persian Pilgrimages: Journeys Across Iran. Journalist Molavi,...
Pew Poll Reveals What the World Thinks in 2002
Richard Curtiss is the executive editor of the Washington Report on Middle East Affairs.The Pew Research Center for the People and the Press in the United States recently charged Andrew Kohut with a monumental task: to gauge international public opinion...
Post-Saddam Mirage of Mideast Democracy
Washington, DC's Carnegie Endowment for International Peace hosted a debate Oct. 21 on whether a US. invasion of Iraq would bring democracy to that country and launch a wave of democratic change across the Middle East. Panelists discussed the recently...
Presbyterian "Pope" Addresses Sabeel Conference in Pasadena
Southern California Chronicle The head of the Presbyterian Church (USA), Rev. Dr. Fahed Abu-Akel, was the keynote speaker at the Friends of Sabeel-North America conference held Nov. 15-16 at Pasadena's First Presbyterian Church. Reverend Abu-Akel, who...
Prospects for Democracy in Bahrain
The National Democratic Institute (NDI) held a Nov. 14 briefing in Washington, DC on the Kingdom of Bahrain's recent elections. NDI Director Leslie Campbell introduced members of the Institute's unofficial observation team to Bahrain's Oct. 24 to 31...
Rene Moawad Foundation, Center for Global South Conference on Youth in Lebanon
More than 80 people were in the audience for "The Youth in Lebanon: Catalysts for Democracy and Change" conference sponsored by the Rene Moawad Foundation and American University's Center for the Global South on Nov. 9, 2002 at the Hotel Washington in...
Southern California Chronicle: American Woman Beaten, Robbed by Gang of Settlers
Pat and Samir Twair are free-lance journalists based in Los Angeles.Mary Hughes-Thompson has a new category to add to her resume: veteran of the War of Olives. The retired TV writer and licensed private pilot arrived home in Los Angeles battered from...
Southern California Chronicle: Presbyterian "Pope" Addresses Sabeel Conference in Pasadena
The head of the Presbyterian Church (USA), Rev. Dr. Fahed Abu-Akel, was the keynote speaker at the Friends of Sabeel-North America conference held Nov. 15-16 at Pasadena's First Presbyterian Church.Reverend Abu-Akel, who was born in the Galilee, elicited...
Still at Loggerheads, Kosovo's Serb, Albanian Communities Continue to Stagnate
Peter Lippman, a native of Seattle, Washington, is a staff writer for the Advocacy Project (www. advocacynet.org), an association that supports advocates in countries of crisis or in transition.Few would covet the job of the international officials governing...
Supported by Labor and Likud Alike, Israeli Occupation Still Major Obstacle to Peace
Allan C. Brownfeld is a syndicated columnist and associate editor of the Lincoln Review, a journal published by the Lincoln Institute for Research and Education, and editor of Issues, the quarterly journal of the American Council for Judaism.There can...
Talking Turkey: Turkey's New Leader Recep Erdogan Takes the EU Bull by the Horns
Jon Gorvett is a free-lance journalist based in Istanbul.With the country's new leaders charging off on one whistlestop European tour after another, these are exciting times for Turkey. Cyprus, the economy, even the political and state apparatus itself--suddenly...
The Baku-Ceyhan Oil Pipeline-Whether There's Oil or Not-Or Bust
Andrew I. Killgore is publisher of the Washington Report on Middle East Affairs.Over two years ago the presidents of Turkey, Georgia and Azerbaijan met in Istanbul to sign an earnest document that an oil pipeline would be built from Baku (Azerbaijan)...
The Embarrassment and Stigma of Failing to Make the Grade
Bill L. Turpen teaches history at the Oklahoma School of Science and Mathematics and is an adjunct instructor for the University of Central Oklahoma.I didn't make the grade. Although I am among the academics who petitioned to be included among Americans...
The Flame Will Never Die
JerusalemJournal On one of those days when Isreal's "security" required not only torturing those people entering Jerusalem but demanded harassing those leaving it as well, a poignant scene took place in the main street of Beit Hanina. The soldiers had...
The Future of Mideast Studies
A member of a Canadian-sponsored panel on the future of Middle East studies after 9/11 perhaps best summarized the prevailing mood of MESA this year, at least for those with some knowledge of the field of Middle East studies. Quipped Eugene Rogan of...
The International Quartet: Tuning Up for Peace
Richard H. Curtiss is executive editor of the Washington Report on Middle East Affairs.Thanks to Secretary of State Colin Powell, the next show on the international agenda will be headlined by the International Quartet, starring the United Nations, the...
Thousands Protest in San Francisco, Call for Peace, Not War on Iraq
Northern CaliforniaChroicle Anti-war demonstrators converged on San Francisco in record numbers Oct. 26 to protest President George W. Bush's proposed war against Iraq. Thousands assembled at noon in Justin Herman Plaza to march to the rally at Civic...
Thousands Protest in San Francisco, Call for Peace, Not War on Iraq
Elaine Pasquini is a free-lance photojournalist based in Ignacio, CA.Anti-war demonstrators converged on San Francisco in record numbers Oct. 26 to protest President George W. Bush's proposed war against Iraq. Thousands assembled at noon in Justin Herman...
Three Jerusalem Women
The World Affairs Council of Oregon co-hosted with Partners for Peace of Washington, DC an event featuring three women from Jerusalem--an Israeli Jew, a Palestinian Christian, and a Palestinian Muslim. Held at Portland State University Nov. 13, "Jerusalem...
Time to Intensify Our Efforts: Building a Counter-AIPAC
Josh Ruebner is co-founder of Jews for Peace in Palestine and Israel (JPPI) and a former Analyst in Middle East Affairs for Congressional Research Service (CRS). He can be contacted at <josh@jppi.org>.Henry David Thoreau, arguably the greatest...
Turkey's New Leader Recep Erdogan Takes the EU Bull by the Horns
With the country's new leaders charging off on one whistlestop European tour after another, these are exciting times for Turkey. Cyprus, the economy, even the political and state apparatus itself-suddenly all these issues seem wide open after years of...
Two Views: Time to Intensify Our Efforts
Building a Counter-AIPAC By Josh Reubner Henry David Thoreau, arguably the greatest American philosopher and practitioner of nonviolent resistance to injustice, recognized that the U.S. political system is particularly prone to the pernicious influence...
Visiting Saudi Doctor Seeks Improved Relations with U.S
Selwa A.F. Al-Hazzaa, M.D., FRCS, said she was on a mission to help her country restore relations with the United States, badly damaged by the 9/11 attacks. Al-Hazzaa, the head of opthalmology at the King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Center...
William S. Cole Discusses Afghanistan's Struggle to Rebuild
Although Afghanistan is making progress toward democracy, Dr. William S. Cole told a San Francisco Commonwealth Club audience Oct. 28, the country's stability is more important right now.Cole, director of governance, law and civil society for the Asia...
Zunes Describes Policy Shift to Right
At Washington, DC's Center for Policy Analysis on Palestine Oct. 4, Stephen Zunes, professor of politics at the University of San Francisco, discussed new policies adopted by nations waging the war on "terror." Following the Sept. 11 attacks, he said,...

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