National Defense

National Defense is a magazine specializing in Defense topics.

Articles from Vol. 91, No. 632, July

Advanced Video Techniques Help Evaluate Marine Live-Fire Training
NAVAL SUPPORT ACTIVITY NORTHWEST, Chesapeake, Va. -- At one of the Marine Corps' largest live-fire training facilities here, a new surveillance system is helping to provide military and other security forces with better evaluations following close-quarter...
Biometric Check on U.S. Visitors Drawing Criticism
A CONTROVERSIAL EFFORT by the Department of Homeland security to create a biometric computer system to keep tabs on all foreigners entering and leaving the country is drawing increasing flak at home and abroad. US-VISIT, which began in 2004, requires...
Bird's Eye View
Surveillance drone operators find ways to outsmart enemyA burgeoning fleet of unmanned aircraft is among the Army's key weapons against Iraq's insurgency. But the technology alone is not enough to gain an edge over this enemy, experts say.While not a...
Bird's Eye View: Surveillance Drone Operators Find Ways to Outsmart Enemy
A burgeoning fleet of unmanned aircraft is among the Army's key weapons against Iraq's insurgency. But the technology alone Is not enough to gain an edge over this enemy, experts say. While not a tactical panacea, these unmanned platforms are providing...
Bomb Disposal Teams Deliver Blunt Talk on Robots
FEARLESS WARRIORSEVERY DAY IN IRAQ, EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE DISPOSAL TEAMS crisscross the country in a mission to disarm hundreds of roadside bombs, booby traps and cars laden with explosives. It's difficult, hot and dangerous work. But it also saves lives....
Border Patrol
Troops use frontier for real-world trainingFORT BLISS, Texas - While concern over the large influx of illegal immigrants is driving the Bush administration's renewed interest in securing the southern border, Army Col. Paul Disney is quick to point out...
Border Patrol: Troops Use Frontier for Real-World Training
FORT BLISS, Texas -- While concern over the large influx of illegal immigrants is driving the Bush administration's renewed interest in securing the southern border, Army Col. Paul Disney is quick to point out that the ordinary migrant hopping over...
Border Security
Spending climbs into billions, but skepticism growsFueled by worries about terrorism, illegal immigration and drug smuggling, U.S. spending for border security is skyrocketing, but critics complain that much of the money is being wasted.A recent study...
Border Security: Spending Climbs into Billions, but Skepticism Grows
Fueled by worries about terrorism, illegal immigration and drug smuggling, U.S. spending for border security is skyrocketing, but critics complain that much of the money is being wasted. A recent study by Frost & Sullivan's aerospace and defense...
Business Reforms Lead to Reduced Army Cleanup Costs
To expedite the cleanup of contaminated sites, the Army has instituted an array of management reforms that also are saving the service millions of dollars. The Army's installation restoration program for active and excess installations began approximately...
Can You Hear Me?
After several recent national disasters, gaps in emergency communications still not fixedFORT MONROE, Va. - The ability of military and civilian first responders to communicate during major national emergencies is improving, but roadblocks remain, officials...
Can You Hear Me? after Several Recent National Disasters, Gaps in Emergency Communications Still Not Fixed
FORT MONROE, Va. -- The ability of military and civilian first responders to communicate during major national emergencies is improving, but roadblocks remain, officials said. Among the problems is that many first responders lack adequate knowledge...
Central Command: Defeating Insurgency Requires Improved Information Networks
A top official in U.S. Central Command says the United States can expect more USS Cole-like, asymmetric attacks from small transnational groups in the future. To defeat these threats and to win the war on terrorism, he says, will require a network...
Cruise Missiles a Threat to Homeland, Expert Says
As if there weren't enough things to worry about, add the possibility of terrorists or a rogue nation launching a cruise missile from a commercial ship at a U.S. city to the list. Ben Stubenberg, chief of analysis and scenarios at the Missile Defense...
Cruise Missiles a Threat to Homeland, Expert Says
As if there weren't enough things to worry about, add the possibility of terrorists or a rogue nation launching a cruise missile from a commercial ship at a U.S. city to the list. Ben Stubenberg, chief of analysis and scenarios at the Missile Defense...
