National Defense

National Defense is a magazine specializing in Defense topics.

Articles from Vol. 92, No. 648, November

Coast Guard Program Successfully Collecting Biometric Data at Sea
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] BALTIMORE -- The Coast Guard is claiming success in a pilot program that allows it to collect fingerprints from would-be illegal migrants interdicted at sea, check them against on-shore databases and then prosecute repeat...
Coast Guard Program Successfully Collecting Biometric Data at Sea
BALTIMORE - The Coast Guard is claiming success in a pilot program that allows it to collect fingerprints from would-be illegal migrants interdicted at sea, check them against on-shore databases and then prosecute repeat offenders to dissuade others...
'DARPA Hard: Research Agency Wants Help Solving the Seemingly Impossible
ANAHEIM, Calif. -- The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency has a reputation for taking on challenges that sometimes seem to defy the laws of physics--or at least common sense. The term "DARPA hard" refers to the problems its researchers attempt...
Defense Department Should Refocus Technology Spending, Experts Warn
THE PENTAGON'S RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT BUDGET HAS NEVER been bigger. Despite such largesse, investments in technology tend to miss the mark and do little to enhance the United States' competitive standing as a high-tech powerhouse, said Pentagon advisors...
Defense Department Task Forces to Beef Up Disaster Response
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] The Defense Department is creating special units to assist state and local governments in the event of a major catastrophe, said Paul McHale, assistant secretary of defense for homeland defense and America's security affairs....
Defense System Detects Swarming Boats in Coastal Waters
SINCE THE TERRORIST ATTACK on the USS Cole in 2000 using an explosives laden boat, the Navy continues to search for technologies that will protect its warships from waterborne threats while in ports and other coastal areas. One of the more pressing...
Ethical Lapses Provide Valuable Training Tool
A recently proposed amendment to the Federal Acquisition Regulations (FAR) would call upon all government contractors to have a written code of ethics and business conduct. Defense contractors know this requirement, because the Defense Federal Acquisition...
Fast Steel on Target?
Electric guns on Navy ships: not yet on the horizonSOME CALL IT ZEUS' LIGHTning bolt - a weapon that relies upon electricity and magnetic force to launch projectiles at hypersonic speeds to hit targets hundreds of miles away in a matter of minutes.Scientists...
Fast Steel on Target? Electric Guns on Navy Ships: Not Yet on the Horizon
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] SOME CALL IT ZEUS' LIGHTNING bolt--a weapon that relies upon electricity and magnetic force to launch projectiles at hypersonic speeds to hit targets hundreds of miles away in a matter of minutes. Scientists have been researching...
Homeland Security Policies Overlook Essential Issues, Says Shipping Executive
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] Security industry soothsayers for years have been sounding alarms about the prospect of a nuclear or biological weapon reaching U.S. shores in a shipping container. "A terrorist attack involving shipping could severely...
How Astronomical War Budgets Threaten U.S. National Security
The war in Iraq ignited a defense spending boom that continues unabated. A slew of staggering estimates released in recent weeks reveal it could cost more than a trillion dollars to keep troops in Iraq until 2017. It is safe to assume that defense...
License to Boat?
Small boats have been used by terrorists to carry out attacks around the world and they are likely to be employed as weapons in U.S. waterways, the government has recently warned.Officials believe small vessels - defined as those less than 300 gross...
License to Boat? Government Lacks Clear Plans to ID Small Vessels Used as Terrorist Weapons
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] Small boats have been used by terrorists to carry out attacks around the world and they are likely to be employed as weapons in U.S. waterways, the government has recently warned. Officials believe small vessels--defined...
Military Identity Technology Leaps Ahead of Policies
BALTIMORE - Three years ago in Iraq, U.S. forces taking suspected insurgents into custody kept track of their identities by marking their foreheads with Sharpie pens.Today, the military collects all 10 fingerprints, two iris scans, a voice sample, a...
Naval Leaders Make a Case for the Relevance of Sea Services
THE NOTION THAT shelves at Wal-Mart could be depleted or gasoline could cost $5 a gallon may seem inconceivable to most Americans.But that is exactly what would happen if a foreign country or a stateless terrorist organization managed to disrupt the...
No Accidents: Pentagon Publishes New Safety Guidelines for Unmanned Vehicles
The Defense Department for the first time has published comprehensive safety guidelines for the design and operation of joint-service unmanned vehicles. The document, titled, "Unmanned Systems Safety Guide for DOD Acquisition," lists dozens of safety...
Physical, Privacy Limits of Domestic Spy Satellites Questioned
THE NEWLY CREATED NATIONAL Applications Office has a rather mundane, almost Orwellian name, especially since the "application" being referred to is the employment of U.S. military and spy agency satellites in the domestic arena. The Department of...
Physical, Privacy Limits of Domestic Spy Satellites Questioned