Defense Stifles Innovation despite Urgent War Needs
THE DEFENSE DEPARTMENT, it appears, has a serious case of the "innovator's dilemma." Like many successful mega-corporations, the Pentagon has been a leading developer of cutting-edge technology. It also has fielded the world's most advanced military...
Equipment 'Quick Fixes' Are the Order of the Day
As the services face a growing demand for new battlefield technologies, equipment "quick fixes" often have circumvented the formal acquisition process. One such item, a video receiver called ROVER--remotely operated video by extended range--which...
Exploring the Shadowy World of Terrorist Financing
The number of convictions for financing terrorist activities worldwide can be counted on one hand, a leading authority on the subject claimed. Rooting out such activities is like finding the proverbial needle in a haystack, "but the field is full...
Exploring the Shadowy World of Terrorist Financing
The number of convictions for financing terrorist activities worldwide can be counted on one hand, a leading authority on the subject claimed.Rooting out such activities is like finding the proverbial needle in a haystack, "but the field is full of haystacks,"...
Fearless Warriors: Bomb Disposal Teams Deliver Blunt Talk on Robots
EVERY DAY IN IRAQ, EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE DISPOSAL TEAMS crisscross the country in a mission to disarm hundreds of roadside bombs, booby traps and cars laden with explosives. It's difficult, hot and dangerous work. But it also saves lives. To help the...
Health Role for Homeland Security Department Debated
IN MAY, THE DEPARTMENT OF Homeland Security released its "National Strategy for Pandemic Influenza" report detailing who will be responsible and for what in the event of a massive outbreak. The report says "overall domestic incident management and...
High-Tech Battlefield
Light source offers alternative to radioImagine the entire Navy operating in complete radio silence.The concept sounds like a science fiction scenario, but it is not entirely tar fetched, considering recent developments in technology that employs light...
High-Tech Battlefield: Light Source Offers Alternative to Radio
Imagine the entire Navy operating in complete radio silence. The concept sounds like a science fiction scenario, but it is not entirely far fetched, considering recent developments in technology that employs light as a new medium for military communications....
High-Tech Scouts
Next-generation robots: bigger and better?The exploits of bomb-sniffing robots in Iraq and Afghanistan have solidified their role as useful combat tools, but the technology needs to be pushed much further, say robot designers and engineers.The military...
High-Tech Scouts: Next Generation Robots: Bigger and Better?
The exploits of bomb-sniffing robots in Iraq and Afghanistan have solidified their role as useful combat tools, but the technology needs to be pushed much further, say robot designers and engineers. The military services currently operate nearly...
Hunters Unearth Smuggling Tunnels
OTAY MESA, Calif. -- The end of the tunnel emerges a half mile from the border with Mexico in a room at a nondescript warehouse that is identified on a sign outside as "V & F Distribution Ltd." The Immigration and Customs Enforcement officer...
Improvised Explosive Threat Reaches Global Scale
IN MARCH 2006 ALONE, about 750 improvised explosive device attacks occurred around the world, according to a senior Defense Department official. And while the word "roadside bomb" only seems to have entered the public's lexicon during the past three...
Letters
Army Under StressExcellent viewpoint by William J. Perry and Michele A. Flournoy, in the May 2006 issue, "U.S. Military; under Strain and at Risk." Expressed is the military's woe in part due to failed public support. At the core may well be the very...
Military Finds Useful Roles for Robotic 'Skydiver'
WITH THE AID OF miniature satellite-guided parachutes, unmanned aerial vehicles could deliver sensors, medical supplies and even munitions to precisely targeted destinations. One technology currently being tested is the "Mosquito"--a small parachute...
Misconceptions about the Defense Industry
The defense industry is probably one the least understood corporate sectors in the United States. Yet it is frequently vilified. Ask most Americans what comes to mind when they think about the nation's industrial base and you're likely to hear about...
Role of Unmanned Aircraft Questioned
UNTIL APRIL 25, THE Department of Homeland Security was high on the use of unmanned aerial vehicles to patrol the southern border. That's when its lone Predator B aircraft crashed in the middle of the night in the desert northwest of Nogales, Ariz....
Russia's Littoral Combat Ship Angles for International Sales
A Russian corvette currently being built to patrol that country's coastal waters may not live up to the technological stature of the U.S. Navy's littoral combat ship. But it could offer a lower cost alternative to countries that could never afford...
'SMART' Surveillance
Sensor-fusion software technology replacing traditional security systemsAs more and more security cameras are being installed around the globe, companies are developing software solutions and other technologies that increasingly advance the intelligence...
'Smart' Surveillance: Sensor-Fusion Software Technology Replacing Traditional Security Systems
As more and more security cameras are being installed around the globe, companies are developing software solutions and other technologies that increasingly advance the intelligence of such monitoring systems. While analysts contend that cameras...
Snipers Cannot Hide from Laser Sensor
Until recently, the only way to detect snipers was after a shot had been fired. A new laser sensor can detect shooters before they pull the trigger, and can provide information on the shooter's location. The Mirage, a hand-held binocular device...
Supporters Promote Little-Known Safety Act
THE SUPPORT ANTI-TERRORISM BY Fostering Effective Technologies Act, also known as the SAFETY Act, was designed to protect companies that provide technologies to the homeland security market from lawsuits in the event of a catastrophic terrorist attack....
Supporters Promote Little-Known Safety Act
THE SUPPORT ANTI-TERRORISM BY Fostering Effective Technologies Act, also known as the SAFETY Act, was designed to protect companies that provide technologies to the homeland security market from lawsuits in the event of a catastrophic terrorist attack.Three...
Technology Gaps
Irregular warfare underscores equipment shortcomingsWhile U.S. military commanders in the Middle East generally are satisfied by Pentagon efforts to move needed technologies to the front lines, much remains to be done.This is the assertion of Army Maj....
Technology Gaps: Irregular Warfare Underscores Equipment Shortcomings
While U.S. military commanders in the Middle Fast generally are satisfied by Pentagon efforts to move needed technologies to the front lines, much remains to be done. This is the assertion of Army Maj. Gen. Lloyd Austin III, chief of staff of U.S....
Tech Spin-Offs: Wars Giving Boost to Cutting Edge Technologies
ABERDEEN PROVING GROUND, Md. -- More than 100 small business leaders crowded into a dining hall here recently to hear military researchers pitch their cutting edge technologies as potential money makers in civilian markets. One by one, the scientists...
U.K. Defense Procurement Entirely 'Joint'
While the U.S. military continues to debate how best to develop and procure joint-service weapons systems, in nations such as the United Kingdom, the entire defense acquisition system is based upon joint requirements. In the United Kingdom, one...
Warning Signals
Tactical radio project substantially weakenedThe Defense Department is drastically downscaling plans to develop its next-generation radio communications network.The Pentagon launched the "joint tactical radio system," or JTRS, six years ago, with the...
Warning Signals: Tactical Radio Project Substantially Weakened
The Defense Department is drastically downscaling plans to develop its next-generation radio communications network. The Pentagon launched the "joint tactical radio system," or JTRS, six years ago, with the intent to deploy a family of software...
Wars Giving Boost to Cutting Edge Technologies
ABERDEEN PROVING GROUND, Md. - More than 100 small business leaders crowded into a dining hall here recently to hear military researchers pitch their cutting edge technologies as potential money makers in civilian markets.One by one, the scientists stood...
Washington Pulse
IT DOES NOT PAY TO BE 'TOO RELEVANT'A s long as the United States is fighting in Iraq, the Air Force and the Navy can expect to see their budgets squeezed. Skyrocketing war costs are putting pressure on the Pentagon to cut people out of the services...
What's Good for the Goose and the Gander
The federal government has long imposed unique ethical responsibilities on its employees. Recent convictions surrounding former U.S. Rep. Duke Cunningham's activities and those of Air Force procurement executive Darlene Druyun show that egregious misconduct...
What's Good for the Goose and the Gander
ETHICS CORNERThe federal government has long imposed unique ethical responsibilities on its employees. Recent convictions surrounding former U.S. Rep. Duke Cunningham's activities and those of Air Force procurement executive Darlene Druyun show that...
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