THE NEWLY CREATED NATIONAL Applications Office has a rather mundane, almost Orwellian name, especially since the "application" being referred to is the employment of U.S. military and spy agency satellites in the domestic arena.The Department of Homeland...
Plenty of Resources, but Even Greater Demand
The politics of military spending have reached fever pitch as Congress attempts to pass the Defense Department's fiscal year 2008 budget and weighs massive war spending requests. The debate over the budget, much like last year's deliberations, has...
Powering the Fleet
All-electric ship could begin to take shape by 2012AS PART OF AN AMBITIOUS technology plan for the Navy fleet of the future, the Office of Naval Research is exploring ways to power all-electric ships.The Navy wants to develop these ships to make more...
Powering the Fleet: All-Electric Ship Could Begin to Take Shape by 2012
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] AS PART OF AN AMBITIOUS technology plan for the Navy fleet of the future, the Office of Naval Research is exploring ways to power all-electric ships. The Navy wants to develop these ships to make more efficient use of on-board...
Proof OF Identity
U.S. government driving the advance of biometric technologiesBALTIMORE - TECHNOLOGY COMPANIES ARE developing devices that can scan 10 fingerprints at a time, instantly recognize facial features, irises, veins, voices, the way a person walks or even the...
Proof of Identity: U.S. Government Driving the Advance of Biometric Technologies
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] BALTIMORE -- TECHNOLOGY COMPANIES ARE developing devices that can scan 10 fingerprints at a time, instantly recognize facial features, irises, veins, voices, the way a person walks or even the shape of ears. It all falls...
R&D Outlook: Defense Department Should Refocus Technology Spending, Experts Warn
THE PENTAGON'S RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT BUDGET HAS NEVER been bigger. Despite such largesse, investments in technology tend to miss the mark and do little to enhance the United States' competitive standing as a high-tech powerhouse, said Pentagon advisors...
Remotely Sensing Soldiers' Distress
* In the medical realm, offering treatment to a patient who has suffered serious trauma within the first 60 minutes of injury greatly boosts the chance of survival. This "golden hour" also exists on the battlefield, where advancements in medical...
Research Agency Wants Help Solving the Seemingly Impossible
'DARPA Hard'ANAHEIM, Calif. - The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency has a reputation for taking on challenges that sometimes seem to defy the laws of physics - or at least common sense.The term "DARPA hard" refers to the prob-lems its researchers...
SEA Services
Facing uncertainty, Navy contemplates 'alternative futures'IN A WORLD WHERE OIL IS KING, weapons of mass destruction lurk in container ships and "peer competitors" could emerge to challenge the naval dominance of the United States, there should be no...
Sea Services: Facing Uncertainty, Navy Contemplates 'Alternative Futures'
IN A WORLD WHERE OIL IS KING, weapons of mass destruction lurk in container ships and "peer competitors" could emerge to challenge the naval dominance of the United States, there should be no shortage of responsibilities for the nation's sea services....
Sounding Alarms
Shipbuilders forecast exodus of submarine designersBuilders of Navy submarines for years have tried to convince admirals and members of Congress that trouble lies ahead.They contend that unless the Navy increases submarine production and begins to design...
Sounding Alarms: Shipbuilders Forecast Exodus of Submarine Designers
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] Builders of Navy submarines for years have tried to convince admirals and members of Congress that trouble lies ahead. They contend that unless the Navy increases submarine production and begins to design the next generation...
Technology Spending Will Target Current and Future Navy Fleet
THE NAVY SHOULD DIRECT ITS future science, research and technology spending to both improving the current fleet and designing next-generation systems, officials say.The technologies that the Navy most likely will fund over the coming decade are those...
Transforming Air Force Intelligence
Often I've been asked if Air Force intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (ISR) can afford to transform in the middle of a war. My answer is simply that we can't afford not to. Air Force Chief of Staff Gen. T. Michael Moseley began the transformation...
Underwater Killers
Navy's mine-hunting technologies wait for the Littoral Combat ShipTHE NAVY HAS A NEW SUITE of anti-mine technologies designed to roll on and off a ship as needed. It just doesn't have the ship yet.In September, the service unveiled a transportable "mine...
Underwater Killers: Navy's Mine-Hunting Technologies Wait for the Littoral Combat Ship
THE NAVY HAS A NEW SUITE of anti-mine technologies designed to roll on and off a ship as needed. It just doesn't have the ship yet. In September, the service unveiled a transportable "mine warfare mission package" that will one day replace current...
Units That Work with Civilians Often Disregarded, Soldiers Claim
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] Experienced military troops who are trained to communicate with foreign audiences are crucial to winning hearts and minds in counterinsurgency operations. But these units--known as civil affairs and psychological operations...
Washington Pulse
SHIP WOES: NAVY SHOULD HAVE KNOWN BETTERFor the past several months, the Navy has been scrambling to keep afloat its littoral combat ship program, which has come under political fire for its soaring costs. Originally estimated to run $220 million per...
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